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UCB i190 Spring 2014 ICTD in Practice Lect15_19Mar15
 

UCB i190 Spring 2014 ICTD in Practice Lect15_19Mar15

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    UCB i190 Spring 2014 ICTD in Practice Lect15_19Mar15 UCB i190 Spring 2014 ICTD in Practice Lect15_19Mar15 Presentation Transcript

    • i190 Spring 2014: Information and Communications Technology for Development (ICTD) in Practice University of California Berkeley, School of Information LECTURE 15: 19 Mar 2014 Instructor: San Ng (www.sanng.com) Class Website: i190spring2014.sanng.com
    • Course Revisit: 190 Framework Conceptual Week1: Introduction to Course W2:What is Development? W3:What is ICTD W4:Who Does What in Practice? Mapping the ICTD Landscape i190 ICTD in Practice: Core Skills Technical (eApplications) W5: Overarching Issues of eApplications W6: Infrastructure,Telecenters, Agriculture, W7: Revisiting Agriculture,, W8 : e-Health, Education W9: eGovernance Microfinance Management W10: Break W11: Intro to Project Management Planning and Assessment W12: Budgeting, Scheduling, Fundraising W13: Implementation W14: Monitoring and Evaluation/ Next Cycle W15: Final Projects & Wrap Up
    • Our Core Values  Open, collaborative, inclusive, community  Share class resources (especially) with developing world  Ideas and innovation in learning  AGILE method of teaching/learning  Learning in all directions (not just instructor to students)  failure ok  Tech Curious  Walk the talk- try technology and social networks, see what sticks  FUN and interesting  WHAT ABOUTYOU?
    • What Is International Development  Especially watch the second (later in time)TEDTalk •http://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_shows_the_best_stats_you_ve_e ver_seen.html •http://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_reveals_new_insights_on_poverty .html
    • Theories of International Development Liberalism Modernization Neo-Liberalism Dependency Critics of Liberalism Globalization ???!!!!! Post-Modernization Civil Society Gender Based Sustainable development Rights Based Approaches Development as Freedom Institution
    • Theories of International Development Liberalism Modernization Neo-Liberalism Dependency Critics of Liberalism Globalization Post-Modernization Civil Society Gender Based Sustainable development Rights Based Approaches Development as Freedom Institutions AVery Simple Framework MARKET STATE/ PEOPLE
    • Measurement of International Development: See list of broad indicators listed in Wikipedia and read The Guardian, How would you measure development progress? •http://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_reveals_new_insights_on_poverty.html •Some typical index/indicators: •Well Being ? Happiness? Measurement of International Development GDP, GINI, Mortality Rate, Population, Education, Security, etc, etc, etc, etc… Mortality vs Population?
    • Measurement of International Development In Practice, mainly: • Human Development Index (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/hdi •World Bank’s World Development Indicators (WDI) http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/all
    • Measurement of International Development
    • Does International Development Work? Does International DevelopmentWork? Review books listed here by visiting links: http://blog.sanng.com/2010/08/does-international- development-aid-work.html
    • Careers in International Development Development Career and Jobs: Sign up (for free) for www.devex.com, one of the major development and job hubs.Then read ABC of development jobs and Career transitions: How to figure out if an aid job is right for you
    • Theories of ICT4D (Some Distinctions First: Technology vs ICT) Good Ol’ Development Theory from Development Studies, including new concepts such as Globalization & Knowledge Societies? (Unwin)
    • Theories of ICT4D State of ICT4DTheories (Articles: Heeks? Unwin? Raita?Wikipedia?) •From what disciplines? •Development Studies? Governance? Knowledge Societies? •Criticisms of current state of literature •Relevance to us?
    • Theories of ICT4D •From what disciplines?
    • History and Future ICT4D -Origins? -ICT4D 0.0-1.0-2.0 -ICT4D 2.0 - Priorities? -Innovation Models? -Implementation Changes? -Theories/Worldviews? -What wouldYOU recommend?
    • History and Future ICT4D
    • History and Future ICT4D- Teaching ICTD From Heeks, 2009 From i190, 2014 Conceptual Week1: Introduction to Course W2:What is Development? W3:What is ICTD W4:Who Does What in Practice? Mapping the ICTD Landscape ICTD in Practice: Core SkillsTechnical (Applications) W5: Overarching Issues of Technical Applications W6: Infrastructure,Telecenters, Agriculture, W7: Health, Education, Microfinance W8: Governance and Law Management W9: Intro to Project Management W10: Break W11: Planning and Assessment W12: Budgeting, Scheduling, Fundraising W13: Implementation W14: Monitoring and Evaluation/ Next Cycle
    • Does ICT4D Work? Courtesy of Inveneo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/inveneo/6252235953/in/photostream/ Heeks, 2002 (http://ictlogy.net/bibliography/reports/projects.php?idp=199)
    • Does ICT4D Work? http://failfaire.org
    • Mapping the Stakeholders in ICT4D Multilaterals and Governments: Civil Society: Private Sector: Here is the final mapping from the spreadsheets: https://mapsengine.google.co m/map/edit?mid=zaN1njwon 8jM.kzggt23tlaow
    • i190 Framework Conceptual Week1: Introduction to Course W2:What is Development? W3:What is ICTD W4:Who Does What in Practice? Mapping the ICTD Landscape i190 ICTD in Practice: Core Skills Technical (eApplications) W5: Overarching Issues of eApplications W6: Infrastructure,Telecenters, Agriculture, W7: Revisiting Agriculture,, W8 : e-Health, Education W9: eGovernance Microfinance Management W10: Break W11: Intro to Project Management Planning and Assessment W12: Budgeting, Scheduling, Fundraising W13: Implementation W14: Monitoring and Evaluation/ Next Cycle W15: Final Projects & Wrap Up
    • Overarching Issues
    • Trends/Buzzwords in ICTD and e- Application BOP Rights Based Approaches Digital Divide ICTD Policies Innovation Appropriate Technology Open Everything (development, data, etc) Web 3.0 Big Everything Convergence Mobile Mobile Mobile Social enterprise
    • ICTD Policies •Broad Categories of Policy APC, ICT Policy Handbook •ICTD Policy in Practice Lessons Learnt in ICT4D Policy Making •How is it done ? In content and institutionally? •What are the lessons learned?
    • BOP •What is the BOP concept? The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid (BOP) • •How is it like in practice? ICT4D:The Bottom of the Pyramid Model in Practice”. •What is the project? •What worked or didn’t work? •What are recommendations?
    • Appropriate Technology and Innovation •What are some of your suggestions/predictions for innovation and appropriate technology?: Heeks,The ICT4D 2.0 Manifesto:Where Next for ICTs and International Development?
    • Openness •What is it?! •What is good about it? •What is not so good about it?
    • ICT in Agriculture •Skew of disciplinary research (econ, ethnographic, ENR, energy, geog…etc) •Jensen work: - neat econ study: •People:=only 2 •Tech: = 1 function •Welfare= income •Burrell et al. – making a mess: •Other players:/relationships auctioneer, fish waste vendor, gender etc •Tech: lots of other usage •Context: n/s, types of terrain, boards •Welfare=WAY more than income •Can it be generalized then? •What to do in practice? •Be cognizant of debates •Local context •Don’t start with tech •Same old foundational factors in design and implementation •Usually dynamic, changing, needs, messy,‘it’s complicated’ Heeks, ICTD 2.0
    • ICT in Infrastructure Inveneo.org Eric Brewer,The Challenges of Technology Research for Developing Regions
    • Telecenters, Shared Access and Libraries http://gurstein.wordpress.com/2013/11/16/beyond-access-libraries- as-the-new-telecentres/
    • ICTD and Education: Theories continued Traditional DevTheories (loosely: market, growth, top down) Alternative DevTheories (loosely: state, rights, bottom up)
    • Trends in i-, e-, m-, blended-. etc-Education “leap frog e-learning through m-learning”. •Differences within the field: ICT for education, distance learning, elearning, m-learning, blended learning •A new fad? But a new fad that can make a difference?
    • E-Health •What is it? •eHealth solutions & strategic coordination •What are some trends, in developed, transitioning and developing countries? • Forever-pilot pattern and lessons learned? Introductions, trends and lessons learned: Implementing e- Health in Developing Countries Pg7-14, 22-23, 27-28, 31-39 Get an overview of how an actual e-health project design looks like: e-health portal in Dwesa, pg 7-15
    • eGovernance- what works and not? •What is eGovernance? •What is the Framework being used to measure? •What are the results of this case study? Success and Failure Factors for e-Government projects implementation in developing countries
    • eGovernance
    • Microfinance & Mobile Banking •What is Mobile Banking? •Different trends/pace in different countries- regulations, technologies, leadership, •Issues: Trust, Fraud/attacks, Motivation of savings/accumulation, Behavior change, cultural values about money, •What works, and not? Reasonable Project Time, Building trust, managing expectations, values/behavior changing, needs assessment important
    • i190 Framework Conceptual Week1: Introduction to Course W2:What is Development? W3:What is ICTD W4:Who Does What in Practice? Mapping the ICTD Landscape i190 ICTD in Practice: Core Skills Technical (eApplications) W5: Overarching Issues of eApplications W6: Infrastructure,Telecenters, Agriculture, W7: Revisiting Agriculture,, W8 : e-Health, Education W9: eGovernance Microfinance Management W10: Break W11: Intro to Project Management Planning and Assessment W12: Budgeting, Scheduling, Fundraising W13: Implementation W14: Monitoring and Evaluation/ Next Cycle W15: Final Projects & Wrap Up