Eatng pblm

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counseling for eating disorders

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Eatng pblm

  1. 1. EATINGPROBLEM
  2. 2. • Eating is the ingestion of food to provide forall organisms their nutritional or medicinalneeds, particularly for energy and growth.• EATING DISORDERS are characterized by asevere disturbances in eating bhvr.
  3. 3. WEIGHT/(HEIGHT)2
  4. 4. Psychological factors• Low self-esteem• Response to change (puberty)• Response to stress (sports, dance)• Personal illnes
  5. 5. More psychological factors:Vulnerable Personality Characteristics• Identity difficulties• Need for approval• Perfectionist• Obsessive tendencies• Irrational thinking• Difficulty coping• Inability to accept self
  6. 6. Interpersonal Factors• Troubled family and personal relationships• Difficulty expressing emotions and feelings• wrong concept about size or weight• History of physical or sexual abuse
  7. 7. Social and Cultural Factors• Cultural pressures that glorify thinness andplace value on obtaining the perfect body• Narrow definitions of beauty that include onlywomen and men of specific body weights andshapes• Cultural norms that value people on the basisof physical appearance and not inner qualitiesand strengths
  8. 8. Biological Factors• Eating disorders often run in families (learn copingskills and attitudes in family)• Genetic component—research about brain andeating in taking place (certain chemicals in the braincontrol hunger, appetite and digestion have beenfound unbalanced).Source: www.NationalEatingDisorders.org
  9. 9. TYPES OF EATING DISORDERANOREXIA NEVOSABULIMIA NERVOSA
  10. 10. Anorexia Nervosa• Anorexia nervosa is an eating disordercharacterized by– Person’s weight is less of normal weight– Person has an intense fear of gaining weight– Person has a distorted sense of their body shape– In females, anorexia nervosa leads to a loss of themenstrual periodCh 9.1
  11. 11. • Two types of anorexia nervosa:– Restricting type loses weight by severely limitingthe amount of food consumed– Binge-eating-purging type engages in binges (largeamount of food consumed) following by purging(vomiting or use of laxatives )
  12. 12. • Bulimia Nervosa involves episodes of rapid overeatingfollowed by purging– A binge is defined as eating an excessive amount of foodwithin two hours– Purging refers to vomiting, fasting or excessive exercise• Bulimia involves a fear of gaining weightBulimia NervosaCh 9.5
  13. 13. TREATMENT• Cognitive behaviour therapy• Family therapy• Art therapy• Guided self help• In & out patient treatment• Group therapy• One to one counseling• Information & advice• Nutritional counselling
  14. 14. How to HelpFamily and Friends*Set a time to talk*Communicate your concept about food*Ask your friend concept about food*Avoid conflicts*Avoid placing shame, blame, or guilt*Avoid giving simple solutions*Express your continued support• Knowledge• Awareness• Suppourt
  15. 15. .THANK U

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