2. What is diabetes mellitus?
o It is the most common form of diabetes caused
by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone
insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize.
What is diabetes insipidus??
o It is a rare form of diabetes caused by a
deficiency of the pituitary hormone that
causes frequent urination.
3. Symptoms of
of fluid intake and
4. Diagnostic procedures for diabetes
mellitus may include:
Diagnostic procedures for diabetes
insipidus may include:
water deprivation test (to observe if dehydration
5. To understand diabetes, it is important to first
understand the normal process by which food
is broken down and used by the body for
Since insulin is a hormone produced by the
pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes
mellitus can be caused by too little insulin,
resistance to insulin, or both.
Diabetes insipidus is caused by many
problems related to the antidiuretic hormone
or its receptor and causes frequent urination.
6. Modifying eating habits and increasing
physical activity are typically the first steps
toward reducing blood sugar levels.
Using multiple insulin injections can also help
to maintain blood sugar levels.
medications taken in pill form may be
7. Treating diabetes insipidus depends on what is
causing the disease. Specific treatment for diabetes
insipidus will be determined by your physician
your age, overall health, and medical history
extent of the disease
your tolerance for specific medications,
procedures, or therapies
expectations for the course of the disease your
opinion or preference
Treatment may include modified antidiuretic
hormone drugs administered either as injections,
pills, or intranasal spray.
8. 1) Central diabetes insipidus.
2) Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
3) Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus.
4) Gestational diabetes insipidus.
There are two different types of
diabetes mellitus .
9. The differences between this two is that
Diabetes insipidus causes kidney failure while
diabetes mellitus results from insulin
deficiency or resistance leading to high blood
Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus are
unrelated, although they can have similar
signs and symptoms, like excessive thirst and