Sports-An athletic activity requiring skill or physical prowess and oftenof a competitive nature, as racing, baseball, tennis, golf,bowling, wrestling, boxing, hunting, fishing, etc.-Sports are played through-out the world and are very importantto some country’s
Nature Team Activity Competitive (both teams are trying to win) Directly competitive (your performance can affect your opponents performance Scoring Objective – the score can be counted The team that scores the most points wins
What is dance? Dance is a way of knowing and communicating. Allsocieties use dance to communicate on both personal and cultural levels and to meet physical and spiritual needs.
Styles Tap: is a percussive dance form in Ballet: a classic form of dance which dancers produce sound by growing out of the French wearing shoes to which metal taps nobility. Its root is court have been added. Tap dance, an dances. American dance form which concentrates on footwork and rhythm, has roots in African, Irish It is known for its: •standardized dance and English clogging traditions. Its roots lie in recreational dance (Irish movements Step dance, jig and African steps). •specialized leaps and lifts•French terminology to describe It is known for: each standardized movement •An emphasis on rhythm •Pointe shoes for women • Tap shoes •slippers for men • Costumes—formal to street wear •costumes---tights, tutus •Improvisation
Styles Jazz: American music marked by lively Modern: a form of dance rhythms with unusual accents and often developed by dancers interested inincluding melodies made up by musicians breaking from ballet traditions andas they play. It’s roots are in social dances expressing a more liberating form and early musical theatre dance. of movement. It expresses complex emotions and abstract ideas. It’s known for: It is known for: •Stylized movement • Freedom of movement • Accents in hands, head, hips and feet •Usually barefoot but can use• English/French terminology to describe shoes based on theme movements • Costume related to dance theme •Jazz shoes or boots • Improvisation used in the •Costume related to theme of dance development of choreography • Improvisation
Attire Dancers wear clothes that show off their body and curves. They wear clothing that is comfortable and that lets their bodies express any kind of movement. Attire such as leotards, spandex shorts, skirts, and tank tops are very common. Also, dancers accommodate to the weather, so when it gets colder they use leg warmers, tights,
CHARACTERISTICSTennis is a sport played betweentwo players (singles) orbetween two teams of twoplayers each (doubles). Eachplayer uses a strung racquet tostrike a hollow rubber ballcovered with felt over a net intothe opponents court.
ITEMSRacquetModern tennis racquets vary in length,weight, and head size. Weights of aracquet also vary between 226g to 353g.Most of the rackets are made of syntheticmaterials such as carbon fibre, ceramics oralloys. The casing cord has been replacedmainly by synthetic materials like nylonBallA hollow rubber ball covered with felt, mostof the time Optic Yellow, but can be anycolor or even two-tone.
ITEMSCourt and netTennis is played on a rectangular, flat surface, usuallygrass, clay, or a hard court of concrete and/orasphalt.The net is 1.07 m high at the posts and 91.4 cm highin the centre.Lines The lines that delineate the court are called base line(farthest back) and service line (middle of the court). The outermost lines that make up the length arecalled the doubles sidelines. The area between a doubles sideline and thenearest singles sideline is called the doubles alley,which is considered playable in doubles play. The line dividing the service line in two is called thecentre line or centre service line.
SHOTSServiceA serve (or, more formally, a "service") in tennis is a shot tostart a point. The serve is initiated by tossing the ball into the airand hitting it into the diagonally opposite service box withouttouching the net. The serve may be hit under- or overhand.DriveFor a right-handed player, the forehand is a stroke that beginson the right side of the body, continues across the body ascontact is made with the ball, and ends on the left side of thebody.BackhandFor right-handed players, the backhand is a stroke that beginson the left side of their body, continues across their body ascontact is made with the ball, and ends on the right side of theirbody. It can be executed with either one hand or with both andis generally considered more difficult to master than theforehand.
GRAND SLAMSThe four Grand Slam tournaments are considered to be the mostprestigious tennis tournaments in the world. They are held annually andinclude, in chro-nological order, the Australian Open, the French Open,Wimbledon, and the US Open. Apart from the Olympic Games, Davis Cup,Fed Cup, and Hopman Cup, they are the only tournaments regulated bythe International Tennis Fe-deration (ITF).
Rowing is a sport in whichathletes race against each otheron rivers, on lakes or on theocean, depending upon the type ofrace and the discipline. The boatsare propelled by the reactionforces on the oar blades as theyare pushed against the water. Thesport can be both recreational,focusing on learning thetechniques required, andcompetitive where physical sizeand overall fitness plays a largerole. It is also one of theoldest Olympic sports. In theUnited States, high schooland College rowing is sometimesreferred to as crew.
Basic informationWhile rowing, the athlete sits in the boat facing backwards(towards the stern), and uses the oars which are held in placeby the oarlocks to propel the boat forward (towards the bow).This may be done on a river, lake, sea, or other large body ofwater. The sport requires strong core balance as well asphysical strength and cardiovascular endurance. There are many different types of competition. These includeendurance races, time trials, stake racing, bumps racing, andthe side-by-side format used in theOlympic games. The manydifferent formats are a result of the long history of the sport, itsdevelopment in different regions of the world, and specificlocal requirements and restrictions.
There are two forms of rowing:In sweep or sweep-oar rowing, each rower has one oar, heldwith both hands. This is generally done in pairs, fours, andeights. Each rower in a sweep boat is referred to eitheras port orstarboard, depending on which side of the boat therowers oar extends to. The port side is referred to as strokeside, and the starboard side as bow side; this applies even ifthe stroke oarsman is rowing on bow side and/or the bowoarsman on stroke side.In sculling each rower has two oars (or sculls), one in eachhand. Sculling is usually done without a coxswain,in quads, doubles or singles. The oar in the scullers righthand extends to port (stroke side), and the oar in the left handextends to starboard (bow side).
How to rowThe two fundamental reference points in the rowing stroke arethe catch, immediately prior to the oar blades placement in thewater, and the extraction (also known as the finish or therelease) where the rower removes the oar blade from thewater. From the catch, the rower places the blade in the water,then applies pressure to the oar by simultaneously pushing theseat toward the bow of the boat by extending the legs. As thelegs approach full extension, the rower pivots his or her torsotoward the bow of the boat and then finally pulls the armstowards his or her chest.
Types of sweep boats2- (coxless pair)2+ (coxed pair - this type of boat is rarelyused)4- (coxless four)4+ (coxed four)8+ (coxed eight)Types of sculling boats1x (single)2x (double)4x (quad)4x+ (coxed quad - this type of boat isgenerally only used by juniors)8x+ (octuple - this type of boat is rarelyused, and will be for junior use only)
Rules• No touching the ball with your hands unless you are the goalie.• The ball is put into play with a throw in if the ball goes out on the side line. You must keep both feet touching the ground when throwing the ball in.• The ball is put into play with a goal kick or a corner kick if the ball goes out of bounds on the end lines.
Five Skills of Soccer• Kicking—most often used to score or move the ball.• Passing—kicking, pushing, or heading the ball to a teammate..• Dribbling—transport the ball under control from one area to another with their feet.• Trapping—Stopping the ball in flight or on the ground, then controlling.• Heading—using their forehead to pass the ball or score.
Player Positions• Forwards—players in the front trying to score.• Midfielders—players in the middle passing the ball to the forwards and trying to keep it from getting back to the goalie.• Fullbacks—players helping to protect the goal.• Goalie—player who protects the goal with their hands
Different Kicks• Kick Off—From the center of the field, the kick begins the game, starts the half and puts the ball into play after a goal has been scored.• Penalty Kick—A direct free kick that is given after a foul in the goal area.• Free Kick—Given after a foul has been committed outside the goal box area.• Drop Kick—The kick used by the goalie to move the ball down the field.
The Field• Goal—In between the goal posts. Must cross the outside line to score.• Goal/Penalty Area— If a Penalty happens in this area the ball is placed at the top of the goal box for a free kick.
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