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  • 1. OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE in Italian schools a national survey
      • Giovanna Sissa
      • Osservatorio Tecnologico
      • Ministry of Education University and Research -Italy
      • II Open Source World Conference - MALAGA
      • 15 th February 2006
  • 2. Osservatorio Tecnologico
        • Since 1999 provides services for OSS at school
          • Reports about the Linux distribution and other FLOSS
          • Suggestions for the migration process
          • Review of papers, slides and articles about the topic of FLOSS
          • Data repositories about FLOSS in Italian schools
  • 3.
  • 4. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5
  • 5.  
  • 6.
    • Launched on May 2005
    • First results: June 2005
    • Based on a detailed analysis of FLOSS experiences of more than one hundred Italian schools
    The SURVEY U se and Development of Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) in Italian schools
    • The schools have to provide:
    • a detailed description of the experience on use or development of FLOSS
    • and
    • Some data about FLOSS
      • Schools filled a form giving responses to questions such as:
        • who was involved in the open source adoption process
        • what kind of skills were necessary
        • why the choice to use it
        • how they used it in classroom activity
        • feedback from the students
        • Descriptive knowledge
  • 9. The form to fill
  • 10. The data about OSS in school
    • The data on FLOSS were put in the database of hardware and software environment of Italian schools
    • The database belongs to the Italian Ministry of Education
    • Data
  • 11. The required data
  • 12. The required data
  • 13. The required data
  • 14.
    • One hundred schools filled the specific form
    • and
    • provided the requested data to the Ministry of education database
  • 15.
    • The set of the filled forms and data are the knowledge base of the survey
    • For each school description and data are published on the Osservatorio Tecnologico Web site
    • The schools are grouped by region
  • 16. The survey on the web
  • 17.  
  • 18. USE of OSS – main categories
    • Technical infrastructure and Network management
    • Use of OSS in the curriculum
    • Internet services for Communication activities
    • School Administration and management System
    • Development of Software Applications for classroom
  • 19. Overall observations
        • The schools involved are distributed throughout national territory
              • Some areas of excellence and some clusters
        • Many experiences are computer science training oriented and consist of courses or lectures on open source software for students
        • Often the experiences include the implementation of network and ICT infrastructures (laboratories, test centres, etc) into the school, implemented with FLOSS
  • 20. The results
        • Refresher courses for teachers are held on the basic issues of FLOSS, often related to previous teacher training processes
        • Open source platforms for E-learning and Content Management System
        • Several kinds of FLOSS are used (not only Linux)
        • Significant partnership with local corporations and public administrations
        • Only few very interesting projects are focused on FLOSS development
    • Two Institutions in “special statute regions” have definitely chosen FLOSS:
          • Regione Autonoma Valle d’Aosta
          • Intendenza Scolastica Italiana di Bolzano
      • Other two Regions have interesting experiences
          • The Piemonte region: there is the higher number of good practices on FLOSS
          • The Lombardia region
  • 22. STRENGHTS...
        • Wide diversity of experiences
        • profusion of ideas
        • operative solutions
    • The variety of adopted open source solutions within the Italian schools can help solve many fundamental school problems, as, for example:
                  • internal organization,
                  • external communication
                  • education issues.
  • 23. ...and WEAKNESSES
          • Lack of maturity in design
          • Lack of professional human resources in schools both in terms of open source skills and of the number of IT trained teachers available
          • Need of integration of various open source and proprietary platforms
  • 24. This survey is a case study
    • Open Source Observatory of the European Commission
  • 25. UPCOMING PROJECTS AND RESEARCH ACTIVITIES of Osservatorio Tecnologico about FLOSS
  • 26. RASIS (Rete Aperte e Soluzioni Integrate per le Scuole)
    • The project RASIS aims to support schools to identify their needs about the use of information technology
    • The initiative intends to provide standardized guidelines for open source software at schools using a modelling language as UML
        • This approach is fundamental to enable the aggregation of school and the FLOSS can help to match school demand with ICT enterprise supply
  • 27. “ E-lezioni with Linux”
            • 150 schools of the Liguria Region received 2.500 computers from the Central Government with no software pre-installed
            • We propose Linux as alternative to proprietary Operating System, thus achieving significant cost-savings through the use of Linux
            • In order to have some feedback about Linux use, we planned to monitor if and how teachers and students use Linux, which are the application programs most used, for how long, and if some trends are emerging
            • Monitoring will be carried on automatically , with the written permission of the schools directors. We will capture only information about user's processes , respecting the user's privacy
  • 28. [email_address]