Objective: analyze the results of the imperialism Spanish-American War Imperialism
Spanish-American War (1898) The Spanish-American War took place in 1898, resulting in the gain of control by the United States of America, on the former Spanish colonies in the Caribbean and the Pacific Ocean. The Americans, claiming that the ship had been sabotaged by the Spanish, demanded that Spain ceded independence to Cuba.
2. The U.S. was given control of the islands of Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. Results of the War 1. Cuba was given its independence. 3. Spain received $20 million dollars.
Panama canal Theodor Roosevelt The U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt was convinced that the United States could complete the project of the Panama Canal that had lasted for decades, and acknowledged that the U.S. control of crossing the Atlantic to the Pacific would be an important military and economic importance.
Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders atop San Juan Heights
Many argue that the fear of a war against the United States forced the Colombians to avoid any serious opposition to the independence movement. The victorious Panamanians returned the favor to Roosevelt by allowing the United States control of the zone of the Panama Canal
Dollar Diplomacy was a device used by President Roosevelt to expand his importance in Latin America. Therefore dollar diplomacy means in general, use from the U.S. economic potential, aiming at the dependence of Latin American countries, and therefore manipulate them to achieve their goals in this sub-continent, which according to the manifest destiny was intended to be a U.S. territory. Dollar Diplomacy
Ruling Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Ruling Cuba
- gave the U.S. control of the naval base in Guantanamo Bay · Cuba was forced to sign the Platt Amendment , which: - limited Cuba’s right to make treaties and borrow money - allowed the U.S. to intervene in Cuba
Open door policy Open Door Policy (1899-1900). Initially, the policy would constitute a strategy for participate in the drawing that the European powers did in that country. It was designed from questions raised by Secretary of State John Jay (Open Door Notes) the governments of Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Italy. Them, the U.S. asked for the security and territorial Chinese equal terms to all nations to negotiate with the country.
The Philippines were finally given their independence in 1946.
War in the Philippines
Filipinos were angry with the U.S. for refusing to grant them independence.
Therefore, Emilio Aguinaldo and his troops continued to fight against the U.S.
The war ended in 1901 when Aguinaldo was captured.
Over 4,000 Americans and 220,000 Filipinos died in the war, including 20,000 Filipino soldiers.