The Geographic Distribution ofFreshmen and Transfer Students at Hunter College 2010-2011. By: Prianka Denys Dukhovnov Danielle Finne Reneel Langdon Fausto Lopez MurtazaMunir Tomoko Shiohara Lira Skenderi Olivia Torres Peter Tuckel
Primary Objective• The main objective of this research is to display the geographic distribution of the residences of students at various stages of the admissions process to Hunter.• These stages include application, acceptance, enrollment and retention.
Data• The primary data set consists of the total number freshmen students who applied, who were admitted, who enrolled and who were retained after one semester and one year by zip code during the year of 2010 to 2011.• The data are also disaggregated by race: non- Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian and Hispanic.• The Data set also includes the number of admitted and enrolled students whose first choice was Hunter by Zip code.
Data• Appended to this primary data set were two demographic variables from the decennial (2000) U.S. census. These variables were the racial composition of the zip code (non- Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, non- Hispanic Asian and Hispanic) and median household income.• For simplification we will refer to them simply as: Black, White, Hispanic, Asian.
Applied, Admitted, Enrolled and Retained Students 35000 30000Number of Students 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Applied Admitted Enrolled Retained 1 Retained 1 year semester University Status
Applied, Admitted, Enrolled and Retained Students• In total 30,256 people applied to Hunter College.• Hunter College had an acceptance rate of 25%.• 23.5% of admitted students enrolled.• About 95% of the enrolled students continued their studies past one semester.• Approximately 84% of enrollees continued their studies at Hunter for one year.
Applicants by Race 8000 7000 6000Number of Applicants 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Hispanic White Asian Black Other Race
Applicants by Race• Hispanics represented the greatest number of applicants: 23%.• 21% of the applicants were white.• 19% of applicants were Asian.• 19% applicants were Black.• Applicants from four ethnic groups were equally represented.
Applicants by County 9000 8000 7000Number fo Students 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 County
Applicants by County• Queens had the most applicants of any other county: 8,377 prospective students.• Kings was a close second with 8,003 applicants.• Manhattan despite Hosting Hunter did not have many applicants• Hunter College seems to attract mostly local residents.
Racial Distribution across Counties 100% 90% 80% 70% 60%Percent 50% black hispanic 40% white 30% asian 20% 10% 0% Queens Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Staten Island Counties
Applicants by County and Race Combined• The Bronx had the highest population of Hispanic applicants at 57%.• Brooklyn had the most Black applicants at 34%.• Queens drew in the most Asians at 38%.• Westchester and Suffolk county mainly drew in white applicants.
Admitted by Race 3000 2500Number of Students 2000 1500 1000 500 0 White Asian Hispanic Black Race
Admitted Students by Race• Whites were the highest admitted racial group with over 2,500 admitted students.• Asians were a near second with approximately 2,250 admitted students.• Hispanics came in third with about 800.• Blacks were last with about 600.• Hispanics and blacks were admitted significantly less than other groups.
Admission Rate by Race 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00%Percent 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% White Asian Hispanic Black Race
Admission Rate by Race• Whites made up most of the admitted pool with 40.5%• Asians were the second most admitted race with 38.70• Only 12.8% of those admitted were Hispanic.• Blacks came in last 11.7% of those admitted were black.
Admitted Students by County 2500 2000Number of Students 1500 1000 500 0 County
Admitted Students by County• Queens had the most admitted students with 2,308.• Brooklyn was a close second with 1,719• 612 admitted students came from New York.• Surprisingly Nassau had more admitted residents than local Bronx with 521 students over 535 respectively.
Admission Rate by County 60 50Number of Students 40 30 20 10 0 County
Admission Rate by County• The highest admittance rates were found in counties outside of the five boroughs.• However non-local counties had significantly lower pools of applicants thereby superficially raising admittance rates amongst non-local counties.• Within the five boroughs Queens had the highest admittance rate, approximately 27%.• Richmond and Kings followed with 26% and 21% respectively.• New York and the Bronx followed with about 21% and 11% respectively.
Enrolled by Race 800 700 600Number of Students 500 400 300 200 100 0 White Asian Hispanic Black Race
Enrolled Students by Race• The most prominent race amongst enrollees were whites with 698 students.• Asians came in second with 590 enrollees.• Hispanics were third with 320 enrollees.• Blacks were last with 178 enrollees.• Blacks and Hispanics had low numbers of Enrollees probably due to smaller pool of admitted students.
Enrollment Rate by Race 40% 35% 30% 25%Percent 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Asian White Black Hispanic Race
Enrollment Rate by Race• Hispanics ranked the highest percentage wise with regards to enrollees with 36% of enrollees being Hispanic.• Blacks made up an almost equivalent percent of the enrollee pool with 27.5%.• It is interesting that those groups who seem to enroll the greatest and show the greatest interest are being excluded the most.
Enrolled Students by County 700 600Number of Students 500 400 300 200 100 0 County
Enrolled Students by County• Number wise, Queens had 643 enrollees, the most, which wasn’t surprising considering that Queens had the most applicants and admitted students.• Brooklyn had the second highest number of enrollees with 469 students enrolling at Hunter.• It seems that the most enrollees came from the five boroughs and nearby areas.
The Percent of Those Who Are Admitted Who Enroll by County 30 25 20Percent 15 10 5 0 County
Enrollment Rate by County• Within the five boroughs, Queens had a 28% enrollee rate making it the strongest county for enrollees.• Kings was second once again with 27%.• It seems that the highest significant enrollment rates were from local areas, and as we get farther from Hunter College enrollment rates were superficially high.
Freshmen Enrollment in New York City• Subway Lines seem to pass more around areas with high density of enrollment.• Easier transportation options might increase incentive to attend Hunter.• Hunter is alternative to local institutions.• Hunter does not attract students around it’s area.
Racial Composition of Enrollees in the Bronx• It appears that the Bronx Enrollees are primarily Black and Hispanic.• Most enrollees from the Bronx are concentrated in the middle and north Bronx.• Whites and Asians comprised a significant amount of Enrollees particularly in the West.
Median Income among Enrollees in the Bronx• It appears that areas with high numbers of enrollees tended to be middle class to working class neighborhoods.• However they were not the lowest of the classes.• South-west Bronx has low median income and is not densely populated.
Median Income among Enrollees in Manhattan• Most enrollees were of lower-middle class.
Racial Breakdown of Enrollees in Manhattan• The lower east side was home to most of Hunter’s Enrollees from Manhattan.• The enrollees coming from the area were primarily Asian.• Other somewhat dense areas were made up mainly of Hispanic enrollees.
Median Income among Enrollees in Brooklyn• Most enrollees came from Bensonhurst, Sheepshead bay and Brighton Beach• Densest areas connected to medium-low median income.
Racial Breakdown of Enrollees in Brooklyn• Brooklyn contributed a large amount of white and Asian enrollees.• South Brooklyn which was home to most enrollees in the borough was comprised primarily of Asians and Whites.• Despite having Brooklyn college, Brooklynites enrolled at Hunter.
Median Income among Enrollees in Queens• Densest areas had medium-low median income.• Flushing Ridgewood, Flushing, Jamaica and West Queens drew in the most students.
Racial Composition of Enrollees in Queens• Queens appears to draw in many Hispanic and Asian applicants.• The most dense areas drew in many Asian Students.• There is also a significant white enrollee presence in Queens particularly in the South West.
Non-Retained Students by Race 140 120 100Number of Students 80 60 40 20 0 White Asian Hispanic Black Race
Non-Retained Students by Race• Most non-retainees were white; approximately 131.• 78 Asian students were not retained.• 49 Hispanic student were not retained.• Only 30 black students were not retained• White’s seem to be leaving Hunter the most.
Non-Retainee Rate by Race 20.00% 18.00% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00%Percent 10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% White Black Hispanic Asian Race
Non-Retainee Rate by Race• Percentage-wise whites had the highest number of non-retainees with 18.8% of white enrollees leaving.• Black students were the second most likely to be non-retained students with a 16.9% non-retainee rate, however we must keep in mind that the black enrollee pool was significantly smaller than all the other races.• Hispanics were third most likely (15%) to be non- retained but like black students their enrollment pool was smaller.• Asians were the least likely to leave Hunter College with only 13.2% of enrolled Asians leaving the university.
Non-Retained Students by County 90 80 70Number of Students 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 County
Non-Retained Students by County• Queens has the highest number of non-retainees with 85 students leaving the university.• Brooklyn was the second highest with 59 students.• New York and the Bronx followed with 28 and 26 respectively.• As we got farther away from the university less students left.• One possible explanation is that we had less enrollees from non-local counties. It is also possible that those who came to Hunter from non-local counties were planning on staying in the city while local enrollees might be using Hunter as a stepping stone.
Non-Retainee Rate by County 35 30 25Percent 20 15 10 5 0 County
Non-Retainee Rate by County• Within the five boroughs, Enrollees from the Bronx were most likely to leave Hunter: 21% chance.• Manhattan also had a high Non-retainee Rate: 18% chance.• Non-local counties had smaller enrollee pools and predictably high non-retainee rates.
Applied, Admitted, Enrolled and Retained Students 35000 30000Number of Students 25000 20000 15000 Transfer Freshman 10000 5000 0 Applied Admitted Enrolled Retained 1 Retained 1 sem year Status
Applied, Admitted, Enrolled and Retained• Hunter College has a lot of incoming transfer students, almost half the amount of applicants.• 13,139 students applied to transfer into Hunter College.• Hunter college has about 25% acceptance rate for transfer students which is consistent with it’s freshmen acceptance rate.
Racial Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Applicants 8000 7000 6000Number of Students 5000 4000 Transfer 3000 Freshmen 2000 1000 0 White Hispanic Black Asian Race
Racial Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Applicants• White students made up most of transfer applicants with 3,394 applicants.• Hispanics came in second with 2,509 applicants.• Blacks came in third with 2,284 applicants.• Asians were last with 1,868 student applicants.
Transfer Applicants by County 9000 8000 7000Number of Students 6000 5000 4000 3000 Transfer 2000 Freshmen 1000 0 County
Transfer Applicants by County• Queens has the most Applicants by county with 3,159 students applying to Hunter.• Kings county was next with almost 3,000 students applying.• It seemed that the farther we got from the University the less number of students applied; again this was consistent with freshmen applicants.
Racial Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Admitted Students 3000 2500Number of Students 2000 1500 Transfer Freshmen 1000 500 0 White Hispanic Asian Black Race
Racial Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Admitted Students• As with incoming freshmen, whites were the most prominent admitted race with 1,207 admitted.• Hispanics came in second with 585 admitted students.• Asians came in third with 583 admitted students.• Blacks came in last with 452 admitted students.
Racial Comparison of Admission rates among Freshmen and Transfers Admitted 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00%Percent 25.00% 20.00% Transfer 15.00% Freshmen 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% White Asian Hispanic Black Race
Racial Comparison of Admission rates among Freshmen and Transfers Admitted• Mimicked freshmen admission rates.• Whites made up most of the admitted pool with 36%.• Blacks were the least likely to get in with only a 12% admission rate.• This is a 3:1 Ratio of White: black admission.
Admitted Transfer Students by County 2500 2000Number of Students 1500 1000 Transfer Freshmen 500 0 County
Admitted Transfer Students by County• Admitted Student numbers were similar to applied Student numbers.• Queens had the highest number of admitted students: ~700• Kings, New York and Bronx followed respectively.• As we got farther away from the university, less and less students were admitted.
Transfer Admission Rate by County 35 30 25 20Percent 15 Transfer 10 Students 5 0 County
Transfer Admission Rate by County• Within the five boroughs Manhattan had the greatest admission rate for transfer students, about 27%• The Bronx had the lowest admission rate with 16%.
Racial Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Enrollees 800 700 600Number of Students 500 400 Transfer 300 Freshmen 200 100 0 White Asian Hispanic Black Race
Racial Comparison of Freshmen and Transfer Enrollees• Whites had the most transferred enrollees with 735 enrolled students.• Asians came in second with 341 transferred enrollees.• Hispanics were in third with 332 transferred enrollees.• Blacks came in last with 252 transferred enrollees.
Transfer Enrollment Rates by Race 70.00% 60.00% 50.00%Percent of Students 40.00% 30.00% Freshmen Transfer 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Hispanic Black White Asian Race
Percent of Admitted Students who Enrolled• Transfer enrollee rate by race was similar to freshmen data.• Whites were most likely to enroll with near 61% of enrolled students being white.• Asians were second followed by Hispanics.• As usual Blacks came in last with a lower enrollee rate.
Transfer Students Enrolled by County 700 600Number of Students 500 400 300 Transfer 200 Freshmen 100 0 County
Transfer Students Enrolled by County• Queens had the highest number of enrolled students with 393.• Kings came in second with 283 enrollees.• New York and Bronx were next with 83 and 33 respectively.• Once again Hunter draws from Queens and Brooklyn.
Transfer Enrollment Rates by County 60 50 40Percent 30 20 Transfer Freshman 10 0 County
Enrolled Rate county• By county, rates were generally uniform across the five boroughs and non-local counties.• Bronx had the highest percentage of enrollment with 56%.• Brooklyn and Queens followed with 55% and 54% respectively.
Transfer Enrollment in New York City and Surrounding Areas• Hunter’s transfer enrollees are primarily local and grouped within the five boroughs.• Transportation options might be incentive.• A large number of them are concentrated in Queens and Brooklyn.
Median Income among Transfer Enrollees in the Bronx• There appears to be a pattern between high density areas and lower income.• Transfer Enrollees appear to be more from lower income backgrounds, at least in the Bronx.• This is somewhat expected considering Hunter College offers competitive tuition as an accredited university.
Racial breakdown of Transfer Enrollees in the Bronx• We can see a large number of Blacks and Hispanics enrolling from the Bronx particularly in high density areas.• However in the South-East, there are moderate-high density areas that show high White enrollment• Hispanics seem to be the most dominant race transferring into Hunter from the Bronx.
Median Income among Transfer Enrollees in Manhattan• In Manhattan there is a connection between lower/middle class income and high transfer enrollment.• This is apparent particularly around the Lower East Side.• Most dense areas were the same as Freshmen enrollment.
Racial Composition of Transfer Enrollees in Manhattan• The most enrollee dense area in Manhattan is generally diverse with a large amount of Hispanic and Asian enrollees.
Median Income amongst Transfer Enrollees in Brooklyn• Like the Bronx there appears to be a connection between lower income and high density areas of enrollment.• South Brooklyn has the greatest number of transfer enrollees which is interesting considering Brooklyn College is near the area.
Racial Composition of Transfer Enrollees in Brooklyn• Brooklyn seems to have a very diverse pool of transfer enrollees.• There are a large amount of Asians, and Hispanics as well as blacks.• The densest areas seem to be quite diverse.
Median Income among Transfer Enrollees in Queens• Queens completed the trend for low income transfer enrollees.• We can see that those who transfer to Hunter of middle or lower class (assumption based on data, classification of middle and lower class subject to interpretation and standards)
Racial Composition of Transfer Enrollees in Queens• Queens proves incredibly diverse as well.• Many of the enrollee dense areas home large numbers of hispanics and blacks.• However the neighborhood pools remain diverse.• Perhaps this trend of diversity is a reflection of Hunter’s claim to fame as the most diverse university in America.
Number of Non-retained Students by Race 250 200 150Number Transfer 100 Freshmen 50 0 White Asian Hispanic Black Race
Number of Non-retained Students by Race• Whites had the highest number of non- retainees with 195 students leaving Hunter.• Interestingly, Asians Blacks and Hispanics were leaving Hunter in considerably lower numbers.
Non-retainee Rate by Race 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00%Percent 25.00% 20.00% Transfer Freshmen 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Black Hispanic White Asian Race
Non-Retainee Rate by Race• Black students represented the greatest proportion of non-retainees: 37%.• Hispanics followed with a 26% non-retainee rate.• Both racial groups had lower enrollments than Whites and Asians thereby superficially boosting non-retainee rates.
Non-retained Students by county 120 100Number of Students 80 60 40 Transfer Freshmen 20 0 County
Non-retained Students by County• Brooklyn had the highest number of non- retainees with over 109 students.• Queens came in second with 103 non- retainees.• It seems that as we got beyond the five boroughs and farther away, more people were retained.
Non-retainee Enrollment rate by County 35 30 25 20Percent 15 Transfer 10 Freshmen 5 0 County
Non-retainee Enrollment Rate by County• Transfer students seemed to be more prone to leaving Hunter, particularly those coming from Suffolk county.• Within the five boroughs Brooklyn had the greatest enrollment rate with 28%.• Manhattan came second in second with 27%.• Staten Islanders were least likely to leave Hunter.
Marketing to all Audiences• As the data shows, Hunter primarily draws students from Queens and Brooklyn.• In order to Diversify, Hunter may want to market to other boroughs.• Hunter may want to target it’s own host borough.• Hunter primarily gets students from lower incomes.
Minority Issue• Based on the data we can see a large gap between admission rates.• Despite a large number of Hispanic and Black applicants, White and Asian admission rates were higher.• Applicant numbers were generally uniform.• The issue could be racially internal or institutional, both merit further research.
Transfer Students• Transfer students are a big part of Hunter’s demographic.• However, transfer students seem to leave Hunter quite often.• It may aid Hunter financially to incentivize students to stay with stronger curriculums, better instruction and an all around more competitive environment.• At the same time some students may find the school too competitive.
Final Thoughts• Hunter College is extremely diverse.• It copes with an extremely high number of admitted students and must continue to accommodate.• Hunter College should continue to build appeal in order to diversify their student body.• Hunter College should cater to the 5 boroughs in order to become the local “hot” college.• This is both a financial and academic gain.• It can push out competitors like NYU.