Philosophies of L SULLIVAN


Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Business
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Philosophies of L SULLIVAN

  1. 1. TIME , LIFE, WORKS AND PHILOSOPIES OF Louis Sullivan Compiled by : FD Architects Forum Gr. Floor , Ashoka apartment Bhawani Singh Road C-scheme , Jaipur -302001 Rajasthan ( INDIA) Ph. 91-0141-2743536 Email: Web :
  2. 2. Louis henry Sullivan name | Louis henry Sullivan lived | 1856-1924 style | Chicago School Considered “The Father of Modern Architecture” “Form follows Function” Mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright and influence on the PRAIRIE SCHOOL
  3. 3. Louis Sullivan works  Auditorium Building | 1886-1890 Chicago, Illinois USA Wainwright Building | 1890-1891 St. Louis, Missouri USA Guaranty Building | 1894-1895 Buffalo, New York USA Carson, Pirie, Scott and Co. | 1899-1904 Chicago, Illinois USA National Farmers' Bank | 1906-1908 Owatonna, Minnesota USA Merchant's National Bank | 1913-1914 Grinnell, Iowa USA People's Savings and Loan Association Bank | 1919 Sidney, Ohio USA Farmers' and Merchants' Union Bank | 1919 Columbus, Wisconsin USA
  4. 4. Chicago School of Architecture  the Chicago School was a school of architects active in Chicago at the turn of the 20th century. They were among the first to promote the new technologies of steel-frame construction in commercial buildings, and developed a spatial aesthetic which co-evolved with, and then came to influence, parallel developments in European Modernism.  While the term Chicago School is widely used to describe buildings in the city during the 1880s and 1890s, this term has been disputed by scholars, in particular in reaction to Carl Condit's 1952 book The Chicago School of Architecture.
  5. 5. Chicago School of Architecture  One of the distinguishing features of the Chicago School is the use of steel-frame buildings with masonry cladding (usually terra cotta), allowing large plate-glass window areas and limiting the amount of exterior ornamentation. Sometimes elements of neoclassical architecture are used in Chicago School skyscrapers. Many Chicago School skyscrapers contain the three parts of a classical column. The first floor functions as the base, the middle stories, usually with little ornamental detail, act as the shaft of the column, and the last floor or so represent the capital, with more ornamental detail and capped with a cornice.
  6. 6. Chicago School of Architecture The "Chicago window" originated in this school . It is a three-part window consisting of a large fixed center panel flanked by two smaller double-hung sash windows. The arrangement of windows on the facade typically creates a grid pattern, with some projecting out from the facade forming bay windows. The Chicago window combined the functions of light-gathering and natural ventilation; a single central pane was usually fixed, while the two surrounding panes were operable. These windows were often deployed in bays, known as oriel windows, that projected out over the street.
  7. 7. Chicago School of Architecture Architects whose names are associated with the Chicago School including Louis Sullivan. Henry Hobson Richardson, Dankmar Adler Daniel Burnham Solon S. Beman
  8. 8. Auditorium Building
  9. 9. Auditorium Building Plan The Auditorium is a heavy, impressive structure externally, and was more striking in its day when buildings of its scale were less common. When completed, it was the tallest building in the city and largest building in the United States.
  10. 10. Auditorium Building
  11. 11. Auditorium Building Street View Adler and Sullivan designed a tall structure with load-bearing outer walls, and based the exterior appearance partly on the design of H.H. Richardson's Marshall Field Warehouse, another Chicago landmark.
  12. 12. Auditorium Building
  13. 13. Auditorium Building Section
  14. 14. The Wainwright Building  1890 101 North 7th Street St. Louis, Missouri, USA Louis Sullivan & Dankmar Adler, architects  When it was built, the Wainwright Building revolutionized American architecture. The first two stories are unornamented except for the large, deep windows. Uninterrupted piers extend through the next seven stories. Horizontal panels between the piers articulate the building's interior structure. Intertwined ornaments and small round windows form the upper story.
  15. 15. The Wainwright Building
  16. 16. The Wainwright Building
  17. 17. The prudential Building The eleven-storey Wainwright Building represents Sullivan's first attempt at a truly multi- storey format, in which the device of the suppressed transom taken from the facade of Richardson's Marshall Field Store, Chicago of 1888, is used to impart a decidedly vertical emphasis to the building's overall form...
  18. 18. The prudential Building
  19. 19. The prudentialBuilding
  20. 20. The prudential Building The two-storey base of the classical tripartite composition is faced in fine red sandstone set on a two-foot-high string course of red Missouri granite. While the middle section consists of red brick pilasters with decorated terra cotta spandrels, the top is rendered as a deep overhanging cornice faced in an ornamented terra cotta skin to match the enrichment of the spandrels and the pilasters below.
  21. 21. The guarnaty Building
  22. 22. The Guaranty Building
  23. 23. The Guaranty Building, which is now  called the Prudential Building, was  designed by Louis  Sullivan and Dankmar Adler, and  built in Buffalo, New York. The massive development of cast  iron led to a reduction in price, which  allowed many architects to design  taller buildings. The Guaranty (Prudential Building),  Buffalo, NY, 1894.  Guaranty (Prudential ) Building Buffalo, New York, 1894
  24. 24. Louis Sullivan, The Guaranty (Prudential  Building), Buffalo, NY, 1894. 
  25. 25. Louis Sullivan, The Guaranty (Prudential Building), Buffalo, NY, 1894. 
  26. 26. Louis Sullivan, The Guaranty (Prudential Building), Buffalo, NY, 1894. 
  27. 27. The Bradley House  One quality consistent in the spaces of Sullivan's houses from the Charnley House to the Babson House is their insertion in an embracing rectangular prism through which the major and minor axes struggle.  Beginning in 1909 his interior spaces finally freed themselves from this restraining carapace, emerging in a series of cross-shaped plans in the two Bradley House projects and the Bennett House design. These compositions are no less processional, centering on a space just beyond the entrance point, enclosed in thickened poched walls, projecting dramatic axes forward and to each side, manifested externally as juxtaposed volumes.  Sullivan's walls are thick, the windows deeply inset, and his masses can be marked with cantilevers like those over the porches of the erected Bradley House—not floating in the manner of Wright's Prairie Style but laboring with elaborate brackets to express the work of opening the interior space outward.
  28. 28. The Bradley House
  29. 29. The Bradley House
  30. 30. The Bradley House
  31. 31. The Bradley House
  32. 32. The Bradley House
  33. 33. National Farmers' Bank  "...some of his (Sullivan's) finest work is from these last years, especially the banks in small prairie towns. The best of these is the National Farmers' Bank...Though much smaller in scale than the earlier skyscrapers, the bank is just as clearly expressed in its parts. The main banking room is a single cubical space enclosed by a box, indicated by the wide stained-glass lunette windows. The base is of red sandstone, with dark red brick walls. Ornamentation is concentrated in panels, of bronze-green terra cotta, with intricate cast iron escutcheons at the corners; the cornice is simply corbeled brick courses. To the rear is a separate block housing offices and shops, a speculative venture by the bank, but clearly related to the bank in materials and design."  — Leland M. Roth. A Concise History of American Architecture. p183.  "Stand back from the corner of Broadway and Cedar Streets in Owatonna, Minnesota. See how Sullivan's National Farmers' Bank stands on the corner opposite the park. Massive and stately—68 feet broad and about 53 feet tall—its silhouette and ornamental patterns strike golden section rectangles. Great vaulted windows pierce the deep walls, and a row of dark square windows punctures the base. Strength in concept; surprise and contradiction in detail.  "The great ornamented mass anchors the lines of street facades, bringing sequences of jumbled store fronts and one fine, arcaded office building (Sullivan's also) to a monumental climax."  — Yukio Futagawa, ed. and photographs with Albert Bush-Brown, text. Global Architecture: Louis H. Sullivan: National Farmers' Bank, Owatonna, Minnesota Merchants' National Bank, Grinnell, Iowa, and Farmers' & Merchants' Union Bank, Columbus, Wisconsin. p2-5.
  34. 34. National Farmers' Bank Main facade, from west
  35. 35. National Farmers' Bank Corner view, from southwest · National Farmers' Bank ·Owatonna,Minnesota
  36. 36. National Farmers' Bank South walls · National Farmers' Bank · Owatonna, Minnesota
  37. 37. National Farmers' Bank Interior, east wall · National Farmers' Bank · Owatonna, Minnesota
  38. 38. National Farmers' Bank Interior, east entrance wall · National Farmers' Bank
  39. 39. National Farmers' Bank South windows · National Farmers' Bank
  40. 40. National Farmers' Bank Interior, ceiling/northwest corner · National Farmers' Bank
  41. 41. National Farmers' Bank Interior, ceiling/southeast corner · National Farmers' Bank
  42. 42. National Farmers' Bank Ceiling · National Farmers' Bank
  43. 43. National Farmers' Bank
  44. 44. National Farmers' Bank
  45. 45. National Farmers' Bank
  46. 46. National Farmers' Bank
  47. 47. Merchants National Bank Building  To honor one of the most influential American architects of all time on the sesquicentennial of his birth, the City of Grinnell and Grinnell College will co- sponsor a series of events highlighting Sullivan and his work, including lectures, films, music, and guided tours  As part of the celebration of the 150th anniversary of his birth on Sept. 3, 1856 in Boston, Mass., the tours will focus on the Merchants National Bank building, designed by Sullivan in 1913 and widely regarded as one of his masterpieces. Grinnell buildings designed by other famed architects, including Walter Burley Griffin, George Washington Maher, Walter Netsch, and Cesar Pelli, will also be featured.
  48. 48. Merchants National Bank Building
  49. 49. Entrance from the 1893 Chicago Stock Exchange building
  50. 50. Bayard-Condit Building
  51. 51. Bank, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
  52. 52. Thrift Building
  53. 53. Pirie, Scott, Building
  54. 54. Pirie, Scott, Building
  55. 55. Pirie, Scott, Building
  56. 56. Pirie, Scott, Building
  57. 57. Pirie, Scott, Building
  58. 58. Pirie, Scott, Building
  59. 59. K.A.M. Temple, Chicago, . From an old postcard
  60. 60. People's Savings and Loan Association Bank
  61. 61. People's Savings and Loan Association Bank
  62. 62. People's Savings and Loan Association Bank
  63. 63. People's Savings and Loan Association Bank
  64. 64. Farmers and Merchants Union Bank
  65. 65. Farmers and Merchants Union Bank
  66. 66. Farmers and Merchants Union Bank
  67. 67. Thank You for POSTING This forum is for, by and of the architect fraternity and it will only grow by creating New Thread and New Reply, we can also comment in existing threads by clicking following button on upper right corner of forum . Post your expertise valuable comments in forum regularly.