Conditional 1 and 2
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Conditional 1 and 2

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Conditional 1 and 2 Conditional 1 and 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Clauses using ‘if’ Zero Conditional Conditional 1 and 2. Conditional 3 – will be next!
  • Zero Conditional
    • We use an ‘if’ clause to express something that is always true:
    • If you heat water, it boils.
    • If you fly to Australia, the time changes.
  • Zero Conditional
    • You can replace ‘if’ with ‘when.’
    • Try it:
    • “ If it rains, the ground gets wet.”
  • Conditional (1) - REAL
    • A first conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause:
    • If the "if" clause comes first , a comma is usually used. If the "if" clause comes second, there is no need for a comma.
    if clause -------------- If you study hard, main clause --------------- you will pass the test. main clause ----------------- You will pass the test if clause -------------- if you study hard.
  • Conditional (1)
    • We use this Conditional Clause to talk about things which may happen:
    • If you wait a minute, I’ll (I will) help you.
    • If it’s sunny, we’ll go on a field trip.
    • If you study, you’ll do well in Level 4.
  • Conditional (1)
    • The main clause often has ‘will’ but you can also use other modals
    • If you haven’t got a TV, you can’t watch the news.
    • If Amy exercises, she might lose weight.
    • If John goes to a job interview, he should wear a tie.
  • Conditional (2) UNREAL
    • The second conditional is used to talk about things which are unreal (not true or less possible) in the present or the future .
    If clause -------------- Simple past: If I bought my daughter a new car , Main clause -------------- + would & main part of verb she would be happy .
  • Conditional (2) UNREAL
    • If I had a million dollars, I would buy you a house.
    • If I were you, I would drive slowly.
  • Conditional (2) is less direct
    • We’ve entered another “Mood” – we are no longer in the Indicative.
    • We are actually using the subjunctive.
    • The only time you will notice the subjunctive is when we use the verb to be in the “if” clause!