Compiled by : FD Architects Forum 
Gr. Floor , Ashoka apartment 
Bhawani Singh Road 
C-scheme , Jaipur -302001 
Rajasthan ...
Elements of fire protection 
http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ 
 Include 
 use of non-combustible building materials, 
...
Fire-resistive construction 
 A building construction in which the structural 
members (including walls, partitions, 
col...
Fire-resistive Ratings 
 "fire resistance rating" is a legal term utilized by 
model codes to regulate building construct...
Fire-Resistive Assemblies 
 An assembly is a combination of materials put 
together in a specific way that achieves the 
...
Fire-retardant materials 
1. Rock wool 
2. Gypsum boards 
3. Asbestos cement 
4. Perlite boards 
5. Calcium silicate board...
ROCK WOOL 
PERLITE BOARDS 
ROCK WOOL PERLITE BOARDS 
Brand : ROCKINSUL by 
Rockwool india ltd. 
Brand : Mowco Perlite Boar...
Gypsum Boards 
Calcium Silicate Board 
CALCIUM SILICATE BOARD 
GYPSUM BOARD 
Gypboard®/ Gyproc® gypsum 
plasterboards are ...
Fireproofing of Construction 
Materials 
 In construction, heavy wood timbers have a relatively 
high fire resistance, be...
Fireproofing of Construction 
Materials 
 Structural steel may be protected in a number of ways. It can be faced 
with br...
Installation of Automatic system 
1. Fire alarm system : Smoke Detector 
2. Active Fire protection system : Sprinklers 
3....
Smoke Detector 
& fire alarm system 
A smoke detector is a device that detects smoke, typically as an indicator of fire. 
...
Sprinklers & fire protection system 
A fire sprinkler is an active fire 
protection measure, consisting of a 
water supply...
Fire Extinguisher 
A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish 
or control small fires, oft...
FIRE RESISTANT DOOR 
A fire resistant door, just like an ordinary door, needs to be opened, closed, 
locked, latched, bolt...
How to Build a Fire Resistant 
House 
 Install fire alarm system and fire protection systems . 
 Install GFI (ground fau...
Indian Standards (IS CODE) for FIRE 
IS CODE Title 
http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ 
IS: 2190: 1992 
Code of practice fo...
Thank You for POSTING 
This forum is for, by and of the architect fraternity 
and it will only grow by creating New Thread...
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Fire proof finish

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Transcript of "Fire proof finish"

  1. 1. Compiled by : FD Architects Forum Gr. Floor , Ashoka apartment Bhawani Singh Road C-scheme , Jaipur -302001 Rajasthan ( INDIA) Ph. 91-0141-2743536 Email: architect@frontdesk.co.in Web : http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ Fire Proof Finish
  2. 2. Elements of fire protection http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/  Include  use of non-combustible building materials,  use of fire-resistive building assemblies,  installation of automatic detection devices and sprinklers,  development of improved fire fighting techniques
  3. 3. Fire-resistive construction  A building construction in which the structural members (including walls, partitions, columns, floors, and roof) are of noncombustible materials having fire-endurance ratings at least equal to those specified by the appropriate authorities http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  4. 4. Fire-resistive Ratings  "fire resistance rating" is a legal term utilized by model codes to regulate building construction.  The fire-resistive ratings of various materials and constructions are established by laboratory tests  Specified in terms of hours a material or assembly can be expected to withstand exposure to fire.  For exterior walls, floors, and roof of masonry or fire-resistive material with a fire-resistance rating of at least 2 hours. http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  5. 5. Fire-Resistive Assemblies  An assembly is a combination of materials put together in a specific way that achieves the fire resistance rating required in the building code.  For example, gypsum wallboard applied to a steel stud.  Fire-resistance ratings apply only to assemblies in their entirety. http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  6. 6. Fire-retardant materials 1. Rock wool 2. Gypsum boards 3. Asbestos cement 4. Perlite boards 5. Calcium silicate boards 6. Treated lumber plywood 7. Treated vegetable fiber (e.g. Cotton, Jute, Ken af, Hemp, Flax, etc..) http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  7. 7. ROCK WOOL PERLITE BOARDS ROCK WOOL PERLITE BOARDS Brand : ROCKINSUL by Rockwool india ltd. Brand : Mowco Perlite Board And Pipe Insulation http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  8. 8. Gypsum Boards Calcium Silicate Board CALCIUM SILICATE BOARD GYPSUM BOARD Gypboard®/ Gyproc® gypsum plasterboards are the ultimate lining solution for today's buildings, providing high levels of performance in terms of fire rating, acoustic insulation, thermal insulation, Gyproc® CalSica is an extra strong calcium silicate board with excellent fire and moisture resistant properties. It has high abrasion resistance and is a termite proof board. When used with metal framing system in drywalls it is good sound insulator. http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  9. 9. Fireproofing of Construction Materials  In construction, heavy wood timbers have a relatively high fire resistance, because fire tends to burn very slowly inward from the surface, leaving enough sound timber in the center to prevent collapse.  Wood framing can also be impregnated with ammonium phosphate solution or covered with special mastics.  To be classed as fire resistive, buildings must be made of reinforced concrete or protected steel that will stand considerable fire with minor damage;  While steel retains its strength up to a very high temperature, it fails rapidly at temperatures over 1,000°F (540°C). http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  10. 10. Fireproofing of Construction Materials  Structural steel may be protected in a number of ways. It can be faced with brick, concrete, or tile; however, construction with these materials usually adds too much weight to a building.  A protective layer of concrete over all surfaces of a beam or over the steel bars in reinforced concrete has to be at least 2.5 in. (6.4 cm) thick to be effective;  hollow clay tile used to cover beams and girders has to be at least 4 in. http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ (10 cm) thick.  most buildings use lightweight fireproofing such as gypsum, perlite, and vermiculite mixed in plaster; one inch (2.5 cm) of such materials will absorb an equivalent amount of heat as 2.5 in. (6.4 cm) of concrete.  Some recent buildings circulate water inside each column, protecting the structure against meltdown.  In urban areas, buildings must also provide protection against fire in neighboring buildings through fireproof exterior walls-preferably windowless, since windows are fire openings.
  11. 11. Installation of Automatic system 1. Fire alarm system : Smoke Detector 2. Active Fire protection system : Sprinklers 3. Active fire protection device: fire extinguisher http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  12. 12. Smoke Detector & fire alarm system A smoke detector is a device that detects smoke, typically as an indicator of fire. Commercial, industrial, and mass residential devices issue a signal to a fire alarm system, while household detectors, known as smoke alarms, generally issue a local audible and/or visual alarm from the detector itself. http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  13. 13. Sprinklers & fire protection system A fire sprinkler is an active fire protection measure, consisting of a water supply system, providing adequate pressure and flow rate to a water distribution piping system, onto which fire sprinklers are connected. Although historically only used in factories and large commercial buildings, home and small building systems are now available at a cost-effective http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ price.
  14. 14. Fire Extinguisher A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations. It is not intended for use on an out-of-control fire, such as one which has reached the ceiling, endangers the user (i.e., no escape route, smoke, explosion hazard, etc.), or otherwise requires the expertise of a fire department. Typically, a fire extinguisher consists of a hand-held cylindrical pressure vessel containing an agent which can be discharged to extinguish a fire. 1. Water Type Fire Extinguisher 2. Mechanical Type Fire Extinguisher 3. Dry Powder Fire Extinguisher 4. CO2 Fire Extinguisher 5. Dry Powder ABC Stored Fire Extinguisher http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  15. 15. FIRE RESISTANT DOOR A fire resistant door, just like an ordinary door, needs to be opened, closed, locked, latched, bolted, cleaned and maintained. At the same time, unlike an ordinary door, a fire resistant door need to be power packed with anti-fire characteristics, display robust construction with capabilities to take on a wide assortment of fitments, glazed panels and ironmongery. There are two forms of Fire resistant doors that are for the picking. (a) Timber door frames and (b) Steel Door frames. http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  16. 16. How to Build a Fire Resistant House  Install fire alarm system and fire protection systems .  Install GFI (ground fault circuit interrupters) outlets and circuit breakers.. It can, in just 1/30 of a second, trip the internal circuit, effectively cutting off the flow of electricity in the event of a possible short.  Use as much concrete as possible in the structure of your home.  Use hard materials for flooring, doors and roofing. Carpet is highly combustible.  Install safety features. Fire alarms http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  17. 17. Indian Standards (IS CODE) for FIRE IS CODE Title http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ IS: 2190: 1992 Code of practice for selection, installation and maintenance of portable first - aid fire extinguisher (third revision) IS: 21775: 1988 Heat sensitive fire detectors for use in automatic electric fire alarm system (second revision) IS: 1641: 1988 Code of practice for fire safety of buildings (general): General principles and fire grading and classification (first revision) IS: 1642: 1989 Code of practice for fire safety of buildings (general): General Materials & details of construction (first revision) NBC -PART4 FIRE & LIFT SAFETY
  18. 18. Thank You for POSTING This forum is for, by and of the architect fraternity and it will only grow by creating New Thread and New Reply, we can also comment in existing threads by clicking following button on upper right corner of forum . Post your expertise valuable comments in forum regularly. http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/

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