AP World India 1 Indus

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AP World India 1 Indus

  1. 1. History of India
  2. 2. Taj Mahal
  3. 3. Taj Hotel in Mumbai, India Yes India also has hotels and they can be huge!
  4. 4. A Desert in India Notice the tree; it is lonely.
  5. 5. Ahmedabad, India There are cars too!
  6. 6. 2 Famous Indian Cows!
  7. 7. Gateway of India Gateway of India, a popular tourist attraction.
  8. 8. Obviously, a Traffic Jam Quote from Kairav Joshi: “If you think you are stuck in traffic, think again and try this out and see who is actually stuck.” “ I am stuck”
  9. 9. History of India <ul><li>Divided in 10 Periods </li></ul><ul><li>Indus Valley Civilization: led by the city states of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa </li></ul><ul><li>Aryans (2500BC – 322BC) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li> Hinduism and regional kingdoms develop </li></ul><ul><li>The Mauryan Empire (322BC – 188BC) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of Buddhism and the first Indian Empire started by Chandragupta </li></ul><ul><li>Gupta Period (320AD – 480AD) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Age of India </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim Invasions (1175AD – 1300AD) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims Turks from Afghanistan invade and begin to re-unite India into small kingdoms </li></ul>
  10. 10. Indian Civilization (cont) <ul><li>Delhi Sultanate is the largest of these kingdoms ruled by Muslim Turks </li></ul><ul><li>Mughals – most powerful of Indian dynasties controlled most of today’s India, Pakistan and Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>European come to Rule (1500AD – 1850AD) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese, French, Dutch, and English centers of rule dominated by Corporations not countries </li></ul><ul><li>English Imperialism – ruled as an English colony for almost 100 years </li></ul><ul><li>Independence and Democratic India – Muslim and Hindu political groups push for and eventually gain independence from European Imperialism. Today India is one of the most important, powerful countries in the world and is rapidly growing in influence </li></ul>
  11. 12. Indus Valley Civilizations
  12. 13. Indus River Valley Civilization <ul><li>Two City States 3500-1500 BCE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>centrally planned cities with city walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public buildings for storing grain and holding meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roughly equally sized homes Houses had several rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>toilets, wells, drainage system with brick lined sewers in the streets </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Cities: Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro <ul><li>Farmed for cotton and food </li></ul><ul><li>Industry = cloth clothing and blankets </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation Canals </li></ul><ul><li>Craft workers used clay for beautiful figurines and communication </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheistic – probably nature gods </li></ul><ul><li>Made jewels from gold, silver and copper. </li></ul>
  14. 15. End of the Indus Valley <ul><li>Repeated Floods and the shifting course of the Indus River led to the end of these two great cities </li></ul><ul><li>The Indus Valley script has never been translated so we know very little about their lifestyle or belief system beyond what architecture tells us </li></ul><ul><li>New cultural group called Aryans migrate/invade and merge with the Indus Valley peoples </li></ul>

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