What is Mobile Learning Mobile learning (m-learning) refers to the use of mobile and handheld IT devices, such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), mobile telephones, laptops and tablet PC technologies, in teaching and learning.
Relationship of m-learning to e-learning
Evolution of Learning The evolution distance learning can be categorized as a move from d-Learning (distance learning )to e-Learning(electronic learning) to m-Learning(mobile Learning) d-Learning e-Learning m-Learning
History of Mobile Learning
Universities in Europe and Asia develop and evaluate mobile learning for student.
The European Commission funds the major multi-national M-Learning Projects.
The International Association for Mobile Learning
The International Association for Mobile Learning has been formed as a membership organization to promote excellence in research, development and application of mobile.
Assistant Professor MethewKam from Carnegie Mellon University developed mobile phone learning games for children in rural India.
Technology to support M-Learning SMS : Short Message Service allows users to send/receive message of up to 160 characters between mobile phones(text messaging) MMS : Multimedia Messaging Service that same purpose as SM but allows the inclusion of graphic. WAP : An international protocol that allows users to access the internet via WAP enable mobile phones. Bluetooth : A short range wireless connection. PDAs : Personal Digital Assistants.
Why Mobile Learning Mobile phones are widely available and owned by many students.(number of Malaysia’s mobile subscribers has touched 20 million, which is 80% of the population of Malaysia (The Star, May 24, 2006) Mobile phones are easy to use . Users need not be skilled ICT users as it does not require a high level of ICT skills to use a mobile phone. mLearning encourages the different learning styles .(SMS,MMS)
Advantage of M-Learning Interaction : Student interaction with instructors and among each other. Portability : PDAs are lighter than books and enable the student to take notes or input data directly into device regardless of location either typed, handwritten or using voice. Collaborative : Enable several students work together on assignment even while at distance locations. Engaging learners: The new generation likes mobile devices such as PDAs, phones and games devices. Autonomy : Mobile learning provide the student more autonomy and flexibility.
Challenges of M-Learning Technical challenges: Small Screen Size Small key size Limited Performance, in terms of processor capabilities, available memory , storage space and battery life. Left to right scrolling ,web sites too big to see effectively on small screen.