Rohit Talwar   CANSO Global ATM Summit - June 29th 2014
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Rohit Talwar CANSO Global ATM Summit - June 29th 2014

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Keynote presentation to CEOs of global air traffic control and air navigation services agencies. Exploring forces shaping the operating environment, stakeholder expectations, customer needs and future ...

Keynote presentation to CEOs of global air traffic control and air navigation services agencies. Exploring forces shaping the operating environment, stakeholder expectations, customer needs and future strategies for air navigation agencies.

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Rohit Talwar   CANSO Global ATM Summit - June 29th 2014 Rohit Talwar CANSO Global ATM Summit - June 29th 2014 Presentation Transcript

  • The Future – What Leaders Should Know Rohit Talwar - CEO – Fast Future CANSO Global ATM Summit Dublin - June 29th 2014 rohit@fastfuture.com www.fastfuture.com
  • Contents • Presentation p. 4 • About Fast Future p. 46 • Image Sources p. 58 • Background Notes p. 63
  • What we do  Foresight Research Helping you explore and understand the roadmap of economic, business, scientific, technological, social, political and environmental trends, forces, developments and ideas shaping the future of the sector  Consulting Helping you create future strategies, business models and innovations to help respond to and create disruptive change  Speaking and Moderating Delivering keynote speeches offering inspiring insights into a changing world and how others are responding to the future  Future Leadership Programs and Events Designing high impact leadership development programs, workshops and events that encourage new thinking, bring the future to life and enable you to develop an action agenda  Business Design and Innovation Facilitating development of innovative, future proofed designs for products, services, processes and customer experiences
  • Can we Change our DNA? Play by the Rules of the Game Create a New Game
  • Our Research suggests airports need to see themselves an as ecosystem - An integrated portfolio of models Conceptual Model Infrastructure Model Revenue Model Customer Engagement Model Service Delivery Model Financing Model
  • ‘Future Proofed’ Organisations Work on 3 Horizons in Parallel 4-10+ Years Creating the Future 1-3 Years Search for Growth 1-12 Months Operational Excellence
  • Future Strategic Challenges
  • Economic and Political Uncertainty and Turbulence are the ‘New Normal’
  • Continued Global Shifts Of Influence, Wealth and Power to Emerging Markets
  • Intense Competition Strategy, ICT, Insight, Ideas, Responsiveness, Innovation, Financing, Structure, Business Models, New Entrants and Talent
  • Disruptive Innovation is the Holy Grail
  • Crowdsourcing Innovation
  • Socio-Demographic Shifts are Reshaping Society Free education is a game changer
  • Risk and Sustainability Issues Will Play a Bigger Role in Decision Making
  • Growing Cities – New Rules
  • Automation is Accelerating… ....and eliminating jobs
  • Robots are Entering the Workforce
  • New Organization and Collaboration Models
  • Embracing the Transformative Role of IT Customer Centric ‘Hive Mind’ Talent: Develop and Leverage Staff Innovate to Differentiate Re-engineer Processes
  • Technology Timeline
  • Our Technologies are Evolving From the Desktop...
  • ...to Portable and Mobile ...
  • ...to Wearable...
  • ...to Embedded...
  • ... to Grown and Grafted...
  • …and totally Connected via ‘The Internet of Everything’ “What happens when the smartest thing in the room is the room itself?” Madeleine Albright
  • An Immersive Multi-Sensory Internet is Emerging
  • Speech / gesture / image recognition, integrated analytics, knowledge management, image / video / voice mining, client self-service, intelligent documents, expertise systems, collaboration, secure email, virtual assistants, intelligent agents and collective intelligence AI is Here
  • Collective and Collaborative
  • ‘Magic’ and Science are Blurring Mapping and Uploading the Human Brain Cognitive, Genetic, Physical and Electronic Enhancement of the Human Body The biological era is emerging
  • Science is Creating New Sectors
  • ‘Big Science’ is the Battleground
  • Barbarians at the Gate
  • New Ideas are Reshaping Industries
  • Rapid Execution e.g. Superfast Construction Ark Hotel - Dongting Lake - China
  • New Paradigms Challenge Old Orthodoxies e.g. Hyperloop
  • Virtual Collaboration Novel and Adaptive Thinking Social Intelligence Trans Disciplinarity New Media Literacy Computational Thinking Design MindsetCross Cultural Competency Sense MakingCognitive Load Management
  • Assets: ‘Usership’ vs. Ownership
  • Innovation: e.g. Kickstarter.com
  • Alternative Revenue Models E.g. Auctions $5190 (£3088) $14,770 (£8791.50) $136 (£81)
  • Mindset - 3 Horizon Thinking • 12 Months • 1-3 Years • 4-10 Years
  • Management - Tackling Complexity • Customer Interface • Process • Organisation • Information / Systems • Regulatory • Human
  • …or be Consumed by them Conclusion - Step into Our Fears…
  • About Fast Future
  • • 50 key trends • 100 emerging trends • 10 major patterns of change • Key challenges and choices for leaders • Strategic decision making framework • Future Scenarios • Key futures tools and techniques Designing Your Future - Key Trends, Challenges and Choices
  • Reinventing the Airport Ecosystem • Drivers of change • Science and technology advances • Customer expectations • Innovation priorities • Strategies and business models • Surveys to test ideas and scenarios on a global audience • Models for managing tomorrows airport ecosystem • http://www.amadeus.com/airlineit/resour ces/reinventing_the_airport_ecosystem/i ndex.html?OADS=78
  • ILTA Legal Technology Future Horizons Project • Key business and legal trends and forces • Timeline of emerging technologies and IT developments with high potential legal impact • Explores IT’s transformative role in future legal business models and service differentiation • Defines strategic business and IT imperatives • 6 sponsors - combined desk research, interviews with managing partners, CIO’s, vendors, futurists and technologists, global surveys on the business applications of IT and emerging technologies • http://www.iltanet.org/Downloads/LTFH-Report.pdf • 200 emerging technology developments http://www.iltanet.org/Downloads/TechTimelineAppendixLTFH.pdf
  • Futurium - Science and Technology Transformations Shaping the World of 2050 • European Commission project • Examined 87 potential developments and trends • Clustered into 11 overarching future societal themes • Content identified through a combination of crowdsourcing via the Futurium web platform, suggestions from the EC, and ideas proposed by our team • http://ec.europa.eu/digital- agenda/futurium/ Futurium
  • ACCA / IMA – 100 Drivers of Change • Identifies 100 drivers of change impacting business and the accounting profession • Outlines future scenarios for the accounting function • Highlights strategic imperatives for business and the accounting function • ‘5 minutes on’ executive summary • Report: www.accaglobal.co.uk/en/research- insights/accountancy-futures/drivers- change.html
  • Hotels 2020 • Identifying key drivers of change for the globally branded hotel sector over the next decade • Examining the implications for:  Hotel strategy  Brand portfolio  Business models  Customer targeting  Innovation  http://www.amadeus.com/hotelit/ beyond-segmentation.html
  • • Global strategic foresight study to help the meetings industry prepare for the decade ahead - Industry-wide sponsors • Future strategies for venues, destinations and agencies Convention 2020
  • Rohit Talwar • Global futurist and founder of Fast Future Research. • Award winning speaker on future insights and strategic innovation – addressing leadership audiences in 40 countries on 5 continents • Author of Designing Your Future • Profiled by UK’s Independent Newspaper as one of the Top 10 Global Future Thinkers • Led futures research, scenario planning and strategic consultancy projects for clients in telecommunications, technology, pharmaceuticals, banking, travel and tourism, environment, food and government sectors • Clients include 3M, BBC, BT, BAe, Bayer, Chloride, DTC De Beers, DHL, EADS, Electrolux, E&Y, GE, Hoover, Hyundai, IBM, ING, Intel, KPMG, M&S, Nakheel, Nokia, Nomura, Novartis, OECD, Orange, Panasonic, Pfizer, PwC, Samsung, Shell, Siemens, Symbian, Yell , numerous international associations and governments agencies in the US, UK, Finland, Dubai, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Singapore. • To receive Fast Future’s newsletters please email rohit@fastfuture.com
  • Videos of Rohit Exploring the Future  The World in 2025 - Driving Forces, Global Challenges and Potential Disruptions (35 mins) http://vimeo.com/93302584  Anticipating 2025 - Driving forces, global challenges and potential disruptions (30 mins): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kwcLQCIfxpY  A World in Transition (60 mins): http://www.colliers.com/en-gb/uk/insights/multimedia  Future of Travel (22 mins) http://www.travelmole.tv/watch_vdo.php?id=14300  Parallel Revolutions Impacting Global Labor: Bloomberg TV Interview (4 mins): http://www.bloomberg.com/video/parallel-revolutions-impacting- global-labor-talway-T0tJZRX6TpGIxjKShTzv~w.html
  • Useful Sources • Genetic profiling - https://www.23andme.com/ • X Prize - Breakthrough innovation projects - http://www.xprize.org/ • Google brain uploading - http://digitaljournal.com/article/352787 • Brain mapping projects - http://www.technologyreview.com/news/513011/why-obamas-brain-mapping-project-matters/ • Global Future 2045 (immortality) http://2045.com/ • Human enhancement - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_enhancement • Wearable technology – Google Project Glass - http://www.google.com/glass/start/ • Emotiv Epoc Brain-Computer Interface - http://www.emotiv.com/ • AI Essay Grading Software - http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/05/science/new-test-for-computers-grading-essays-at-college- level.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 • Digital / Crypto currencies – – http://www.abc.net.au/technology/articles/2013/09/25/3855973.htm – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptocurrency – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cryptocurrencies • Autonomous cars - – http://www.engineering.com/DesignerEdge/DesignerEdgeArticles/ArticleID/6357/Tesla-Working-on-Autonomous-Car.aspx – http://www.popsci.com/cars/article/2013-09/google-self-driving-car
  • Contact Information Email rohit@fastfuture.com Phone +44 (0)7973 405145 Web http://www.fastfuture.com Twitter http://twitter.com/fastfuture Blog http://widerhorizons.wordpress.com LinkedIn http://www.linkedin.com/in/talwar Past presentations http://www.slideshare.net/fastrohit Newsletter signup http://fastfuture.com/?page_id=13 Our current charitable campaigns: Charlotte Talwar's fundraising project to build a new toilet block for Sunrise School Ghana http://www.gofundme.com/7gaxho Street Kids International - Helping Street-Active Youth In Ghana Start Businesses https://www.globalgiving.co.uk/projects/help-street-active-youth-in-ghana-start-businesses
  • Image Sources
  • Image Sources p.1 Page: 1. Left, right: http://etherealisation.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/band-of-brothers-269x300.jpg http://www.mondolithic.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/The-Watchmen.jpg http://astrodynamics.net/wp/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/holographic-universe1.jpg 3. http://lifecoachonthego.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Woman-Ladder-Binoculars-300x200.jpg 4. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-EJhAZaiyA8E/TfRRHfKzDMI/AAAAAAAAAGo/JmTQLz1z0xc/s320/6a00d8341c65c453ef010536d4981b970c-800wi.jpg 5. http://www.iata.org/publications/ceo-brief/oct-2013/PublishingImages/commercial-airline-profitability.png 6. http://www.amadeus.com/airlineit/resources/reinventing_the_airport_ecosystem/img/amadeus-reinventing-the-airport-ecosystem-2012-en-infographic.jpg 7. Left, right: http://www.siliconrepublic.com/fs/img/news/201212/rs-426x288/big-data.jpg http://www.kgwings.com/hawkeye/hawkeye05.jpg 8. http://www.energyenhancement.org/hercules.jpg 9. Left, right: http://img.timeinc.net/time/magazine/archive/covers/2009/1101091207_400.jpg http://tctechcrunch2011.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/bitcoin.png%3Fw%3D640 10. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/Map_of_emerging_markets.JPG 11. http://www.geekbinge.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/GoT-4.3-Thenns-620x330.jpg 12. http://www.instablogsimages.com/1/2011/10/03/bmw_autonomous_car_dtcci.jpg 13. Clockwise: http://www.robotspodcast.com/images/DarpaUAVFoursome.jpg http://www.wired.com/wiredenterprise/wp-content/uploads//2012/08/android-phonestat.jpg http://www.southernstars.com/skycube/satellite.html http://www.suasnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/UAVForge.jpg 14. Left, right: http://inclusionparadox.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/Multi-generational_Latino.jpg http://discoverwebsbest.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/khan-academy.jpg
  • Image Sources p.2 15. http://www.wallpaperex.com/wallpapers/green_environmental_issues_mac_wallpapers_hd_634101_jpeg-wide.jpg 16. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_Y_VW1n5Z54A/TBf0sjq-etI/AAAAAAAACXM/J_wOQ9kRtug/s1600/MEGACITIES_2310.gif 17. http://infocult.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/employee-of-the-month.jpg 18. Clockwise: http://images.techtimes.com/data/images/full/8770/pepper.jpg?w=600 http://cdn.visualnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/robot-restaurant-56-600x370.jpg http://res.img.ifeng.com/2012/0625/wm_5576a382827c4d8515157b8c52200644.jpg 19. http://www.careercapitalist.com/.a/6a00d8345275cf69e201a3fca52fe1970b-450wi 20. http://www.svet.rs/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/roboti.jpg 21. Clockwise: http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/fe/1a/f4/fe1af47f31e8002cc988b913944d90b2.jpg http://i.kinja-img.com/gawker-media/image/upload/s--rMZwgTy7--/18kxdi8an8yyzjpg.jpg http://legalfutures.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/litigation_process_flow_re-engineering1.jpg http://images.sciencedaily.com/2009/07/090727140349-large.jpg 23. http://wp.streetwise.co/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/10_DesktopComputer.jpeg 24. Clockwise: http://quietfurybooks.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/original-cell-phone.jpg http://blogs.cio.com/sites/cio.com/files/u7727/Smartphones.jpg http://images.thenews.com.pk/updates_pics/apple-unviels-ipad-air_10-22-2013_123439_l.jpg 25. Clockwise: http://cdn2.ubergizmo.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Google_Glass_features_in_flux.jpeg http://cdn-static.cnet.co.uk/i/c/blg/cat/mobiles/samsung-gear-myvouchercodes.jpeg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-StC2ZrWjsfE/T-PV9BO5xsI/AAAAAAAACII/8-DlVgXSrUY/s1600/fuelband3.jpg
  • Image Sources p.3 27. http://www.mondolithic.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/You-Are-Only-Coming-Through-In-Waves.jpg 28. http://smartdesignworldwide.com/thinking/wp-content/uploads/internetofthings_480x324_final.jpg 29. http://www.telecom-cloud.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Immersive-Media-Paradigm.jpg 30. http://overthemoonscifi.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/brain-mind.jpeg 31. http://michalryjak.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/applying-collaborative-innovation-to-design-thinking.jpg 32. Top, bottom: http://www.newsyaps.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/digital-brain.jpg http://www.pakalertpress.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Transhuman-Symbolism-in-Prometheus.png 33. Clockwise: http://assets.dornob.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/growing-livign-tree-house-design.jpg http://www.printedelectronicsworld.com/images/v5/articles/820x615/main3149.jpg http://www.rumormillnews.com/pix5/nbic8.jpg http://crnano.org/srg-iii-pov-animation2.gif http://www.midwich.com/common/userfiles/midwich/cube-cubeX.png 34. http://cdn.ientry.com/sites/webpronews/article_pics/avatar2045.jpg 35. http://www.daz3d.com/media/catalog/product/cache/1/image/9df78eab33525d08d6e5fb8d27136e95/f/r/frost-giants-8.jpg 36. http://blog.ocad.ca/wordpress/envr4c03-fw2011-01/files/2011/09/vertical-farm-seatle-01.jpg 37. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2083883/Ark-Hotel-construction-Chinese-built-30-storey-hotel-scratch-15-days.html 38. http://s3files.core77.com/blog/images/2013/05/high-speed-tube-01.jpg 39. http://www.iftf.org/uploads/media/IFTF_FutureWorkSkillsSummary_01.gif 40. Left, right: http://3008docklands.com.au/article/neighbourhood/1490 http://www.answers.com/topic/cloud-computing
  • Image Sources p.4 41. Top, bottom: http://assets.sbnation.com/assets/828858/kickstarter-project-goal-800.jpeg http://www.theverge.com/2011/12/20/2644358/kickstarter-success-product-development-revolution 43. http://www.visualphotos.com/photo/2x4524045/businesswoman_on_ladder_looking_through_binoculars_bld005521.jpg 44. http://infolific.com/images/fun/metaphor-for-complexity.gif 45. http://img4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20120605015933/gameofthrones/images/thumb/c/c7/White_Walker_2x10.jpg/500px-White_Walker_2x10.jpg
  • Background Notes
  • Technology Transforming Air Traffic Management • For years air traffic control has been dependant on the skill and ability of the person doing the controlling. It is only relatively recently that that expertise has become increasingly married to better and better technological tools. • Technology isn’t replacing the need for air traffic controllers, but it is changing the nature of their job. From a mainly manual operation, controlling is now much more about making planned decisions supported by technological tools. • iFacts is a software developed by NATS that allows them to handle more traffic comfortably and safely. iFACTS enables controllers to look up to 18 minutes into the future, with this ‘look-ahead’ capability enabling them to test the viability of various options available for manoeuvring aircraft, as well as providing more time to make decisions. Source: NATS Blog, 26/07/13: http://nats.aero/blog/2013/07/how-technology-is-transforming-air-traffic-management/
  • iFACTS • iFACTS is a software that takes some of the complex manual calculations out of air traffic control. • It is based on Trajectory Prediction and Medium Term Conflict Detection, provides decision-making support and helps controllers manage their routine workload, increasing the amount of traffic they can handle. • iFACTS uses data from both aircraft and Nats itself to calculate flight paths, ascent and descent details. The software can also identify potential collisions, working around 18 minutes ahead of real time, and spot any unexpected behaviour by individual aircraft, highlighting potentially dangerous situations in the sky. Source: BBC, 5/02/13: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-21195765
  • iFACTS • From an operational point of view, iFACTS enhances safety and through early detection of conflicts between flights and helps reduce aircraft fuel burn and emissions by giving more precise routes. • In 2012 it delivered an average 15% increase in airspace capacity in the UK, with some airspace sectors growing as high as 40% without increasing the number of operational staff or redesigning the air routes. • NATS was given an award from the Royal Institute for Navigation in recognition of what iFACTS has helped us achieve – Source: NATS Blog, 26/07/13: http://nats.aero/blog/2013/07/how-technology-is-transforming-air-traffic-management/
  • NASA's vision for aeronautics http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/new_global_aviation_graphic_v2.jpg
  • NASA’s Vision for Transforming Global Aviation • NASA’s new vision embraces a future where global trends combine with emerging technologies to transform flight around the world into something unimagined today. • NASA's contributions to aviation are expected to be even more relevant as ongoing research leads to new aircraft, improved mobility and safety, less strain on the environment, and an all-around better experience in the sky. • In crafting the new vision, NASA planners began by trying to understand what trends are taking place around the world that might relate to aviation, concentrating on economics, technology and the environment. Source: NASA, 14/08/13: http://www.nasa.gov/aero/strategic_vision/#.U60uH_ldXQg
  • NASA’s Vision for Transforming Global Aviation • One key trend is the rapid economic growth in the Asia Pacific region. The growth of the middle class and cities will lead to many people willing to fly like everyone else in the world and to buy more of the goods that come from around the globe. • Other trends include the quickening pace at which revolutionary technology is invented and then widely adopted, as well as the ongoing environmental concerns related to the climate and availability of energy sources. • Informed by these emerging global trends, NASA identified three "mega-drivers" that are expected to shape the future look of aviation within the next 20 to 40 years. Source: NASA, 14/08/13: http://www.nasa.gov/aero/strategic_vision/#.U60uH_ldXQg
  • NASA’s Vision for Transforming Global Aviation • The first mega-driver relates to the expected growth in demand for all air services across the planet. How must aviation change so it can fly enough to meet the worldwide demand every day, routinely and safely? • The second mega-driver deals with global climate issues, resources and energy. How can aviation's impact on the environment be lessened? And are plentiful but significantly less expensive sources of energy available? • The third mega-driver involves incorporating new technology into aviation. How can the aviation community best take advantage of the incredible advances being made in areas not usually tied to aeronautics, such as power storage and robotics? Source: NASA, 14/08/13: http://www.nasa.gov/aero/strategic_vision/#.U60uH_ldXQg
  • NASA’s Vision for Transforming Global Aviation • Thrusters Ahead: • Six areas of research to prioritize: • Safe, efficient growth in global operations that will enable full deployment of the Next Generation Air Transportation System in the United States by 2035 and develop technologies to substantially reduce aircraft safety risks. • Innovation in commercial supersonic aircraft that will provide data for a low level sonic boom standard that could lead to permission for supersonic flight over land. • Ultra-efficient commercial vehicles that will pioneer technologies for big leaps in efficiency and environmental performance. Source: NASA, 14/08/13: http://www.nasa.gov/aero/strategic_vision/#.U60uH_ldXQg
  • NASA’s Vision for Transforming Global Aviation • Transition to low-carbon propulsion that gives industry more information about drop-in alternative fuels (i.e., can be used in existing aircraft without changing systems), and pioneer low-carbon propulsion technology. • Real-time, system-wide safety assurance in which tools are developed for use in creating a prototype of an integrated safety monitoring and assurance system that can detect, predict and prevent safety problems in real time. • Assured autonomy for aviation transformation that will enable the utilization of higher levels of automation and autonomy across the aviation system. Source: NASA, 14/08/13: http://www.nasa.gov/aero/strategic_vision/#.U60uH_ldXQg
  • Boeing's Advanced Vehicle Concept • The concept centers around the familiar blended wing body design like the X-48. • What makes this design different is the placement of the Pratt & Whitney geared turbofan engines on the top of the plane's back end, flanked by two vertical tails to shield people on the ground from engine noise. • The design also uses other technologies to reduce noise and drag, and long-span wings to improve fuel efficiency. Source: Space.com: 19/07/12: http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • The concept proposes a box wing design, which is now feasible thanks to modern lightweight composite (nonmetallic) materials, landing gear technologies and other advancements. Lockheed Martin's Advanced Vehicle Concept Source: Space.com: 19/07/12: http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • Northrop Grumman's concept is based on the extremely aerodynamic "flying wing" design. The four Rolls Royce engines are embedded in the upper surface of the wing to achieve maximum noise shielding. Northrop Grumman's concept Source: Space.com: 19/07/12: http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • This is a computer-generated image showing a possible future "flying wing" aircraft, very efficiently and quietly in flight over populated areas. Developed by Northrop Grumman, it would most likely carry cargo at first and then also carry passengers. Source: Space.com: 19/07/12: http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • Future Subsonic Aircraft – D8 • D8 is designed for efficiency and has a very wide fuselage to provide extra lift and low-swept wings to reduce drag and weight. It is being developed by MIT, a subscale model was tested in MIT’s wind tunnel in 2012. • The model has a very wide fuselage for extra lift, low-swept wings for reduced drag and weight, and engines above the fuselage for noise shielding. Source: Space.com: 19/07/12: http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • This future aircraft design concept for supersonic flight was developed by Lockheed Martin. The team used simulation tools to show it was possible to achieve over-land flight by dramatically lowering the level of sonic booms through the use of an "inverted-V" engine-under wing configuration. Green Supersonic Machine Source: Space.com: 19/07/12: http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • Icon-II" future aircraft design concept for supersonic flight over land developed by The Boeing Company. Source: Space.com: 19/07/12: http://www.space.com/14438-photos-future-airplanes-nasa-21st-century-aircraft.html
  • Solar Impulse 2 • Solar Impulse 2 is is designed to stay aloft for several days straight in order to allow its pilots to take it across the Pacific. To manage that feat, its designers have built a giant glider with a wingspan greater than a 747's but weighing only as much as about a dozen of the jet's wheels. • Every horizontal surface on the aircraft is covered with solar panels, and over a quarter of its weight is accounted for by batteries that will keep its propellers turning overnight. • The first flight only took two hours, and it took Solar Impulse 2 to an altitude of 1.6 km (about a mile) and a maximum speed of 55 km/hour (35mph). Future flights will be longer and undoubtedly build up to round-the-clock test flights. The flights will be based out of Payerne, Switzerland, near the city of Lausanne on Lake Geneva Source: ArsTechnica, 06/06/14: http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/06/around-the-world-solar-aircraft-takes-maiden-voyage/
  • http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/06/around-the-world-solar-aircraft-takes-maiden-voyage /
  • The Future of Unmanned Flight • Thee Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) says that unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) will create $82 billion in economic impact over the 10-year span from 2015 to 2025. • Some avionics companies have already created Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) control, guidance and navigation micro-avionics systems that can fit into often small, lighter-than 5-pound systems. • The use of UAS has already expanded beyond Border Patrol and military drone strikes. For example, researchers at the University of Virginia employ UAV sensors that can comb the air for pathogen spores and even detect concentrations for substances like anthrax via in-flight micro- chemical lab processes. Source: Aviation Today, 22/04/14: http://www.aviationtoday.com/av/issue/cover/The-Future-of-Unmanned-Flight_81910.html#.U61Sm_ldXQg
  • The Future of Unmanned Flight • Brad Hayden, the former Vice President of marketing at Aspen Avionics and now Director of Robotic Skies says ‘’ “In my mind, the future of flight is really going to be rooted in the integration of the emerging commercial drone market and the current aviation support infrastructure’’. • Developments in GPS, camera and accelerometer products, driven by smart phone market growth, mean the technology is ready to cash-in on those AUVSI numbers, but the FAA has not released safety standards and requirements for UAS.’’ • Regulation is clearly holding back the commercialization of UAS. Projections suggest that industry sales from 2014 onward will total to $89 billion by 2023, yet the U.S. has not even entered that market commercially. Source: Aviation Today, 22/04/14: http://www.aviationtoday.com/av/issue/cover/The-Future-of-Unmanned-Flight_81910.html#.U61Sm_ldXQg
  • The Future of Air Traffic Management • ‘’For the last 80 years, the world’s air traffic controllers have been safely guiding our flights through the skies using some fairly familiar tools – radar, radios and little strips of paper to keep track of the flights. The job is a complex and stressful one. It requires the controller to think in three dimensions of space and keep track of aircraft carrying hundreds of people, moving very fast and often in crowded airspace. But over the last few years, there has been a steady evolution in the way we think about air traffic control. And it is allowing more capacity into the airspace, with even safer operations and reduced fuel use.’’ Paul Steele, Executive Director, Air Transport Action Group Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • The Future of Air Traffic Management • Since the aviation industry started in the 1930s, the introduction of any new technology or operational procedure has been undertaken in a very systematic way and often quite slowly with safety being the primary consideration. • The industry is now flying jets produced in the 21century along routes that were in some cases defined by the placement of radar stations in the 1940s and 50s which is leading to capacity constraints and inefficient aircraft operations. • Around the world, technology, collaboration and innovative new concepts are leading to a shift away from air traffic ‘control’ to air traffic ‘management’. The aircraft – and the people that fly them – are being given more decision-making authority over the speed and exact route of their flight than before. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • The Future of Air Traffic Management • Improving aviation efficiency is no longer an option but an environmental and business necessity. • Air traffic management (ATM) plays an important role in helping the aviation industry reduce carbon emissions and save fuel which accounts for over one third of the operational costs for the world’s airlines. • And while new aircraft are becoming ever quieter than their predecessors, new techniques in air traffic management are also allowing for less of a noise impact on the communities around airports. • Air traffic management and planning are not areas in which the industry can act alone. With issues of airspace sovereignty and military restricted airspace, not to mention the fact that most air navigation service providers are state-owned, governments must also play a key role in this evolution. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • The Future of Air Traffic Management • Much of the real change can only occur when the institutional arrangements that govern air traffic control are reformed. Current governance restrictions and regulatory capabilities are holding back the ability for air navigation service providers to respond to change. • CANSO estimates that the current air traffic system is operating at 92% to 94% efficiency, on an average global basis (with some significant regional variations). They have set a goal to reach 95% to 98% efficiency by 2050. • While it appears we are close to the goal now, it must be remembered that each year’s growth in air traffic can add to the inefficiency, thus making efficiency gains harder to reach. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • Airways New Zealand – Collaborative Flow Management • Airways New Zealand has been using Collaborative Flow Management (CFM) to manage aircraft arrivals at its key international airports. CFM in New Zealand uses ground delays to manage terminal area congestion at the destination airport, similar to the US and Europe. • By using the flow management process, aircraft do not leave the departure airport until they have been given an exact time of arrival at the destination airport, therefore allowing flight at the optimum speed and no need to hold before landing. • The difference is that in New Zealand the calculated arrival times are used throughout the flight. These times are transmitted to aircraft operating companies between two and three hours prior to departure. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • Airways New Zealand – Collaborative Flow Management • The Controlled Time Of Takeoff and Controlled Time of Arrival are established through an online ‘reservation’ system based on the latest flight plan information as modelled by the ATM system and the declared capacity for the destination airport, as determined by the ANSP. • The airline operations team can manipulate their fleet times to prioritise or optimise the management of their network but cannot manipulate other flights without mutual agreement between the operating companies and approval of the CFM coordinator. • The optimised departure times are provided to aircrew by their flight operations team using cockpit communications system or pre-departure messages no later than 25 minutes prior to departure but these can be modified and updated prior to take-off. Once the flights are airborne, the aircrew is required to conform as closely as possible to the filed flight plan. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • Airways New Zealand – Collaborative Flow Management • If it were a country, the aviation sector alone would be the 19th largest economy in the world, around the same size as Switzerland. The jobs the sector provides are 3.5 times more productive than average jobs in the economy. • Aviation also helps drive high-tech manufacturing, high-value produce and service industries such as tourism – are areas that will continue to provide the stimulus for economic development around the world. • Oxford Economics forecast that by 2030, over 82 million jobs and $6.9 trillion in economic activity would be supported by air transport, based on current growth rates. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • Airways New Zealand – Collaborative Flow Management • It is expected that by 2030 the number of flights will almost double to 48.7 million, up from 26 million in 2012. Passengers will also be travelling further. In 2010, over 4.8 trillion passenger kilometres were flown by airlines (one passenger flying one kilometre is a ‘passenger kilometre’). By 2030, forecasts suggest that 13.5 trillion passenger kilometres will be flown but the airspace is not getting bigger. • In Europe and North America, congestion has already been causing constraints to growth for a number of years. One of the causes is the need to keep aircraft at sufficiently safe distances from one another due to the lack of accuracy of legacy air navigation technology. • The system is very safe, but it is not as efficient as it could be. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • Airways New Zealand – Collaborative Flow Management • Unlike the improvement projects in the United States or Europe, in Asia there is no overarching legislative framework. However, there is a clear vision emerging for a Seamless Asian Sky. • This foresees not a single sky as in Europe, but a system of information exchange and coordination between air navigation service providers, which would allow for far greater efficiency. • Capacity planning on the ground is also a crucial part of the system. Runways and airport congestion can lead to delays in the air as well as on the ground and sufficient planning for new infrastructure is vital. China is leading the way, with 82 airports scheduled for construction between 2011 and 2015 alone. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • Airways New Zealand – Collaborative Flow Management • Incentives to reduce CO2 emissions and fuel consumption have led to a series of aggressive cross industry targets: 1) To improve fleet fuel efficiency by 1.5% per annum between 2009 and 2020. 2) To stabilise net CO2emissions from aviation from 2020 through carbon neutral growth 3) To reduce net CO2emissions from aviation by half by 2050, as compared with 2005. Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • Expected savings per year if air traffic management systems and technology on board aircraft were optimised Source: ATAG (2012), Revolutionizing Air Traffic Management, Practical steps to accelerate airspace efficiency in your region: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/Revolutionising%20ATM_FINAL_WEB%20RES.pdf
  • Automatic Dependant Surveillance Broadcast • ADS-B is a satellite-based technology enabling aircraft to be accurately tracked twice every second by air traffic controllers, and other pilots, without the need for conventional radar. • ADS-B increase safety and efficiency particularly in non-radar airspace. Air traffic controllers will be able to provide pilots with radar-like separations resulting in more aircraft being able to use preferred flight routes. The technology also offers improved access to flight levels with more efficient diversions around bad weather and restricted areas. • ADS-B has been strongly supported by the aviation industry. It is environmentally friendly and will help airlines save fuel. • ADS-B in Australia – Australia has a network of 61 ADS-B ground stations across Australia which provides continent-wide air traffic control surveillance. Over the next three years Airservices will install a further 15 ADS-B ground stations to provide additional surveillance coverage at lower altitudes and extend higher level coverage offshore. Source: Airservices, 28/05/14: http://newsroom.airservicesaustralia.com/releases/new-air-traffic-control-technology-improving-safety
  • ADS-B – Security Threats • Computer scientist Andrei Costin gave a talk at the Black Hat security conference in Las Vegas in 2012 suggesting that ADS-B, which is replacing old radar systems, can be hacked. • Planes cannot be forced from the sky or dangerously redirected. But the researcher says the system can be tricked into seeing aircraft that are not actually there. Messages sent using the system are not encrypted or authenticated, meaning anyone with the basic technology and know- how could identify a plane and see its location. • The traditional radars work by sending a signal that triggers an aircraft's responder to send back its position. The new system uses the global satellite navigation system to continuously broadcast the locations of planes. The information is sent to other aircraft and ground stations; the ground station sends the location to air traffic controllers. Source: CNN, 26/07/12: http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/26/tech/web/air-traffic-control-security/
  • ADS-B – Security Threats • The new system will open up this flight information to a new player: the general public. • According to Costin, the chance of these security holes being exploited for terrorism is unlikely, but he says they still have the potential to be used by pranksters, paparazzi and military intelligence organizations interested in tracking private aircraft or confusing air traffic control systems on the ground. • In a statement, the Federal Aviation Administration said it already has a process in place for addressing potential threats to the system, and it does conduct ongoing assessments of vulnerabilities. Source: CNN, 26/07/12: http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/26/tech/web/air-traffic-control-security/
  • NextGen • NextGen is a multi-year, multi-billion-dollar tracking system that incorporates satellite navigation technology similar to what's now available in cars and on smartphones. • It is intended to replace the traditional radar-based national air traffic control system developed after World War II. The FAA hopes to complete the new system by 2025. • By tracking the position and speed of aircraft more precisely than radar, the system will safely allow less time and space between takeoffs and landings, minimizing chain-reaction type delays, and increasing the number of movements at any given airport. • The accompanying reduction in fuel consumption by reducing the time planes spend circling at airports or idling on taxiways could save money and reduce countless tons of harmful emissions. • However, the cost of the system is astronomical, with estimates ranging from $40 to $160 billion (in the US). Source: Nj.com, 11/03/14:
  • Air Traffic Flow Management • Balancing airport and airspace capacity and demand with ATFM (air traffic flow management) provides a wide range of benefits such as reducing airborne holding, fuel burn and emissions and ensures equitable use of resources. • Airbus ProSky’s ATFM solution, Harmony, enables stakeholders to strategically, pre-tactically and tactically balance demand with available capacity for improved performance and common situational awareness in all phases of flight. Harmony includes collaborative decision making (CDM) capabilities for stakeholders to proactively manage operations to utilise available capacity through data sharing and advanced slot substitution capabilities. Source: Air Traffic Technology International 2014: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/pages.pdf
  • Performance-Based Navigation • Airbus ProSky offers turnkey solutions for deployment of performance-based navigation (PBN) solutions for aircraft operators, airports and aviation authorities worldwide. • PBN is helping the aviation industry save fuel, participate in eco-efficient developments, reduce aircraft noise and operate in all weather conditions, even at the most complex airports worldwide. Source: Air Traffic Technology International 2014: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/pages.pdf
  • Exact landing interference simulation environment • ELISE is a software solution based on advanced technologies that model all objects in close proximity to airports in order to analyse the impact to instrument landing system (ILS) antenna signals. • It can accurately predict and analyse disturbances caused by objects, allowing for improved airport safety. It can be used for existing operational analysis, as well as to study the impact of proposed temporary or permanent structures near the airport. • Operational benefits of ELISE also include increased runway capacity in low visibility conditions and airside land usage. Source: Air Traffic Technology International 2014: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/pages.pdf
  • Airport CDM • Airports are the nodes of the air transport network; consequently, they face the highest traffic density of the entire system. The runway, taxiway and apron areas of high-traffic airports worldwide are regarded as the main bottlenecks in the ATM system. • Airport CDM (A-CDM) improves the overall efficiency, predictability and punctuality of airport operations and improves overall network efficiency by improving ATFM departure compliance. By including all stakeholders in the process through information sharing and active control based on local and network constraints, A-CDM contributes to reduced buffer times for resource planning and reduced flight times due to enhanced predictability by expanding the quality of information on which decisions are made. A-CDM supports the best use of the available capacity and critical airport resources. Source: Air Traffic Technology International 2014: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/pages.pdf
  • Unmanned Aircraft • Civil and military unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) currently face airspace restrictions. • How do unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAV) gain safe, secure and efficient integration into non-segregated airspace and aerodromes? • A necessary safety aspect is the introduction of UAS into ‘high reliability’ ATC systems which include ground- based ATC, policies and designs of airspace, collision avoidance ground/airborne equipment, and aircrew see- and-avoid. • A very useful recent document is the FAA’s framework for integrating UAS into future ATC. s. The Concept excludes any integration of small UAVs that operate by ‘visual line of sight’ of the UAS ground control staff into civil (manned) transport traffic. The thrust of the main UAS Concept is ensuring that UAS operations are ‘lookalike’ versions of civil IFR-based operations as far as technically possible. t UAVs must comply with existing, adapted and/or new operating rules or procedures; not require new classes or types of airspace; file and fly IFR flight plans; and comply with ATC separation minima in controlled airspace. Source: Air Traffic Technology International 2014: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/pages.pdf
  • Critical Issues in Air Traffic Control • To move towards harmonised airspace and away from the present fragmented nature of ATC provision, CANSO is working towards achieving seamless airspace globally. In the future it should not matter where an aircraft is; it should operate to harmonised procedures and adopt the optimum route in terms of time and efficiency. • The biggest hurdle towards this is the States themselves and their desire to retain full control of everything in their airspace. • Moving beyond sovereignty - Jeff Poole, CANSO’s director general, says that although governments have sovereignty over their air space, they need to recognize that they don’t need to manage it themselves strictly in accordance with their national boundaries. Source: Air Traffic Technology International 2014: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/pages.pdf
  • Critical Issues in Air Traffic Control • The one thing they can do is work together so that national geographical boundaries don’t remain boundaries in the sky and barriers to progress. Aircrafts should be able to fly freely across a region’s airspace. • Although some progress is being made, the biggest issues remain at governmental and regulatory levels. • CANSO has been working through ICAO on a global air traffic navigation plan. Part of it are agreements on technology and operational upgrades that can be made at the national and regional level by governments. • Operational and technical issues lead to safety which is the industry number one priority although safety should not be taken as an excuse by people who don’t want to embrace change. Source: Air Traffic Technology International 2014: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/pages.pdf
  • Critical Issues in Air Traffic Control • To improve safety, ANSPs have increasingly focused on safety-management systems. CANSO has been taking a lead role in offering guidance to support the implementation of new systems that are consistent with regional regulatory frameworks. • An increase in the use of performance-based navigation is expected, which will enables aircraft to fly more precisely defined paths without relying, as they have in the past, on ground-based navigation systems. Source: Air Traffic Technology International 2014: file:///C:/Users/Iva/Downloads/pages.pdf
  • Express Skyways • What if the skies were stitched into one seamless blanket? • Airbus vision - Aircraft could navigate more directly and thus more quickly, efficiently and safely from Point A to Point B through optimal gate-to-gate flight paths or express flyways. • Huge efficiencies would come from flying less track miles through optimal "gate-to-gate" flight paths. • On an Airbus test flight from Brussels to Stockholm, a 20-minute gain meant fuel savings of 725 kg., in turn reducing CO2 emissions by 2,283 kg. • A generation of intelligent aircraft could use 4D navigation capability to self-select the most efficient route, making optimum use of prevailing weather, atmospheric conditions and each other. Source: Airbus: http://www.airbus.com/innovation/future-by-airbus/smarter-skies/aircraft-in-free-flight-and-formation-along-express-skyways/
  • Express Skyways • Trailing planes can effectively "surf" on the energy coming from the wing tip vortices of the preceding aircraft. This reduces drag, which increases fuel efficiency and minimises engine emissions. • Airbus already is looking into cooperative flight scheduling and conducting research into aircraft stability and control. In parallel, a new breed of sensors able to detect the wake of the previous aircraft and rapid state changes must be developed. • Avionic technologies already make this possible in principle. Lightweight remote sensing equipment such as LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) and Infrared cameras allow aircraft to detect the wake vortex – which is the turbulence produced by an aircraft in flight – of those ahead. • For aircraft to autonomously keep station, they will need to communicate with each other. High-speed, real-time computation, communication and coordination would take inputs from all sources in the air and on the ground. High bandwidth telecommunications would cope with the increase in data being transferred around the network. Source: Airbus: http://www.airbus.com/innovation/future-by-airbus/smarter-skies/aircraft-in-free-flight-and-formation-along-express-skyways/
  • A New Way to Fly • In the past, air travel has mainly focussed on getting people to their destination in the safest and fastest way possible. In the future, however, travelling could be an entirely different experience – integrating different stages of the journey or possibly changing how passengers pay, and making the excursion so enjoyable that passengers may want a trip to last even longer. • Perhaps taking a plane could become as simple as taking public transportation – using the same style of boarding platforms as for a metro or underground city train. • In another scenario, passengers could be pre-seated in cabin pods before the plane actually arrives, ready for integration on the aircraft, saving time and making processing much simpler. Source: Airbus: http://www.airbus.com/innovation/future-by-airbus/a-whole-new-way-to-fly/
  • A New Way to Fly In the future, instead of operating dozens of separate flights, perhaps airlines could have giant aircraft carriers. Smaller aircraft could dock on them for most of the journey – perhaps using vertical take-off and landing techniques – then be deployed on more localised shuttle service at either end of the trip. Source: Airbus: http://www.airbus.com/innovation/future-by-airbus/a-whole-new-way-to-fly/
  • SESAR • The Single European Sky ATM Research program aims at developing air traffic management system capable of ensuring the safety and flow of air transport worldwide over the next 30 years. It is composed of three phases: • Definition phase – expected to prepare the ATM master plan for defining the content, the development and deployment plans of the next generation of ATM systems. • Development phase – expected to produce a new generation of technological systems • Deployment phase – expected to seek to build the new infrastructure at a wide scale both in Europe and in partner countries. This will be carried out under the responsibility of the industry without further public funding. Source: European Commission: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/air/sesar/index_en.htm
  • http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/air/sesar/index_en.htm
  • Satellite Innovation: Micro- Satellites and Nano-satellites • According to Euroconsult, most small satellites are built for government clients including the academic world. “Over three quarters of the 352 small satellites launched and to be launched are requested by the civilian and military agencies of various governments around the world,” says Villain. “When small satellites built by academic institutions are added, the total grows to 91 percent with only 9 percent left for commercial companies.” • As to where demand is coming from, in 2011 the United States is the dominant force in this sector, with a 30 percent share due to high-demand from NASA and the Department of Defence (DoD). Europe enjoys a 25 percent share, while Asia follows suit with 22 percent thanks to activity in China and Japan. Russia has a 13 percent share of the market, while the Middle East and Africa (MENA) tops 9 percent and the rest of the world follows with 5 percent. Source: http://www.satellitetoday.com/via/features/The-Bright-Future-of-Small-Satellite-Technology_37150.html
  • Satellite Innovation: Micro- Satellites and Nano-satellites • There are certain applications that seem commonly well suited to small satellites: in-orbit technology demonstration and testing; Earth observation; and space science. Together, these three examples dominate 80 percent of the application environment, portraying a clear indication of an increasing number of countries entering space. • Traditionally, satellite manufacturing has been the domain of a handful of large aerospace companies from technologically advanced countries and regions such as the United States and Europe. Small satellites, however, are bringing about major changes to this world order, as an increasing number of developing countries are entering the space sector Source: http://www.satellitetoday.com/via/features/The-Bright-Future-of-Small-Satellite-Technology_37150.html
  • Satellite Innovation: Micro- Satellites and Nano-satellites • growth area is that of very small satellites — nanosats and cubesats. While the capability of these satellites is still generally below what is needed for most operational missions, they can be implemented at an extremely low-cost and are becoming widespread for educational missions • More satellite mission types are being developed to provide support to valuable applications, opening opportunities for instrument builders, subsystem suppliers and other supply chain elements. • Launch costs, debris creation and competition from hosted payloads applications, are costs to be considered across the whole satellite value chain. Cost-effective launches remain important, as small satellites are still penalised in comparison to larger platforms when it comes to launch costs per kilogram of mass. Source: http://www.satellitetoday.com/via/features/The-Bright-Future-of-Small-Satellite-Technology_37150.html
  • Satellite Innovation: Micro- Satellites and Nano-satellites • There is a trend in imaging missions is the ever increasing demand for very high resolution data which is in demand • There is also a trend of small satellites moving into other areas which have been the domain of larger satellites until recently, for example, radar missions can now be supported through small satellite solutions such as the SSTL NovaSAR (synthetic aperture radar) system. • Smaller and cheaper satellites continued to be pioneered, reducing entry costs and allowing the public to be engaged in the production and use of satellites. Examples include the N-Prize for a citizen team developing a nano-satellite (nothing has yet been achieved), PhoneSat and SkyCube Source: http://www.satellitetoday.com/via/features/The-Bright-Future-of-Small-Satellite-Technology_37150.html
  • PhoneSat http://www.wired.com/wiredenterprise/wp-content/uploads//2012/08/android-phonestat.jpg
  • PhoneSat • Project by NASA’s Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley • Aims to lower the cost of building space satellites to the point where anyone with space ambitions could launch a satellite • PhoneSat 1.0 – costs about $3,500 to build. – It’s a coffee-cup-sized cube designed to withstand cosmic radiation, – contains an HTC Nexus One phone running the Android operating system, an external radio beacon, external batteries, and a circuit that will reboot the phone if it stops transmitting data — all off-the-shelf commercial parts. – anyone can write software for it from home • PhoneSats 2.0, will use newer Samsung Nexus S phone (launch June 2013) Source: http://www.satellitetoday.com/via/features/The-Bright-Future-of-Small-Satellite-Technology_37150.html
  • SkyCube http://www.dzgn.co/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/DZGN-SkyCube-by-Southern-Stars-1.jpg
  • SkyCube • Made by Southern Stars, makers of astronomy apps for iOS and Android. • The plan is to launch a cube satellite from a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket in 2013. • Backers of the project will be able to broadcast their own messages from the satellite, as well as request photos from the satellite using mobile apps. The project has raised nearly $70,000 of its $82,500 goal in August 2012 Source: http://www.satellitetoday.com/via/features/The-Bright-Future-of-Small-Satellite-Technology_37150.html
  • Satellite Innovation • Growth in ubiquitous geo-positioning i.e., the integration of GPS into all aspects of geospatial technology. • “beyond fusion”, “participatory sensing” and “visual analytics” as the underlying techniques that optimize human use of spatial data • NGA seeks experts in a visiting scientists program to advance knowledge with regard to large and complex geospatial data sets, spatial statistics, data mining and quantitative methods regarding human geography • Pleiades Direct Tasking – is satellite software which provides companies with the ability to control a satellite by Astrium • Apps to provide satellite information for individual soldiers is becoming available • The earth observation community could be seen to have ‘data overload’ - Customers could seek to collect useable information rather than more information, making advances in ground processing and product line may become far more important than the satellites. Source: http://www.innovative-analytics.com/PDF/IAT_DoC_Alternative_Futures_Commercial_Satellite_Imagery.pdf
  • Satellite Innovation • 3D imaging There are a number of software packages which produce accurate point clouds for 3D analysis from imagery collected in flight missions by aeroplanes, helicopters, UAVs, satellite imagery or terrestrial photography collected by mobile mapping vehicles. Satellite imagining is especially useful for large scale images of the earth. • KA-SAT and ViaSat-1 High-throughput satellites that seek to provide broadband Internet access to homes and small offices at rates and speeds comparable to terrestrial alternatives. Ka- band satellites can dramatically lower the cost per bit of delivering a satellite service. • Intelsat and SES , the mitigation of Galaxy-15 Collaboration between two leading satellite operators to prevent a perfect storm of radio frequency interference over the US domestic arc. Source: http://beta.geospatialworld.net/Paper/Cover-Stories/ArticleView.aspx?aid=30259 and http://www.sspi.org/?Industry_Innovators
  • Satellite Innovation • Inmarsat 4 Spacecraft Inmarsat as the creative innovator and EADS Astrium as systems engineer and project manager for the complex, multi-year effort to develop and launch the Inmarsat-4 system of spacecraft • Cisco Systems Internet Router in Space Cisco Systems developed and placed into operation a hosted satellite payload offering the ability to route IP traffic on the satellite, which eliminates the need to send the data to and from an extra ground station to implement the circuit-switched function. • NASA Innovations in Space Communications and Robotic Operations Related to the Deep Space Network, Mars Exploration and the Hubble Space Telescope The National Aeronautics and Space Administration deep space communications and robotics in support of Mars exploration programs and the reconditioned Hubble Space Source: http://www.sspi.org/?Industry_Innovators
  • Satellite Innovation: ion propulsion units • Expectation that satellites will be launched not with chemical thrusters to manoeuvre them in space but with ion propulsion units. • This means lighter satellites which allows That weight saving can either be given over to more payload (transponders in the case of telecommunications satellites), or allow the satellite to squeeze on to a smaller, cheaper rocket. • Boeing has agreed to build four "all electric" telecommunications spacecraft for Asian and Mexican operators.
  • SKYLON • SKYLON is an unpiloted, reusable spaceplane intended to provide reliable, responsive and cost effective access to space pioneered by Reaction Engines • The vehicle will be capable of transporting 15 tonnes of cargo into space. • Because SKYLON is reusable (unlike current single-use space launchers) it can be purchased by companies and nations that want space access in a manner similar to current civil aircraft. As with aircraft, purchasing a vehicle will provide a much more cost effective option than trying to develop an independent launcher system. • The space industry is on a trajectory to reach $1bn per day in revenues within the next few years – SKYLON sees itself as positioned to have the • SKYLON will provide aircraft-like access to space to enable: oOperation from runway to orbit and back oOrder of magnitude reduction in cost vs. existing technology o400 x improved reliability oResponsive access to space Source: http://www.reactionengines.co.uk/space_skylon.html and http://www.theengineer.co.uk/sectors/aerospace/in-depth/skylon-and-sabre-your-questions- answered/1014164.article
  • SKYLON • SKYLON uses SABRE's combined air-breathing and rocket cycles that enables a vehicle that can take off from a runway, fly direct to earth orbit and return for a runway landing, just like an aircraft. • SABRE engines can be configured specifically for space access, operating as a jet in the atmosphere to accelerate up to a speed of Mach 5.5 and then transitioning to rocket mode to accelerate beyond the atmosphere to orbital velocity, Mach 25. • The SABRE engine is still around 6 years away from ground testing • As the latitude of the spaceport will impact the mass that can be lifted to a given orbit high volume cargo flights are likely to be launched at an equatorial spaceport in a remote location. Source: http://www.reactionengines.co.uk/space_skylon.html and http://www.theengineer.co.uk/sectors/aerospace/in-depth/skylon-and-sabre-your-questions- answered/1014164.article
  • SKYLON • SKYLON will pursue multiple space launch markets including: Telecoms: The delivery of payloads to low Earth orbit (LEO) which have an upper stage attached to propel them to Geo-stationary orbit (GSO) for telecoms and other markets which require GSO satellite launches. Once used it would be possible to collect the upper stage for reuse on a future mission. Multiple Small Satellites: SKYLON can launch multiple small satellites in a single launch by installing a small payload carrier rack in the payload bay. Personnel and Cargo: A specialised compartment can be installed in SKYLON payload bay to carry people and cargo into space. Space Station Supplies: SKYLON can link to space stations using a specially designed interface allowing passengers and supplies to be delivered. Orbital Infrastructure: SKYLON would be able to launch elements on in-orbit infrastructure such as modules for future space stations, for space telescopes, for planetary missions and for large satellites. Source: http://www.reactionengines.co.uk/space_skylon.html
  • Crowdsourcing Drone Designs • DARPA together with Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command ran a competition that allowed the public (on a global scale) to come together in teams to design a small spy drone that can fly for at least two hours. • The Pentagon and its contractors are usually building big drones. Such drones are too costly and too complicated to be used effectively by troops on the ground. • The project was launched in April 2011. The requirements for the new drone design are: fitting in a rucksack, taking off and landing vertically, being able to perch and stare (into a building). Source:Popular Mechanics, http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/military/planes-uavs/darpas-uav-crowd-sourcing-contest#slide-4 (accessed 26/10/12)
  • Crowdsourcing Drone Designs • More than 140 teams and 3,500 registered citizen scientists took part in the UAVForge challenge1. • Independent governmental panels selected 10 finalists. • The winning team will receive a $100,000 prize, a subcontract with a manufacturer to produce a limited number of systems, and an invitation to demonstrate the winning UAV design solution1. • Sharoharon Weinberger states in Popular Mechanics that UAVForge Challenge blends two things that DARPA has championed in recent years – the use of open competitions and increasing reliance on the power of social networks2. Source:1UAV Forge: http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/military/planes-uavs/darpas-uav-crowd-sourcing-contest#slide-4 (accessed 26/10/12) 2 Popular Mechanics, http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/military/planes-uavs/darpas-uav-crowd-sourcing-contest#slide-4 (accessed 26/10/12)
  • Drones Recognizing Arm Signals • MIT researchers are devising a system that would allow robotic aircraft to understand human arm gestures. The project is divided into 2 parts: 1) getting the system to identify body poses within digital images; 2) identifying specific gestures within a series of movements. • First, videos for the study were recorded where different people demonstrated a total of 24 gestures used commonly on aircraft carrier runways. The system analyzes the person’s body pose in each frame. It then cross-references that pose with each of the 24 possible gestures, and uses an algorithm to calculate which gesture is most likely being made. The estimation process is then applied to the string of poses that make up the whole sequence, and then to several successive sequences. The accuracy rate of 76% is currently being improved. Source: Gizmag, 14/03/2012:http://www.gizmag.com/drone-deck-crew-gesture-recognition/21832/(accessed 26/10/12)
  • Flying Gas Stations • U.S. military flight tests have shown that drones could handle midair refuelling by themselves, without human pilots. Tests were performed by DARPA which recently flew two modified RQ-4 Global Hawk drones in close proximity to simulate midair refuelling. The Hawks flew in formation with less than 100 feet separating the refuelling "probe" on one and refuelling "receiver" on the other during a two-and-a-half hour flight test. • Neither Global Hawk drone needed human guidance during the final flight test at the high altitude of 44,800 feet (8 miles). The drones also maintained their tight formation despite turns and wind gusts of up to 23 mph. • These finding raise the possibility of automated "flying gas stations" topping off robotic aircraft in future battlefields. Source: Yahoo, 07/10/12: http://in.news.yahoo.com/drones-could-soon-refuel-themselves-mid-air-091251644.html (accessed 26/10/12)
  • Flying Gas Stations • DARPA’s Autonomous High-Altitude Refuelling (AHR) program ended in September 2012. Analysis of final results reveal that 3 out of 5 aerial refuelling attempts were successful. • The positive results would allow the U.S. military to extend the duration and range of its drone swarms. • The U.S. military is also exploring other refuelling ideas for drones. For example, lasers could do midair recharging for smaller, battery-powered drones, such as the Stalker drone flown by U.S. Special Forces. Source: Yahoo, 07/10/12: http://in.news.yahoo.com/drones-could-soon-refuel-themselves-mid-air-091251644.html (accessed 26/10/12)