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The Impact of  Household Sewage Treatment Systems (HSTS) on Storm Water Pollution Southwest Community Meeting Tuesday, Sep...
Welcome and Introductions Joe Durham, Attorney at Law Eastman & Smith, LTD.
Overview of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)  Storm Water Permit for Franklin County and the To...
Storm Water Defined Water Quantity
Storm Water Defined Water Quality
Purpose of Franklin County and Township Storm Water Program <ul><li>Compliance with Ohio Environmental Protection Agency N...
Franklin County and Township Storm Water Program Participants <ul><ul><li>Franklin County Townships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Franklin County and Township  Storm Water Community Benefits <ul><li>Public health </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking water </li><...
<ul><ul><li>Public education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illicit discharge de...
Storm Water Program Highlights <ul><li>Storm water education efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping of storm sewers to be adde...
Report Pollution! <ul><li>Failing Household Sewage Treatment Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Franklin County Public Health <...
General Overview of the  Storm Water Permit Terminology Jennifer Fish, Director Franklin Soil and Water Conservation Distr...
Current Townships and ‘Urbanized Areas’
Definitions <ul><li>National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System  </li></ul><ul><li>(NPDES) </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal...
Storm Water and Sanitary Sewers
Questions?
Overview of Illicit Discharge and Elimination (IDDE) Paul Rosile, Director of Environmental Health  & Assistant Health Com...
IDDE Topics Include <ul><li>Explanation of public health risks </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements of homeowners with HSTS </li...
What are the Public Health Risks? <ul><li>Untreated or improperly treated sewage can contaminate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dr...
 
The aeration system was invented in the 1970’s as a treatment option for households not connected to the sanitary sewer
Human Fecal Pollution
What are the Public Health Risks? <ul><li>Contact with human waste can pose health risks because it can carry disease-caus...
Avoid Exposure <ul><li>Do not allow kids and pets to play in water that looks and smells like sewage. </li></ul><ul><li>Do...
Failed aeration system
Discharge  pipe Untreated  sewage
Discharge  pipe with untreated human waste
Untreated sewage in catch basin storm sewer
Untreated sewage Storm sewer
Questions?
Requirements of Homeowners with Household Sewage Treatment Systems   Paul Rosile, Director of Environmental Health  & Assi...
Old Aeration System Aeration chamber
Maintaining Aeration Systems <ul><li>Annual inspection by Franklin County Public Health (FCPH) or a maintenance contract. ...
Septic Tank and Leach Field Systems
Maintaining  Septic and Leach Field Systems  <ul><li>Tank pumped based on manufacturers recommendations. </li></ul><ul><li...
Septic and Leach Field System Failures
Why HSTS Fail <ul><li>Aeration, septic and leach systems fail because:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuitable soil conditions <...
Identify and Eliminate Failing HSTS  Paul Rosile, Director of Environmental Health  & Assistant Health Commissioner  Frank...
Priority 1 <ul><li>If sanitary sewer is available and accessible, homeowners will be ordered to abandon their HSTS and con...
Priority 2 <ul><li>Identify discharging HSTS not issued permits by FCPH. </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of those systems will b...
Norweco Best Available Technology (BAT) meets OEPA NPDES permit for discharge standards
Jet BAT meets OEPA NPDES permit for discharge standards
Priority 3 and 4 <ul><li>Identify HSTS discharges causing “obvious” or “suspicious” pollution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verif...
Definition of a  Public Health Nuisance  <ul><ul><ul><li>The liquid discharge has a distinct sewage odor, a black or gray ...
Priority 3 and 4, continued <ul><li>If the system is causing  nuisance, homeowners will be required to abate the nuisance....
Where are the Public Health Risks? <ul><li>Every township in Franklin County. </li></ul><ul><li>In urban areas.   </li></u...
How Do We Know the Risks Exist? <ul><li>Nuisance and pollution complaints. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance reports by HSTS o...
What is Dry Weather Screening? <ul><li>In-field evaluation of MS4 components. </li></ul>Man-Made Features Natural Features
Dry Weather Screening Features Evaluated: Flowing pipes Non-flowing pipes Flowing channels Non-flowing channels Catch basi...
What is Dry Weather Screening? <ul><li>G.P.S. used for location and data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative Observat...
How We Summarized Health Risks? <ul><li>Use of existing records. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of existing data sets. </li></ul><u...
How We Summarized Health Risks? Franklin County Public Health and Franklin Soil and Water Conservation District have creat...
Dry Weather Screening Density Variable
Dry Weather Screening Density Variable - ENLARGEMENT -
Population / Building Density Variable
HSTS  Density Variable
Summarizing Variables DWS Density HSTS Density Population / Housing Density Numerical values assigned to density layers. T...
Highest Ranking Areas Extracted / Highlighted 3 Variables Summarized
<ul><li>Areas of Concern (AOC)  </li></ul><ul><li>delineated by parcel boundaries  </li></ul>
How Long Will It Take For FCPH To Identify and Eliminate Failing HSTS Causing Public Health Nuisances?  Paul Rosile, Direc...
How Long Will It Take? <ul><li>Don’t know exactly. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FCPH will begin its investigations within the hig...
Financial  Resources Available  to Qualified Residents <ul><li>HUD Community Development Block Grant </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Financial  Resources Available  to Qualified Residents <ul><li>Ohio EPA Grant  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant provided throug...
Financial  Resources Available  to Qualified Residents <ul><li>Ohio EPA  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential grant through the...
Comments on IDDE Plan <ul><li>Complete plan is available for review at www.myfcph.org. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan is open for ...
Additional Information <ul><li>Interactive maps of the Identified Areas of Concern are available at www.myfcph.org. </li><...
Questions and  Wrap-Up?
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Community Meeting Presentation for Southwest Franklin County

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Transcript of "Community Meeting Presentation for Southwest Franklin County"

  1. 1. The Impact of Household Sewage Treatment Systems (HSTS) on Storm Water Pollution Southwest Community Meeting Tuesday, September 20, 2011
  2. 2. Welcome and Introductions Joe Durham, Attorney at Law Eastman & Smith, LTD.
  3. 3. Overview of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Storm Water Permit for Franklin County and the Townships Jennifer Fish, Director Franklin Soil and Water Conservation District
  4. 4. Storm Water Defined Water Quantity
  5. 5. Storm Water Defined Water Quality
  6. 6. Purpose of Franklin County and Township Storm Water Program <ul><li>Compliance with Ohio Environmental Protection Agency NPDES municipal storm water permit. </li></ul><ul><li>Share resources and expertise by co-permitting. </li></ul><ul><li>Water quality and stream corridor protection. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Franklin County and Township Storm Water Program Participants <ul><ul><li>Franklin County Townships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Franklin County Drainage Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Franklin County Economic Development and Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Franklin County Sanitary Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Franklin County Public Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Franklin Soil and Water Conservation District </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residents and businesses in unincorporated Franklin County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developers , contractors and consultants working in unincorporated Franklin County </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Franklin County and Township Storm Water Community Benefits <ul><li>Public health </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced infrastructure costs </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Public education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illicit discharge detection and elimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction site runoff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post construction site management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good housekeeping/pollution prevention </li></ul></ul>Storm Water Permit Requirements
  10. 10. Storm Water Program Highlights <ul><li>Storm water education efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping of storm sewers to be added to existing drainage and stream resource maps. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced county regulations for construction site and post-construction management. </li></ul><ul><li>Participation of county and townships in pollution prevention programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Continued resolution of illicit discharges including failing HSTS. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Report Pollution! <ul><li>Failing Household Sewage Treatment Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Franklin County Public Health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(614) 525-HSTS (4787) or failingHSTS@franklincountyohio.gov </li></ul><ul><li>Report Emergency Spills </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio EPA 24-Hour Emergency Hotline </li></ul><ul><li>1 (800) 282-9378 </li></ul><ul><li>Report any other water pollution related complaint or concern to: </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin Soil and Water Conservation District (614) 486-9613 </li></ul>
  12. 12. General Overview of the Storm Water Permit Terminology Jennifer Fish, Director Franklin Soil and Water Conservation District
  13. 13. Current Townships and ‘Urbanized Areas’
  14. 14. Definitions <ul><li>National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System </li></ul><ul><li>(NPDES) </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) </li></ul><ul><li>Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination (IDDE) </li></ul><ul><li>Household Sewage Treatment Systems (HSTS) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Storm Water and Sanitary Sewers
  16. 16. Questions?
  17. 17. Overview of Illicit Discharge and Elimination (IDDE) Paul Rosile, Director of Environmental Health & Assistant Health Commissioner Franklin County Public Health
  18. 18. IDDE Topics Include <ul><li>Explanation of public health risks </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements of homeowners with HSTS </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and eliminate failing HSTS </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the public health risks </li></ul><ul><li>When to expect these requirements </li></ul>
  19. 19. What are the Public Health Risks? <ul><li>Untreated or improperly treated sewage can contaminate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>drinking water supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>drainage ditches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>streams, rivers and lakes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When household sewage treatment systems fail, untreated sewage is discharged into the environment. </li></ul>
  20. 21. The aeration system was invented in the 1970’s as a treatment option for households not connected to the sanitary sewer
  21. 22. Human Fecal Pollution
  22. 23. What are the Public Health Risks? <ul><li>Contact with human waste can pose health risks because it can carry disease-causing organisms. </li></ul><ul><li>Health risks are directly tied to exposure and ingestion of untreated sewage. </li></ul><ul><li>The young, the old and those with chronic conditions are at higher risk. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Avoid Exposure <ul><li>Do not allow kids and pets to play in water that looks and smells like sewage. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not swallow or get water from ditches or streams in your mouth or nose. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are in those types of areas, wash hands thoroughly with soap and water. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Failed aeration system
  25. 26. Discharge pipe Untreated sewage
  26. 27. Discharge pipe with untreated human waste
  27. 28. Untreated sewage in catch basin storm sewer
  28. 29. Untreated sewage Storm sewer
  29. 30. Questions?
  30. 31. Requirements of Homeowners with Household Sewage Treatment Systems Paul Rosile, Director of Environmental Health & Assistant Health Commissioner Franklin County Public Health
  31. 32. Old Aeration System Aeration chamber
  32. 33. Maintaining Aeration Systems <ul><li>Annual inspection by Franklin County Public Health (FCPH) or a maintenance contract. </li></ul><ul><li>Properly operating motor. </li></ul><ul><li>Properly operating air intake. </li></ul><ul><li>Tank pumped based on manufacturers recommendations. </li></ul>
  33. 34. Septic Tank and Leach Field Systems
  34. 35. Maintaining Septic and Leach Field Systems <ul><li>Tank pumped based on manufacturers recommendations. </li></ul><ul><li>Functional baffles. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for sewage or ponding in your yard. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure leach field is not connected into a farm tile, ditch or storm sewer. </li></ul>
  35. 36. Septic and Leach Field System Failures
  36. 37. Why HSTS Fail <ul><li>Aeration, septic and leach systems fail because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuitable soil conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper design and installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age of the system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of water use </li></ul></ul>
  37. 38. Identify and Eliminate Failing HSTS Paul Rosile, Director of Environmental Health & Assistant Health Commissioner Franklin County Public Health
  38. 39. Priority 1 <ul><li>If sanitary sewer is available and accessible, homeowners will be ordered to abandon their HSTS and connect. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whether the system is operating correctly or not, the homeowner will be required to connect. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required by FCPH regulations and state law. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 40. Priority 2 <ul><li>Identify discharging HSTS not issued permits by FCPH. </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of those systems will be required. This may include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replacing with a soil absorption system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If that is not feasible, replace with a new system covered under an Ohio EPA general NPDES permit. </li></ul></ul>
  40. 41. Norweco Best Available Technology (BAT) meets OEPA NPDES permit for discharge standards
  41. 42. Jet BAT meets OEPA NPDES permit for discharge standards
  42. 43. Priority 3 and 4 <ul><li>Identify HSTS discharges causing “obvious” or “suspicious” pollution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verified evidence that sewage pollution is causing a public health nuisance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identified conditions that could have been caused by contamination. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FCPH will determine if a failed HSTS is causing a nuisance. </li></ul>
  43. 44. Definition of a Public Health Nuisance <ul><ul><ul><li>The liquid discharge has a distinct sewage odor, a black or gray coloration, or the presence of organic matter and any of the following: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dye test shows presence of sewage. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Samples show presence of fecal coliform at a level that is equal to or greater than five thousand colonies per one hundred milliliters of liquid. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Samples show more than one thousand thirty e. coli counts per one hundred milliliters of liquid. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  44. 45. Priority 3 and 4, continued <ul><li>If the system is causing nuisance, homeowners will be required to abate the nuisance. This may include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replacing with a soil absorption system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repairing existing system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If that is not feasible, replace with a new system covered under an Ohio EPA general NPDES permit. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If there is no pollution, no further action is needed. </li></ul>
  45. 46. Where are the Public Health Risks? <ul><li>Every township in Franklin County. </li></ul><ul><li>In urban areas. </li></ul><ul><li>In rural areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Along roadways. </li></ul><ul><li>Along streams. </li></ul>
  46. 47. How Do We Know the Risks Exist? <ul><li>Nuisance and pollution complaints. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance reports by HSTS owners. </li></ul><ul><li>Annual inspections performed by FCPH. </li></ul><ul><li>Observation during roadway construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Weather Screening for NPDES permit. </li></ul>
  47. 48. What is Dry Weather Screening? <ul><li>In-field evaluation of MS4 components. </li></ul>Man-Made Features Natural Features
  48. 49. Dry Weather Screening Features Evaluated: Flowing pipes Non-flowing pipes Flowing channels Non-flowing channels Catch basins Manholes Point generics Channels: Flowing & Non-Flowing Pipes: No Flow Pipes: Flowing Point Generics – Features of Interest
  49. 50. What is Dry Weather Screening? <ul><li>G.P.S. used for location and data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative Observations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feature type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flow condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Odors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turbidity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floatables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pool quality </li></ul></ul>
  50. 51. How We Summarized Health Risks? <ul><li>Use of existing records. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of existing data sets. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of new data sets. </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive use of G.I.S. </li></ul>GIS: ( G eographic I nformation S ystem) GIS is a computer-based technology developed around geo-spatial information (having a location on the earth's surface). GIS allows for data development, management, and analysis as well as the presentation of the data in a variety of visual formats including maps, database tables and charts.
  51. 52. How We Summarized Health Risks? Franklin County Public Health and Franklin Soil and Water Conservation District have created a ranked list of “Identified Areas of Concern.” The following metrics were used within a GIS to identify and rank these Areas of Concern. - Dry Weather Screening Results - Locations of HSTS - Population/Building Density
  52. 53. Dry Weather Screening Density Variable
  53. 54. Dry Weather Screening Density Variable - ENLARGEMENT -
  54. 55. Population / Building Density Variable
  55. 56. HSTS Density Variable
  56. 57. Summarizing Variables DWS Density HSTS Density Population / Housing Density Numerical values assigned to density layers. Typical for each layer produced 0 4 6 5 3 2 1
  57. 58. Highest Ranking Areas Extracted / Highlighted 3 Variables Summarized
  58. 59. <ul><li>Areas of Concern (AOC) </li></ul><ul><li>delineated by parcel boundaries </li></ul>
  59. 60. How Long Will It Take For FCPH To Identify and Eliminate Failing HSTS Causing Public Health Nuisances? Paul Rosile, Director of Environmental Health & Assistant Health Commissioner Franklin County Public Health
  60. 61. How Long Will It Take? <ul><li>Don’t know exactly. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FCPH will begin its investigations within the highest ranked areas and work through to the lowest ranked areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FCPH will use the prioritized approach to identify and eliminate failed HSTS causing public health nuisances. </li></ul></ul>
  61. 62. Financial  Resources Available to Qualified Residents <ul><li>HUD Community Development Block Grant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant provided by the Franklin County Board of Commissioners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$100,000 total, deferred lien. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For repairing or replacing HSTS or connecting to sanitary sewer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact the Mid-Ohio Regional Planning Commission at (614) 233-4171. </li></ul></ul>
  62. 63. Financial  Resources Available to Qualified Residents <ul><li>Ohio EPA Grant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant provided through the Franklin County Board of Commissioners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$160,000 total grant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For repairing or replacing HSTS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact Franklin County Public Health at (614) 525-4261. </li></ul></ul>
  63. 64. Financial  Resources Available to Qualified Residents <ul><li>Ohio EPA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential grant through the Franklin County Board of Commissioners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application in process :  requested $1.5 million linked deposit low interest loan.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For connecting to sanitary sewer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact Franklin County Public Health at (614)525-4261. </li></ul></ul>
  64. 65. Comments on IDDE Plan <ul><li>Complete plan is available for review at www.myfcph.org. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan is open for a public comment period that will end at the close of business on October 28, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Comments will be accepted in writing, and by phone or by email to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FCPH, Attention: Paul Rosile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>280 East Broad Street, Columbus, OH 43215 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone: (614) 525-4787 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email: failingHSTS@franklincountyohio.gov </li></ul></ul>
  65. 66. Additional Information <ul><li>Interactive maps of the Identified Areas of Concern are available at www.myfcph.org. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up questions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone: (614) 525-4787 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email: failingHSTS@franklincountyohio.gov </li></ul></ul>
  66. 67. Questions and Wrap-Up?
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