A Cultural Overview of Greece


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A Cultural Overview of Greece

  1. 1. Greece: A Cultural Overview Faye Krause CST229 April 1, 2010 Professor Stefnoski
  2. 2. <ul><li>Map of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Photo Source: CIA World Factbook </li></ul>Greece is located in Southern Europe and shares borders with Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey as well as the Aegean, Mediterranean, and Ionion Seas. Much of the topography is mountainous with ranges that extend into the seas as peninsulas or chains of islands (Ministry of Tourism)
  3. 3. The Climate of Greece <ul><li>Summer months in Greece are very hot and winters are relatively mild, with colder temperatures in the northern and mountainous parts of the country. The rainy season occurs between the months of November and March (Marcopoulis). Photo Source: John Parthenakis </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Capital City of Athens <ul><li>In this view of the capital city, the Acropolis, also called the Sacred Rock, links the ancient civilization with the modern city that lies around it. The monuments that are found on the Acropolis, such as the Parthenon, date back to ancient times (Ministry of Tourism). Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  5. 5. The City of Athens <ul><li>According to a 2009 estimate, the population of Greece is 10,737,428. Of this number, 19.2% of the population is 65 years and older while 14.3% of the population is under 15years of age (“Greece”) Photo Source: John Parthenakis </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Rio-Andirrio Bridge <ul><li>The Rio-Andirrio Bridge connects the western Peloponnese with western Central Greece. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Rio-Andirrio Bridge <ul><li>This is the longest cable-stayed suspension bridge in Europe and played a huge role in the improvements of road transportation in Greece (Ministry of Tourism). Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  8. 8. Transportation <ul><li>As of 2009, there were approximately 81 airports in Greece. 67 have paved runways. (“Greece”). </li></ul><ul><li>Greece also has a government operated railroad system, the Hellenic State Railways. </li></ul><ul><li>In Athens, there are buses, trolleys, and taxis as well as an underground rail system with three major lines (“Travel to Greece”). </li></ul>In addition to the formal infrastructure of the transportation system, personal transportation modes such as motorcycles and other vehicles are used, particularly on the islands. Photo Source: Penny Anderson
  9. 9. Hadrian’s Arch with a view of the variety of transportation modes in Greece <ul><li>This arch is the symbolic gate for the city of Athens. Two inscriptions adorn the arch. The first faces west and says “This is Athens, the city of Theseus.” The second faces east and says “This is the city of Hadrian, not Theseus” (Ministry of Tourism). Photo Source: John Parthenakis </li></ul>
  10. 10. 2004 Olympic Stadium
  11. 11. Travel Concerns <ul><li>To enter Greece you must have: </li></ul><ul><li>A passport that is valid for at least 3 months beyond the planned length of stay </li></ul><ul><li>Visit may last up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa </li></ul><ul><li>Public medical clinics, particularly on the islands, may speak limited English and care may not be up to American standards </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 100% of the population in Greece has access to safe water (“Greece Country Specific”) </li></ul>
  12. 12. LANGUAGE <ul><li>Approximately 98% of people speak Greek, which is the official language of Greece. Many signs are written only in Greek (Ministry of Tourism) . Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  13. 13. An English Welcome to the Island of Patmos <ul><li>In some places that attract a large number of tourists, signs are written in English. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Kapnikarea Church on Ermou Street <ul><li>This church was built in the 13 th century and now sits in a busy shopping district in Athens. Rather than destroying it when the road was built, it was incorporated into the build-up of the area. Notice the Nike swoosh over the store to the left of the picture. Greece often combines the old and the new in a unique style. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  15. 15. This is another example of preserving an existing structure and remodeling for a new purpose. These stores appear to be in old munitions bunkers. Photo Source: Penny Anderson
  16. 16. Education in Greece <ul><li>Education is free and compulsory </li></ul><ul><li>Children start at the age of six and continue for nine years </li></ul><ul><li>Primary education lasts the first six years </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary education continues for three years </li></ul><ul><li>Students then choose an additional three years of college preparation or choose to attend a 3-year vocational school (“Greece”) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Education in Greece <ul><li>There are a variety of universities and technological education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Under the constitution, no private universities can exist </li></ul><ul><li>The country has an impressive 95% literacy rate (“Greece”) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Religion in Greece <ul><li>Approximately 98% of the Greek population belongs to the Greek Orthodox Church. Religion is an integral part of life for the people of Greece. Photo Source: John Parthenakis </li></ul>
  19. 19. Religion in Greece <ul><li>The Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church separated in 1054 and each branch excommunicated each other. In 1965, the two churches agreed to relinquish the excommunication and commit to improved relations. This picture shows an example of the Greek Orthodoxy that abounds in Greece. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  20. 20. Religion in Greece <ul><li> Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Island of Patmos Saint John the Apostle was exiled to the island of Patmos where he reportedly wrote the Biblical Book of Revelation. Photo Source: CIA World Factbook
  22. 22. The Chapel of St George <ul><li>When entering churches or monasteries in Greece, women are expected to wear skirts below the knees and a blouse that covers their shoulders. Photo Source: John Parthenakis </li></ul>
  23. 23. St. John Chrysostom Monastery <ul><li>Men are expected to wear pants that cover the knees and a shirt with sleeves. Photo Source: John Parthenakis </li></ul>
  24. 24. Mykonos Church <ul><li>This church shows the typical whitewashed finish and blue domes of the island of Mykonos . Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  25. 25. Holidays in Greece <ul><li>Many of the holidays and festivals that are celebrated in Greece are religious in nature </li></ul><ul><li>The most important religious holiday is Easter and it is celebrated with religious processions on Good Friday and fireworks at midnight on Easter morning </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas is also an important religious holiday, but is a more private, family holiday (“Greece Travel Guide”) </li></ul>
  26. 26. Holidays in Greece <ul><li>March 25 th – Greek Independence Day </li></ul><ul><li>On March 25, 1821, the Greeks rose up against the Ottoman Empire and began their eventual successful fight for independence </li></ul><ul><li>On this day each year, every town and village has a school flag parade and there are large armed forces parades in Athens (“Greece Travel Guide”) </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Flag of Greece <ul><li>The flag of Greece has nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white. A blue square with a white cross appears in the upper left corner which symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  28. 28. The Greek Flag on the Acropolis <ul><li> Photo Source: John Parthenakis </li></ul>
  29. 29. Government <ul><li>Greece is a parliamentary republic </li></ul><ul><li>There are three branches of government: </li></ul><ul><li>The Executive Branch includes the President and the Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>The office of the President, currently held by Karolos Papoulias, serves as the head of state </li></ul><ul><li>The President appoints the Prime Minister </li></ul>
  30. 30. Government <ul><li>The Prime Minister, Konstantinos Karamanlis, serves as the head of government </li></ul><ul><li>The Legislative Branch consists of a 300-seat unicameral parliament </li></ul><ul><li>This body votes on the election of the President </li></ul><ul><li>The Judicial Branch includes the Supreme Court, the highest court of appeal (“Background Note: Greece”) </li></ul>
  31. 31. Economy of Greece <ul><li>This photograph shows an assortment of olives in an Athens market. Photo Source: CIA World Factbook </li></ul>
  32. 32. Economy of Greece <ul><li>Greece is predominantly service oriented, including the tourism industry </li></ul><ul><li>This accounts for over 73% of the Gross Domestic Product of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Another major industry is shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 9% of the world’s merchant fleet is owned by Greeks, making it the largest fleet in the world (“Background Note: Greece”) </li></ul>
  33. 33. Economy of Greece <ul><li>Other major industries are food processing, tobacco, textiles, chemicals, cement, and glass </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural exports include cotton, wheat, raisins, fresh fruits, tomato products, olive oil, and olives (“Greece”) </li></ul><ul><li>Greece joined the European Union in 1981 and adopted the euro as its common currency in 2002 </li></ul>
  34. 34. Economy of Greece <ul><li>Economic growth initially increased </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the global economic downturn in 2008-2009, growth plummeted </li></ul><ul><li>The Greek economy is currently in the midst of a severe debt crisis (Marcopolouis) </li></ul>
  35. 35. Olive Groves in Delphi <ul><li>Olives are one of the exports for Greece. In this photo, olive groves extend all the way to the water in the background. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  36. 36. Delphi Jewelry Store <ul><li>This couple owns a jewelry store in Delphi and represent typical entrepreneurs in Greece. Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  37. 37. The People of Greece Photo Source: John Parthenakis
  38. 38. The People of Greece <ul><li>The family is the basis of social structure </li></ul><ul><li>If one family member does something wrong, it brings dishonor to the entire family </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks are generally warm and friendly people </li></ul><ul><li>When meeting for the first time, they shake hands, smile, and make direct eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>People who know each other generally greet with a kiss on each cheek (“Greece-Language”) </li></ul>
  39. 39. Evzones During Changing of the Guard Ceremony <ul><li>Members of the Presidential Guard, called Evzones, wear a customary uniform while guarding the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Athens. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  40. 40. Evzone Guarding the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and the Presidential Palace <ul><li>Typical dress in Greece is casual and traditional Greek costumes are generally worn for festivals and parades. This uniform of the Evzones was customary for Greek men more than 100 years ago (Ministry of Tourism) </li></ul><ul><li>Photo Source: CIA World Factbook </li></ul>
  41. 41. Greek Cuisine <ul><li>Greece is well-known for its cuisine </li></ul><ul><li>Greek foods typically are made with fresh herbs, vegetables, and grains </li></ul><ul><li>Olive oil, lemon, and tomatoes are common ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>Lamb, beef, pork, and chicken are regularly served </li></ul>
  42. 42. Seaport <ul><li>Seafood is plentiful and fresh due to Greece’s location on the water and is frequently used in Greek dishes. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  43. 43. Seaport in Mykonos <ul><li> Dried octopus, anyone? Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  44. 44. McDonalds in Greece? <ul><li>McDonalds and Pizza Hut are among the fast food chains that have made a presence in Greece in the past fifteen years (“Greece Travel Guide”) Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  45. 45. Not Your Typical Greek Café? <ul><li>Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  46. 46. Typical Mediterranean Dessert - Gelato <ul><li>This gelato stand has a very original way to display their desserts. Photo Source: Penny Anderson </li></ul>
  47. 47. Sunset in Greece <ul><li>Photo Source: John Parthenakis </li></ul>
  48. 48. Works Cited Athens Info Guide . N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Mar. 2010. <http://www.athensinfoguide.com>. “ Background Note: Greece.” Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs . U.S. Department of State, Aug. 2009. Web. 19 Mar. 2010. <http://www.state.gov/‌r/‌pa/‌ei/‌bgn/‌3395.htm>. &quot;Europe: Greece.&quot; The World Factbook . Central Intelligence Agency, 25 Mar. 2010.       Web. 31 Mar. 2010. <http://https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/       the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html>. “ Greece.” Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations . Ed. Timothy L. Gall and Susan Bevan Gall. Gale, 2009. Web. 13 Mar. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com/‌srcx/‌infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T 001&prodId=SRC- 3&docId=EJ2305100236&source=gale&srcprod=SRCS&userGroupName=fred99135&ver sion=1.0>. “ Greece Country Specific Information.” U.S. Department of State . U.S. Department of State Bureau of Consular Affairs, 13 Jan. 2010. Web. 15 Mar. 2010. <http://travel.state.gov/‌travel/‌cis_pa_tw/‌cis/‌cis_1127.html#country>. “ Greece - Language, Culture and Doing Business Etiquette.” Kwintessential Cross Cultural Solutions . Kwintessential, Ltd, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2010. <http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/‌resources/‌global-etiquette/‌greece-country-profile.html>. “ Greece Travel Guide.” iGuide: Interactive Travel Guide . N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2010. <http://www.iguide.travel/‌Greece>. Marcopoulos, George J. “Greece.” Lands and Peoples . Grolier Online, 2010. Web. 13 Mar. 2010. <http://lp.grolier.com/‌cgi-bin/‌article?assetid=4057900>. Ministry of Tourism. “Athens/‌Attica.” Greek National Tourism Organisation . 8th ed. Greek National Tourism Organisation, Dec. 2008. Web. 31 Mar. 2010. <http://www.visitgreece.gr>. “ Travel to Greece.” World Travel Guide . Columbus Travel Media. Ltd., 2010. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.worldtravelguide.net/‌country/‌102/‌international_travel/‌Europe/‌Greece.html>.