How To Create An Occupational Health Unit

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A presentation on the need for an occupational health unit with a case study on creating one in Maritime Administration and Regulatory Agencies

A presentation on the need for an occupational health unit with a case study on creating one in Maritime Administration and Regulatory Agencies

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  • 1. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT (THE FUNDAMENTALS) PRESENTED BY DR. FELICIA CHINWE MOGO (PhD) Contact me: felichimogo@yahoo.com Find me on Linkedin: Felicia Chinwe Mogo
  • 2. DEFINITION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT The promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention amongst workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; the placing and maintenance of the workers in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological and psychological capabilities; and, to summarize, “the adaptation of work to man and of each man to his job". The International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1950 jointly shared and adopted a common definition in 1950 and revised in 1995.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION The main focus in occupational health is on three different objectives:  The maintenance and promotion of workers’ health and working capacity  The improvement of working environment and work to become conducive to safety and health  Development of work organizations and working cultures in a direction which supports health and safety at work and so doing also promotes a positive social climate and smooth operation and may enhance productivity of the undertakings.
  • 4. HEALTH AND SAFETY STATISTICS Key Annual Figures For 2011/12  1.1 million working people were suffering from a work- related illness  172 workers killed at work  111 000 other injuries to employees were reported  212 000 over-3-day absence injuries occurred  27 million working days were lost due to work-related illness and workplace injury  Workplace injuries and ill health (excluding cancer) cost society an estimated £13.4 billion in 2010/11 Source: www.hse.gov.uk/statistics
  • 5.  Safety (moving machinery, working at heights, slippery surfaces, mobile equipment, etc.) 2. Ergonomic (material handling, environment, work organization, etc.) 3. Chemical Agents 4. Biological Agents 5. Physical Agents(noise, lighting, radiation, etc.) 6. Psychosocial(stress, violence, etc.) COMMON WORKPLACE CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDS
  • 6. Worker (work experience Student) killed by unsecured office shelving
  • 7. An Office Fire Incident in Nigeria
  • 8. FUNCTIONS OF OSHE INCLUDE BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE FOLLOWING:  Ensure safety, health and welfare at work of the NIMASA employees and contractors.  Ensures that the necessary steps are taken to guarantee the safety and health of the public, in the vicinity of NIMASA affixes and work sites  The collaboration with other line Divisions with respect to disaster preparedness and management  To liaise with local, regional and international stakeholders organizations to promote EHS practices in NIMASA
  • 9. Cont…….  The audit of projects, properties and activities of the Agency and Environmental, Health and Safety perspective ensuring compliance with NIMASA and other statutory requirements.  The oversight of the formulation and implementation of training programmes on Health, Safety and Environment for staff of NIMASA.  To raise awareness at OHSE issues within NIMASA and to foster a positive OHSE culture amongst all employee in the Agency.
  • 10. ESSENCE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT TO NIMASA  To provide the framework and tools to manage evolving OHSE issues quickly  To reduce the incidents of injuries to employees, stakeholders and visitors It is believed that each staff of NIMASA must give OHSE issues the same amount of attention, effort and importance that is placed on delivering our duties. This is in line with our approach to safety, which is our number one ethic and will not be compromised.
  • 11. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  This is a complete process of hazard identification  Risk assessment and control  Employee training  Record keeping  Program assessment  Management involvement  This is an organized effort and procedure for identifying workplace hazards  Reducing accidents and exposure to harmful situations and substances  Training of personnel in accident response  Emergency preparedness  Use of protective clothing and equipment (PPE) personal protective equipment
  • 12.  Hazard is something that can cause harm if not controlled.  The outcome is the harm that results from an uncontrolled hazard.  A risk a combination of the probability that a particular outcome will occur and the severity of the harm involved.  “Hazard”, “risk”, and “outcome” are used in other fields to describe e.g. environmental damage, or damage to equipment. However, in the context of OSH, “harm” generally describes the direct or indirect degradation, temporary or permanent, of the physical, mental, or social well-being of workers SOME IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS
  • 13. BASELINE AUDIT IN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT This is an audit which involves of all aspects of a health and safety program, the result of which will be used as comparison (a baseline) when a future audit is carried out with a baseline audit in the record. It is possible after future audits to identify whether there have been improvements or declines in environment, health and safety performance
  • 14. NIGERIAN BILL ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN 2012 The underlying principles of the Bill are:  Make provision for protecting others against risks to safety or health in connection with activities of persons at work  Provide preventive mechanisms and measures for OSHE with greater emphasis on the prevention of injury or accident and the elimination of hazards at workplaces  To ensure the provision of OSHE services to workers in all sectors of economic activities  Develop consultative arrangement between employers and employees at workplace  Develop and promote public awareness and enlightenment on measures to prevent accident and injuries at workplace  Provide a legal basis for a national policy on OSHE  Provide a legal framework consisting of higher standards of OSHE that will take account of changes in technology and work practices  Provide regulatory framework for compliance with safety and health standards by employers, their agents and employees at workplaces
  • 15. INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS OF INTERVENTION FOR OSHE  Occupational Safety and health Convention, 1981 (no. 155) and its protocol of 2002  Occupational Safety and Health Act 2005 (Nigeria)  IMO-MEPC.2/circ.3:guidelines in basic elements of a shipboard occupational health and safety programme  Maritime Labour Convention 2006 Gibraltar Merchant Shipping (Maritime Labour Convention) Regulations 2012.  Reg. 30 Health and Safety Executive, Five steps to risk assessment (INDG163); Health and Safety Executive; Understanding Health Surveillance at work (INDG304); and Maritime and Coastguard Agency, Code of Safe Working Practice for Merchant Seamen
  • 16. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT AUDIT  An audit is a review to confirm that regulations, processes or rules are being followed  A Health, Safety and Environment Audit focuses on some or all aspects of health and safety.  It is performed to determine whether health and safety regulations and company policies (sometimes recognised good practices) complemented and complied to  Some factors that can help increase safety are personal protective gear  Emergency equipment  Emergency training  Health and safety awareness  Occupational health and safety training  Health and safety posters/signs.
  • 17. STAFFING: NUMBER AND QUALIFICATIONS ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OSHE CHIEF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH OCCUPATIONAL ADVISER HSE ADVISER CHIEF SAFETY ENVIRONMENT ASSISTANT CHIEF OH SNR FIRE SAFETY OFFICER SNR FIRST AID OFFICER ASSISTANT CHIEF HSE PMEMO OH SAFETY REP/FIRE SAFETY REP/FIRST AID PMEMO HSE ASSISTANT SAFETY REP. FIRE ASSISTANT SAFETY REP FIRST AID OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY ENVIRONMENT REPS IN OTHER DEPTS.
  • 18. RESOURCES REQUIRED To run a functional unit aimed at achieving safety of the staff and environment, a lot of resources must be put in place; which includes:  Human Resources  Major Office equipment and Office space  Waste management  Fire-fighting equipment, including fire-boats for NIMASA vessels  Signage  Proper Water and electricity supply and management  Other equipment including Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as safety boots, reflective jackets, gloves, etc. with proper storage areas.
  • 19. CONCLUSION Healthy people in safe and productive workplace Let’s work together, Can we? Yes we can!
  • 20. Thank you very much for your attention, wishing you safety all the way.