public speaking Chapter 6


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public speaking Chapter 6

  1. 1. PUBLIC SPEAKING Published By: 1.Conny Anggraini 2.Nolawati 3.Selsi Pebri Weni 4.Steffy Pratiwi SEKOLAH TINGGI KEGURUAN DAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN YDB Lubuk Alung
  2. 2. The Introduction and Conclusion 1.The Introduction In most cases an introduction to a speech has three objectives: a.It should capture the listener’s attention b.It should give the audience a reason for listening c.It should indicate the main idea of the speech,and if desirable ,preview its main points.
  3. 3. Ten methods for getting and holding the attention of your audience. 1.Start off with humor 2.Begin with a Startling Statement 3.Ask a Rhetorical Q uestion 4.Begin with a Statistic 5.Refer to a Previous Speaker 6.Start with a Question 7.Begin with a Brief Story 8.Refer to the Familiar 9.List a series of examples 10.Begin with a Definition
  4. 4. • The list of suggestions given above for attention-getting introductions is by no means complete.Other methods include referring to a recent event or one that is soon to take place,a buildup of suspense,the use of a visual aid as part of the introduction,the use of novelty or the unusual,an introduction involving conflict,and establishing a common ground with the audience.
  5. 5. THE CONCLUSION Some people feel that the conclusion is the most important part of the speech.It is your last chance to achieve your purpose,and it signals your audience that your speech is ending.Plan your conclusion carefully.It is the final impression the audience will get of your speech,and it should leave them with a sense of completeness.
  6. 6. There are six suggestions for effectively concluding your speech: 1.End with a restatement of your central idea. A speech that has as its central idea 2.End with a summary of the main ideas developed in your speech.A speech with the central idea. 3.End with a rhetorical question. 4.End with a call to action 5.End with a positive vision of the future. 6.End with a negative vision of the future
  7. 7. Outlining the speech • Once you have developed the intriduction,body ,and conclusion of your speech,you should organize it in a complete-sentence outline form.This will enable you to see at a glance whether your central idea,main points,and subpoints are arranged in a clear and orderly manner.
  8. 8. A model complete-sentence outline of a student speech on the benefits of walking: 1.Introduction a.Testimony Over 2,000 years ago Hippocrates,the Father of medicine said,”walking is man’s best medicine.” b.Explanation c.Testimony d.Explanation -Example -Example e.Central idea statement
  9. 9. 2.Body 1.Walking strengthens the heart a.It improves collateral circulation -Explanation-visual aid -Testimony -Example -Statistic b.It lowers blood pressure - Explanation-visual aid - Example - Testimony - Example
  10. 10. 2.Walking conditions a person mentally A.It reduces stress -Testimony-comparison - Example -Testimony - Testimony-comparison B.It improves self-image -Testimony - Testimony - Example - explanation
  11. 11. 3.Walking conditions a person physically a.It removes unwanted fat -Visual aid -Statistical testimony -Example -Comparison b.It reimproves a person’s fitness -Testimony -Comparison -Example -Visual aid
  12. 12. 3.Conclusion 1.Explanation 2.Comparison 3.Explanation 4.Explanation 4.Bibliography This is important for a number of reasons.First,it provides a logical arrangement of your main and subpoints along with an idea of the supporting materials you are going to use.Second,it will provide a framework from which you can prepare note cards-or-a phrase outline.
  13. 13. THANK YOU......