Aztecs – c. 1350- 1550 A Continuation of the  Olmec and Maya cultures
Location / Geography <ul><li>Central Mexico (not the Yucatan) </li></ul><ul><li>Capital at Tenochtitlan (island) ‏  500,00...
Politics <ul><li>Theocracy led by divine king/Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Military – nearly constant brutal wars for conquest...
Economics <ul><li>Agriculturally based </li></ul><ul><li>merchants are limited by what they can carry since they don’t hav...
Chinampa
Religion <ul><li>Polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Many Temples based on astronomy for worship, agricultural planning and sac...
Social <ul><li>Large gap between upper/lower classes </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Women – decide fate of prisoners, domestic ...
Intellectual <ul><li>calendar, numbers and pictorial writing similar but not identical to Maya </li></ul><ul><li>Capital b...
Art <ul><li>Temples </li></ul><ul><li>Gold objects </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Skull racks </li></ul>
Conquered by Spanish <ul><li>Spanish conquistadors led by Cortes crush the Aztecs during the 1530s </li></ul><ul><li>More ...
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AP Aztecs – C. 1350 1550

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AP Aztecs – C. 1350 1550

  1. 1. Aztecs – c. 1350- 1550 A Continuation of the Olmec and Maya cultures
  2. 2. Location / Geography <ul><li>Central Mexico (not the Yucatan) </li></ul><ul><li>Capital at Tenochtitlan (island) ‏ 500,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Total Pop: 10-20 million </li></ul>
  3. 3. Politics <ul><li>Theocracy led by divine king/Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Military – nearly constant brutal wars for conquest, collect tribute, captives for slaves and sacrifice </li></ul>
  4. 4. Economics <ul><li>Agriculturally based </li></ul><ul><li>merchants are limited by what they can carry since they don’t have large pack animals </li></ul><ul><li>Chinampas – huge floating islands for agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>The great market – daily trade in the merchant section of large cities </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chinampa
  6. 6. Religion <ul><li>Polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Many Temples based on astronomy for worship, agricultural planning and sacrifice </li></ul><ul><li>Each holiday included ceremonies involving human sacrifice/cannibalism </li></ul><ul><li>Fatalistic and cyclical view of the world </li></ul>
  7. 7. Social <ul><li>Large gap between upper/lower classes </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Women – decide fate of prisoners, domestic chores (grinding maize), can inherit land </li></ul><ul><li>Common people in constant fear of war/sacrifice/slavery </li></ul>
  8. 8. Intellectual <ul><li>calendar, numbers and pictorial writing similar but not identical to Maya </li></ul><ul><li>Capital built on an island required great planning and coordination </li></ul>
  9. 9. Art <ul><li>Temples </li></ul><ul><li>Gold objects </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Skull racks </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conquered by Spanish <ul><li>Spanish conquistadors led by Cortes crush the Aztecs during the 1530s </li></ul><ul><li>More on that later </li></ul>

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