Five Major Views of Creation

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Bible Basics, Todd Linn, First Baptist Church Henderson KY

Bible Basics, Todd Linn, First Baptist Church Henderson KY

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  • 1. Bible Basics for the Family The Doctrine of Creation
  • 2. Five (5) Major Views of Creation
    • Atheistic Evolution
    • Theistic Evolution
    • Progressive Creation (Day-Age Theory)
    • Gap Theory
    • Six-Day Creation
  • 3. National Geographic, November 1999
  • 4. The Courier Journal Monday, April 30, 2001
  • 5. (1) Atheistic Evolution
    • Statement of the View :
    • “Everything in the universe has come into existence and has evolved into its present form as a result of natural processes unaided by any supernatural power.”
  • 6. Positive Aspects of the Atheistic Evolution from its Advocates
    • It appears to explain the origin of everything.
    • It offers a single explanation for everything that exists: “ It evolved .”
    • It offers the only real alternative to creation by God.
    • It eliminates God and exalts man. It is thoroughly humanistic .
  • 7. Problems with Atheistic Evolution
    • It rests on a hypothesis that cannot be proved to be true; it is essentially a faith position (just like creationist positions).
    • It is supported by little historical (geological) evidence (only the fossil record) which has many gaps in it and is open to subjective interpretation
  • 8. Problems with Atheistic Evolution
    • It relies on mutations as a mechanism for change, but mutations have not produced new species, and are almost always harmful and destructive.
    • It is extremely improbable statistically.
    • It repudiates special revelation ( Scripture ) concerning creation.
  • 9. (2) Theistic Evolution
    • Statement of the View :
    • “Everything in the universe has come into existence and has evolved into its present form as a result of natural processes guided by the God of the Bible.”
  • 10. Positive Aspects of Theistic Evolution from its Advocates
    • It unites truth known by special revelation in the Bible with truth known by general revelation in nature and discovered by science.
    • God seems to work according to this pattern in history interrupting and intervening the course of events only rarely.
  • 11. Problems with Theistic Evolution
    • It presupposes the truth of evolution which has not been validated (it is not a fact, but a theory ).
    • God has intervened in history many more times than the theistic evolutionist posits.
    • It cannot do justice to both the tenets of evolution and the teaching of Scripture . One must be given precedent over the other.
    • This method of creation does not do justice to the biblical record of creation.
  • 12. (3) Progressive Creation (also known as Day-Age Theory)
    • Statement of the View :
    • “God created the world directly and deliberately, without leaving anything to chance, but He did it over long periods of time that correspond roughly to the geological ages.”
  • 13. Positive Aspects of Progressive Creation from its Advocates
    • It provides a reasonable harmony between the Genesis record and the facts of science.
    • The translation of “day” as “age” though rare, is an exegetically legitimate one.
  • 14. Problems with Progressive Creation (Day-Age Theory)
    • Taking the six days of creation as ages is unusual exegetically.
    • “Evenings” and “mornings” suggests 24-hour periods.
    • Death enters the world before the Fall (conflicts with Romans 5).
  • 15. (4) The Gap Theory
    • Statement of the View :
    • “Between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2 there was a long, indeterminate period in which the destruction of an original world and the unfolding of the geological ages can be located. God then recreated the cosmos.”
  • 16. Positive Aspects of the Gap Theory according to its Advocates
    • It rests on an exegetical, biblical base.
    • It is consistent with the structure of the creation account itself.
    • It is possible to translate the Hebrew verb “to be” in verse 2 as “became.”
  • 17. Problems with the Gap Theory
    • It is an unnatural explanation since the text implies an original creation in Genesis 1:2ff (cf. Exodus 20:11).
    • While the view builds on a high view of Scripture, several of the interpretations for it are based on improbable exegesis. In this light some have proposed moving the gap to between John 1:1 and Genesis 1:1.
  • 18. (5) Six Day Creation
    • Statement of the View :
    • “Genesis 1 describes one creative process that took place in six consecutive 24-hour periods of time, not more than 6-20 thousand years ago (many would allow for an older earth and creation date).”
  • 19. Positive Aspects of Six-Day Creation by its Advocates
    • It regards biblical teaching as determinative .
    • It rests on a strong exegetical base.
    • It is the clearest meaning of the text.
    • It is consistent with the laws of thermodynamics . . .
  • 20. Laws of Thermodynamics
    • 1 st Law of Thermodynamics: although energy can be changed in form, it is not now being created (Genesis 2:1-3; Hebrews 4:4,10).
    • 2 nd Law of Thermodynamics: all physical systems, if left to themselves, tend toward atrophy and become disordered (Hebrews 1:10-12; Romans 8:20-22).
  • 21. Problems with Six-Day Creation
    • Data from various scientific disciplines indicates the earth is about 5 billion years old.
    • Creation with the appearance of age casts doubt on the credibility of God.
    • While the view is based on the best exegesis of the text, it contradicts the present conclusions of several branches of science.
  • 22. Creationists Who founded Modern Science
    • Kepler—Astronomy
    • Pascal—Hydrostatics
    • Boyle—Chemistry
    • Newton—Physics
    • Kelvin—Thermodynamics
  • 23. Johann Kepler (1571-1630):
    • At the end of his life his prayer was,
    • “ I give you thanks, Creator and God, that you have given me this joy in thy creation, and I rejoice in the works of your hands. See I have now completed the work to which I was called. In it I have used all the talents you have lent to my spirit.”
  • 24.