Spanish Business and Entrepreneuship Francisco Diaz Bretones University of Granada (Spain) [email_address] Spanish Busines...
Bretones, F. D. (2001). Spanish business and entrepreneurship .  Pan American Days 2001. April  16–20, 2001. Edimburg TX. ...
European enterprises <ul><li>UE-15: 18,444,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Italy: 3,798,000 </li></ul><ul><li>U.K.: 3,313,000 </li><...
Creation of enterpries  (per year) Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
Spanish enterprises profile <ul><li>Without workers:  54.60% </li></ul><ul><li>1-2 workers:  25.66% </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 ...
Spanish entrepreneur´s motivation <ul><li>Economic opportunities (62.8%). </li></ul><ul><li>Personal factors (25.5%). </li...
Economic problems <ul><li>Taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation.  </li></ul><ul><li>Banks rates. </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriat...
Financing Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
Personal factors <ul><li>Educational level. </li></ul><ul><li>Age. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal values. </li></ul>Spanish Bu...
Personal factors:  educational level <ul><li>Labor aspirations and level of education. </li></ul><ul><li>Other psychologic...
Personal factors: age <ul><li>From 21 to 25 years: 87%,  </li></ul><ul><li>More than 35 years old: 67% </li></ul>Spanish B...
Personal factors: values <ul><li>Willful, energetic, resolved, tenacious, logical, rational, methodical, rigorous, demandi...
Personal factors: psychological dimensions <ul><li>n Achievment. </li></ul><ul><li>Locus of Control. </li></ul><ul><li>Pro...
Professional development <ul><li>Unemployment. </li></ul><ul><li>Professional experience. </li></ul>Spanish Business and E...
Professional development: unemployment  Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
Professional development: experience Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
Professional development: experience Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
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Spanish Business And Entrepreneurship

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Spanish Business And Entrepreneurship

  1. 1. Spanish Business and Entrepreneuship Francisco Diaz Bretones University of Granada (Spain) [email_address] Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  2. 2. Bretones, F. D. (2001). Spanish business and entrepreneurship . Pan American Days 2001. April 16–20, 2001. Edimburg TX. University of Texas at Edimburg . Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  3. 3. European enterprises <ul><li>UE-15: 18,444,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Italy: 3,798,000 </li></ul><ul><li>U.K.: 3,313,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Germany: 3,261,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Spain: 2,402,000 </li></ul><ul><li>France: 2,322,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Greece: 733,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal: 642,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium: 518,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Netherland: 516,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Austria: 243,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Sweden: 243,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Finland: 194,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Denmark: 164,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland: 76,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Luxembourg: 19,000 </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  4. 4. Creation of enterpries (per year) Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  5. 5. Spanish enterprises profile <ul><li>Without workers: 54.60% </li></ul><ul><li>1-2 workers: 25.66% </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 workers: 9.50% </li></ul><ul><li>6-9 workers: 4.18% </li></ul><ul><li>10-19 workers: 3.28% </li></ul><ul><li>More than 20 workers: 2.76% </li></ul><ul><li>(INE, 2000) </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  6. 6. Spanish entrepreneur´s motivation <ul><li>Economic opportunities (62.8%). </li></ul><ul><li>Personal factors (25.5%). </li></ul><ul><li>Profesional development (11.7%). </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  7. 7. Economic problems <ul><li>Taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation. </li></ul><ul><li>Banks rates. </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate personnel's readiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Transports. </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  8. 8. Financing Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  9. 9. Personal factors <ul><li>Educational level. </li></ul><ul><li>Age. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal values. </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  10. 10. Personal factors: educational level <ul><li>Labor aspirations and level of education. </li></ul><ul><li>Other psychological dimensions. </li></ul><ul><li>Level of the entreprenuers' education and the size of the company. </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  11. 11. Personal factors: age <ul><li>From 21 to 25 years: 87%, </li></ul><ul><li>More than 35 years old: 67% </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  12. 12. Personal factors: values <ul><li>Willful, energetic, resolved, tenacious, logical, rational, methodical, rigorous, demanding and nice brave, motivated. </li></ul><ul><li>The initiative, the responsibility and the professional profile. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative spirit, Capacity to coordinate and assume risks. </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  13. 13. Personal factors: psychological dimensions <ul><li>n Achievment. </li></ul><ul><li>Locus of Control. </li></ul><ul><li>Propensity to Risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes. </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  14. 14. Professional development <ul><li>Unemployment. </li></ul><ul><li>Professional experience. </li></ul>Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  15. 15. Professional development: unemployment Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  16. 16. Professional development: experience Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
  17. 17. Professional development: experience Spanish Business and Entrepreneurship
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