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1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
1 Renaissance in Florence
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1 Renaissance in Florence

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Short summary of the Renaissance in Florence for AP European history

Short summary of the Renaissance in Florence for AP European history

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  • 1. Renaissance of Europe
  • 2. The Big Picture <ul><li>How to Study History – ESP and SPRITE </li></ul><ul><li>Social – human rights, families, women, relationships between rich and poor, art, music </li></ul><ul><li>Political – rulers, diplomacy, war </li></ul><ul><li>Religious – impact of religion on everything else </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual – big ideas, philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Technological – inventions, wars </li></ul><ul><li>Economic – trade, money, inflation, poverty </li></ul>
  • 3.  
  • 4. Renaissance <ul><li>Rebirth (in French): Renaissance society viewed itself as a rebirth of the Classical Civilization begun by Greece and Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1400 or so in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French invasion of Northern Italy in 1494 ended Renaissance in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ends in Italy with destruction of Rome by troops of Charles V in 1527; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spread to Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>returning troops helped to spread the Renaissance to the North </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. 5 Major Developments <ul><li>Thinking and Questioning increase = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanism and Individualism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of Political Systems = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation-states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artistic methods/thinking drastically change = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Turtles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voyages of Discovery = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New World </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reformation of Religion = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protestants and Civil Wars </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Renaissance Italy
  • 7. Causes of the Renaissance <ul><li>Trade to Europe from Africa and the middle east introduced new ideas and money to Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption in the church led to increased power of political city state leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of cities led to markets and the spread of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>The plague created new opportunities for many and reduced the cost for housing and food while increasing wages </li></ul><ul><li>New art emphasizing people rather than God </li></ul>
  • 8. The Plague <ul><li>25-30 percent of Europe dead </li></ul><ul><li>30-50 million people dead </li></ul><ul><li>Whole villages wiped out </li></ul><ul><li>Terror beyond belief </li></ul><ul><li>Horribly painful but quick death in 1-3 days or a week at most </li></ul>
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Giotto <ul><li>Born in 13 th century to goat herder parents, Goitto introduced realism and perspective to European painting </li></ul>
  • 15.  
  • 16. Masaccio <ul><li>Known for his incredible realism and powerful emotions in his art </li></ul>
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. Italian City State Structure <ul><li>Popolo Grandi – nobles and merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Popolo – people (artists and shopkeepers) </li></ul><ul><li>Popolo minuto – workers </li></ul><ul><li>Most were ruled by a despot under the guise of a republic </li></ul><ul><li>Constant warfare between states </li></ul>
  • 20. Background Overview <ul><li>Why start in the 1450s? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medici begin ruling in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People were first learning Greek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leonardo, Michelangelo and Brunelleschi begin working in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outside of Italy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1453 – Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1455 – Printing Press Invented </li></ul></ul>
  • 21. Renaissance begins in Florence
  • 22. Florence
  • 23. Italy 1350 – 1575 <ul><ul><li>Florence is the beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Money from trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(banking /Medici family) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geography (crossroads) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great Individuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leonardo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Michelangelo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bruni (history) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cosmo Medici - 1434 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lorenzo Medici - 1469 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Savanarola – 1494 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Machiavelli – 1520s </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 24. The Medici Family <ul><li>Leading merchants and bankers. </li></ul><ul><li>the line of Grand Dukes of Tuscany until 1737 </li></ul><ul><li>three Popes, </li></ul><ul><li>two Queens of France, </li></ul><ul><li>patrons of art, architecture, literature, and philosophy. </li></ul>
  • 25.  
  • 26. Cosimo Medici
  • 27. Lorenzo il Magnifico
  • 28. Medici Bank in Florence
  • 29. Donatello
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34. Brunelleschi
  • 35. S. Maria Novella
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38. Lorenzo de Valla
  • 39. Donation of Constantine
  • 40. Pico della Mirandola
  • 41. Leonardo <ul><li>Known as the Renaissance man, Leonardo was a genius in every area but struggled to finish his works because he was fascinated by everything. Mona Lisa and The Last Supper are his masterpieces. </li></ul>
  • 42.  
  • 43.  
  • 44. Michelangelo <ul><li>One of the greatest artists to ever live. Started his career in Florence but did his best work in Rome </li></ul>
  • 45. Savonarola
  • 46. French invasion - 1494 <ul><li>King Francis of France invades Northern Italy with Florence help </li></ul>
  • 47. Run away, run away, run away
  • 48. Renaissance in Rome <ul><li>http://www.learner.org/exhibits/renaissance/florence_sub2.html </li></ul><ul><li>witcombe.sbc.edu / earlyrenaissance/chapt-1.html </li></ul>
  • 49. <ul><li>http://www.christusrex.org/www1/stanzas/S2-Segnatura.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/tl/it-ren/ </li></ul>
  • 50. Background Overview <ul><li>1300s – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plague and Catholic Schism end middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giotto begins perspective in art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petrarch and Dante begin vernacular writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florence and other city states gain power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of use of currency and banking in Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hansiatic League begins trade across Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New towns begin forming as “Free towns” </li></ul></ul>

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