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AP World India 4 Gupta
 

AP World India 4 Gupta

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    AP World India 4 Gupta AP World India 4 Gupta Presentation Transcript

    • Gupta Dynasty Re-Unites India (Classical India) 375-550 CE
      • OVERVIEW:
      • Chandra Gupta founded it
      • Peaceful
      • great traders
      • strong art, science and mathematics
      • Hinduism dominated
      • The Gupta have strong central govt which allowed a degree of local control
    •  
    • Gupta Family Rulers
      • Chandra Gupta (320-335 AD) ‏
        • Alliances & Conquest
        • Consolidated Power & Territory
        • Drove out the Kushans
      • Samudra Gupta (335-375 AD) ‏
      • Chandra Gupta II (375-415 AD) ‏
        • Decentralization
        • Peace & Prosperity (Faxian) ‏
    •  
    • Chandra Gupta I ( reigned AD 320-c. 330),
      • Pataliputra : Greatest city, Mauryan capital: magnificent palaces, temples, parks
      • Path to Power
        • Increased the power and territory of his regional kingdom by marrying Princess Kumaradevi whose family controlled northern India/Nepal.
      • Other N. Indian territories joined this alliance for protection and trade as his power grew
      Kumardevi and Chandragupta I 335-370 ce Gold Dinar
    • Samudra Gupta (son of Chandra)
      • launched wars of conquest across N. India
      • Built a larger Gupta empire combines strong central power with village and state governors
      • Wealth came from many mines owned by govt
    • Gupta Economy
      • The Gupta rulers owned gold mines, silver mines, and vast lands.
      • Since the emperor owned a lot of the farmers land, rent money from farmers funded government
      • Silk Road served Gupta, Han, Rome and Persia Dynasties
      • Indian merchants shipped ivory, jewels, and textiles, salt and iron
      • The Romans traded glass, jewels, and clothes.
      • Chinese merchants traded silk, spices, tea, and porcelain.
      • The Gupta Empire profited greatly from religious trade with religious pilgrims.
      • They traded salt, cloth, and iron domestically and as far away as China and the Mediterranean.
    •  
    • Gupta Math/Science
      • Invented numbers 1-9, decimal system, pi
      • Zero invented by Aryabata
      • Charted planets and star movements
      • recognized the Earth is round and rotates on its axis and revolves around sun.
      • Indian physicians excelled in medicines, caesarean section, bone setting, and skin grafting, smallpox vaccination
    • Gupta Buddhist Art
      • AJANTA CAVES
      • depict the stories of Buddhism spanning from the period from 200 bce to 650 ce.
    •  
    • AJANTA CAVES
      • During the 4 th century c.e.
      • Buddhist monasteries and prayer halls.
      • twenty-nine caves
      • adorned with elaborate painting and sculptures
      .
    • Ajanta Caves
      • The Ajanta caves depict the stories of Buddhism spanning from the period from 200 bce to 650 ce.
      • The 29 caves were built by Buddhist monks using simple tools like hammer & chisel.
      • The elaborate and exquisite sculptures and paintings depict stories from Jataka tales.
      • The caves also house images of nymphs and princesses.
    • the Sarnath Buddha
    • Gupta social life
      • wealthy enjoyed gardens, music, and daily bathing
      • ate lots of variety; rice, bread, fish, milk, fruits and juices.
      • slave labor
      • Hinduism became more organized & temples became more important.
      • Women lost rights compared to under Buddhism
      • Child marriage became common for girls
    • Gupta Decline
        • Later Gupta rulers lived extravagantly, which weakened the people’s loyalty.
        • Guptas weakened by the expense of the War with White Huns and competing India kingdoms
    • White Huns c. 500ce invade through Kyber Pass and Ganges Valley
      • destroyed cities and reduced Hindu temples to rubble.
      • Feudal provinces declare independence when Gupta are destroyed
      • India seperates into independent kingdoms.
      • not unified again until the Muslims in the 11 th century