Precipitation in Double Displacement Reactions PIERRE COMAS CRISTINA RÍOS
Introduction Double Replacement Reactions A double displacement reaction involves the reaction of two compounds to form two new compounds. In effect, the compounds change partners with each other.
Purpose Purpose The purposes of this experiment are: To observeprecipitationreactionsbymixingaqueoussolutions of cations and anions. To write and balancecompletechemicalequations for precipitationreactions
Materials The material which we need are following: Pb(NO3)2 CaCl2 KI NaCl NaOH FeCl3 Na2CO3 CuSO4 AgNO3 Test tubes KNO3 Test tubes rack
Procedure of these reactions We put 21 clean test tubes in a test tube rack. We add 6 drops of the solutions indicated which are: KI, NaCl, NaOH, FeCl3, KNO3, Na2CO3, CuSO4 to 7 clean test tube . We add 6 drops of AgNO3 solution to every test tube. We have to observe and record information and colour of any precipitate formed . We do the same with Pb(NO3)2 and with CaCl2. We clean the test tubes and dispose of the wastes in the waste container. And finally we write correctly equations for all of the reactions where a precipitate is formed.
Reactionswith AgNo3 When we add a small quantity of Potassium Iodide to Silver Nitrate two compounds are produced Potassium Nitrate and a precipitate of Silver Iodide. AgNO3 + KI -> KNO3 + AgI↓ Precipitate has got a Yellow colour.
AgNO3 and NaCl When we add a small quantity of Sodium Chloride solution to Silver Nitrate solution it produce Sodium Nitrate and a precipitate of Silver Chloride. AgNO3 + NaCl-> NaNO3 + AgCl↓ Precipitate has got white colour.
AgNO3 and CuSO4 Copper nitrate and Silver Sulphate are formed when Silver Nitrate and Copper Sulphate react with each other. The precipitate is Silver Sulphate. AgNO3 + CuSO4-> Cu(NO3)2 + Ag2SO4 The colour of precipitate is light blue.
AgNO3 and Na2CO3 Silver Nitrate and Sodium Carbonate react to form Sodium Nitrate and Silver Carbonate. The precipitate is Silver Carbonate. AgNO3 + Na2CO3 -> Na2CO3 + Ag2CO3↓ Precipitate’s colour is light Green.
AgNO3 and FeCl3 Iron Nitrate and Silver Chloride are produced when Silver Nitrate reacts with Iron(III) Chloride. AgNO3 + FeCl3-> Fe(NO39 + AgCl3↓ The precipitate colour was light Yellow.
Reactions with Lead (II) Nitrate Potassium nitrate and Lead Iodide are formed when Lead (II) Nitrate react with Potassium Iodide . The precipitation is Lead Iodide. Pb(NO3)2 + 2KI -> 2KNO3 + PbI2 The precipitation’s colour is Yellow.
Pb(NO3)2 and NaCl When Lead (II) Nitrate react with Sodium Chloride it produced Sodium Nitrate and Lead (II) chloride. Pb(NO3) + 2NaCl ->2NaNO3 + PbCl2 The precipitation has got white colour.
Pb(NO3)2 and KNO3 When Lead (II) Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate react with each other it produced equal products as reactants because Potassium take place of Lead and Lead takes place of Potassium so it produced same. Pb(NO3)2 + KNO3 -> KNO3 + PbNO3 The precipitate’s colour is transparent white.
Pb(NO3)2 and Na2CO3 When Lead (II) Nitrate and Sodium Carbonate it produced Sodium Nitrate and Lead Carbonate as a precipitate. Pb(NO3)2 + Na2CO3 -> Na2NO3 + PbCO3 The precipitate has got Whitecolour.
Pb(NO3)2 and NaOH Sodium Nitrate and Lead (II) Hydroxide are formed when Lead (II) Nitrate and Sodium Hydroxide react with each other. Pb(NO3)2 + 2NaOH -> 2NaNO3 + Pb(OH)2 The precipitation has got a white colour.
In all the reactions Silver was a precipitate because Silver is a solid and don’t mix in solution and left in the bottom of the test tube. The two cations which form precipitate are Iodine and Chloride. Conclusion
Remember this one prohibited to drink any of the products that we have used.