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Fernando Gaiger Silveira - Equidade Fiscal:  impactos distributivos da tributação e do gasto social - 2013
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Fernando Gaiger Silveira - Equidade Fiscal: impactos distributivos da tributação e do gasto social - 2013

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  • 1. Equidade Fiscal: impactos distributivos da tributação e do gasto social Fernando Gaiger Silveira Porto Alegre 14-11-2013
  • 2. Monthly Household Income Per Capita and Monthly Household Amounts Per Capita of Direct and Indirect Taxes, Social Security and Assistance Benefits and Health and Public Education, Brazil, 2003
  • 3. Monthly Household Income Per Capita and Monthly Household Amounts Per Capita of Direct and Indirect Taxes, Social Security and Assistance Benefits and Health and Public Education, Brazil, 2009
  • 4. Balance sheet between what one pays in taxes and what one receives in benefits Cash benefitis X taxes Total benefitis X taxes Source: POF-IBGE (Consumer Expenditure Survey)
  • 5. Brazilian Gross Tax Burden – as % of GDP Source: Ipea based on data of the National Treasury and the Federal Revenue Bureau
  • 6. Gini of the Household Income per capita 2001-2011 Source: Ipea based on data of the PNAD-IBGE (National Household Sample Survey – Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics)
  • 7. Federal Social Spending as % of GDP Source: Ipea
  • 8. Evolution of the Tax Burden (percentage of GDP) and Gini Coefficient of Household Income Per Capita
  • 9. The Stages of Income Redistribution
  • 10. Taxes Indirect (VAT and others)  One applies the tax rules, i.e., the nominal rates: hypothesis of perfect operation of law; calculates the out-of-pocket burden and not how much the government collects Social Spending Direct Government Transfers (monetary transfers)  reported: pensions and other social security benefits, assistencial benefits (like Bolsa Família), unemployment insurance. Direct In-kind Government Transfers  reported: Income Tax, Social Security Contribution (part of the employees), Real Estate Tax and Motor Vehicle Property Tax  Education: average public spending by student, according to level and grade  Health: distribution of public spending on health based on the use of public health services.
  • 11. Behaviour of the Gini Index in the Total, Original, Initial, Disposable and Final Income, Brazil (2002–2003 and 2008–2009)
  • 12. Behaviour of the Incidence of Direct Taxation on Income, by Type of Tax and Deciles of Monetary Household Income, Per Capita, Brazil (2002–2003 and 2008–2009)
  • 13. Behaviour of the Incidence of Indirect Taxes on Total Income, by Type of Tax and According to Per Capita Household Final Monetary Income Deciles (net of taxes), Brazil (2002–2003 and 2008–2009)
  • 14. Tax Burden on Total Income, Brazil (2002–2003 and 2008–2009)
  • 15. Share of Retirement Pensions (and other pensions) and Social Security Contributions, by Deciles of Household Cash Income Per Capita, Brazil (2002–2003 and 2008–2009)
  • 16. The Distribution of Total Amount of the Pensions and Social Security Contributions by Income of Household Income per capita Source: POF-IBGE (Consumer Expenditure Survey)
  • 17. Share of Bolsa Família, Aid, Unemployment Insurance and BPC in Monetary Income, by Income Deciles, Brazil (2008–2009)
  • 18. Trends in the distribution of the Public Education Expenditures by deciles, 2003 to 2007. Deciles 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1º 10,6 10,7 11,2 11,2 12,4 12,5 2º 10,7 11,3 11,4 11,6 12,3 12,8 3º 11,0 11,6 12,0 12,5 12,3 11,9 4º 10,6 11,1 11,2 11,3 11,0 11,8 5º 10,5 10,7 10,8 10,9 10,5 10,7 6º 9,3 9,6 9,4 10,3 9,4 8,7 7º 9,8 9,5 9,1 8,2 8,4 9,1 8º 9,3 9,1 8,9 8,9 8,0 7,6 9º 8,9 8,7 8,2 7,8 7,7 7,3 10º 9,4 7,7 7,8 7,4 8,0 7,6
  • 19. Distribution of the Public Health Expenditures by types of services or products and deciles – 2008. Deciles 1º 2º 3º 4º 5º 6º 7º 8º 9º 10º Total 10,0 11,0 11,3 10,7 11,3 12,7 10,5 9,6 8,4 4,7 Hospitalization 12,5 13,0 11,3 11,2 11,9 14,3 9,2 7,5 6,2 3,1 Ambulatory Procedures 10,5 11,8 12,0 11,1 11,5 12,7 10,4 9,4 7,6 3,1 Public Servants 11,3 11,7 11,4 11,4 11,2 11,5 10,1 9,1 7,3 4,9 Source: POF-IBGE (Consumer Expenditure Survey) Medicines 7,6 8,2 12,1 8,5 10,7 15,7 10,1 11,0 11,3 4,9