Science versus human relations : in portrait of artist as a young man
Science versus human relations :Aldous Huxley was born in 1894 ,son of Leonard Huxley, grandson of T.H Huxley whowas an eminent biologist and his brother was also a biologist.Brave new world has achieved prosperity, community and stability. In this world art andscience, family and religion have no value .The most important thing here is bodily healthand immediate gratification. They don’t read, write, think and show love for others. Thissociety dehumanized man in such a way that he has no conscious that he is an individual(has destroyed their individuality).The society in Brave New World can only survive because it has destroyed any remnantsof human relationships and bonds. The relationships of father and mother no longer existbecause all human beings are born in a scientific lab. They feel shame in being callmother and father. e.g. when John calls Linda “Mother”, she says dont call me mother,call me Linda. Director becomes more mortified when John walks in and falls to hisknees and calls him “Father”, a word that fills him with embarrassment and all theworkers begin to laugh until the Director leaves the room. He calls John not use such“dirty language” and decides to leave his post because the shame of being a father is toogreat. The relationship between husband and wife is no longer necessary because societyshuns monogamy, and all men and women learn to share each other equally.The mass production of humans is accomplished with the Bokanovsky process. In thisprocess, human beings are genetically engineered in laboratories:”A bokanovskified eggwill bud, will proliferate, will divide. From eight to ninety-six buds, and every bud willgrow into a perfectly formed embryo, and every embryo into a full sized adult”. One ofthe threats of this genetic breeding is that no family structures exist on the reservation.Instead, humans are raised in conditioning centers. Another threat that the Bokanovskyprocess poses to society is that life is not highly valued:”Murder kills only the individualand, after all what is an individual? With a sweeping gesture he(Mr. Foster) indicated therows of microscopes, the test-tubes, the incubators. We can make a new one with thegreatest ease-as many as we like”. Human life holds no value because it can be easilyreplaced through the Bokanovsky process. Furthermore, Bokanovskys method of mass
production prevents individuality, as on the reservation, all people are cloned.In BraveNew World, ones intelligence depends on the amount of alcohol injected into theirembryo. For example, one of the lower classes in society, Epsilons, have quite a highamount of alcohol injected in the decanting process. Mental faculty, therefore, ispredestined from the moment of cloning. By creating a world where humans are massproduced, Brave New World demonstrates that advances in biology can be dangerous ifused without regard for the well being of the human race.The cost of such actions is that human beings cannot truly experience the emotions oflove. Both John and Lenina begin to feel these strong emotions over the course of thenovel, but they cannot act on these emotions in a constructive way because neither cancomprehend how to have such a relationship in their society. This society has no humanvalues, production and conditioning of embryos through various machine and techniques.Scientists grow embryos in bottles means human beings are born in plastic bottles. Theycall John, The Savage. Women have no respect .This so-called scientific and civilizedsociety have no moral values. In the World State, sex is casual, regular , andexplicit.“Every one belongs to every one else” which means when a man wants to sleepwith a woman, he publicly says, “Hey, you, let’s have sex tonight,” and she says, “OK”.Even little kids play games with each other like hunt-the-zipper and a boy who refuses toplay with a girl must go to a psychologist. Also, orgies are a required bi-weekly event.They have destroyed the marriage system.Orgy-porgy, Ford and fun,Kiss the girls and make them One.Boys at one with girls at peace;Orgy-porgy gives release.World Government uses sex as a unifying force. Modern married couples use sex tounite them in marriage much in the same way the World Government uses orgies to unitemultiple individuals in Brave new world. This absence of committed relationship createsa world without deep feelings of human affection.They see home, family life and the love of a mother with hatred look,
“And home was as squalid psychically as physically. Psychically, it was a rabbit hole, amidden, hot with the frictions of tightly packed life, reeking with emotion. Whatsuffocating intimacies, what dangerous, insane, obscene relationships between themembers of the family group! Maniacally, the mother brooded over her children (herchildren) … brooded over them like a cat over its kittens; but a cat that could talk, a catthat could say, "My baby, my baby," over and over again. "My baby, and oh, oh, at mybreast, the little hands, the hunger, and that unspeakable agonizing pleasure! Till at lastmy baby sleeps, my baby sleeps with a bubble of white milk at the corner of his mouth.My little baby sleeps …""Yes," said Mustapha Mond, nodding his head, "you may well shudder."All the people in their society are not equal. The society contains five-tiered caste systemthat ranks Alpha (Huxley uses this scientific word because alphas are the names ofradioactive particles who are heavy massed and ionizes things more strongly) and Betas(they are comparatively less stronger than Alphas)on the top. The others are Gammas(particles have no mass at all) Deltas and Epsilons. Alphas represent the intellectuallysuperior group, followed by the Betas and containing down to the Epsilons who havelittle to no intelligence. "Alpha children wear grey. They work much harder than we do, because theyre sofrightfully clever. Im awfully glad Im a Beta, because I dont work so hard. And then weare much better than the Gammas and Deltas. Gammas are stupid. They all wear green,and Delta children wear khaki. Oh no, I dont want to play with Delta children. AndEpsilons are still worse. Theyre too stupid to be able to read or write. Besides they wearblack, which is such a beastly color. Im so glad Im a Beta."(chap no 2)For these lower-caste men and women, individuality is literally impossible. As a result,built on a large foundation of identical, easily manipulated people, the society thrives.Stability lives, but individuality — the desire and or ability to be different — is dead.In Huxleys dystopia (the society in which everything is bad), the drug soma also servesto keep individuals from experiencing the stressful negative effects of conflicts that thesociety cannot prevent. Pain and stress , grief, humiliation, disappointment , representing
uniquely individual reactions to conflict still occur sometimes in the brave new world.For example when Lenina finds that John is not attending the party, she feels a newemotion:”A sense of dreadful emptiness, a breathless apprehension, a nausea”. The takingof soma loss the senses of the individual and they do not understand the sorrows, feelingsand emotions of others. This so-called scientific society, encourages everyone totake soma as a means of social control by eliminating the affects of conflict. Johns pleato the Deltas to throw away their soma, then, constitutes a cry for rebellion that goesunheeded (ignored). Somatized people do not know their own degradation. They are noteven fully conscious that they are individuals. John who knows human values cries at thedeath of his mother while Children are conditioned at hospitals for the dying and givensweets to eat when they hear of death occurring.By the end of the novel, all the efforts to free the individual from the grip of the WorldState have failed, destroyed by the power of convention induced by hypnopaedia andmob psychology. Only Helmholtz and Bernard, represent the possibility of a slight hope ,a limited freedom within the confines of a restrictive society. John is a son of conditionedwoman and grown up in unconditioned society due to this he unable to identify himself,because he wants to have a monogamous relation with his mother and Lenina, the so-called civilized society does not accept him and savage Reservation does not accept himas the child of a civilized woman. So due to the loss of identity and other reasons hecommitted suicide.To conclude that, Thomas D. Clareson points out that, ”The Brave New World ismindless... its citizens are nice tame animals”...(Huxley, DISC). The society depicted inBrave New World is to many, a frightening one have no value of human emotions,feelings and thoughts, have not moral values at all. Though, it may be more of a realitythan is presently thought. Society must ensure that science is changing to suit humanneeds, rather than changing the human race to suit science. With the increasing progressin biology, technology and psychology, this may be an impossible feat to overcome. Theworld may one day be without individuality, emotions or free thought. In Brave NewWorld, the scientific advances show to be a threat to society, where “One could of course,exist. . .” though, “... One could not-in the fullest sense of the word-live in it”.