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  • 1. Luci, Ricci and the RAC ...or Clustering on Centos 5 using Conga for an Oracle RAC install Drawn up by Fauz Ghauri (@fauzg) for barcamp
  • 2. Introduction • Hardware • Installation • Custom udev rules for iscsi • Cluster • Heartbeat and fencing • RAC Other things to consider for RAC. • Acknowledgements
  • 3. Hardware • Network Cards – DRAC (Dell Remote Access Card) – ILO (Integrated Lights Out – HP kit) – VMware Fence (Built into ESX – maybe server?) – Etc. • SAN – Are you using iSCSI? • VMware – which version of ESX/server do you run?
  • 4. Installation • Mainly Defaults used for centos 5 install • A few extra packages are required outside of the base install.
  • 5. Installation
  • 6. Installation
  • 7. Installation
  • 8. Installation
  • 9. Installation
  • 10. Installation
  • 11. Installation
  • 12. Installation – Conga Components
  • 13. Installation – Conga Components
  • 14. Installation – Luci
  • 15. Installation – Luci
  • 16. Custom udev rules for iSCSI • If you’re using iSCSI – you’ll need to make sure that your drives are mapped. # iscsiadm -m discovery -t sendtargets –p <sanIP.mydomain (or maybe ip address)> 192.168.2.195:3260,1 iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:racdb.asm1 192.168.2.195:3260,1 iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:racdb.asm2 192.168.2.195:3260,1 iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:racdb.asm3 192.168.2.195:3260,1 iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:racdb.asm4 192.168.2.195:3260,1 iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:racdb.crs
  • 17. Custom udev rules for iSCSI • Manually log onto targets – # iscsiadm -m node -T iqn.2006- 01.com.openfiler:racdb.asm1 -p 192.168.2.195 -l • Configure auto login – # iscsiadm -m node -T iqn.2006- 01.com.openfiler:racdb.asm1 -p 192.168.2.195 -- op update -n node.startup -v automatic
  • 18. Custom udev rules for iSCSI • # (cd /dev/disk/by-path; ls -l *sanname* | awk '{FS=" "; print $9 " " $10 " " $11}') • Returns: – ip-192.168.2.195:3260-iscsi-iqn.2006- 01.com.openfiler:racdb.asm1-lun-0 -> ../../sda – Etc. – Make a note! – scsi_id –g –u –s /block/sdX – find out which letters map to which iSCSI device (where X is a, b, c, etc) – Note iSCSI strings. – Create a new rules file in /etc/udev/rules.d/22- randomnumberandname.rules
  • 19. Custom udev rules for iSCSI • ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sd*", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT==“<iscsi string goes here>", RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw1 %N“ • ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="raw1", OWNER=="root", GROUP=="dba", MODE=="0660", SYMLINK+="oracle_ocr"
  • 20. Cluster
  • 21. Cluster
  • 22. Cluster
  • 23. Cluster
  • 24. Cluster
  • 25. Cluster
  • 26. Cluster
  • 27. Cluster This turns yellow as there’s an issue.
  • 28. Cluster
  • 29. Cluster
  • 30. Cluster
  • 31. Cluster
  • 32. Heartbeat & Fencing • Heartbeat – saying “hi! I’m here” to the cluster. • Fencing – fencing off a dodgy node • Fencing on ESX means the creation of a user for fencing. – useradd and groupadd – insufficient permissions. – Get it working on ESX before trying to fence remotely. – Adding permissions can be done by doing the following:
  • 33. Heartbeat & Fencing – vmware-vim-cmd vimsvc/auth/role_add groupX VirtualMachine.Interact.PowerOn – vmware-vim-cmd vimsvc/auth/entity_permission_add vim.Folder:ha-folder-root userX users groupX true • Test it out with the command fence_vmware (syntax in wiki in ackowledgements section)
  • 34. Things to consider with RAC • Don’t reboot all nodes at the same time – unless you feel like losing your entire database! • Bear in mind that the /udev rules should map to some raw disks if you’re using ASM. • SSH key equivalency (sharing keys).
  • 35. Acknowledgements • Thanks to: – [redacted] for getting me going – [redacted] for helping me figure out that nasty little issue with GSSAPI timing out my SSH connections • Sources: – http://www.oracle.com/technology/pub/articles/hunter_r ac10gr2_iscsi.html – http://www.redhat.com/docs/en- US/Red_Hat_Enterprise_Linux/4.8/html/Cluster_Administr ation/s1-start-luci-ricci-conga-CA.html – http://sources.redhat.com/cluster/wiki/VMware_FencingC onfig – http://www.vroem.co.za/?p=7
  • 36. Bonus Slides!
  • 37. Bonus Slides!
  • 38. Bonus Slides!
  • 39. Bonus Slides!
  • 40. Bonus Slides!