Quality and Standardization – Enabling Growing and Robust
Renewable Energy Technology Markets
INTERNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENER...
Relevance of Quality and Standardization for
Renewable Energy Technologies
• Build consumer confidence
• Build trust with ...
IRENA STUDY – International Standardisation in
the Field of Renewable Energy
Standardisation – Benefits for Countries

Pro...
Quality & Standardization – Stakeholders Involved

Policy Makers &
Regulators

Supporting
Compliance to
Regulations and
Le...
Quality & Standardization – Support Global Value Chains

•
•
•
Importance of
innovation systems •

Contribution of
quality...
Market Support - Policy Incentives Linked to Quality
Requirements

Quality
requirements can
be linked to
national incentiv...
Market Support – Quality Increases Public Acceptance

Poor Quality

High Risk

Decreased Trust
in a Technology
IRENA (2013...
Market Support – Harmonisation of Standards

Non-harmonised standards may
create barriers for trading and
transfer technol...
Quality assurance schemes should be affordable for the
local market level

IRENA is developing
recommendations to establis...
Quality Infrastructure – Supports Robust Markets
Technology Value Chain
Raw Material
Supply

Design

Component
Manufacturi...
Building trust from policy-makers, investors,
customers

Deutsche Bank

11

SolarPraxis Engineering

Source: PTB (2008) “P...
Market Support – Implementation of Quality Schemes
Promote Performance Improvement

Implementation of quality
schemes prom...
Steps to achieve comprehensive Quality Infrastructure

Increasing Quality
Assurance

6. Comprehensive
Market*
5. Mature
Ma...
Quality Covers the Whole System

Quality for
hardware

Implementation of Quality
Schemes covers not only
equipment but who...
International Quality Mechanisms – Engagement from
Developing Countries in Crucial
Use of existing mechanisms
• IEC Affili...
Forthcoming activities
Grid codes

Standards supporting
integration of high shares of
RE into the grid

Off-grid PV

Quali...
For More Information on IRENA Publications and
Activities in Quality and Standardization for
Renewables visit our web site...
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Quality and standards for renewable energy

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The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) works towards a sustainable and widespread deployment of renewable energy technologies. Quality assurance and standardization play a key role in transitioning towards innovative and sustainable energy technologies, by strengthening rapidly growing markets and facilitating trading of renewable energy technologies. IRENA’s study from 2013 in this field, the first one ever focused on renewable energy technologies, shows that quality and standardization are crucial in global technology value chains matching producers and user in opposite places in the world by harmonizing processes, allowing comparability of contracts, and decreasing uncertainty. Also that assured quality, in conformity with sound standards, mitigates technical risks therefore attracting major investments and increasing the trust in the technology by financial sources and public. Quality assurance and conformity with sound standards enables long lasting technological solutions by reducing the replacements to be done in technological plants and equipment and thus, reinvesting the capital that would be aimed at repairing infrastructure to accelerate the deployment of the technology. Quality reinforces the reliability on RET markets and this highly contributes to spread awareness about RET achievements and fulfilment of energy needs.

IRENA is finalizing its study on quality assurance mechanisms for small wind turbines and solar water heaters. The study, undertaken in cooperation with a number of national and regional experts, will provide guidance and recommendation on how countries can implement national quality mechanisms, adapted to their national context, to support growing markets for these technologies.

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Quality and standards for renewable energy

  1. 1. Quality and Standardization – Enabling Growing and Robust Renewable Energy Technology Markets INTERNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY AGENCY - IRENA WORLD FUTURE ENERGY SUMMIT 2014 20 – 22 January 2014
  2. 2. Relevance of Quality and Standardization for Renewable Energy Technologies • Build consumer confidence • Build trust with financial services • Enable promotion of RET • Improve product design • Improve manufacturing Stakeholders • Nurture emerging markets • Enable technology promotion • Reduce trade barriers • Attract new businesses Industry Economy IRENA (In Press) “Quality Infrastructure for Small Scale RET”
  3. 3. IRENA STUDY – International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy Standardisation – Benefits for Countries Provides a detailed technical basis for laws and regulations Supports public and private tendering processes Enables access to latest technology developments and best practices Supports technology markets based on sound quality and health & safety (H&S) requirements IRENA (2013) “International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy”
  4. 4. Quality & Standardization – Stakeholders Involved Policy Makers & Regulators Supporting Compliance to Regulations and Legislation Design of incentive mechanisms linked to quality requirements Standards Makers Facilitating Trade Manufacturers & Installers Common Performance Specifications Testing, Sampling Facilitating Communication and Understanding Confidence and Trust in what is being funded Ability to clearly specify what is being funded Materials Quality Assurance / Quality Control Ability to verify and audit investment Verification & Auditing Users of the Products and Services Clear processes, procedures and specifications Confidence Consistency Investors and Fiscal Support Trust Harmonised approach Consistency Protocols established Understanding – performance, safety IRENA (2013) “International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy”
  5. 5. Quality & Standardization – Support Global Value Chains • • • Importance of innovation systems • Contribution of quality infrastructure Integration in more complex production systems New forms of integrating different productive sectors Increase number of partnerships Integration in global innovation systems • Harmonization of processes, materials, measurement units and instruments • Comparability allows writing of contracts • Decrease of uncertainty and leverage trust between worldwide productive agents • Harmonizing tools and methods used in R&D PTB (2011) Measuring the impact of quality infrastructure
  6. 6. Market Support - Policy Incentives Linked to Quality Requirements Quality requirements can be linked to national incentive schemes for RET (e.g. FiT) Result: National RET markets develop based on high quality systems IRENA (2013) “International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy”
  7. 7. Market Support – Quality Increases Public Acceptance Poor Quality High Risk Decreased Trust in a Technology IRENA (2013) “International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy”
  8. 8. Market Support – Harmonisation of Standards Non-harmonised standards may create barriers for trading and transfer technologies International efforts needed to harmonise standards and technical regulations IRENA (2013) “International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy”
  9. 9. Quality assurance schemes should be affordable for the local market level IRENA is developing recommendations to establish national quality infrastructure for small wind turbines and solar water heaters based on local market developments -Performance -Reliability -HS&E -Bankable projects -Cost -Local capacity -End user Awareness Testing & Certification IRENA (In Press) “Quality Infrastructure for Small Scale RET”
  10. 10. Quality Infrastructure – Supports Robust Markets Technology Value Chain Raw Material Supply Design Component Manufacturing Equipment production System integration Installation O&M Decommission Accreditation SUPPORT Certification Metrology Quality Infrastructure Market survelliance Standards Testing IRENA (In Press) “Quality Infrastructure for Small Scale RET”
  11. 11. Building trust from policy-makers, investors, customers Deutsche Bank 11 SolarPraxis Engineering Source: PTB (2008) “Promotion of economic development in Technical Cooperation: Quality Infrastructure.” http://www.ptb.de/de/org/q/q5/docs/broschueren/broschuere_QI_2008e.pdf
  12. 12. Market Support – Implementation of Quality Schemes Promote Performance Improvement Implementation of quality schemes promotes a faster improvement in technology performance Solar water heating collectors efficiency improved by 36% between 1977 and 1981 after testing was required in Florida in 1976 IRENA (In Press) “Quality Infrastructure for Small Scale RET”
  13. 13. Steps to achieve comprehensive Quality Infrastructure Increasing Quality Assurance 6. Comprehensive Market* 5. Mature Market* 4. Established Market 3. Emerging Market 2. Nascent Market 1. Zero market Accredited CBs and TLs to highest level international standards: $$$$$ Accredited TL and CB to national/international standards: $$$$$ Unaccredited independent 3rd party TL and CB, SWT Labeling, SWH Collector Label with end user education: $$$$ Set up unaccredited testing, SWH collector durability with system simulations, SWT duration and performance: $$$ Training in-country practitioner & early demonstration projects; import regulations: $$ Inventory in-country QI and expertise: $ * - Meets all 5 elements of QI
  14. 14. Quality Covers the Whole System Quality for hardware Implementation of Quality Schemes covers not only equipment but whole systems Including Design, Installation and O&M services System Quality Training for practitioners Quality for services IRENA (2013) “International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy”
  15. 15. International Quality Mechanisms – Engagement from Developing Countries in Crucial Use of existing mechanisms • IEC Affiliate Country Programme • ISO committee on developing country matters - DEVCO Development of new mechanisms • Use of virtual meetings • Standard users – TC forums Experts • Participation of national experts in international Technical Committees • Funding mechanisms for experts participation Participation in international standardization assures that country context is considered during the development of international standards IRENA (2013) “International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy”
  16. 16. Forthcoming activities Grid codes Standards supporting integration of high shares of RE into the grid Off-grid PV Quality assurance for PV systems off-grid Impact of QI for RE Assessing economic impact of QI at national level
  17. 17. For More Information on IRENA Publications and Activities in Quality and Standardization for Renewables visit our web site at www.irena.org

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