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1 Renaissance in Florence

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Short summary of the Renaissance in Florence for AP European history

Short summary of the Renaissance in Florence for AP European history

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  • 1. Renaissance of Europe
  • 2. The Big Picture
    • How to Study History – ESP and SPRITE
    • Social – human rights, families, women, relationships between rich and poor, art, music
    • Political – rulers, diplomacy, war
    • Religious – impact of religion on everything else
    • Intellectual – big ideas, philosophy
    • Technological – inventions, wars
    • Economic – trade, money, inflation, poverty
  • 3.  
  • 4. Renaissance
    • Rebirth (in French): Renaissance society viewed itself as a rebirth of the Classical Civilization begun by Greece and Rome
    • Beginning:
      • 1400 or so in Florence
    • End:
      • French invasion of Northern Italy in 1494 ended Renaissance in Florence
      • Ends in Italy with destruction of Rome by troops of Charles V in 1527;
    • Spread to Europe
      • returning troops helped to spread the Renaissance to the North
  • 5. 5 Major Developments
    • Thinking and Questioning increase =
      • Humanism and Individualism
    • Development of Political Systems =
      • Nation-states
    • Artistic methods/thinking drastically change =
      • 4 Turtles
    • Voyages of Discovery =
      • New World
    • Reformation of Religion =
      • Protestants and Civil Wars
  • 6. Renaissance Italy
  • 7. Causes of the Renaissance
    • Trade to Europe from Africa and the middle east introduced new ideas and money to Italy
    • Corruption in the church led to increased power of political city state leaders
    • Growth of cities led to markets and the spread of ideas
    • The plague created new opportunities for many and reduced the cost for housing and food while increasing wages
    • New art emphasizing people rather than God
  • 8. The Plague
    • 25-30 percent of Europe dead
    • 30-50 million people dead
    • Whole villages wiped out
    • Terror beyond belief
    • Horribly painful but quick death in 1-3 days or a week at most
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Giotto
    • Born in 13 th century to goat herder parents, Goitto introduced realism and perspective to European painting
  • 15.  
  • 16. Masaccio
    • Known for his incredible realism and powerful emotions in his art
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. Italian City State Structure
    • Popolo Grandi – nobles and merchants
    • Popolo – people (artists and shopkeepers)
    • Popolo minuto – workers
    • Most were ruled by a despot under the guise of a republic
    • Constant warfare between states
  • 20. Background Overview
    • Why start in the 1450s?
      • Medici begin ruling in Florence
      • People were first learning Greek
      • Leonardo, Michelangelo and Brunelleschi begin working in Florence
    • Outside of Italy
      • 1453 – Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire
      • 1455 – Printing Press Invented
  • 21. Renaissance begins in Florence
  • 22. Florence
  • 23. Italy 1350 – 1575
      • Florence is the beginning
        • Money from trade
        • (banking /Medici family)
        • Geography (crossroads)
        • Confidence
        • Great Individuals
          • Leonardo
          • Michelangelo
          • Bruni (history)
          • Cosmo Medici - 1434
          • Lorenzo Medici - 1469
          • Savanarola – 1494
          • Machiavelli – 1520s
  • 24. The Medici Family
    • Leading merchants and bankers.
    • the line of Grand Dukes of Tuscany until 1737
    • three Popes,
    • two Queens of France,
    • patrons of art, architecture, literature, and philosophy.
  • 25.  
  • 26. Cosimo Medici
  • 27. Lorenzo il Magnifico
  • 28. Medici Bank in Florence
  • 29. Donatello
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34. Brunelleschi
  • 35. S. Maria Novella
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38. Lorenzo de Valla
  • 39. Donation of Constantine
  • 40. Pico della Mirandola
  • 41. Leonardo
    • Known as the Renaissance man, Leonardo was a genius in every area but struggled to finish his works because he was fascinated by everything. Mona Lisa and The Last Supper are his masterpieces.
  • 42.  
  • 43.  
  • 44. Michelangelo
    • One of the greatest artists to ever live. Started his career in Florence but did his best work in Rome
  • 45. Savonarola
  • 46. French invasion - 1494
    • King Francis of France invades Northern Italy with Florence help
  • 47. Run away, run away, run away
  • 48. Renaissance in Rome
    • http://www.learner.org/exhibits/renaissance/florence_sub2.html
    • witcombe.sbc.edu / earlyrenaissance/chapt-1.html
  • 49.
    • http://www.christusrex.org/www1/stanzas/S2-Segnatura.html
    • http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/tl/it-ren/
  • 50. Background Overview
    • 1300s –
      • Plague and Catholic Schism end middle ages
      • Giotto begins perspective in art
      • Petrarch and Dante begin vernacular writing
      • Florence and other city states gain power
      • Beginning of use of currency and banking in Italy
      • Hansiatic League begins trade across Europe
      • New towns begin forming as “Free towns”