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Mobile Learning

Mobile Learning






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    Mobile Learning Mobile Learning Presentation Transcript

    • Mobile Learning
    • What is Mobile Learning
      Mobile learning (m-learning) refers to the use of mobile and handheld IT devices, such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), mobile telephones, laptops and tablet PC technologies, in teaching and learning.
    • Relationship of m-learning to e-learning
    • Evolution of Learning
      The evolution distance learning can be categorized as a move from d-Learning (distance learning )to e-Learning(electronic learning) to m-Learning(mobile Learning)
      d-Learning  e-Learning  m-Learning
    • History of Mobile Learning
      • 1990s
      Universities in Europe and Asia develop and evaluate mobile learning for student.
      • 2000s
      The European Commission funds the major multi-national M-Learning Projects.
      • The International Association for Mobile Learning
      The International Association for Mobile Learning has been formed as a membership organization to promote excellence in research, development and application of mobile.
      • 2008
      Assistant Professor MethewKam from Carnegie Mellon University developed mobile phone learning games for children in rural India.
    • Technology to support M-Learning
      SMS : Short Message Service allows users to send/receive message of up to 160 characters between mobile phones(text messaging)
      MMS : Multimedia Messaging Service that same purpose as SM but allows the inclusion of graphic.
      WAP : An international protocol that allows users to access the internet via WAP enable mobile phones.
      Bluetooth : A short range wireless connection.
      PDAs : Personal Digital Assistants.
    • Why Mobile Learning
      Mobile phones are widely available and owned by many students.(number of Malaysia’s mobile subscribers has touched 20 million, which is 80% of the population of Malaysia (The Star, May 24, 2006)
      Mobile phones are easy to use . Users need not be skilled ICT users as it does not require a high level of ICT skills to use a mobile phone.
      mLearning encourages the different learning styles .(SMS,MMS)
    • Advantage of M-Learning
      Interaction : Student interaction with instructors and among each other.
      Portability : PDAs are lighter than books and enable the student to take notes or input data directly into device regardless of location either typed, handwritten or using voice.
      Collaborative : Enable several students work together on assignment even while at distance locations.
      Engaging learners: The new generation likes mobile devices such as PDAs, phones and games devices.
      Autonomy : Mobile learning provide the student more autonomy and flexibility.
    • Challenges of M-Learning
      Technical challenges:
      Small Screen Size
      Small key size
      Limited Performance, in terms of processor capabilities, available memory , storage space and battery life.
      Left to right scrolling ,web sites too big to see effectively on small screen.