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2010 - Dominican Republic - ICT - Digital Divide
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2010 - Dominican Republic - ICT - Digital Divide


Presentation - 2010 Course - UMN - Comparative and International Development Education

Presentation - 2010 Course - UMN - Comparative and International Development Education

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  • Picture of the a Lincos
  • - Beach picture


  • 1. ICT and the Digital Divide:
    A Participatory Solution with a Dominican Flavor
    EdPA 5104 - Alfonso Sintjago
  • 2. Why ICT? – Digital Divide
    Rapidly growing and developing sectors
    Maximize the dissemination of knowledge
    Enhanced ability for collaboration
    Enhanced ability to communicate
    A space for marginalized voices
    Seen as fun / captivating
    Free Data!
  • 3. Information Everywhere
  • 4. Why the Dominican Republic (D.R.)?
    • Vestiges of Colonization
    • 5. History of Inequality
    • 6. Relationship with Haiti
    • 7. Historical linkages with the U.S.A.
    • 8. Economic Changes
    • 9. Recent Introduction of ICT
    • 10. Problems with its Education System
    • 11. Limited Human Capital and Research
  • General Background ICT
    Telephone – 1876
    Radio - 1893
    Television – 1940
    Apple Lisa - 1984
    Mobile phone – 1974
    Internet -1990
    Voice over IP - 2004
  • 12. General Background D.R.
    Discovered 1492
    Second Largest Caribbean Nation
    High Poverty Rate
    Spanish Speaking Country
    Primarily Mixed or of African Descent
    Haiti – US Relations
    Democratic Since 1978
  • 13. Education Today in the D.R.
  • 14. New ICT Institutions – D.R.
    Technological Institute of the Americas (ITLA) founded on 2000
    The Dominican Telecommunication Institute (INDOTEL) funded on 1998
    The Cyberpark of Santo Domingo founded on 2001
    New Network Access Point (NAP) of the Caribbean built on 2008 (INTEC, 2010)
  • 15. ICT Program – D.R.
    Rural Connectivity Program
    Community Technology Center Program Program
    Red Wan Program
    Virtual Areas for Education (AVES)
    Software development – ITLA - INTEC
  • 16. Community Technology Centers
    “My greatest and best wish is for the technological centers, is that you, boys and girls like yourselves, will integrate at what is the world of computers, to the information and knowledge society. That each one of you together with your families will carry the window of how to use the technologies of information and communication as a tool to develop. The Dominican has so much energy that I truly wish that the technology centers could become the great high way that takes us towards development, progress, and to our wellbeing, so that you can help in any way you wish to develop a more just society, with greater equity, and above all inclusive.”
  • 17. CTC’s Locations
  • 18. Problems
    1- Lack of Community Participation (1st and 2nd Stage)
    2- Foreign in Nature (manuals, equipment, appearance)
    3- Continued Dependency on Foreign Equipment (ITLA, INTEC)
    4- Lack of Primary and Secondary ICT 4 All Programs (OLPD, Programming and Computer Literacy within the Curriculum, Mobile Learning)
    5- Malfunctions / Lack of Repairs <- Foreign Tech
    6- Lack of a Comprehensive Approach (OLPD, Mobile, Games, Curriculum, All Levels)
    7- Lack of Scale – Limited Scale – Voluntary Participation (Conflict with 1st)
  • 19. Mobile Expansion
    The Dominican Republic has a cell phone use rate of 0.91 cellular phones per person in the Dominican Republic (INDOTEL, 2010) – Yet There are No Major Mobile Learning Programs!
  • 20. Comprehensive and Participatory Use of OERs - Brought to Scale
  • 21. What is Next?
  • 22. Leapfrogging Futures!
  • 23. What was not covered?
    Relationship with the United States
    Deeper overview of ICT4D theories and policies
    Pros and Cons of Different ICTs
  • 24. Works Cited
    Baraniuk, R. (2006, August). Richard Baraniuk: Open Source Learning. Retrieved November 3, 2010, from TED Ideas Worth Spreading:
    Bulmer-Thomas, V. (1994). The Economic History of Latin America Since Independence. Cambridge: University of Cambridge.
    Cedeño de Fernández, M. (2005). Launch of the Digital Solidarity Fund (DSF).Geneva: Oficina de la Primera Dana.
    Cedeño Fernández, M. (2007, May 17). World Information Society Award 2007 Laureates. Retrieved 12 3, 2010, from International Telecommunication Union:
    CEPAL. (2010). CEPALSTAT | Base de Datos y Publicaciones Estadisticas. Retrieved from CEPALSTAT:
    CIA. (2010). The World Factbook. Retrieved from Central Intelligence Agency:
    Compaine, B. M. (2001). The digital divide: facing a crisis or creating a myth? Massachusetts: MIT Press Sourcebooks.
    Connexions. (2006). Connexions: Sharing Knowledge and Building Communities. Houston: Rice University.
    Davison, R., Vogel, D., Harris, R., & Jones, N. (2000). Technology Leapfrogging in Developing Countries - An Inevitable Luxury? The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries , 1-10.
    Diamond, L. (2010). Liberation Technology. Journal of Democracy , 69-83.
    Dominican Today. (2008, August 12). NAP of the Caribbean. Retrieved December 4, 2010, from Dominican Today:
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    Granqvist, M. (2003). Assessing ICT Efforts in Marginalized Regions from a Critical Social Viewpoint - Learning from the Case of Lincos. Olistica, 1-6.
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    Heeks, R. (2008). ICT4D 2.0: The Next Phase of Applying ICT for International Development. Computer , 26-33.
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  • 25. Works Cited
    INTEC. (2010). History. RetrievedDecember 3, 2010, from INTEC - Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo:
    International TelecommunicationUnion. (2010). The World in 2010: ICT Facts and Figures. Geneva: International Telecommunication Union.
    ITLA. (2010). Filosofíainstitucional. Retrieved December 5, 2010, from ITLA - InstitutoTecnologico de Las Americas:
    Jimenez, E., & Lockheed, M. E. (1995). Public and Private Secondary Education in Developing Countries - A Comparative Study. Washington D.C.: World Bank.
    Katz, R. N. (2008). The Tower and The Cloud: Higher Education in the Age of Cloud Computing.Boulder: EDUCAUSE.
    Khelladi, Y. (2003). Iniciativas públicas para la difusión social de las TICs en República Dominicana. Santo Domingo: Funredes.
    Lilon, D. (1999). Propaganda y política migratoria dominicana durante la Era de Trujillo (1930-1961). Historia y Comunicacion Social , 47-71.
    Lozano, P. (2007, August 07). Centros Tecnológicos Comunitarios PART 1. Retrieved December 3, 2010, from Youtube:
    Lozano, W. (2008). La Paradoja de las Migraciones. Santo Domingo: UNIBE.
    Luxner, L. (1997, Sep/Oct). Caribbean Gateway to the Web. Americas, pp. 4-5.
    McMichael, P. (2004). Development and Social Change: A global Perspective. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
    MIT. (2001). Lincos - Unwiring the World - The Vision. Retrieved December 6, 2010, from MIT Media Lab - Unwired:
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    Moravec, J. W. (2009). Technological Applications of Leapfrog. Minneapolis: Leapfrog Institute.
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    Peet, R., & Hartwick, E. (2009). Theories of Development: Contentions, Arguments, Alternatives. New York: The Guilford Press.
    Prado, P. (2009). Bridging Digital Poverty: Adoption of Information and Communication Technologies at Community Technology Centers in the Dominican Republic. Miami: University of Miami.
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