Who started it?                    He was a 19th century                    German philosopher that                    bec...
But we can’t have Marx without... Engels was pretty much Marx’s best friend. He shared Marx’s socialist beliefs and provid...
GEORG LUKACS:Reflectionism or        Vulgar    Marxism-Believed that the text will reflect thesociety    that    has     p...
Argued that literature and art affect the                  society   Believed that the working class ismanipulated to acce...
• Bourgeoisie : the name given by  Marx to the owners of the means of  productions in a society.• Ideology        : A beli...
Engels and Marx founded the social and economic system of Marxism in the 19th century. Essentially, it is the opposite of ...
Instead, Marxism utilizes socialism’s concept of public ownership.           Angry Mob         Capitalist                 ...
$$    $$   $$          $$Following the revolution, a new, socialistgovernment is created that subsequentlybecomes communis...
• Marxist Criticism is the belief that literature  reflects this class struggle and materialism.• It looks at how literatu...
1) What is the economic status of the characters?2) What happens to them as a result of this status?3) How do they fare ag...
• It promotes the idea that literature  should be a tool in the revolutionary  struggle.• It attempts to clarify the relat...
• It believes that the literary work has  ALWAYS a relationship to the society.• It judges literature by how it represents...
Remember : economic system is the movingforce behind human history.Thus, to explain any social context orgenre, understand...
• Marx averred that reality is material not  spiritual. We are not spiritual beings but  socially constructed ones.• As cr...
Conflict here principallymeans the friction between theproletariat and the bourgeoisie.
According to Marx, thedominant class or higher class do   control art, literature, and           ideologies.     Marxist c...
1. Approach the text with an eyefor how the characters interact.Marxist     thought     relies   onrelationships          ...
2.Evaluate the vocational roles of allcharacters. The Marxist critiqueincludes a focus on a "class system"where the vocati...
3. Look at how characters use their free time. Part of the Marxist critique is based on the argument that individuals can ...
4. Assess the role of government in the  piece of literature. Is it draconian?  Laissez-faire? Marxist thought relies on  ...
5. Use Marxist writers as a guide. Pick  ideas outlined by Marxist writers of past  eras and apply them to your particular...
1.1. Clarify your understanding of thework.1.2. Examine the introduction/setting/over-all status of the society as regards...
2.1. The Introduction-Tell the ideology and how it is related to Marxist principles       2.2. The Body         - It will ...
Bawat palo ng martilyo sa bakal mong pinapanday     alipatong nagtilamsik, alitaptap sa kadimlan;   mga apoy ng pawis mong...
kung may gusaling naangat, tandang ikaw ang pumasan   mula sa duyan ng bata ay kamao mo ang gumalaw  hanggang hukay ay gaw...
Jose Corazon De Jesus’ poem entitled Manggagawa presentsthe reader an exaltation of the lower class vividly represented by...
On the third stanza, greater hardships of the lower class werepointed out through the use of more emphatic descriptions. T...
After presenting the evidences of having a capitalisticattitude in the society, the persona boisterously clamor that thelo...
“Manggagawa” by Jose Corazon deJesus is a sharp lesson to materialisticsocieties of the rank evils of social systemsthat b...
Marxist criticism presentation
Marxist criticism presentation
Marxist criticism presentation
Marxist criticism presentation
Marxist criticism presentation
Marxist criticism presentation
Marxist criticism presentation
Marxist criticism presentation
Marxist criticism presentation
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Marxist criticism presentation

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Here is my second uploaded presentation, Marxist Approach in literary criticism. There are instructions herein. Should you need the activities, please contact me via my email address: fgbulusan_gmail@yahoo.com or my pm me via my FB account. I am always willing to lecture about this topic. Contact me via my cellular number 0935-918-3854. Thanks!

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Marxist criticism presentation

  1. 1. Who started it? He was a 19th century German philosopher that became a part of the Young Hegelians, and later, the Communist League. Marx is revered as one of the most influential socialist thinkers of the 19th century. Some of his most notable works are: • The German Ideology (1846) • The Communist Manifesto (1848) • Das Kapital (1867)
  2. 2. But we can’t have Marx without... Engels was pretty much Marx’s best friend. He shared Marx’s socialist beliefs and provided support financially as well as intellectually while Marx developed his theories. Some of his major works were: • The Condition of the Working Class in England (1844) • Co-authored The Communist Manifesto (1848)
  3. 3. GEORG LUKACS:Reflectionism or Vulgar Marxism-Believed that the text will reflect thesociety that has produced it.-Stressed that historical approach isdifferent to reflectionism-Reflectionists attribute the separationthat they discover to the ills of capitalism.
  4. 4. Argued that literature and art affect the society Believed that the working class ismanipulated to accept the ideology of the dominant one. Jameson and Eagleton : Theories are intertwined and not just one sided.
  5. 5. • Bourgeoisie : the name given by Marx to the owners of the means of productions in a society.• Ideology : A belief system• Proletariat : The name given by Marx to the workers in the society.• Capitalism is an economic system that is based on private ownership of the means of production and the creation of goods or services for profit.
  6. 6. Engels and Marx founded the social and economic system of Marxism in the 19th century. Essentially, it is the opposite of capitalism. ** Proletariat Capitalist $ $ $ $$$$$Capitalism is based on private ownership andmotivation by profit. Marx criticizes capitalism for itstendency to abuse the working man, or “theproletariat,” by paying a wage that barelyguarantees the workers’ survival.
  7. 7. Instead, Marxism utilizes socialism’s concept of public ownership. Angry Mob Capitalist !Marxism theorizes that in order to remove theproletariat from its poor economic situation, asocialist revolution must occur to remove theunconcerned ruling class from government.
  8. 8. $$ $$ $$ $$Following the revolution, a new, socialistgovernment is created that subsequentlybecomes communist in nature.
  9. 9. • Marxist Criticism is the belief that literature reflects this class struggle and materialism.• It looks at how literature functions in relation to other aspects of the superstructure, particularly other articulations of ideology.• Like feminist critics, it investigates how literature can work as a force for social change, or as a reaffirmation of existing conditions.• Like New Historicism, it examines how history influences literature; the difference is that Marxism focuses on the lower classes.
  10. 10. 1) What is the economic status of the characters?2) What happens to them as a result of this status?3) How do they fare against economic and political odds?4) What other conditions stemming from their class does the writer emphasize?5) To what extent does the work fail by overlooking the economic, social, and political implications of its material?6) In what other ways does economic determinism affect the work?7) How should the reader’s consider this story in today’s developed or underdeveloped world?
  11. 11. • It promotes the idea that literature should be a tool in the revolutionary struggle.• It attempts to clarify the relationship of literary work to social reality.• It is political in nature.• It aims to arrive at an interpretation of literary text in order to define the political dimensions of literary work.
  12. 12. • It believes that the literary work has ALWAYS a relationship to the society.• It judges literature by how it represents the main struggles for power going on that time, how it may influence those struggles.• It highlights and lauds solution from the critic [if ever s/he could come up with one].
  13. 13. Remember : economic system is the movingforce behind human history.Thus, to explain any social context orgenre, understand the historicalcircumstances.E.g.: In the story, the society depicted anunequal distribution of goods.
  14. 14. • Marx averred that reality is material not spiritual. We are not spiritual beings but socially constructed ones.• As critics, we are tasked to examine the relationship among socioeconomic groups in order to achieve insight into ourselves and our society.
  15. 15. Conflict here principallymeans the friction between theproletariat and the bourgeoisie.
  16. 16. According to Marx, thedominant class or higher class do control art, literature, and ideologies. Marxist critics should identifythe ideology of the work and point out its worth and deficiencies.
  17. 17. 1. Approach the text with an eyefor how the characters interact.Marxist thought relies onrelationships betweenindividuals, and even thoseaspects of relationships that aresocial can be part of a Marxist critique.
  18. 18. 2.Evaluate the vocational roles of allcharacters. The Marxist critiqueincludes a focus on a "class system"where the vocations of charactersprovide the most direct reference totheir place within this system. Lookat the level of luxury that eachindividual has and how much theyhave to work.
  19. 19. 3. Look at how characters use their free time. Part of the Marxist critique is based on the argument that individuals can use free time productively. Examining the free choices of individuals is actually a large part of Marxist literary criticism.
  20. 20. 4. Assess the role of government in the piece of literature. Is it draconian? Laissez-faire? Marxist thought relies on government as a model for liberty and also for communalism: look at the tools that government uses. Does the government, in soliciting citizenship, appeal to the capitalist tendencies of individuals or to their innate love of community?
  21. 21. 5. Use Marxist writers as a guide. Pick ideas outlined by Marxist writers of past eras and apply them to your particular study.• As a general guideline, "rules" shouldnt be over emphasized in literary criticism. It doesnt have to be overly technical, just go from a general "Marxist" viewpoint and tell something about the story.
  22. 22. 1.1. Clarify your understanding of thework.1.2. Examine the introduction/setting/over-all status of the society as regardseconomic, social, and cultural aspects.At the beginning, try to seek andunderstand the apartheid or the inequalitypresent in the society. What class does thecharacter belong to?
  23. 23. 2.1. The Introduction-Tell the ideology and how it is related to Marxist principles 2.2. The Body - It will depend on the style of the critic - Reveal, in detailed points, the proofs of having inequality, oppression, and control of wealth. 2.3. The Conclusion - Endorse that lower class be given chance to access equal wealth and power. - It may be a suggestion of social reform ASAP. - You may tell the impact of Marxist principles into your life as a critic.
  24. 24. Bawat palo ng martilyo sa bakal mong pinapanday alipatong nagtilamsik, alitaptap sa kadimlan; mga apoy ng pawis mong sa Bakal ay kumikinangtandang ikaw ang may gawa nitong buong Santinakpan. Nang tipakin mo ang bato ay natayo ang katedralnang pukpukin mo ang tanso ay umugong ang batingaw, nang lutuin mo ang pilak ang salapi a lumitaw, si Puhunan ay gawa mo, kaya ngayony nagyayabang.
  25. 25. kung may gusaling naangat, tandang ikaw ang pumasan mula sa duyan ng bata ay kamao mo ang gumalaw hanggang hukay ay gawa mo ang krus na nakalagay. Kaya ikaw ay marapat dakilain at itanghal pagkat ikaw ang yumari nitong buong Kabihasnan..... Bawat patak ng pawis moy yumayari ka ng dangal, dinadala mo ang lahi sa luklukan ng tagumpay.Mabuhay ka ng buhay na walang wakas, walang hanggan, at hihinto ang pag-ikot nitong mundo pag namatay.
  26. 26. Jose Corazon De Jesus’ poem entitled Manggagawa presentsthe reader an exaltation of the lower class vividly represented by themain subject, the worker (Manggagawa). Moreover, it shows a greatdisparity of the rich (the bourgeoisie) and the workers (theproletariat). The poem generally gives clear scenario of the contrastof the former and the latter, and towards the end, it provides a loudclamor for equality between these classes. The apartheid is evidenced in many aspects through theappropriate use of words or descriptions in the poem. Through theproducts that the latter made, the higher class is greatly benefitted.The cathedral during that time was a vital place for the elite. Thesilver/bronze (money) is vividly attributed to the rich, the capital(puhunan) to the businessmen. Flaunting members of the rich classbecame clear in the poem by the use of the word ostentatious(nagmamayabang).
  27. 27. On the third stanza, greater hardships of the lower class werepointed out through the use of more emphatic descriptions. Thegigantic buildings are attributed to the affluent or elite only, sincethese are their typical workplace. Having erected suchbuildings, the members of the lower class gained a lucid positionof being below the wealthy. The last two lines of the third stanza, on the otherhand, underscored the greatest evidences of oppressed lowerclass. The contrasting “from birth to death [of working]”prepositional phrases point to the perennial activities of the lowerclass that are primarily typical in the culture. That means that aparticular member of the lower class has a very low percentage ofelevating his status in the society. As regards the government, thepoem reflects that it has a less control on the elitism, which firmlyshows the strength and influence of the elite in the society.Therefore, a clear view of capitalism is embedded and reflected in
  28. 28. After presenting the evidences of having a capitalisticattitude in the society, the persona boisterously clamor that thelower class be given recognition and they be given due creditand due respect for what they do for the betterment of economyand the whole populace in general. Pointing the value of eachoozing sweat, the persona acknowledges his great debt ofgratitude to the proletariat or the workers in contributing to theprogress of the nation. He gives closure to the poem by wishingthem a long life and reiterating their value in the development ofthe world. Certainly, in this poem, the elite conduct themselveswith no thought to the peasants beneath them. Because of theiraccumulation of mundane treasures, they falsely viewthemselves as having passed into the realm of divinity, whichgive them the right to destroy, starve, and maim with impunitythe blighted workers whose fate lies in the palms of the rulingclass.
  29. 29. “Manggagawa” by Jose Corazon deJesus is a sharp lesson to materialisticsocieties of the rank evils of social systemsthat base their economy on an undervaluedworking class. By taking the reader fromthe affluent, who run the system to thepoor, the lowly workers are giving thereaders a broad picture of the methodsused by an unchecked bourgeoisie todestroy families and rob individuals of theirhumanity.
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