Five Major Views of Creation


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Bible Basics, Todd Linn, First Baptist Church Henderson KY

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Five Major Views of Creation

  1. 1. Bible Basics for the Family The Doctrine of Creation
  2. 2. Five (5) Major Views of Creation <ul><li>Atheistic Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Theistic Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive Creation (Day-Age Theory) </li></ul><ul><li>Gap Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Six-Day Creation </li></ul>
  3. 3. National Geographic, November 1999
  4. 4. The Courier Journal Monday, April 30, 2001
  5. 5. (1) Atheistic Evolution <ul><li>Statement of the View : </li></ul><ul><li>“Everything in the universe has come into existence and has evolved into its present form as a result of natural processes unaided by any supernatural power.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Positive Aspects of the Atheistic Evolution from its Advocates <ul><li>It appears to explain the origin of everything. </li></ul><ul><li>It offers a single explanation for everything that exists: “ It evolved .” </li></ul><ul><li>It offers the only real alternative to creation by God. </li></ul><ul><li>It eliminates God and exalts man. It is thoroughly humanistic . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Problems with Atheistic Evolution <ul><li>It rests on a hypothesis that cannot be proved to be true; it is essentially a faith position (just like creationist positions). </li></ul><ul><li>It is supported by little historical (geological) evidence (only the fossil record) which has many gaps in it and is open to subjective interpretation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problems with Atheistic Evolution <ul><li>It relies on mutations as a mechanism for change, but mutations have not produced new species, and are almost always harmful and destructive. </li></ul><ul><li>It is extremely improbable statistically. </li></ul><ul><li>It repudiates special revelation ( Scripture ) concerning creation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. (2) Theistic Evolution <ul><li>Statement of the View : </li></ul><ul><li>“Everything in the universe has come into existence and has evolved into its present form as a result of natural processes guided by the God of the Bible.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Positive Aspects of Theistic Evolution from its Advocates <ul><li>It unites truth known by special revelation in the Bible with truth known by general revelation in nature and discovered by science. </li></ul><ul><li>God seems to work according to this pattern in history interrupting and intervening the course of events only rarely. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Problems with Theistic Evolution <ul><li>It presupposes the truth of evolution which has not been validated (it is not a fact, but a theory ). </li></ul><ul><li>God has intervened in history many more times than the theistic evolutionist posits. </li></ul><ul><li>It cannot do justice to both the tenets of evolution and the teaching of Scripture . One must be given precedent over the other. </li></ul><ul><li>This method of creation does not do justice to the biblical record of creation. </li></ul>
  12. 12. (3) Progressive Creation (also known as Day-Age Theory) <ul><li>Statement of the View : </li></ul><ul><li>“God created the world directly and deliberately, without leaving anything to chance, but He did it over long periods of time that correspond roughly to the geological ages.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Positive Aspects of Progressive Creation from its Advocates <ul><li>It provides a reasonable harmony between the Genesis record and the facts of science. </li></ul><ul><li>The translation of “day” as “age” though rare, is an exegetically legitimate one. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Problems with Progressive Creation (Day-Age Theory) <ul><li>Taking the six days of creation as ages is unusual exegetically. </li></ul><ul><li>“Evenings” and “mornings” suggests 24-hour periods. </li></ul><ul><li>Death enters the world before the Fall (conflicts with Romans 5). </li></ul>
  15. 15. (4) The Gap Theory <ul><li>Statement of the View : </li></ul><ul><li>“Between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2 there was a long, indeterminate period in which the destruction of an original world and the unfolding of the geological ages can be located. God then recreated the cosmos.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Positive Aspects of the Gap Theory according to its Advocates <ul><li>It rests on an exegetical, biblical base. </li></ul><ul><li>It is consistent with the structure of the creation account itself. </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to translate the Hebrew verb “to be” in verse 2 as “became.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Problems with the Gap Theory <ul><li>It is an unnatural explanation since the text implies an original creation in Genesis 1:2ff (cf. Exodus 20:11). </li></ul><ul><li>While the view builds on a high view of Scripture, several of the interpretations for it are based on improbable exegesis. In this light some have proposed moving the gap to between John 1:1 and Genesis 1:1. </li></ul>
  18. 18. (5) Six Day Creation <ul><li>Statement of the View : </li></ul><ul><li>“Genesis 1 describes one creative process that took place in six consecutive 24-hour periods of time, not more than 6-20 thousand years ago (many would allow for an older earth and creation date).” </li></ul>
  19. 19. Positive Aspects of Six-Day Creation by its Advocates <ul><li>It regards biblical teaching as determinative . </li></ul><ul><li>It rests on a strong exegetical base. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the clearest meaning of the text. </li></ul><ul><li>It is consistent with the laws of thermodynamics . . . </li></ul>
  20. 20. Laws of Thermodynamics <ul><li>1 st Law of Thermodynamics: although energy can be changed in form, it is not now being created (Genesis 2:1-3; Hebrews 4:4,10). </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Law of Thermodynamics: all physical systems, if left to themselves, tend toward atrophy and become disordered (Hebrews 1:10-12; Romans 8:20-22). </li></ul>
  21. 21. Problems with Six-Day Creation <ul><li>Data from various scientific disciplines indicates the earth is about 5 billion years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation with the appearance of age casts doubt on the credibility of God. </li></ul><ul><li>While the view is based on the best exegesis of the text, it contradicts the present conclusions of several branches of science. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Creationists Who founded Modern Science <ul><li>Kepler—Astronomy </li></ul><ul><li>Pascal—Hydrostatics </li></ul><ul><li>Boyle—Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Newton—Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Kelvin—Thermodynamics </li></ul>
  23. 23. Johann Kepler (1571-1630): <ul><li>At the end of his life his prayer was, </li></ul><ul><li>“ I give you thanks, Creator and God, that you have given me this joy in thy creation, and I rejoice in the works of your hands. See I have now completed the work to which I was called. In it I have used all the talents you have lent to my spirit.” </li></ul>