AP World India 4 Gupta

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AP World India 4 Gupta

  1. 1. Gupta Dynasty Re-Unites India (Classical India) 375-550 CE <ul><li>OVERVIEW: </li></ul><ul><li>Chandra Gupta founded it </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>great traders </li></ul><ul><li>strong art, science and mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism dominated </li></ul><ul><li>The Gupta have strong central govt which allowed a degree of local control </li></ul>
  2. 3. Gupta Family Rulers <ul><li>Chandra Gupta (320-335 AD) ‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliances & Conquest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidated Power & Territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drove out the Kushans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Samudra Gupta (335-375 AD) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Chandra Gupta II (375-415 AD) ‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace & Prosperity (Faxian) ‏ </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. Chandra Gupta I ( reigned AD 320-c. 330), <ul><li>Pataliputra : Greatest city, Mauryan capital: magnificent palaces, temples, parks </li></ul><ul><li>Path to Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased the power and territory of his regional kingdom by marrying Princess Kumaradevi whose family controlled northern India/Nepal. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other N. Indian territories joined this alliance for protection and trade as his power grew </li></ul>Kumardevi and Chandragupta I 335-370 ce Gold Dinar
  4. 6. Samudra Gupta (son of Chandra) <ul><li>launched wars of conquest across N. India </li></ul><ul><li>Built a larger Gupta empire combines strong central power with village and state governors </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth came from many mines owned by govt </li></ul>
  5. 7. Gupta Economy <ul><li>The Gupta rulers owned gold mines, silver mines, and vast lands. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the emperor owned a lot of the farmers land, rent money from farmers funded government </li></ul><ul><li>Silk Road served Gupta, Han, Rome and Persia Dynasties </li></ul><ul><li>Indian merchants shipped ivory, jewels, and textiles, salt and iron </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans traded glass, jewels, and clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese merchants traded silk, spices, tea, and porcelain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gupta Empire profited greatly from religious trade with religious pilgrims. </li></ul><ul><li>They traded salt, cloth, and iron domestically and as far away as China and the Mediterranean. </li></ul>
  6. 9. Gupta Math/Science <ul><li>Invented numbers 1-9, decimal system, pi </li></ul><ul><li>Zero invented by Aryabata </li></ul><ul><li>Charted planets and star movements </li></ul><ul><li>recognized the Earth is round and rotates on its axis and revolves around sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian physicians excelled in medicines, caesarean section, bone setting, and skin grafting, smallpox vaccination </li></ul>
  7. 10. Gupta Buddhist Art <ul><li>AJANTA CAVES </li></ul><ul><li>depict the stories of Buddhism spanning from the period from 200 bce to 650 ce. </li></ul>
  8. 12. AJANTA CAVES <ul><li>During the 4 th century c.e. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist monasteries and prayer halls. </li></ul><ul><li>twenty-nine caves </li></ul><ul><li>adorned with elaborate painting and sculptures </li></ul>.
  9. 13. Ajanta Caves <ul><li>The Ajanta caves depict the stories of Buddhism spanning from the period from 200 bce to 650 ce. </li></ul><ul><li>The 29 caves were built by Buddhist monks using simple tools like hammer & chisel. </li></ul><ul><li>The elaborate and exquisite sculptures and paintings depict stories from Jataka tales. </li></ul><ul><li>The caves also house images of nymphs and princesses. </li></ul>
  10. 14. the Sarnath Buddha
  11. 15. Gupta social life <ul><li>wealthy enjoyed gardens, music, and daily bathing </li></ul><ul><li>ate lots of variety; rice, bread, fish, milk, fruits and juices. </li></ul><ul><li>slave labor </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism became more organized & temples became more important. </li></ul><ul><li>Women lost rights compared to under Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Child marriage became common for girls </li></ul>
  12. 16. Gupta Decline <ul><ul><li>Later Gupta rulers lived extravagantly, which weakened the people’s loyalty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guptas weakened by the expense of the War with White Huns and competing India kingdoms </li></ul></ul>
  13. 17. White Huns c. 500ce invade through Kyber Pass and Ganges Valley <ul><li>destroyed cities and reduced Hindu temples to rubble. </li></ul><ul><li>Feudal provinces declare independence when Gupta are destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>India seperates into independent kingdoms. </li></ul><ul><li>not unified again until the Muslims in the 11 th century </li></ul>

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