Black History MonthWoodville Elementary SchoolHonoring Our Past, Present and Future
. "Experience has taught me a great secret I have spent most of my life trying to share with my children and anyone who will listen ... History happens one person at a time." Patricia Stephens Due
Introduction• One hundred years ago a man by the name of Carter G. Woodson earned his masters degree from the University of Chicago. He then went on to be the second African American to earn his doctorate from Harvard University. While attending a 50th anniversary celebration of the freedom of slaves, he and four others started the “Journal of Negro History”. “Negro History Week” was started in 1937 on the second week of February. In 1976 it was expanded to include the entire month of February. Each year it has been given annual themes. This year’s theme is Black Women in American Culture and History.
• Carter G. Woodson chose February because it is the birth months of Frederick Douglas and Abraham Lincoln. It provides a time to share the important contributions of African Americans to the history of the United States.• To us Black History means that we can look at the plight of African Americans and how they overcame injustice to make significant contributions to our society. We know that anything is possible with hard work and perseverance.
Today’s Events• Administrative Welcome• Welcome and Occasion• “Honoring Our Past”• School Sing Along “We Shall Overcome”• “Honoring Our Present”• “Honoring Our Future”• School Sing Along “Lift Every Voice”• Closing
Harriet Tubman 1821-1913Harriet Tubman dreamed of freedom she hadonly heard about. At age 28 protected by the darkof night and guided by the North Star, she foundfreedom! She wanted to help other slaves andbecame a member of the Underground Railroadand led over 300 slaves to freedom!
George Washington Carver 1865-1943George Washington Carver was born a slave in 1865. He becamea famous agricultural chemist and botanist whose lifelongefforts were to better the lives of poor Southern Black farmersby finding commercial use of the regions agricultural productsand natural resources, such as: peanut, sweet potato, cowpea,soybean, and native clays from the soil.
Booker T. Washington 1856-1915Booker T. Washington was born a slave in 1856. Afterhis family became free at the end of the Civil War, hegraduated from Hampton Institute with honors andlater became the first President of Tuskegee Institute, which became a major educational establishmentwhere African-American teachers learned to provideoutstanding education to students.
Mary McLeod Bethune 1875-1955Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was anAmerican educator and civil rights leader best known for starting a schoolfor African American students in Daytona Beach Florida, that eventuallybecame Bethune-Cookman University and for being an advisor toPresident Franklin D. Roosevelt. As a young girl she had to work in thefields but she followed her dream to attend college to become a missionary.
Madam C.J Walker 1867-1919Madam C. J. Walker was born Sarah Breedlove in 1867. She became anentrepreneur who built her empire developing hair products for Blackwomen. She became an inspiration to many Black women by lecturingabout her wealth and success of her business which empowered otherwomen into the business world. She became the first African-Americanwoman millionaire.
Benjamin Banneker 1731-1806Benjamin Banneker was born in 1731. At 21 years old, he built the firstclock in the United States entirely out of wood. The clock kept perfecttime for 40 years. He was also an accomplished astronomers andcorrectly predicted the solar eclipse of 1789. Published the “BannekerAlmanac” which caused many to change their attitudes that blacks wereinferior to whites.
Garrett Morgan 1877- 1951Garrett Morgan was born in Paris, Kentucky. His parents were very poorand he only had a fifth grade education. As he grew older he moved toCleveland, OH and worked as a sewing-machine mechanic. By 1907 heimproved the sewing machine and began his own business. In 1909 hediscovered a solution to straighten hair and patented a breathing devicethat allows users to breathe safely when toxic fumes are present. DuringWorld War I his hood was adopted and then adapted for use as a gasmask. In 1923 he patented a traffic signal.
Jackie Robinson 1919-1972Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia to a family ofsharecroppers. In 1947 he became the first African American majorleague baseball player. In 1962 he was inducted into the baseball Hall ofFame.
Marian Anderson 1902-1993Marian Anderson was born in 1902. She became the firstAfrican-American to sing at the New York Metropolitan OperaHouse. She was also invited to sing at the inaugurations ofPresidents Eisenhower and Kennedy.
Langston Hughes 1902-1967Langston Hughes was born in 1902 in Joplin, Missouri. Hebecame one of the most important African-American writers inthis nation’s history. Through his writing he hoped to bringabout positive changes in the condition and treatments of blacksin America.
Charles Drew 1904-1950Charles Drew was born in 1904. He was an African-Americanphysician who developed ways to process and store blood plasma inblood banks. The director of blood plasma programs of the USA andGreat Britain in WWII, he resigned after a ruling that Black bloodshould be segregated.
Jessie Owens 1913-1980Born in Danville, Alabama. In May 1935, he broke 3 worldrecords in track and field. One year later he won 4 OlympicGold Medals in Berlin, Germany!
Thurgood Marshall 1908-1993Thurgood Marshall was born in 1908 and became the firstAfrican-American Supreme Court Justice in 1967. Thurgoodwas determined to overturn the “Jim Crow” laws whichsegregated Black Americans. In 1954 he successfullychallenged school segregation in Brown vs. Topeka, KansasBoard of Education.
Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968Martin Luther King, Jr . was born in 1929. After graduating fromcollege, Dr. King moved to Montgomery, Alabama to become aPastor. He was a member of the Montgomery ImprovementAssociation and the founder of the Southern ChristianLeadership Conference. He believed in and modeled peacefulchanges to the segregation laws. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in1964.
History of Woodville Elementary • TimelineHickory Grove The White Woodville School Woodville Woodville Leon CountyAcademy Church School Elementary Desegregates Schools School Desegregation1856 1899 1907 1961 1966 1967Woodville first Grades first It cost $3,175 to Woodville 4 African- Freedom ofopens its doors through eight build and was 2 becomes an American Choice plan stories elementary students begin school attending
Woodville SchoolIn 1940 Woodville School was a one room, one teacher school with 40students. Mrs. Suwannee Lewis taught grades one through eight.
Dorothy Inman JohnsonBorn in Birmingham, AL Ms. Johnson loved playing school withher friends. A teacher for nearly twenty years, Ms. Johnsontaught at Woodville Elementary School and went on to becomethe first African-American female mayor of Tallahassee. She iscurrently writing a book entitled “Poverty in America: A Viewfrom Down Here”.
Rev. Charles Kenzie SteeleRev. Steele was elected president of the Inter-Civic Council. Thejob of the council was to organize the Tallahassee bus boycott. Heis quoted as saying he would rather “walk in dignity than ride inhumiliation”. A car-pool was formed and eventually fined$11,000 which was paid in full by the efforts of Rev. Steele’s fundraising. The Tallahassee bus service was integrated thanks to theefforts of Rev. Steele and other brave Tallahassee residents likehim.
Patricia Stephens DueMs. Due once stated the “ordinary people can do extraordinarythings” proved just that. At the age of 13, she tried to use the“whites only” window at the Dairy Queen. She later pushed her 2daughters in a stroller while she campaigned for the rights of thepoor. She spent her honeymoon riding a bus to hear Dr. Kingspeak in Washington. While there she heard his famous “I Havea Dream Speech”. She and 10 others were arrested for eating atthe “whites only” lunch counter at Woolworth’s in Tallahassee.She was arrested and while in jail received encouraging notesfrom Jackie Robinson, Eleanor Roosevelt and Dr. Martin LutherKing, Jr.
Rev. C.K. Steele Removing the Burnt Cross after the Bus Boycott
Resources• About.com Black History Month http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/p/blackhistorymonth.htm• Biography: Carter G. Woodson http://www.biography.com/people/carter-g- woodson-9536515• The Famuan: Dorothy Inman Johnson http://www.thefamuanonline.com/news/dorothy-inman-johnson-a- trailblazer-for-black-women-in-tallahassee-1.2526038• Florida Memory: Tallahassee Civil Rights March http://www.floridamemory.com/solr- search/results/?q=*:*%20AND%20collection%3A%22Florida%20Photographic %20Collection%22+AND+49_s%3A%22Civil%20rights%20leaders%22&search box=1&query=Civil%20rights%20leaders&year=&gallery=0• NY Times: Patricia Stephens Due http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/us/patricia-stephens-due-civil-rights- leader-dies-at-72.html• Praise News: Reverend Charles Kenzie Steele http://www.praisenews.faithweb.com/pastors/revsteele.html