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Mobile Learning

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  • 1. Mobile LearningKhorPheiHoon BK07110381KhohHan Nee
  • 2. What is Mobile Learning
    Mobile learning (m-learning) refers to the use of mobile and handheld IT devices, such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), mobile telephones, laptops and tablet PC technologies, in teaching and learning.
  • 3. Relationship of m-learning to e-learning
  • 4. Evolution of Learning
    The evolution distance learning can be categorized as a move from d-Learning (distance learning )to e-Learning(electronic learning) to m-Learning(mobile Learning)
    d-Learning  e-Learning  m-Learning
  • 5.
  • 6. History of Mobile Learning
    • 1990s
    Universities in Europe and Asia develop and evaluate mobile learning for student.
    • 2000s
    The European Commission funds the major multi-national M-Learning Projects.
    • The International Association for Mobile Learning
    The International Association for Mobile Learning has been formed as a membership organization to promote excellence in research, development and application of mobile.
    • 2008
    Assistant Professor MethewKam from Carnegie Mellon University developed mobile phone learning games for children in rural India.
  • 7. Technology to support M-Learning
    SMS : Short Message Service allows users to send/receive message of up to 160 characters between mobile phones(text messaging)
    MMS : Multimedia Messaging Service that same purpose as SM but allows the inclusion of graphic.
    WAP : An international protocol that allows users to access the internet via WAP enable mobile phones.
    Bluetooth : A short range wireless connection.
    PDAs : Personal Digital Assistants.
  • 8. Why Mobile Learning
    Mobile phones are widely available and owned by many students.(number of Malaysia’s mobile subscribers has touched 20 million, which is 80% of the population of Malaysia (The Star, May 24, 2006)
    Mobile phones are easy to use . Users need not be skilled ICT users as it does not require a high level of ICT skills to use a mobile phone.
    mLearning encourages the different learning styles .(SMS,MMS)
  • 9. Advantage of M-Learning
    Interaction : Student interaction with instructors and among each other.
    Portability : PDAs are lighter than books and enable the student to take notes or input data directly into device regardless of location either typed, handwritten or using voice.
    Collaborative : Enable several students work together on assignment even while at distance locations.
    Engaging learners: The new generation likes mobile devices such as PDAs, phones and games devices.
    Autonomy : Mobile learning provide the student more autonomy and flexibility.
  • 10. Challenges of M-Learning
    Technical challenges:
    Small Screen Size
    Small key size
    Limited Performance, in terms of processor capabilities, available memory , storage space and battery life.
    Left to right scrolling ,web sites too big to see effectively on small screen.