What is Mobile Learning<br />Mobile learning (m-learning) refers to the use of mobile and handheld IT devices, such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), mobile telephones, laptops and tablet PC technologies, in teaching and learning.<br />
Evolution of Learning<br /> The evolution distance learning can be categorized as a move from d-Learning (distance learning )to e-Learning(electronic learning) to m-Learning(mobile Learning)<br />d-Learning e-Learning m-Learning<br />
History of Mobile Learning<br /><ul><li>1990s</li></ul>Universities in Europe and Asia develop and evaluate mobile learning for student.<br /><ul><li>2000s</li></ul>The European Commission funds the major multi-national M-Learning Projects.<br /><ul><li>The International Association for Mobile Learning</li></ul>The International Association for Mobile Learning has been formed as a membership organization to promote excellence in research, development and application of mobile.<br /><ul><li>2008</li></ul> Assistant Professor MethewKam from Carnegie Mellon University developed mobile phone learning games for children in rural India. <br />
Technology to support M-Learning<br />SMS : Short Message Service allows users to send/receive message of up to 160 characters between mobile phones(text messaging)<br />MMS : Multimedia Messaging Service that same purpose as SM but allows the inclusion of graphic.<br />WAP : An international protocol that allows users to access the internet via WAP enable mobile phones.<br />Bluetooth : A short range wireless connection.<br />PDAs : Personal Digital Assistants.<br />
Why Mobile Learning<br />Mobile phones are widely available and owned by many students.(number of Malaysia’s mobile subscribers has touched 20 million, which is 80% of the population of Malaysia (The Star, May 24, 2006)<br />Mobile phones are easy to use . Users need not be skilled ICT users as it does not require a high level of ICT skills to use a mobile phone. <br />mLearning encourages the different learning styles .(SMS,MMS)<br />
Advantage of M-Learning<br />Interaction : Student interaction with instructors and among each other.<br />Portability : PDAs are lighter than books and enable the student to take notes or input data directly into device regardless of location either typed, handwritten or using voice.<br />Collaborative : Enable several students work together on assignment even while at distance locations.<br />Engaging learners: The new generation likes mobile devices such as PDAs, phones and games devices.<br />Autonomy : Mobile learning provide the student more autonomy and flexibility.<br />
Challenges of M-Learning<br />Technical challenges:<br />Small Screen Size<br />Small key size<br />Limited Performance, in terms of processor capabilities, available memory , storage space and battery life.<br />Left to right scrolling ,web sites too big to see effectively on small screen. <br />
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