Homework from Day 1 • Read the article by Erik Auf der Helde, The Importance of Evidence-Based Disaster Planning • Reflect on his recommended interventions (summarized for you on the handout labeled Activity 2) • Identify a professional service you could provide
Disaster Information Specialist • Provides disaster-related library or information services as part of their ongoing job functions • Possesses knowledge and skills to support disaster management • Does more than protect library collections and maintain library operations
What have been the roles oflibrarians?1. Institutional supporters2. Collection managers3. Information disseminators4. Internal planners5. Community supporters6. Government partners7. Educators and trainers8. Information community builders (Featherstone, Lyon & Ruffin, 2008)
New Recognition of Libraries’Roles: The Stafford Act• Libraries are “essential community services” eligible for federal assistance “for the provision of temporary facilities”
Hospital librarians How did you get involved? Invited myself onto the Emergency Management Committee Required to be involved as a department manager New committee chairperson took over emergency management committee and wanted library involved. Previous group had not involved library (Donohue, 2012)
Case example Missouri Baptist Medical Center Medical Library … and Incident Command Center
Tabletop Exercise • Pick one of the three tabletop exercises provided http://mla.mrooms.org/course/view.php?id=45 • The tabletop exercise simulates a disaster situation and requires you to function in the capacity expected of you in a real event (FEMA, 2012)
Preparation time Most warning Less warning Least warning Hurricane Tornado Earthquake Infectious disease Active shooter Hazmat incident Flooding Building fire Bridge collapse Etc. Etc. Etc.
Sample Earthquake Scenario It is 8 days after the earthquake. Following consultations with your Regional Medical Library, you designate two librarians to act as "information officers.” • How might these librarians assist emergency managers? • Who will cover their regular duties? • How can the two librarians support one another in their new roles?
FINAL HOMEWORK• Pick one of the three tabletop exercises provided http://mla.mrooms.org/course/view.php?id=45• Answer the questions and send your completed exercise to: firstname.lastname@example.org• Put the subject line as your last name_DIS_Homework e.g.,) Featherstone_DIS_Homework• Once they receive your homework, MLA will send you the course evaluation and the link to download your course certificate.
References Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 93-288 as amended), http://fema.gov/about/stafact.shtm Donohue, A. (May 21, 2012). Emergency Preparedness and Librarians: A Match Made in Hospitals! Poster Presentation given at the Medical Library Association Conference, Seattle WA FEMA (2012). Tabletop Exercise. Accessed April 7, 2012 from: http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/watersecurity/tools/trainingcd/Pages/intro.html , Featherstone, R., Boldt, R., Torabi, N. & Konrad, S. (2012). Provision of Pandemic Disease Information by Health Sciences Librarians: A Multisite Comparative Case Series. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(2), 104-112. Accessed May 12, 2012 from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3324800/ Featherstone, R., Lyon, B. & Ruffin, A. (2008). Library roles in disaster response: an oral history project by the National Library of Medicine. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 96(4), 343-350. Accessed April 3, 2012 from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2568836/
References cont. Folb, B. (March 30, 2011). Information Needs and Practices of Disaster Response Professionals: Findings and Implications. . [Presentation given at the Disaster Information Outreach Symposium, Bethesda, MD). Accessed April 2, 2012 from: http://videocast.nih.gov/summary.asp?Live=10102 Merchant, R.M., Elmer, S. & Lurie, N. (2011). Integrating Social Media into Emergency-Preparedness Efforts. NEJM. 365(4). 289-291. Turoff, M. & Starr, R. (March 6, 2008). Information Seeking Behavior and Viewpoints of Emergency Preparedness and Management Professionals Concerned with Health and Medicine. [Report prepared for the National Library of Medicine]. Accessed April 2, 2012 from: http://web.njit.edu/~turoff/Papers/FinalReportNLMTuroffHiltzMarch11.htm Walsh, L., Subbarao, I., Gebbie, K., et al. (2012). Core Competencies for Disaster Medicine and Public Health. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 6(1), 44-52. Zach, L. (March 30, 2011). Librarians’ Perceptions of Roles in Disaster Activities. [Presentation given at the Disaster Information Outreach Symposium, Bethesda, MD). Accessed April 2, 2012 from: http://videocast.nih.gov/summary.asp?Live=10102
Image Credits Missouri Baptist Hospital Library photos shared with permission of Sandy DeckerPresentation Slides & Course Materials http://www.mlanet.org/education/dis/info_roles.htmlProgram Information http://www.mlanet.org/education/dis/Acknowledgement This project is funded by the National Library of Medicine under contract HHS-N-276-2010-00782-P