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Tamaki College and Liggins Diabetes
 

Tamaki College and Liggins Diabetes

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    Tamaki College and Liggins Diabetes Tamaki College and Liggins Diabetes Presentation Transcript

    • Achieving Success, taking responsibility Tamaki College The Liggins Education Network for Science DIABETES AND OBESITY FINDING THE SOLUTION TO CREATING A BETTER FUTURE
      • “ Obesity is now so common within the world’s population that it is now the leading cause of ill health”
      • - World Health Organisation
    • In 2005 approximately 1.6 billion adults (age 15+) were overweight and at least 400 million adults were obese. In 2005, at least 20 million children throughout the world under the age of 5 years were overweight. The WHO predicts that by 2015, approximately 2.3 billion adults will be overweight and more than 700 million will be obese. World Health Organisation Global Survey Data
    • Obesity increases the risk of getting many diseases including:
      • Diabetes
      • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
      • Coronary Heart Disease
      • Polycystic Ovarian syndrome – this can lead to infertility
      • Osteoarthritis
      • Gallbladder Disease
      • Cancer
      • Liver disease
      • Obstructive sleep apnoea
      • Social & psychological problems
    • OBESITY IS CAUSED BY Too much FOOD and not enough ACTIVITY ENERGY TAKEN IN ENERGY USED
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    •  
    • Having a high BMI puts a person at high risk of developing Type II Diabetes Healthy = Low Risk Overweight = Increased risk OBESE= HIGH RISK
    • Problems caused by diabetes include:
      • Kidney damage and potentially kidney failure
      • Reduced blood supply to hands and feet (which can lead to loss of limbs)
      • Heart damage – which can lead to a heart attack
      • Eye damage – which can lead to blindness
      • Strokes – This can lead to death
    • ALL CARBOHYDRATES CONTAIN SUGAR
    • Simple Carbohydrates BLOODSTREAM
    • Type II Diabetes
      • Pancreas is still making insulin BUT it is not working
      • Even more insulin is made – becomes INSULIN RESISTANT
      • Usually first seen in older people
      • Obesity and inactivity cause type II diabetes
    • Controlling Type II Diabetes
      • Good balanced diet
      • Weight loss
      • Exercise
    • Exercise improves insulin sensitivity
      • Through exercise, your body’s cells respond better to insulin, helping to increase your exercise rate and helping you to lose weight faster.
      • Loss of 4.5Kg of body weight will result in a 20% improvement in insulin sensitivity.
    • What type of exercise?
      • Cardiovascular exercise
        • Increased heart rate
          • Walking, cycling, rugby and netball
      • Weight training
        • Build-up of stronger muscle
          • Gym exercises, lifting/carrying weights
      • So, the key idea about Diabetes is:
      • Poor Diet + Diabetes = DEATH
      • Control DIABETES before it controls YOU