Our knowledge about God


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Our knowledge about God

  2. 2. Can we know God by our natural reason? Yes, we can know God by our natural reason. By reflecting on created things, we come to a certain knowledge of God as the beginning and end of all things.
  3. 3. The Existence of the World
  4. 4. Order and Harmony in the World
  5. 5. Testimony of our Conscience
  6. 6. Can we know God in any other way than by our natural reason? Besides knowing God by our natural reason, we can also know him from supernatural revelation.
  7. 7. The Blessed Trinity
  8. 8. What is supernatural revelation? Supernatural revelation is the knowledge God discloses in a special way about himself and his plans for human salvation, beyond what we can know of him by our natural reason. It is found in Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition.
  9. 9. Pre-Christian Revelation
  10. 10. Pre-Christian Revelation •Began during the time of Adam and Eve. •Ended before the birth of Jesus. •Prepared mankind for the grand unfolding of the divine truth which God has to make known through Jesus Christ.
  11. 11. Christian Revelation
  12. 12. Christian Revelation •God completed the public revelation through Jesus Christ. •Christ revealed to us all that we have to know in order to fulfil our destiny and to achieve eternal union with God. • Revelation ended with the death of the last apostle, St. John the Evangelist.
  13. 13. The entire Bible is inspired. GOD is the principal author of the Holy Bible. GOD enlightened human authors to write all those things, and only those things, that he wished to be written.
  14. 14. Historical Books Relates the History of the Jews. Doctrinal Books Made up of Maxims and prayers. Prophetical Books The books of the Old Testament show man’s need for God’s special help and his desire for a redeemer.
  15. 15. HISTORICAL 1. Genesis 2. Exodus 3. Leviticus 4. Numbers 5. Deuteronomy 6. Joshua 7. Judges 8. Ruth 9. 1 Samuel 10. 2 Samuel 11. 1 Kings 12. 2 Kings 13. 1 Chronicles 14. 2 Chronicles 15. Ezra 16. Nehemiah 17. Tobit* 18. Judith* 19. Esther 20. 1 Maccabees* 21. 2 Maccabees* DOCTRINAL 22. Job 23. Psalms 24. Proverbs 25. Ecclesiastes 26. Song of Songs 27. Wisdom* 28. Sirach* PROPHETICAL 29. Isaiah 30. Jeremiah 31. Lamentations 32. Baruch* 33. Ezekiel 34. Daniel 35. Hosea 36. Joel 37. Amos 38. Obadiah 39. Jonah 40. Micah 41. Nahum 42. Habakkuk 43. Zephaniah 44. Haggai 45. Zechariah 46. Malachi
  16. 16. The Gospels. Matthew, Mark, Luke, & John. The Narrative Books. The Acts of the Apostles. The Epistles. Paul, Peter, James, John, & Jude Prophetical. The Apocalypse or Revelation Contains the life of Christ and his teachings, centering on his Passion, death and Resurrection.
  17. 17. Matthew 1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; St. Matthew Tax Collector; Apostle He emphasized the kingship and humanity of Jesus.
  18. 18. MARK 1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. [2] As it is written in Isaias the prophet: Behold I send my angel before thy face, who shall prepare the way before thee. [3] A voice of one crying in the desert: Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight his paths. [4] John was in the desert baptizing, and preaching the baptism of penance, unto remission of sins. St. Mark He emphasized Jesus as a Divine Person and Savior
  19. 19. Luke 1 5 In the days of King Herod of Judaea there lived a priest called Zechariah who belonged to the Abijah section of the priesthood, and he had a wife, Elizabeth by name, who was a descendant of Aaron. 6 Both were upright in the sight of God and impeccably carried out all the commandments and observances of the Lord. 7 But they were childless: Elizabeth was barren and they were both advanced in years. 8 Now it happened that it was the turn of his section to serve, and he was exercising his priestly office before God. Luke emphasized the Priesthood of Christ.
  20. 20. JOHN 1 [1] In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. [2] The same was in the beginning with God. [3] All things were made by him: and without him was made nothing that was made. [4] In him was life, and the life was the light of men. [5] And the light shineth in darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.
  21. 21. Gospel Reading
  22. 22. •Divine Revelation was first presented and transmitted by Tradition. • Not all the truths which God has revealed and the Apostles have taught are written down in Sacred Scriptures.
  23. 23. Sacred Traditions
  24. 24. Fathers of the Church Saintly writers of the first centuries of the Christian era. Four qualities: • Lived when the Church was in her youth. • Lived a saintly life. • His writings excel in the explanation and defence of Catholic Doctrine. • His writings must bear the seal of the Churches approval.
  25. 25. Doctors of the Church They are extolled by the Church not primarily as witnesses of her faith (as are the Fathers), but on account of their brilliant exposition and skilful defence of Catholic doctrine. . Three requisites: • an eminent doctrine • remarkable holiness of life • declaration of the supreme pontiff
  26. 26. St. Jerome, St. Augustine, St. Gregory the Great, St. Ambrose
  27. 27. The Magisterium of the Church, assisted by the Holy Spirit, has the role of preserving the deposit of revelation, penetrating it more intimately, and faithfully proclaiming and expounding it.
  28. 28. The teaching office of the Church was entrusted by Christ to the Roman Pontiff and all the bishops in union with him.
  29. 29. The Magisterium of the Church is her authoritative teaching power. The Church is the guardian and teacher of our faith.