1 Renaissance in Florence


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Short summary of the Renaissance in Florence for AP European history

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1 Renaissance in Florence

  1. 1. Renaissance of Europe
  2. 2. The Big Picture <ul><li>How to Study History – ESP and SPRITE </li></ul><ul><li>Social – human rights, families, women, relationships between rich and poor, art, music </li></ul><ul><li>Political – rulers, diplomacy, war </li></ul><ul><li>Religious – impact of religion on everything else </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual – big ideas, philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Technological – inventions, wars </li></ul><ul><li>Economic – trade, money, inflation, poverty </li></ul>
  3. 4. Renaissance <ul><li>Rebirth (in French): Renaissance society viewed itself as a rebirth of the Classical Civilization begun by Greece and Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1400 or so in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French invasion of Northern Italy in 1494 ended Renaissance in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ends in Italy with destruction of Rome by troops of Charles V in 1527; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spread to Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>returning troops helped to spread the Renaissance to the North </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. 5 Major Developments <ul><li>Thinking and Questioning increase = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanism and Individualism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of Political Systems = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation-states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artistic methods/thinking drastically change = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Turtles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voyages of Discovery = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New World </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reformation of Religion = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protestants and Civil Wars </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Renaissance Italy
  6. 7. Causes of the Renaissance <ul><li>Trade to Europe from Africa and the middle east introduced new ideas and money to Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption in the church led to increased power of political city state leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of cities led to markets and the spread of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>The plague created new opportunities for many and reduced the cost for housing and food while increasing wages </li></ul><ul><li>New art emphasizing people rather than God </li></ul>
  7. 8. The Plague <ul><li>25-30 percent of Europe dead </li></ul><ul><li>30-50 million people dead </li></ul><ul><li>Whole villages wiped out </li></ul><ul><li>Terror beyond belief </li></ul><ul><li>Horribly painful but quick death in 1-3 days or a week at most </li></ul>
  8. 14. Giotto <ul><li>Born in 13 th century to goat herder parents, Goitto introduced realism and perspective to European painting </li></ul>
  9. 16. Masaccio <ul><li>Known for his incredible realism and powerful emotions in his art </li></ul>
  10. 19. Italian City State Structure <ul><li>Popolo Grandi – nobles and merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Popolo – people (artists and shopkeepers) </li></ul><ul><li>Popolo minuto – workers </li></ul><ul><li>Most were ruled by a despot under the guise of a republic </li></ul><ul><li>Constant warfare between states </li></ul>
  11. 20. Background Overview <ul><li>Why start in the 1450s? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medici begin ruling in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People were first learning Greek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leonardo, Michelangelo and Brunelleschi begin working in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outside of Italy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1453 – Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1455 – Printing Press Invented </li></ul></ul>
  12. 21. Renaissance begins in Florence
  13. 22. Florence
  14. 23. Italy 1350 – 1575 <ul><ul><li>Florence is the beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Money from trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(banking /Medici family) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geography (crossroads) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great Individuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leonardo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Michelangelo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bruni (history) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cosmo Medici - 1434 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lorenzo Medici - 1469 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Savanarola – 1494 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Machiavelli – 1520s </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 24. The Medici Family <ul><li>Leading merchants and bankers. </li></ul><ul><li>the line of Grand Dukes of Tuscany until 1737 </li></ul><ul><li>three Popes, </li></ul><ul><li>two Queens of France, </li></ul><ul><li>patrons of art, architecture, literature, and philosophy. </li></ul>
  16. 26. Cosimo Medici
  17. 27. Lorenzo il Magnifico
  18. 28. Medici Bank in Florence
  19. 29. Donatello
  20. 34. Brunelleschi
  21. 35. S. Maria Novella
  22. 38. Lorenzo de Valla
  23. 39. Donation of Constantine
  24. 40. Pico della Mirandola
  25. 41. Leonardo <ul><li>Known as the Renaissance man, Leonardo was a genius in every area but struggled to finish his works because he was fascinated by everything. Mona Lisa and The Last Supper are his masterpieces. </li></ul>
  26. 44. Michelangelo <ul><li>One of the greatest artists to ever live. Started his career in Florence but did his best work in Rome </li></ul>
  27. 45. Savonarola
  28. 46. French invasion - 1494 <ul><li>King Francis of France invades Northern Italy with Florence help </li></ul>
  29. 47. Run away, run away, run away
  30. 48. Renaissance in Rome <ul><li>http://www.learner.org/exhibits/renaissance/florence_sub2.html </li></ul><ul><li>witcombe.sbc.edu / earlyrenaissance/chapt-1.html </li></ul>
  31. 49. <ul><li>http://www.christusrex.org/www1/stanzas/S2-Segnatura.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/tl/it-ren/ </li></ul>
  32. 50. Background Overview <ul><li>1300s – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plague and Catholic Schism end middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giotto begins perspective in art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petrarch and Dante begin vernacular writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florence and other city states gain power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of use of currency and banking in Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hansiatic League begins trade across Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New towns begin forming as “Free towns” </li></ul></ul>