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In the 18th century there were thirteen colonies along the Atlantic Coast under British rule. They have to pay high taxes. The colonists wished to rule the country by themselves. They started War of Independence and won .
The Declaration of Independence signed in 1776 in Philadelphia established The United states of America.
In 1787 The Constitution of the United States (basic laws of the country) was adopted including Bill of Rights.
In 1789 George Washington was elected the first President of the United States.
The history of slavery in the United states began soon after Europeans first settled in.
Building the New World needed workforce. Indian slavery was widely practiced in 17th century by Spanish or English. But natives were not numerous enough and were quickly decimated by European diseases, hard work and little food.
The Atlantic slave trade brought ower a half million Africans to America and it is sometimes called „maafa“ – meaning holocaust or great disaster. Part of the Western Africa became known as „the Slave coast“.
The history of slavery ended in practice in 1863-65 with Abraham Lincoln´s Emancipation Proclamation.
One of the first permanent settlements in what became the North American colonies was founded by English Puritans, Calvinists who had been outsiders in their homeland, where the Church of England was established. So Protestants were the dominant religion in the early days. Today America is one of the most diverse religious societies in the world.
In 2005 Protestants of all denominations numbered more than 100 million; Catholics, 67 million; and Jews, 6 million. The Islamic faith also has about 6 million U.S. adherents, many of whom are African-American converts. It is estimated that the number of mosques in the United States -- today, about 2,000 -- has more than doubled in the last 15 years. Buddhism and Hinduism are growing with the arrival of immigrants from countries where these are the majority religions.
Modern pop music was born in the USA when two different kinds of music came together. The first kind was the music of Africa which was brought to the USA by black slaves. The second kind was taken to the USA by white settlers from Brit ai n and Irel a nad. Rhythm was the most important thing in black music, while white songs had a strong melody.
Jazz The music, which originally sprang from a conglomeration of the most variet European cultural influences set by a col uo rful mixture of imigrant s nationalities and then a new element, the folklore of the Afr ic an blacks. Its first sprouts are spirituals ( working song s of the plantatious labourers) and gospels (spiritual songs of the blacks, a l l read y Christian. Both kinds of music have a biblical content, originall y expressing discontent with the standing of the black man in his new home. At the top of the 1930’s swing was a popular form of jay played by the bands of Glen Miller, Wood y Hermann, Benny Goodman. The black musicians Charlie Parker, Miles Davis and Dizzy Gillespie.
AMERICA´ S POPULAR SPORTS Sports are very important for American people. They are part of the culture. More people go in for sports in the USA than in Europe. The Americans prefer different sports to the Europeans.
Baseball Baseball is called the national sport. There are many teams that play almost every day from April to October. Baseball is quite an old sport. American football American football is not what we call „football“ here in Europe. The Americans call Europan football „soccer“. This is popular TV sport, very many people watch it. But there are just 16 games per year in the National Football League witch is the major professional American football league. It is a similar sport to rugby. American football is a fast, exciting game. Basketball Basketball was invented in Massachusetts so it is truly an „American“ sport. The NBA is one of the major professional sports leagues in North America. The 30 teams start playing in April. It is the most popular team sport. Basketball is a very fast sport. Tall players are often better than small players.
Zion National Park Zion National Park is located in the Southwestern United States near Spingdale, Utah. Located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin , and Mojave Desert regions, this unique geography and variety of life zones allow for unusual plant and animal diversity .
New York is the biggest city in the USA. Is situated in the East coast by the Atlantic ocean. There live 7 million people, but the whole metropolitan area is counted 17 million people. New York is the biggest city of Czech imigrants, too.
New York has five major parts : Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx, Staten Island and Brooklyn. The black quarter – Harlem – is in northern part of Manhattan.
Los Angeles – today the second biggest city in the USA
There was built the very first Disneyland
San Francisco with hilly streets and European style and with the pride of the city –the Golden Gate Bridge
A disaster for California are earthquakes.
There‘re some photos from Los Angeles. This city is very big and popular . There‘re some photos from Sacramento. That‘s capital city of California.
Los Angeles L.A . is main town in California. Los Angeles is one of the biggest cities in the world. One of the nice things about Southern California is the fact that a person can go surfing in the morning and skiing that same afternoon.
There‘s some of National Parks in California : 1. Alcatraz Island 2. Cabrillo National Monument 3. California National Historic Trail 4. Channel Islands National Park 5. Death Valley National Park 6. Devils Postpile National Monument 7. Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site 8. Fort Point National Historic Site 9. Golden Gate National Recreation Area 10. John Muir National Historic Site 11. Joshua Tree National Park 12. Juan Bautista De Anza National Historic Trail 13. Lassen Volcanic National Park 14. Lava Beds National Monument 15. Manzanar National Historic Site 16. Mojave National Preserve 17. Muir Woods National Monument 18. Pinnacles National Monument 19. Point Reyes National Seashore 20. Pony Express National Historic Trail 21. Presidio of San Francisco 22. Redwood National and State Parks 23. San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park 24. Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area 25. Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Park 26. Whiskeytown National Recreation Area 27. Yosemite National Park
Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles, California, USA. Excelent working conditions, beautiful weather all the year and fascinating scenery brought the American film industry to this part of country. Hollywood Hotel, 1905 Nestor Studios, Hollywood's first movie studio, 1913
props, post-production, and lighting companies) remain in Hollywood. Hollywood movie studios, 1922 Glen-Holly Hotel, first hotel in Hollywood, at the corner of what is now Yucca St. and Ivar Ave.; 1890. Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historical center of movie studios and stars, the word "Hollywood" is often used as a metonym for the American film and television industry . Today much of the movie industry has dispersed into surrounding areas such as Burbank and the Westside, but significant ancillary industries (such as editing, effects,
Film stars Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie, Pamela Anderson, Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley, Bill Nighly, Charlie Sheen, Leslie Nielsen, Steve Martin, George Clooney, Michelle Pfeifer, Antonio Banderas, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Mel Gibson
G.K. Gilbert, a geologist who worked in the area in the 1870s . Rain rarely gets past the guardian mountains, but the little rain that does fall is the life force of the wildflowers that transform the desert into a vast garden. Others have leaves and stems that allow very little evaporation and loss of life giving water.
Included within the Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve, Death Valley is an active world of contrasts and extremes. It is much more than its name. By Antl and Knor
The smallest state in USA and it s nickname is The Ocean State. It’s on area 3 140 km2. The highest place’s Jerimoth Hill with 812 metres and the lowest place’s Sea Level in Atlantic Ocean. It has got two symbols. First symbol‘s Violet. Second symbol’s Red Maple
In the year 1790 it became the thirteenth state of America
The capital of South Dakota state is Pierre. It is a wild country. It is surrounded by the land once ruled by Sioux Indians. There is a statue of the most famous Indian chief of all times – Sitting Bull.
SIOUX tribes Year 1984-sioux leader with his daugther Year 1984-three sioux fighters
The capital of the North Dakota state is Bismarck.Bisons and Indians, once so numerous in North Dakota, are part of the past already. For the bisons they built a 3-meter-high statue, for the Indians museums.