From Mobility to Proximity Landscapes, Antonio Suarez / Pedro Camarena velo city 2010

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A historical presentation about bicycle planning in Mexico city from a landscape perspective.

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From Mobility to Proximity Landscapes, Antonio Suarez / Pedro Camarena velo city 2010

  1. 1. from mobility to proximity landscapes presenting bicycle mobility strategy for Mexico City PROXIMITY THE LANDSCAPE MEGACITY STRATEGY Velo City 2010
  2. 2. PROXIMITY o The state, quality, sense, or fact of being near, the property of being close together o Latin significance: Near relationship; resemblance; similarity, equity, fairness.
  3. 3. THE LANDSCAPE : Observing people and their environment 1325 2010
  4. 4. THE LANDSCAPE SYMBOLS Archaeological area Archaeological area open to public SYMBOLS Prehispanic roads Main roads Boundaries of the lake in the sixteenth century State boundaries islets delegacion and municipal boundaries 1325 2010
  5. 5. THE LANDSCAPE: Observing people and their environment Coyoacán 2010 Lytic and Early phase EarlyPostclassic Epiclassic Middle Classicand Middle Preclassic Late Preclassic Postclassic Neighborhood: Rinconada Coyoacán 150-600/650 a.C 30000-2000 1350-1519 d.C 900-1350 d.C 650-900 200d.C 400a.C - d.Ca.Cd.C 2500-400 500 mts 1.5 km 2.5 km 0.00 mts 1 km 2 km 3 km
  6. 6. CITY OF CITIES expansion of the urbanized MEGACITY area
  7. 7. MEGACITY Copenhagen fits 13 times in metropolitan area
  8. 8. MEGACITY: PEOPLE BUILDING LANDSCAPE Finding the cities in the city The city of cities Origin to destination mobility Origin through destination Relationship, close togehter 1350 1510 1750 1850 1950 2000
  9. 9. MOBILITY / PROXIMITY MEGACITY landscapes
  10. 10. MOBILITY / PROXIMITY MEGACITY landscapes Transportation Proximity Negative Externality Never ending travel landscape Sustainable mobility People landscape is about less mobility
  11. 11. CITY OF CITIES living MEGACITY To design for a dinamic social landscape mexico
  12. 12. STRATEGY THE TEAM o Scientific research team o Landscapers, Architects o Urban social planners o External Urban Quality Consultants, Gehl architects
  13. 13. STRATEGY WHY BIKES? 19 million trips in
  14. 14. STRATEGY WHY BIKES? 8 km
  15. 15. STRATEGY: The math for bicycle planning Population node Bionomial Logistic model Employment / Shopping / School nodes Desire lines linking nodes districts and population and housing Flat area Where to start? What to link?
  16. 16. STRATEGY : The math for bicycle planning and streets survey Different efficient and complementary ways to find people in their daily life for Megacity planning
  17. 17. STRATEGY PUBLICATIONS HOW & WHY WORLD WHERE SOFTWARE HARDWARE EVIDENCE vision best practices strategy design guide cycling culture count
  18. 18. STRATEGY PUBLICATION Elements for creating a cycling culture Infrastructure Culture Bikeways Bike parking Multimodality Promotion Legislation Innovation The bike in the Copenhaguen world WORLD Bogota Melbourne New York Paris Berlin Mexico best practices
  19. 19. STRATEGY PUBLICATION Cycling in Mexico City Public transport Mejor en Bici Rural bike path Cycle rural stations Chapultepec Cycle urban facilities Condesa stations WORLD Who uses the bike? Portland, USA Copenhaguen Melbourne Portland, USA Copenhaguen Melbourne best practices 20 % 80 % MEXICO
  20. 20. STRATEGY PUBLICATION “More options means more freedom of mobility” Private car: inflexible, difficult to adapt to the needs. Be careful with the “mimics of bicycle infrastructure”¡ WORLD Local implementation need specific studies best practices
  21. 21. STRATEGY PUBLICATION Methodology A process, not a project HOW & WHERE strategy
  22. 22. STRATEGY PUBLICATION Vision Not a master plan but the right information HOW & WHERE Distances Topography Weather Bike Social meeting Bike and Public transport Traffic on Velocity Green Diversity of Urban strategy city infrastructure urban area barriers
  23. 23. STRATEGY PUBLICATION integration of transport network HOW & WHERE cycle parking strategy 4 iniciatives, the same urban quality criteria
  24. 24. STRATEGY PUBLICATION HOW & WHERE strategy
  25. 25. STRATEGY PUBLICATION Street Desing principles to achive quality criteria SOFTWARE design guide
  26. 26. STRATEGY PUBLICATION Crossings safe cycling + painted bike secondary streets lanes T crossing maximum protection SOFTWARE design guide Ideal infrastructure
  27. 27. STRATEGY PUBLICATION A meeting place for people SOFTWARE design guide cyclists as part of public life
  28. 28. STRATEGY PUBLICATION Cycle parking and bike parking SOFTWARE The expansion of bicycle lanes on major destinations Cycle stations with additional services design guide
  29. 29. STRATEGY PUBLICATION A menu of options to combine over the time and existing budget Bike to integrate public transport SOFTWARE network of bike paths Bicycle access design guide
  30. 30. MEGACITY Cycle parking Traffic calming areas
  31. 31. MEGACITY Public bicycle Bike ways and Green Infrastructure
  32. 32. MEGACITY CITY OF DIVERSITY Cycle parking Traffic calming areas Public bicycle Bike ways and Green Infrastructure Orthogonal trace Orthocenters trace Irregular trace Mixed trace
  33. 33. MEGACITY CITY OF DIVERSITY Street transformation
  34. 34. MEGACITY Bicycle Taxonomy GOVERNMENT WORKING INITIATIVES EVERY SUNDAY 12 km. CLOSED STREETS FOR CARS 3 years operating 2.5 million users 15,000 / every sunday
  35. 35. MEGACITY Bicycle Taxanomy GOVERNMENT WORKING INITIATIVES BIKE SHARE 1114 Bicycles 5,000 Users with capacity for 24,000 ONLY 18% 3,000 Daily trips with capacity for 96,000 •Slow inscription rate over 4 months •Small coverage area •High price card •Few credit card users • No vandalism at all •No accidents
  36. 36. MEGACITY Bicycle Taxanomy GOVERNMENT WORKING INITIATIVES BIKEWAYS 2.2 Kilometers “to start buillding” With high standars for mobility
  37. 37. MEGACITY Bicycle Taxanomy GOVERNMENT WORKING INITIATIVES BICYCLE PARKING 900 set at strategic locations
  38. 38. MEGACITY Bicycle Taxanomy PRIVATE PROJECTS BIKE STATIONS 18 Stations of manual Free bike share with ID 70,000 users within the 1st year , 15 stolen bikes 2004 2007 2009
  39. 39. MEGACITY Bicycle Taxanomy PRIVATE PROJETS MEXICO BIKE TOUR AND BIKE RENTAL 2 Locations
  40. 40. MEGACITY Bicycle Taxanomy PRIVATE PROJETS BICYCLE TAXI GROWTH 2001 ----- 271 Operating 2010 ----- 15,000 Operating
  41. 41. Bicycle MEGACITY Taxanomy UNAM UNIVERSITY PROJECTS BICIPUMA BIKE SHARE 2,500 Bicycles 14,000 Daily users
  42. 42. Bicycle MEGACITY Taxanomy BIKE Amussesment
  43. 43. Bicycle MEGACITY Taxanomy BIKE MOBILITY
  44. 44. Bicycle MEGACITY Taxanomy BIKE WORK / DELIVERY
  45. 45. Bicycle MEGACITY Taxanomy TRICYCLE / BUSINESS WORK- service
  46. 46. Bicycle MEGACITY Taxanomy BIKE WORK AND BUSINESS
  47. 47. MEGACITY Bicycle Taxanomy BIKE WORK- transport
  48. 48. MEGACITY: Green infraestructure Mobility --> Resources = Green Infraestructure Should bicycle infrastructure planning be something else than mobility?
  49. 49. Moving ahead while having history in mind CITY OF CITIES Flooding big city risk
  50. 50. Active NGO´s CAMPAINGS
  51. 51. CURRENT PROJECTS Proximity Integration CULTURAL HUB BICYCLE INFRASTRUCTURE Frida BikeTour / Mexico BikeTour Coyoacán Bike Hub BIKE SHARE EcoBici / Others
  52. 52. International cooperation The bicycle Cargo Hub The Bicycle Institute Trainning information Local and international cooperation
  53. 53. LESSONS LEARNED IMPLEMENTING BICYCLE USE IS A PROCESS NOT A PROJECT MEGACITY PLANNING NEEDS HOLISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC APPROACHES PROXIMITY IS ABOUT PEOPLE BUILDING A SOCIAL LANDSCAPE MEGACITY IS ABOUT MEGAOPORTUNITIES
  54. 54. THANK YOU Antonio Suarez / Pedro Camarena www.laap.com.mx www.mexicobiketour.com www.unam.mx www.gehlarchitects.d k

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