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2008 - Andean Women Under Spanish Rule
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2008 - Andean Women Under Spanish Rule


2007 - University of Florida Course …

2007 - University of Florida Course
Gender and Development

Published in Education
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  • 1. Andean WomenUnder Spanish Rule
    “Children of the Sun and the Moon”
  • 2. Socio-Economic Conditions
    Prior to the Inca Conquest
    Ayllu and Mutual Assistance
    Parallel and Cross-transmission of inheritance
    Demands of Labor and Reciprocity
  • 3. Socio-Economic Conditions
    During the Inca Empire
    Obligations between Incas and subjugated tribes
    Mita service and Ayllu’s Self-Sufficiency
    Flexible gender division of labor
  • 4. Socio-Economic Conditions
    After the Spanish Conquest
    Exploitation of native populations
    Concept of private ownership and land tenure
    Population decline and native mortality
  • 5. Politico-Religious Conditions
    Prior to the Inca Conquest:
    Male and female Curacas
    Civil and religious hierarchy composed of both genders
  • 6. Politico-Religious Conditions
    Prior to the Inca Conquest:
    Coya and her control over territory.
    Incorporations of cults from conquered Andean tribes by the Inca
    Children of the Sun and the Moon
  • 7. Politico-Religious Conditions
    After the Spanish Conquest:
    Married women and Indians were legal minors
    Dismantling of the state cults to the sun and the moon
    Political and religious organizations were reserved for men
  • 8. Cosmology
    Before the Spanish Conquest
    Both genders could become religious ministers
    Emphasis on balance and reciprocity
    Female deities (Creation and Reproduction)
  • 9. Cosmology
    After the Spanish Conquest
    Persecution of women and their classification as witches
    Association of Inca female deities with female saints and virgins.
    Sexual abuse of women
    Indigenous religion was driven underground
  • 10. Women of the Puna
    Women fled to the high tablelands
    They held positions previously assigned to men
    Revival of indigenous culture
    Struggle against Catholicism