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Tamaki College and Liggins Diabetes

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  • 1. Achieving Success, taking responsibility Tamaki College The Liggins Education Network for Science DIABETES AND OBESITY FINDING THE SOLUTION TO CREATING A BETTER FUTURE
  • 2.
    • “ Obesity is now so common within the world’s population that it is now the leading cause of ill health”
    • - World Health Organisation
  • 3. In 2005 approximately 1.6 billion adults (age 15+) were overweight and at least 400 million adults were obese. In 2005, at least 20 million children throughout the world under the age of 5 years were overweight. The WHO predicts that by 2015, approximately 2.3 billion adults will be overweight and more than 700 million will be obese. World Health Organisation Global Survey Data
  • 4. Obesity increases the risk of getting many diseases including:
    • Diabetes
    • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
    • Coronary Heart Disease
    • Polycystic Ovarian syndrome – this can lead to infertility
    • Osteoarthritis
    • Gallbladder Disease
    • Cancer
    • Liver disease
    • Obstructive sleep apnoea
    • Social & psychological problems
  • 5. OBESITY IS CAUSED BY Too much FOOD and not enough ACTIVITY ENERGY TAKEN IN ENERGY USED
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8. Having a high BMI puts a person at high risk of developing Type II Diabetes Healthy = Low Risk Overweight = Increased risk OBESE= HIGH RISK
  • 9. Problems caused by diabetes include:
    • Kidney damage and potentially kidney failure
    • Reduced blood supply to hands and feet (which can lead to loss of limbs)
    • Heart damage – which can lead to a heart attack
    • Eye damage – which can lead to blindness
    • Strokes – This can lead to death
  • 10. ALL CARBOHYDRATES CONTAIN SUGAR
  • 11. Simple Carbohydrates BLOODSTREAM
  • 12. Type II Diabetes
    • Pancreas is still making insulin BUT it is not working
    • Even more insulin is made – becomes INSULIN RESISTANT
    • Usually first seen in older people
    • Obesity and inactivity cause type II diabetes
  • 13. Controlling Type II Diabetes
    • Good balanced diet
    • Weight loss
    • Exercise
  • 14. Exercise improves insulin sensitivity
    • Through exercise, your body’s cells respond better to insulin, helping to increase your exercise rate and helping you to lose weight faster.
    • Loss of 4.5Kg of body weight will result in a 20% improvement in insulin sensitivity.
  • 15. What type of exercise?
    • Cardiovascular exercise
      • Increased heart rate
        • Walking, cycling, rugby and netball
    • Weight training
      • Build-up of stronger muscle
        • Gym exercises, lifting/carrying weights
  • 16.
    • So, the key idea about Diabetes is:
    • Poor Diet + Diabetes = DEATH
    • Control DIABETES before it controls YOU