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physical and orthopedic impairments

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  1. 1. PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENTS Gilbert Acosta and Gladys Uy ED443G Assistive/Adaptive Technology Dr. Jacqui Cyrus
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES By the end of the presentation you will be able to: <ul><li>Explain how physical disabilities are organized. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe accommodations to the learning environment that help students with physical disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how barriers that people with physical disabilities experience can be reduced. </li></ul><ul><li>What are causes and preventions of physical disabilities. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Federal Government Orthopedic Impairment Definition Orthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly (clubfoot, absence of some members) impairments caused by disease (polio, bone tuberculosis) and impairments from other causes.
  4. 4. Prevalence of Orthopedic Impairment Physical disabilities in children are low incidence disabilities. The physical disabilities category includes some O.13 percent of all students. The GPSS, as of September 2008, has 35 students that have orthopedic impairments enrolled
  5. 5. Organization of Physical Impairments <ul><li>Neuromotor Impairments </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebral Palsy </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Sclerosis </li></ul><ul><li>Muscular Dystrophy </li></ul><ul><li>Polio </li></ul><ul><li>Seizure disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Spinal cord disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Osteogenesis Imperfecta </li></ul><ul><li>Muscular and Skeletal Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Limb deficiencies </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal disorders </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cerebral Palsy <ul><li>Incurable and nonprogressive condition caused by brain injury </li></ul><ul><li>Limits individual’s ability to control muscle groups or motor functioning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) <ul><li>Chronic disease usually in adults </li></ul><ul><li>Myelin covering nerve fibers of brain/spinal cord deteriorate </li></ul><ul><li>No transmission of electrical signals from brain to other body parts </li></ul>
  8. 8. Muscular Dystrophy (MD) <ul><li>Rare, incurable, progressive disease, weakens and then destroys the affected individual’s muscles. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Polio
  10. 10. Seizure Disorders <ul><li>Condition of recurrent convulsions or seizures caused by abnormal brain electrical activity. </li></ul><ul><li>First Aid for Seizures: </li></ul><ul><li>If person’s mouth is open, place a folded cloth or soft object between teeth to protect his tongue. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Spinal Cord Disorders <ul><li>Typically the result of injuries from accidents or abuse, can cause severe motor impairments and even paralysis. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Juvenile Arthritis <ul><li>Disease caused by an autoimmune process resulting in swelling, immobility, and pain in joints. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Limb Deficiencies <ul><li>Caused by congenital or from injuries, limbs are shortened, absent, or malformed. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Skeletal Disorders <ul><li>Dwarfism caused by abnormal development of long bones resulting in varying degrees of motor disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Scoliosis, curvature of the spine, occurs in children during puberty may limit mobility of the trunk. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Accommodations to Learning Environment <ul><li>Adapt the physical environment </li></ul><ul><li>Change student response mode </li></ul><ul><li>Alter materials and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Modify the activity </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Extra Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Remove hazards, widen aisles, seating </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking instead of writing and vise versa </li></ul><ul><li>Handouts, AAT, adapt writing tools </li></ul><ul><li>More time, flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Peer tutors, family help, volunteers </li></ul>
  16. 16. Reduce barriers to access educational environment <ul><li>Determine where barriers exist </li></ul><ul><li>Assess redesign classroom’s room arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Bathroom, lunchroom, playground, gym, music room, library, bus, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Desks, tables, work areas, storage space, and learning centers </li></ul>
  17. 17. Physical Disabilities (accidents) <ul><li>CAUSES </li></ul><ul><li>Motor Vehicle Accident </li></ul><ul><li>Water/diving accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Gunshot wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Child abuse </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTION </li></ul><ul><li>Child restraints, safety belts, air bags, helmets </li></ul><ul><li>Dive/swim safety </li></ul><ul><li>Gun control, locked ammo, gun training </li></ul><ul><li>Protective equipment, training, conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Family services, training </li></ul>
  18. 18. Assistive /Adaptive Devices for Physical Impairments Standard weight Manual Wheelchair $175 Ultra-Light Custom Wheelchair $1,895 Power Wheelchairs $1,199 Electric Mobility Scooters $749 Walkers $79- $170 Rollators $119-$175 Forearm Crutches $68 Bariatric Crutches $121 Arthritis Knee brace $600
  19. 19. Assistive Technology Devices: walker Manual wheelchairs rollator Knee brace Power scooter Forearm crutches
  20. 20. Video clips of Physical Impairments <ul><li>Courageous East Longmeadow girl isn’t letting physical disability get her down </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =CBfzaC0auEg </li></ul><ul><li>NEWSBREAK_080307 </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =PUy9UgZZDVI </li></ul>
  21. 21. References Smith, Deborah (2007), Introduction to Special Education: Making a Difference 6 th Edition, Pearson Education, Inc. The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2008 . http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2006/03/19/internationa Frost’s Meditations. Retrieved October 20, 2008. http:// images.google.com/imgres?imgurl Mobility Pro.com . Retrieved October 22, 2008. http://mobilitypro.ocm/index.php/cPath/35_83 www.rollingspokes.com/products.htm www.medcareproducts.com/castcovers/prodinfo.a ...
  22. 22. Thank You!
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