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    Farw Farw Document Transcript

    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴــﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺷﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺃ‬.‫ﺩ‬/‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺩ‬/‫ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﺱ‬ 2009
    • ‫واﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﻢ‬‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ‬ ‫أ‬.‫د‬/‫اﻟﻬﺎدى‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﺘﺎذ‬ ‫أ‬.‫د‬/‫ﻣﺤﺠﻮب‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮد‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻨﺎء‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ‬ ‫ورﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫أﺳﺘﺎذ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺪراﺳﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ووآﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﻮﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫أ‬.‫د‬/‫اﻟﻐﻠﺒﺎن‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺳﻒ‬ ‫ﺛﺮوت‬ ‫أﺳﺘﺎذ‬‫واﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ‬ ‫ورﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻃﻨﻄﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬
    • ِ‫ﻢ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺣ‬َّ‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ِ‫ﻦ‬َ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺣ‬َّ‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫اﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻢ‬ "‫ًﺎ‬‫ﻠ‬َ‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﻋ‬ َ‫ﻦ‬َ‫ﺴ‬ْ‫ﺣ‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ﻦ‬َ‫ﻣ‬ َ‫ﺮ‬ْ‫ﺟ‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ﻊ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻀ‬ُ‫ﻧ‬ ‫َﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ‫ت‬‫َﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫ُﻮا‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﻋ‬َ‫و‬ ‫ُﻮا‬‫ﻨ‬َ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ َ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬" ‫اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫اﷲ‬ ‫ﺻﺪق‬ ‫اﻵﻳﺔ‬)30(‫اﻟﻜﻬﻒ‬ ‫ﺳﻮرة‬
    • ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺭﻜ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻋﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻼل‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬ ،‫ﻤﺭﺸﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﻠل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺴﻠﻁﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺤﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺩﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺭﻑ‬. ‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺯﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺸﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻹ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺫﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﺎﻟﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬/‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺒﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ، ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﺸ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻪ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﺃﺘﻌﻠﻡ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺯﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻨﻬل‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺘﺘﻠﻤﺫ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻋﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺯﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﺒﻨﺎﺌﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬. ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻜﺭ‬/‫ﻤﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻨﻰ‬‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻬﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺭﺸﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻟﺘﻪ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ -‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫﺓ‬/‫ﻤﺤﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻭﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻠﻴﺔ‬ -‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬/‫ﺜﺭﻭﺕ‬‫ﻴﻭﺴﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﻠﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﻨﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﺍﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻟﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫؛‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺘﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻬﻡ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺯﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺒﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭﻫﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺯﻤﻼﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺭﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺭﺃﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫﻩ‬،‫ﺴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺴﻤﺎﻋﻴل‬ ‫ﺤﻨﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬
    • ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺤﻰ‬ّ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻨﺘﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺘﺯ‬. ‫ﻜ‬‫ﻋﻤﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺩﻗﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﺎﻟﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬ ،‫ﻤﻬﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬، ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﺩﺱ‬‫ﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻤﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫؛‬‫ﺍﻷﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬. ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ٍ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺭﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻤﻴل‬ًً‫ﻭﻋﺭﻓﺎﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺠﻴﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻋﻤﻬﻡ‬. ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺤﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻜﻤﺎل‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺼﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭ‬‫ﺃﻨ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﺒﻰ‬ ،ّ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﺠﺘﻬﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬‫ﺃﺠﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،. ،،، ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻓﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻭﺍﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﺨﺭ‬ ،، ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‬
    • ‫أ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ ***** ‫اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎت‬.......................................................................................................‫أ‬-‫ز‬ ‫واﻷﺷﻜﺎل‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺪاول‬...........................................................................................‫ﺣـ‬‫ـ‬-‫ل‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮع‬‫رﻗﻢ‬‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬1–19 ‫اﻷول‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ "‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬:‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺸﺄة‬‫اﻟﺘﻄﻮر‬" ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬..............................................................................................................20 ‫أوﻻ‬:‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫أهﻤﻴﺔ‬..........................................20 ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺸﺄة‬................................23 ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫أهﺪاف‬...........................................30 ‫راﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻞ‬.............................30 ‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴﺎ‬:‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻌﺐ‬‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮن‬..........34 ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﻔﺌﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﺤﻮث‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﺔ‬..............................................................34
    • ‫ب‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫وﻗﻮى‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﺤﻮث‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﺔ‬........................................................37 ‫ﺑﺤ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﺔ‬‫اﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺮﻳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻮث‬...................................................................41 ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﻜﻼت‬ ‫واﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻮاﻧﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﻮث‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﺔ‬..................................43 ‫ﺳﺎدﺳﺎ‬:‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺸﺎط‬...............................47 ‫واﻟﺪراﺳﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﻮث‬.............................................................................................47 ‫واﻟﻨﺪوات‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮات‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺪ‬......................................................................................50 ‫اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ‬............................................................................................................54 ‫اﻟﻨﺸﺮ‬..............................................................................................................57 ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫و‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫وﺣﺮآﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻰ‬..........................................64 ‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ‬...........................................................................................................68 ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ "‫وإدارات‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫ﻮﻣﻰ‬" ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬...............................................................................................73 ‫أوﻻ‬:‫واﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬.........................................................................................73
    • ‫ج‬ ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫واﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰات‬ ‫اﻷﺛﺎث‬.....................................................................................81 ‫أ‬-‫اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫أﺛﺎث‬.....................................................................................81 ‫ب‬-‫اﻟﺘــﺠﻬــﻴـﺰات‬..............................................................................................83 ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫اﻹدارى‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬.........................................................................................86 ‫راﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮى‬................................................................89 ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫وﻓﺌﺎﺗﻬﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﺪاد‬...............................................................89 ‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴﺎ‬:‫اﻟﺘﺪرﻳ‬‫اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺐ‬...........................................................................95 ‫ﺳﺎدﺳﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻴﺰاﻧﻴﺔ‬...............................................................................................99 ‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ‬.........................................................................................................101 ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ "‫اﻟﻤ‬ ‫وﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎء‬‫ﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎت‬‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬‫واﻟ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫ﻮﻣﻰ‬‫ﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬" ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬............................................................................................................107 ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬........................................................................................107 ‫أوﻻ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎت‬ ‫وﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎء‬................................................................................108
    • ‫د‬ ‫أ‬-‫اﻟﺘﺰوﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮق‬..............................................................................................108 ‫ب‬-‫اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ‬..............................................................................114 ‫ج‬-‫اﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬ ‫أدوات‬...........................................................................................117 ‫د‬-‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎت‬ ‫واﻟﻨﻮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺗﺠﺎهﺎت‬...............................................................119 ‫هـ‬-‫واﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ‬........................................................................................132 ‫و‬-‫واﻻﺳﺘﺒﻌﺎد‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺮد‬........................................................................................133 ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎت‬..........136 ‫أ‬-‫واﻟﻔﻬﺎرس‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ‬......................................................................................136 ‫ب‬-‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ‬.................................................................................................140 ‫ج‬-‫اﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻒ‬..................................................................................................143 ‫د‬-‫اﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﻢ‬.................................................................................................148 ‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ‬.........................................................................................................150 ‫اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ "‫ا‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬" ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬............................................................................................................156
    • ‫ﻩ‬ ‫أوﻻ‬:‫اﻻﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎرات‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺮد‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬.......................................................................157 ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫اﻟﺠﺎرﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﺣﺎﻃﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬...............................................................................158 ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻹﻃﻼع‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬................................................................................159 ‫راﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫واﻻﺳﺘﻨﺴﺎخ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬........................................................................164 ‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴﺎ‬:‫واﻟﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻮﺟﺮاﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮاﺋﻢ‬ ‫إﻋﺪاد‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬................................................169 ‫ﺳﺎدﺳﺎ‬:‫اﻹﻋﺎرة‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬.......................................................................................170 ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﺒﺎﺷﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﻮاﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫واﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺗﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬ ON-LINE SEARCH.................................................................................173 ‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ‬.........................................................................................................175 ‫اﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ "‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪون‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫ﻮﻣﻰ‬" ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬............................................................................................................178 ‫أوﻻ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺎت‬..................................................180 ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫إﺣﺼﺎءات‬.....................................................182 ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻹﻓﺎدة‬ ‫دراﺳﺔ‬................................................................183
    • ‫و‬ ‫أوﻻ‬:‫واﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬.........................................................................184 ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮدد‬..........................................................190 ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫واﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰات‬ ‫واﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬........................................................................192 ‫راﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮن‬...............................................................................................193 ‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت‬.........................................................................................195 ‫ﺳﺎدﺳﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﻢ‬)‫واﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ‬(...........................................................197 ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬.......................................................................197 ‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ‬.........................................................................................................201 ‫اﻟﺴﺎدس‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ "‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﺮح‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮر‬‫ﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ‬‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬" ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬............................................................................................................205 ‫أوﻻ‬:‫اﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫إﻧﺸﺎء‬............................................205 ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﻨﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﻨﺸﻮرات‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪة‬ ‫إﻧﺸﺎء‬‫اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ‬)FULL TEXT( ‫اﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻮﻳﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫واﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬.....................225 ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺈدارات‬ ‫اﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫أﺟﻬﺰة‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺮﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫إﻧﺸﺎء‬....................240
    • ‫ز‬ ‫ر‬‫اﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎم‬ ‫وﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬ ‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬.......................................................................................................243 ‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴﺎ‬:‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫رﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﺮح‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮر‬.......................................261 ‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ‬.........................................................................................................288 ‫اﻟﺨﺎﺗﻤﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬..........................................................................................................295 ‫اﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎت‬.......................................................................................................299 ‫اﻟﻤﺮاﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬..................................................................................................305 ‫اﻟﻤﻼ‬‫ﺣﻖ‬.........................................................................................................319
    • ‫ح‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬‫واﻷﺷﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺠﺪاول‬ ‫أوﻻ‬:‫اﻟﺠﺪاول‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺪول‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮان‬‫رﻗﻢ‬‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ 1-‫اﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺤﺎور‬‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﺒﻴﺎن‬................................................................................9 2-‫اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫هﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫أﻋﻀﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ﺎ‬‫اﻷآﺎدﻳﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ت‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻋﺎم‬2008.......31 3-‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺗﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫هﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫أﻋﻀﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻋﺎم‬2008.................32 4-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﺆﻗﺘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮى‬ ‫أﻋﺪاد‬...........................................90 5-‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻮى‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎت‬.......................................................................91 6-‫اﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻤﻴﺎت‬ ‫وﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬................................................91 7-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺆهﻼت‬.........................................................92 8-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺆهﻼت‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺎﺻﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎت‬.........................93 9-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫وﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﺪاد‬.....................................93 10-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮع‬.......................................................................94 11-‫اﻟﻔﻌﻠ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﺪاد‬‫ﻴ‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺈدارات‬ ‫ﻴﻦ‬.................................................94 12-‫ا‬ ‫وﻣﺮاآﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺪورات‬ ‫أﻧﻮع‬‫ﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬........................96 13-‫اﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺪورات‬ ‫أﻧﻮع‬....................................................97 14-‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻬﺎرات‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺪورات‬ ‫أﻧﻮع‬.................................................97 15-‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻷوﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻜﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬..........................120 16-‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻷوﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ة‬‫ﺧﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫دﻳﻮى‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ‬2008...................................................................................121 17-‫واﻷﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﻷﻋﺪاد‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺴﺒﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ‬2008.............................122 18-‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﻨﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬2008................................................123 19-‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻷﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﻨﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬2008...............................................124 20-‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮاﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎوﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﺪاد‬‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬‫ة‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬.....................125
    • ‫ط‬ 21-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮاﺟﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬............................................125 22-‫اﻟﻤﺮاﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﻮى‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬.................................................................126 23-‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎوﻳ‬ ‫أﻋﺪاد‬‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺪروﻳﺎت‬ ‫واﻟﻤﺘﻮﻗﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺎرﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ة‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬.....................127 24-‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺪورﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﻮى‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ة‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬............................................127 25-‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺪورﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ة‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬......................................128 26-‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺮﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﻨﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ة‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬.....................................129 27-‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﻮى‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ة‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬..........................129 28-‫ﺑﺈدارا‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻃﻼع‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺎت‬‫اﻟﻴﻮم‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺮواد‬ ‫ﻋﺪد‬ ‫وﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ‬............................................................................................................161 29-‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫وﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫وﺣﺪاﺛﺘﻪ‬ ‫وﻋﻤﻘﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎت‬ ‫ﺷﻤﻮل‬ ‫درﺟﺔ‬.....162 30-‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ‬ ‫أﺛﻨﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪون‬ ‫ﻳﻮاﺟﻬﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻌﻮﺑﺎت‬‫اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻹﻃﻼع‬...................164 31-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫رﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺪى‬...............................167 32-‫اﻟﺘﺼﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪون‬ ‫ﻳﻮاﺟﻬﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻌﻮﺑﺎت‬.............................................167 33-‫اﻷوﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد‬‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎرج‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎرة‬2008.....................................172 34-‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﺪاد‬....179 35-‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻟﻺدارﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪرﺟﺎت‬.................................................................180 36-‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺌﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﺪاد‬............................................................181 37-‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫إدارات‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺮددﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻋﺪاد‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮى‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎن‬2008............182 38-‫ﻵ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ‬‫ﺣﺼﻠﻮا‬ ‫أآﺎدﻳﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫درﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺮ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬...................................185 39-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬......................................186 40-‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺗﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫هﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫أﻋﻀﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ‬2008...........187 41-‫وﻇﺎﺋﻒ‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬................................................187 42-‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫إﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺘﻤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻤﺎء‬..............................189 43-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮدد‬ ‫ﻣﺮات‬ ‫ﻋﺪد‬..............................................190 44-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮدد‬ ‫ﻋﺪم‬ ‫أﺳﺒﺎب‬.............................................191 45-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮدد‬ ‫أﺳﺒﺎب‬...................................................191 46-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﻮاﻓﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰات‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫رﺿﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﺪى‬........................193 47-‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫وﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺒﻴﺎت‬...............................194 48-‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫وﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫وﺣﺪاﺛﺘﻪ‬ ‫وﻋﻤﻘﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎت‬ ‫ﺷﻤﻮل‬ ‫درﺟﺔ‬.....195
    • ‫ي‬ 49-‫اﻟﻨﻮﻋ‬ ‫ﺗﻮاﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪى‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻷوﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪدة‬ ‫ﻴﺎت‬..............196 50-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪون‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻹﺗﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎط‬...............................197 51-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت‬..............................................197 52-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪون‬ ‫إﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻠﺠﺄ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻷﺧﺮى‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫وﻣﺮاآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬..198 53-‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎد‬ ‫ﺗﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮاﺋﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ‬........................................................247
    • ‫ك‬ ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫اﻷﺷﻜﺎل‬ ‫أواﻟﺼﻮرة‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫اﺳﻢ‬‫رﻗﻢ‬‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ 1-‫اﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫واﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫آﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬.20 2-‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻞ‬..............................33 3-‫اﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺮﻓﻖ‬...........................................................74 4-‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬..........................................76 5-‫اﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫إدارات‬ ‫ﻣﻮاﻗﻊ‬....................77 6-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻹدارى‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻞ‬.............................................................87 7-‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻹﺣﺪى‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮذج‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬......................139 8-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫اﻷﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻹﺣﺪى‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮذج‬.....................139 10-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﻳﺌﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬......................................................208 11-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬‫ﻮﻣﺎت‬.......................................................209 12-‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬...........................................................211 13-‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﻮاﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬..............................................................212 14-‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺸﺮﻳﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬................................................213 15-‫أﺑﻴﺴﻜﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬EBESCO.....................................................214 16-‫اﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬.....................................................215 17-‫اﻟﺪورﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﺻﺪارات‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬................................................................216 18-‫اﻹﺻﺪارات‬ ‫أﺣﺪث‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬..................................................................217 19-‫اﻟﻤﻮاﻗﻊ‬ ‫دﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬.......................................................................219 20-‫اﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺪى‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬....................................................................221 21-‫ﺑﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﺗﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬...........................................................................222 22-‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫وﻧﺪوات‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮات‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬..........................................................223 23-‫واﻟﻨﺪوات‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮات‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬................................................224 24-‫اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺎﻋﺪة‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬.............................................................231 25-‫اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬...................................................232
    • ‫ل‬ 26-‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎن‬.......................................................233 27-‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﻠﺺ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬.........................................................234 28-‫اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺺ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬................................................235 29–‫اﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﻃﺮق‬...........................................................265 30–‫اﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮوﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺘﺮح‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻞ‬..............................276 31–‫ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫أﻳﻘﻮﻧﺎت‬ ‫أﺷﻜﺎل‬RSS...............................................................285
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬
    • ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬: ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻴﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺯﺍﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﻫﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺭﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﺜل‬ ‫ﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﺭﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤـﺎﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬‫ﺘﻘﻨﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺤـﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻤـﺯﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻁـﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﻘﻨﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤـل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﻜﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻫـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻜﻴﺯﺓ‬‫ﺒﺤﺜﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻱ‬‫ﻭﺘﻌ‬ ،‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬‫ﺘـﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒـﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺘﻭﻓﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘـﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻜﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬،‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﻜﺯﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬‫ﻭﺘﻌـ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟـﺒﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎ‬‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻔﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬"‫ﻓﺭﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬"‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻁﻠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬. 2–‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬. 3–‫ﻭﺤﻔﻅﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﻠـﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺈﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻬﺯ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻏﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻴﻥ‬. 4–‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺼﻭ‬ ‫ﺨـﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻏﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ‬،‫ﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻴﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺭ‬. ‫ﻭﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻗـﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺁﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺨـﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ 1
    • ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﻘـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺘﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺓ‬" : ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬"‫ﻭ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬"‫ﻭ‬"‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬. " ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤـﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺜ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬:- 1-‫ﻭﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬. 2-‫ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬. 4-‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬. 5-‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬. 6-‫ﻭﺘﻨﻭﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬. 7-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺎﺠﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻭﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻨﻭﺍﺤﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺴﺭﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺴﻴﻠﺘﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻭﻍ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺄﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺒﺅ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴ‬‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺩﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺤﻭﻅﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﻜﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻀﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻘﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺒـﺎﺭﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬،‫ﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺤـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬1955‫ﻜﻴـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻬﻴﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﻼﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘل‬،‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺯﺍل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﻡ‬‫ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌـﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬،‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ 2
    • ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﺨﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺒﺎ‬،‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﺘﻘﺎ‬‫ﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻬﺘﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺸﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬. ‫ﺯﻴـﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻬـﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬: 1-‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻬﻴﺌـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨـل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻔﺭﻏﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻤﻜﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺨﺎﺭﺠﻪ‬. 2-‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻡ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺒﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬. 3-‫ﻭﺘﻭﺜﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺭﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺘﺎﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺒﺌﺘﻬﺎ‬. 4-‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬‫ﺒﻤـﺎﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬. 5-‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬. ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺒﻊ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﻴﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﻰﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻓﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﺒﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻌﻴﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻔﺸل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬. 3
    • ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘـ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻜﺎﺱ‬‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺨـﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺨﺎﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬‫ﺍﺨـﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻅﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻀل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺴﺏ‬‫ﻭﻨﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺴ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬،‫ﻴﺤـﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬‫ﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻟـﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺒﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﻔﻌﺕ‬،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺅﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬‫ﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺜﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬. ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬: ‫ﻭﻜﻭﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜـﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭﻩ‬‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺄﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺨـﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒﻌـﺽ‬ ‫ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺒـﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬)‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻤـﻭﺯﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬(‫ﻋـﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺒـﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺎﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻘﺎﺌﻰ‬‫ﺕ‬. 4
    • 4–‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺯﺍل‬‫ﻭﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻜﺏ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﺩﺍﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻤﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬. 5–‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭﺍﺌﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺕ‬. 6–‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬. 7–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬. 8-‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬. 9-‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬)Full Text(‫ﻭﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. 10-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬. ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﺨﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬:- 1-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬. 3-‫ﻭﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬. 4-‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. 5-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬. 6-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬. 7-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬. 8-‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬‫ﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬. 5
    • ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬: ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬:- 1-‫ﺇ‬‫ﺒﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻫﺘﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻤﺘﺨـﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬. 2–‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬. 4-‫ﺇ‬‫ﺴـﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺁﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻭﻴﺎ‬‫ﺎ‬. 5-‫ﺇ‬‫ﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬. 6-‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬. 7-‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬. 8-‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﺔ‬،‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬. 9-‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬. 10-‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬. 11-‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴل‬‫ﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺭﻗﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. 12-‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬‫ﺘﺴﻭﻴﻕ‬‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. ‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴﺎ‬:‫ﻭﺣﺪﻭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﻝ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻤﻠﺕ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﻤﻬﺎﻤـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺜـﺎﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅـﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﻬﻴـﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼـﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻓﻀ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻴﺅﺩﻯ‬‫ﻤﻭﺍﻜﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻓـﻀل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬1955 ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬2008‫ﻡ‬. 6
    • ‫ﺳﺎﺩﺳﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺞ‬: ‫ﺘﺤﺘـﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻤـﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬، ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺜﺒﻴﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﺘﻜـﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤﺭﺍﺤﻠ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﻥ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺘﻐﻁﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴـﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤل‬: ‫ﺃ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬: ‫ﻤﺤـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬: 1-‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬. 4-‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬. 5-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬. 6-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬. 7–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬‫ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸـﺭﺓ‬ 7
    • ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬)1.( ‫ﺏ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﺸﺔ‬) (‫ﻴﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﺃﺨـ‬‫ﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬(‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺘﻌ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻬﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﺘﻤﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗـﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍ‬،‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺠـ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺒﻼﺕ‬: ‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺒﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺎﺒﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠـﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻜـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺭﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺒﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﺠﺩﻴﻥ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺒﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺩ‬-‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬: ‫ﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬‫ﺩﺍﺨـل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺴـﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﺎﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺨﺎﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ، ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬)‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬-‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬(‫ﺃﻭﺨﺎﺭﺠﻪ‬ ،. ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬: ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻠﺯﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬:- 1–‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬. 2–‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺩﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻓﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬. 3–‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬)34(‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺭﻋﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺩﺍ‬‫ﺴﺘﺔ‬‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﺭ‬. 8
    • ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻜﻴﻡ‬: ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻜﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬. ‫ﺃﻭﺒﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺩﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬)2(‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻔﺭﻴﻐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬‫ﻰ‬SPSS. ‫ﺍﺸ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ل‬: ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)1(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﺭ‬‫ﻤﺤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬10 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺩﺩ‬3 ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬4 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬2 ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬8 ‫ﺨﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺕ‬4 ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬300‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻋـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺩﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴل‬ ‫ﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬: 1–‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻘﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺩﺭﺒﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺩﺭﺏ‬. 2–‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﻀﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻨﻭﻯ‬‫ﻴﻌﻘﺩﻩ‬‫ﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻨﻴ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻜل‬. ‫ﺍﻷﺨـﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﻔﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬. 9
    • ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬111‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬300‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﻭﻥ‬20‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬـﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬131‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬300‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬44%‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻴﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬. ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬169‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺩﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬56.% ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬59‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬19.7%‫ﻤﺠﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬241‫ﺍﺴﺘ‬‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬80.3%‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺠﻬﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﻭﺍﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺃﻫﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬:- ‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﻭﻀﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺜﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬)‫ﻭﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬.( ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺒﺄﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺩﺩ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﺎﻀـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﺫ‬ ،‫ﺘﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﺭﺍﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺼﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻠـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴـل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﺠـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺭﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭﻫﺎ‬. ‫ﻭﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺠﻬﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﺭﻑ‬ ،‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺓ‬ 10
    • ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬)‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬.( ‫ﺛﺎﻣﻨﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬: 1-‫ﻤﺠﺎﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻨﻲ‬)1( ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ؛‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺭﺍﺡ‬. ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬:‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺒﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺘﻪ‬‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬. 2-‫ﺻﺎدق‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ‬ ‫أﻣﻨﻴﺔ‬)2( ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﻓﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬‫ﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭﺘﺩﻓﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﺜﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻭﻗـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘـﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻔﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘـﺼﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻗﻁﺎﻋﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺸﻤل‬:- 11
    • 1–‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬. 2–‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬‫ﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻯ‬. 4–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﺱ‬. 5–‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. 6–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬. 7–‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬. 8–‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬. -‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬: 1-‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬. 2-‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬. 3-‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻡ‬. 4-‫ﺍ‬‫ﺤﺘﻴﺎ‬‫ﺝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬. 5-‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬. 3-‫ﻳﻮﻧﺎن‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻟﻮرﻳﺲ‬)3( ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬:- 1-‫ﻟﻠﻤـﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺘﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬. 2–‫ﻭﻤﺸﻜﻼ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﻼﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻌﺭﺍﺽ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬:- 1–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬. 12
    • 2–‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬. 3–‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬. 4–‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬. 5–‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬. 6–‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬. 7–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. 8–‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬. 9–‫ﺴﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬. 10–‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬. 4-‫إﺑﺮاهﻴﻢ‬ ‫إﺑﺮاهﻴﻢ‬ ‫رﻧﺪﻩ‬)4( ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬‫ﺘﻌﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬: 1-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﻟﺘﻠـﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻓﻘﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬. 4-‫ﻨﻘـﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﻋﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺓ‬،‫ﻭﻨﻘ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺎﻁ‬،‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬. 5-‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺒﺭﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴـﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬. 5-‫ﻴﻨ‬‫ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻰ‬ ‫ل‬)5( ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬‫ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺴـﻭﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬،‫ﻭﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟـﺕ‬ 13
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ؛‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺭﺍﺡ‬‫ﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬. ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬: 1-‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬Anamerıç, Hakan)6(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬: "A Case Study of Information centers in Chicago city" ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺸـﻴﻜﺎﺠﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻵﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬: 1-‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺹ‬. 2-‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬20–30‫ﺍﻷﺴﺒﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬. 3-‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﻭﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻏـﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬:- 1-‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺎﻁﺔ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻴﺼﺎل‬. ‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺔ‬: 1-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻰ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬. 4-‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬. 5-‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺘﺎﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬. 14
    • 2-‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬Alnaim, Lamya S)7(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬: A Case Study of Social Science Information centers in California City. ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﻴﻔﻭﺭﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬. ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬: 1–‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻴﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺝ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬. 4-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬. 5–‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬. 6–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬Abeles, Eileen G)8(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬: Internet access in the libraries of National Network of Libraries of Social Sciences. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻀﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬2500،‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒـل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎل‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨـﺕ‬ ‫ﺒـﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻁﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴـﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺠﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬76 %‫ﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﻊ‬:- 15
    • -‫ﺍﻹﻤﻜﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺹ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬. ‫ﻴﺒﻠـﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬597 ‫ﻭﻤﻜﺘ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﺠﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬: ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬‫ﻭﻤﺸﻜﻠ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻭﺤـﺩﻭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘـﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬ ،‫ﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻹﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺙ‬. ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬: ‫ﺒﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬،‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺭﻑ‬‫ﺒﻜـل‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﻌﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﺎﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬:‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ل‬:،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻀﻴﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻬﻭﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻀﺎﺀﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺠﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺅﻫﻼﺘﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩﻫﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬. 16
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬:‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬: ‫ﻭﻴ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﺍﻋﻴـﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻐﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺼﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺘﺘﻡ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﺸﻜﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬:‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﻴﺘﻨ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎﻭل‬‫ﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤـﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘـﺭﺍﺡ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻜﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻭﻥ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻔﺭﻴﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﺭﺍﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻴﻭﻟﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﻁﻬﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬:‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬: ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻨﻔﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻌل‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺼﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ 17
    • )Full Text(،‫ﻋـﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﺎﻤـل‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﺤﻠﻬﺎ‬‫ﺁﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺘﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻴﻨـﺩﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀـﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺌﻤﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻴﺯﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﺤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻴﺯﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋـﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘـﺴﻭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘـﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨـﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬،‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻗﺘﺭﺤ‬‫ﻤﺭﻓﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻁﻭﺍﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺘﻤﺔ‬: ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻨﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺘﻤﻠﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻕ‬: ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺘﻤﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬‫ﻟﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻠﺤ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﻋـﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬Koha‫ﺩﻟﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺇﻋـﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻠﺤﻕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﺨﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻌﻴل‬RSS‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬. 18
    • ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺎدر‬ )1(‫ﻣﺠﺎهﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﺎل‬ ‫أﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬.‫واﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﺛﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪول‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ‬: ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺬ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻧﺠﺎزات‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫دراﺳﺔ‬1983.-‫دآﺘﻮراﻩ‬ ‫أﻃﺮوﺣﺔ‬.-‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫إﺷﺮاف‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺠﻮب‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮد‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻨﺎء‬ ،‫رﺑﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪة‬ ،‫اﻟﻬﺎدي‬._‫اﻟﻤﻨﻮﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬:،‫اﻵداب‬ ‫آﻠﻴﺔ‬2002. )2(‫ﺻﺎدق‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ‬ ‫أﻣﻨﻴﺔ‬.‫اﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫دور‬‫ﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫واﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬.-‫دآﺘﻮراﻩ‬ ‫أﻃﺮوﺣﺔ‬.-‫اﻟﻬﺎدى‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫إﺷﺮاف‬.-‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة‬: ‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬.‫اﻵداب‬ ‫آﻠﻴﺔ‬،1990. )3(‫ﻳﻮﻧﺎن‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻟﻮرﻳﺲ‬.‫ﻣﺮاآﺰ‬ ‫ﻷهﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪاﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫دراﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻮم‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﺛﻴﻖ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﺛﻴﻖ‬.-‫ﻣﺎﺟﺴﺘﻴﺮ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬.-‫ﻣﺤﻤ‬ ‫إﺷﺮاف‬،‫اﻟﻬﺎدى‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻠﻮﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﺴﺘﺎر‬.-‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة‬:‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬.‫اﻷداب‬ ‫آﻠﻴﺔ‬،1980. )4(‫إﺑﺮاهﻴﻢ‬ ‫إﺑﺮاهﻴﻢ‬ ‫رﻧﺪﻩ‬.‫اﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫وﻣﺮاآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺤﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﻢ‬ ‫واﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬:‫ﻣﻴﺪاﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫دراﺳﺔ‬.-‫ﻣﺎﺟﺴﺘﻴﺮ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬.-‫أﺳﺎﻣﺔ‬ ،‫اﻟﺸﻨﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮد‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺪ‬ ‫إﺷﺮاف‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮد‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺪ‬.-‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة‬:‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬.،‫اﻵداب‬ ‫آﻠﻴﺔ‬2002. )5(‫ﻳ‬‫ﻋﻤﺮان‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻞ‬.‫ﺳﻮرﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮآﺰ‬:‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫دراﺳﺔ‬.-‫رﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺟﺴﺘﻴﺮ‬.-‫ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﺎن‬ ‫إﺷﺮاف‬.-‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬:،‫اﻵداب‬ ‫آﻠﻴﺔ‬2001. )6(Numeric, Hakan. A Case Study of Information centers in Chicago city. - Information World journal. - Vol. 6 .No1, p15. 2000. available on line at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lxh&AN=27495128&sit e=ehost-live )7(Alnaim, Lamya S. A Case Study of Social Science Information centers in California City.- California University. Vol. 41 No 4. 2007, p441. available on line at : http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lxh&AN=25815400 &site=ehost-live )8(Abels, Eileen G. Internet access in the libraries of National Network of Libraries of Social Sciences .- College of Information Studies, University of Maryland.- Vol. 33 .No1, p27. 1990. available on line at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lxh&AN=24594673&site=e host-live 19
    • ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬
    • ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﺭﻩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻷﻨـﺸﻁﺘﺔ‬ ،‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗﺴﺎﻤﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﻪ‬ ،‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻌﺭﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺜﺕ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨـﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬. )1(‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻠـﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﺭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ،‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺭﺘﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻘﺘـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟـﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻌﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻷﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺒ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬: ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬)1(‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬)1( ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ 20
    • ‫ﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻹﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬)‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻭﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﻨﻌﻭ‬( ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺠـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻡ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻌﺏ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬: 1-‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻬﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬. 2-‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬. 3-‫ﺍﻹﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻉ‬. 4-‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻌﺏ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﺇﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬))‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤـﻭﺫﺠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴـﺭ‬((‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻜـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﻴﺩﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻭﻜﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬. 5-‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﻟﻔﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. 6-‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺎﺴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬. 7-‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬. ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻁﻠﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻁﻠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸـﺭ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺸـﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬–‫ﺍﻷﻭﻀـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻤﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻠﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﻼﻕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻀﻤﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ، ‫ﻤـﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻁ‬. 21
    • ‫ﻭﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﻭﺭﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﻜﻭﺴـﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺠﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻰ‬‫ﻨﻅـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺩﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻗﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺘﺘﺨﺫﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻀﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻼﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬. ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻅـل‬ ‫ﻓﻔـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬)‫ﻅـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬(‫ﺘﻐﻁـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻻﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺼﺼﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻤل‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤـﻀﺎﻋﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬)2.( ‫ﻴﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻴـﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠـﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻬﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻤﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻘﻬﺎ‬)3.( ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬. 22
    • )2(‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬–‫ﻭﺘـﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺒـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬–‫ﺒـل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻀـﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻁﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ،‫ﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺒﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬‫ﺒـﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺍﻨﻜﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻌﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﺠﻰﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺠﻰ‬.‫ﻭﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴـﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻠﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺼﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺯﺩﻫـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘـﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬–،‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬–‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺍﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺜﻭﺭﺓ‬23‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻭ‬1952–‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺒﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺅﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬(‫ﺍﻟـﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺭﻜﺯﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟـﺴﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴـﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻰ‬‫ﺭﺸـﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬. ‫ﺨﻠﻴﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻌﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﺭﻗـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ 636‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1955‫ﻓﻰ‬21‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﺴﻤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬1955)4(‫ﺘﻭﻗﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺸـﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻜﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬30‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬1955)5(‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﻠـﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺌـﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬))‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻜﻴﺔ‬((. ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬21‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺩﻴﺴﻤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬1955‫ﺸﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﻭﺭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺭﺓ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ 23
    • ‫ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻪ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬1956‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،7‫ﻤﺎﺭﺱ‬1957‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻔل‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺴﻤﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ‬)6( ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﻋﻤـل‬ ‫ﻨﻁـﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻨﺫﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬))‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬((‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻴﻴﺯﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺭﻴﻬﺎ‬)‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬))‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬( ((‫ﻭﺠﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴـﻨﺔ‬ 1958–‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ‬–‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬1964‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ))‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬-‫ﻤﺎﻴﻭ‬-‫ﺩﻴﺴﻤﺒﺭ‬((‫ﺘـﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻤﻭﺤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻬـ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺒﻜﺭﺓ‬‫ﺠـﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺘ‬‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺘ‬‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﻏﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬. ‫ﻭﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﻰﺀ‬.‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻡ‬‫ﻟـﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺯﺭﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺠـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﺸﺎﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬،‫ﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻠﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠـﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺯﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺘ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺃﺱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺯﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻁﺎﺕ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﺯ‬‫ﻭﻅﻴﻔﺘ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬221‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1959‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺘﻤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬1959‫ﺒﺈﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬)7(‫ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬1958 ‫ﺴﻨﺘ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬)8(–‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﺼـﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻉ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺘﻭﺴﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺘ‬‫ﻪ‬. 24
    • ‫ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻰ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬1956‫ﺒﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬–‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬–‫ﻤﺴﺘﺄﺠﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻘﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬))‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠـﺸﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬18‫ﺠﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬((‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻐﻼﻥ‬‫ﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﻊ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺍﺒـﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﻉ‬15‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻁل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺴﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬16‫ﺘﻤﺎﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻔـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﺜﻴﺜﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬـﺩ‬ ‫ﻤـﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺁﻨﺫﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒـ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗـﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺠـﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺼﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬))‫ﺃﻤﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺌل‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬1959((‫ﻤﻨﺘﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻘﺎﻋـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺤـﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺨﺼـﺼﺕ‬ ‫ﻜـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻤﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺍﺕ‬.)9( ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬1‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬1960‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴـﺸﻐﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬‫ﺤﺎﻟﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻘﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﺈﻤﺒﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬16‫ﻤﺒﻨـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺼـﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﺒﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﻓﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻜﻤﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﺒﻕ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴـﺸﻐل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻅـل‬ ،‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻁﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﺒﻕ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺭﻀـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺤﻔﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨـﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻰ‬))‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬((،‫ﺍﻷﻭﻗـﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬))‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺎ‬((‫ﻭﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬،‫ﺤﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻓ‬‫ﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻤﺜﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨـﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺯﻴﺘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺼﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﻁﻔﻼ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻴﺩﻴﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻓﻌﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻤﺜﻼ‬–‫ﻗﻭﻤﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺘﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺤﻤل‬ ،‫ﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻓ‬‫ﺸـﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻅل‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ 25
    • ‫ﻨﻭﻓﻤﺒﺭ‬1962–‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺌﻪ‬‫ﺴـﺒﺘﻤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬1959–‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬.)10( ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬1962‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬79‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬)11(‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ،‫ﺇ‬‫ﻨـﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺘﻴﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻷﻗـﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﻴـل‬ ‫ﻨﻀﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺤـﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﺕ‬‫ﻭﺘﻨﻭﻋـﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌـﺩﺩﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺘ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺴﺒﻘ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺎ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺇﺼﺩﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻅـﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬1961‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬. ‫ﺘﻭﻗﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﻗﻴـﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﻰﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻀﺎﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺘـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬:- ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺫﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﻴﻬﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺫﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬. ‫ﻜﻠﻤ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴـﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘـﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ،‫ﻤﻼﺌﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴـﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻭﺍﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻅﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻨﺎﺡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻡ‬....‫ﺃﻟﺦ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬–‫ﻁﻠﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬–‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘـﺸﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬. 26
    • ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬))‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺴﻜﻭ‬((‫ﺒﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤـﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬))‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺴﻜﻭ‬((‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬24 ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﺴﻤﺒﺭ‬1978. ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺜﻴﺜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬. ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻴـﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻤﻜﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻌﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻠﻴﻥ‬–‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺘﺎﺒﻌـﺎ‬ ‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻜﻴﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺎﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺯﺀﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬‫ﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺄﺴﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺭﺍﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬1975‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﻤﺞ‬ 27
    • ‫ﻟﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﻪ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﺭﺍﻓﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺭ‬ )‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬(‫ﺼـﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨـﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬450‫ﻓﻰ‬16‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺒﺭ‬1986‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠـﺱ‬ ‫ﺘـﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺒـﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺠﻬـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺭﺌـﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻗـﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻹﺼـﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬649‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1990‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﻀـﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻘﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﻜـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺘﺎﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻬﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻤﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺴﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺼـل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺎﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺠﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺘﻘﻠﻴل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺭﺱ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺒﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓـﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀـﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜـل‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻜﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤـﺸﺘﺭﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻷﺨﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻭﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴـﺫ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﻨﺸﻁﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺒﻅـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻜﻭﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺭﺍﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻤـل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬)12(. 28
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬‫ﺒﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﻌﻬـﺩ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺍﺤﺩﺍ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺭﺴﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺒﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﻌﺎﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬. ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓ‬‫ﺃﺨ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬–‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺒل‬–‫ﻓﻜـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺴـﺦ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬:‫ﻭﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺭﻴﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨـﺼﻬﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﺤﻭﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺅﻜﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺸﻰﺀ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻘﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺭﺍﻤﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻀـﻭﺀﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺎﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻼﺤـﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﻭﺘﺄﺨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺫ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻁﻁـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬–‫ﺜﺎﻗﺒ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬–‫ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﻭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺭﻗل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤـل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻼ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺌﺤﺔ‬)13(‫ﻭﺍﻟﻼ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺌﺤﺔ‬)14(‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻓﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻤﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻫﻴﺌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁﻪ‬ ‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ،‫ﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬:‫ﺇﺤﻴ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ،‫ﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬. 29
    • )3(‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻜـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﺭﺍﻀﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺸﻴﺩﺓ،ﻭﻓﻰ‬:- ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬. ‫ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﻔﺎﺩ‬. ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬. ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬. ‫ﻭﻤﺠﺎﻻﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺩﺍﺀ‬.)15( )4(‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬:- ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜـل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺸﻜل‬ ،‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬‫ﻴﻜـل‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬1990)‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﺯﺍل‬‫ﻥ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬:- ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺃﺴﻪ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺭﺘﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻅﻴﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻜﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬:‫ﺇﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬‫ﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺒـﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭل‬ ،‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬‫ﺘـ‬‫ﺒﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤـﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻬـﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺌﻴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬ ‫،ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺨﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬. ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﻘﺴﻡ‬:- 30
    • 1-‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬: (- ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺃﺴﻪ‬‫ﻤﻨ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺏ‬‫ﻋـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬111، ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬2008. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)2(‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ 2008)16( ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬‫ﻟﻴــــــﺴﺎﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺒﻜﺎﻟﻭﺭﻴﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬‫ﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬8111231 ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬74718 ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬4127 ‫ﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬-1-1 ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬2215 ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬12-3 ‫ﺯﺭﺍﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬-1-1 ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬83920 ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬24410 ‫ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬5--5 ‫ﺭﻴﺎﻀﻴﺎﺕ‬-2-2 ‫ﺴﻜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬2--2 ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻡ‬3--3 ‫ﺼﻴﺩﻟﺔ‬-1-1 ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬2--2 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬443235111 ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺯﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﻴﻠـﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺭﻜﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ 31
    • ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﻰﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺴﺎﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻫـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻜﺎﻟﻭﺭﻴﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﻠﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺘﺏ‬: ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)3(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬2008. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺨﺒﻴﺭ‬‫ﺨﺒﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬‫ﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ 2120192526111 ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬23.4%‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗل‬ ،17.1%‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬: (- ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬190 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﺎ‬)17(‫ﺨـﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﺩﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﻡ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻘﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻬﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻀﻴﺤﻰ‬) .‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭﻗـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬)2(‫ﺍﻟﺨـﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬( 32
    • ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻜل‬)2(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬ 33
    • )5(‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ )‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﻩ‬–‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬()18(:- ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ‬‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻜﺎﻵ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﺘﻰ‬:- 1-‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺄﺴﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﻰﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬1987‫ﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴـﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬–‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻨـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻅـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜـل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻤ‬‫ﻨﺯﻟﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﻨـﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻫ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻼ‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ل‬. ‫ﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻔـل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺒﺭﺯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻨﺜ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﺭﻭﺒﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬. ‫ﺒـﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻨﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﻀـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺭﺸﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺃﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺫﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺠـل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺸﻜﻼﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻭﺍﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻅﻭﺍﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺸﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠـﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﺤﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺤﺭﺍﻑ‬ 34
    • ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﻴـﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻜـﺯﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﻌﻜﺎﺱ‬ ،‫ﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨـﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺸﻜﻼﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺴـﺒل‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺤﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ، ‫ﻭﻤـﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠـﻙ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻜﻤﻌﻬ‬‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻨﺤﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬1959‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ‬:‫ﺍﻻﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺜﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬. ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﺄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬1975‫ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺘﻡ‬‫ﺸﻬﺩﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻌﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﺎﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎﻤﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻭﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻭﻁﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺴـﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬ 1987‫ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬ ، ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻤﻰ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺯﻯ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨـﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻰ‬ 35
    • ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻭﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻭﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬. ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬:- ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﺸﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬. ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬـﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘـﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴـﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺨ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﺴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻫﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﻟﻤﻭﻀـﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬. ‫ﻟﻜﻰ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺎﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬـﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌـﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻬﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻜﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺃ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬2/5/1982‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﻓـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬1987‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬. ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﻘﺘﻀﻰ‬)‫ﻭﺤﺩ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺒﺤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺙ‬(‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬(‫ﻤﻅﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺼـﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻯ‬‫ﻭﻻﺌﺤﺘ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬1991. 36
    • ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺭﻯ‬–‫ﻓـ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬–‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺼﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺩﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺠﺎﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻴﻘـﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁـﺎ‬‫ﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺼﻌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬. ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻴـﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒـﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘـﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻀـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺤﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺸﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﻀﺔ‬–‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺃﻭﺴﻴﺎﺴـﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻗﺘـﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬–‫ﺨﺩﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺫﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻜﺎﻵ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﺘﻰ‬:- 1-‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﺠﺎﻨـﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬1962‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺒﺎ‬ ، ‫ﻷﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺘﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ 37
    • ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻓﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜل‬.‫ﺘـﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻋـﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬1987‫ﻗـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀـﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬)‫ﺍﻻﺘـﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬(‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬.(،‫ﺃﺨـﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻜﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺌﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭﻯ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺫﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬.‫ﺒﻘﻭل‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻤﺎﻁﻬﺎ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻫـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﻋﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺎﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﺤﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻭﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬‫ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸـﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻁـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬1962‫ﻓﻘـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ، ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬)‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬(‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬1976‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،11‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴـل‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬1979‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻤﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﺯﺩﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬–‫ﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻯ‬‫ﺘﻌﺩﺩﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬. 38
    • ‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬–‫ﻨـﺸﺄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨـﺫ‬–‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺒـﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻭﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﻐﻔل‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﻟﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺄﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺎﺒﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻷﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹ‬،‫ﺍﻟـﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﻁﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻐﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﻬﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺴﻠﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃىﺎﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺭﺴﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺩ‬.‫ﻴﺠﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﻤـﺴﻭﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻁﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺃﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺎﺒﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻘﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﻜﺱ‬‫ﺒﺄﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺴﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺇﺭﺴـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻁﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻤﻘﺭﺍﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﺭﺍﺌﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﻟﻭﻴﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﺘﺘﻌﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠـﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺌﻭﻨ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺼﺎﻟﺤﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬1987‫ﺍﻟﻼﺌﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻭﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬1987‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻭﺠﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠـﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬. 39
    • ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﺯﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺤـﺩﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨـﻼل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺘ‬‫ﺭﻜـﺯﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻼﺏ‬‫ﺃﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻭل‬ ‫ﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬.....‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻜﺯ‬‫ﺃﻨـﺸﻰﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻨـﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺸﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬،‫ﺍﻨﻌﻜﺎﺴـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤـﺩﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬(‫ﺒﻌـﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺼﻔﻬﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺒﻁﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻔل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻟﻜﺎﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﺸـﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬. ‫ﺭﺅﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻁﻼﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﻼﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺒﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﻫل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺫﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬: ‫ﻭﻗـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩ‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻡ‬. ‫ﻭﺼـﻨﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺘﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﺴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬. 40
    • ‫ﻴﺨـﺘﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻜﺎﻵ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﺘﻰ‬:- 1-‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻊ‬1955‫ﻅﻬـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ، ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬122‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1987‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬‫ﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻘﺘﻀﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸـﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟـﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺍﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺼﻼﺤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻟـﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨـﻭﺍﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤـﻭﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻅـل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬:- ‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻜﺎﺒﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺘﻤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﻴﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﺩﺍﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁـﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨـﺴﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠـﺭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻜﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬. ،‫ﻨـﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺎﺸﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬. 41
    • ‫ﺍﻹﺠ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬـﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﺠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻀـﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺎﺘـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺍﻷﻤﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻭﺍﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻻﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤـل‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺎﻁﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ‬. ‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻘﺒﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻨﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻭﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻠﺔ‬:- ‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻊ‬ 1959‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﺯﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬–‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬‫ﻪ‬–‫ﻤـﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬–‫ﺨ‬‫ﺼﻭﺼﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬–‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺒﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ،‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﻤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩﻫـﺎ‬: ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻌـﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴـﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺼﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺭﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺩﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺩﻤﺎﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺭﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﻌـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺩﻤﺎﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺼﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬. ‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻭﺭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻜﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ،‫ﻀﺒﻁﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬‫ﺒﻤﺤﺎﻜﻤﺘ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻭﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻔﻴـﺫ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺼﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺍﺒﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﺃﻨﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺭﺍﺡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻜﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻓﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻟﻌﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺩ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻠﺴﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﻴﻔﺭﻀـﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬. 42
    • ‫ﺍﻻﻫ‬‫ﺃﻨﻁﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻗﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻌـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻔﻴـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺘﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ‬‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺸﺄ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻜﺎﻵ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﺘﻰ‬:- 1-‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻅﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬1960‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻜـﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺈﺤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﺭﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻓﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺒﻭﻁﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤـﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﺠﺭﻤﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻓـﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﻴﻤﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺨﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺍﺌﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻻﺭﺘﻜﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺌﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ،‫ﺠﺭﻴﻤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﺭﺘﻜﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔـﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘـﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺭﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺜﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﻜﺒﻴﻬﺎ‬. 43
    • ‫ﺃﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻑﺀ‬. ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬1962‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ، ‫ﻜـﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺤـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘـﺸﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬1965‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،1971. ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬:‫ﺒـﺩﻭﺭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻌﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﺘﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺎﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﺌﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬1975‫ﻭﻜ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻑ‬.‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬1976 ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬239،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬1987–‫ﻭﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬–‫ﻜـﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﻤـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜـﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻴـﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻜﻤﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻜﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺏ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴﺯﻴﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﻟﻭﺠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺸﺭﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬـﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺠﻨـﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬. ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠـﺭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺤﺹ‬ ،‫ﻭﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬. 44
    • 2-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﺍﻫﺘ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻡ‬1959‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺸﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺴﺎﻟﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻴﻤﺎﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤل‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬(‫ﻓﻰ‬24/1/1976‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ، 1987‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻴﺩ‬122‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1987‫ﻭﺤـﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻀـﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﻫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬.( ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺘﻴﺔ‬:- ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﺤﺸﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬....‫ﻴـﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﻭﺍﺌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺒﺏ‬. ‫ﺘـﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘـﻭل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺸ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺯل‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻭﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬. ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﺩﺌـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺴـﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﻗﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻫﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﻜﻨﺔ‬. ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺃﺴﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻟﺨﻼﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬. ‫ﻋﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜـﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎ‬‫ﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬. 45
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨـﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺯﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬: ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺭﻤﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺯﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬)‫ﻜﻴﻤﻭﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬.( ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻭﺘﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﺒﻭﻫﻴﺩﺍﺭﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬)‫ﻫﻴﺴﺘﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬.( ‫ﺤـﺩﻭﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻭﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺭﺍﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬. ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨـﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬. ‫ﺒـﻭﺯﺭﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨـﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺜـل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﻰ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬:- ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬1983‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺼﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﻭﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻨﻅﻤ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻀﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻻﺯﺍﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻼﺴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻴﻌﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺘﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﺩﻫﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻐل‬ ‫ﺃﺼـﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻗـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻏل‬ 46
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺘﻠﻭﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠـ‬ ‫ﺒﻌـﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟـﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺴـﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺭﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﻤﺎﺭﺴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻗﺎﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ‬ ‫ﺴـﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﺎﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬. ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻬـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻠﻭﺜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬‫ﺂ‬‫ﻭﻴ‬ ،‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺸ‬ ‫ﺃﻨـﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻘﺼﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺃﻭﻻﺌﺤﺘـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻨـﺼﻭﺹ‬‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻹﺴ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻬﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺭﺍﺡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬. ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬. ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻠﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬. )6(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬:- ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﻫﻰ‬:- ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬:- ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﺘﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻤﻴـﺯﻩ‬ ،‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ 47
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﺴﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺭﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ،‫ﺒﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ،‫ﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻠﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬:‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺍﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠـﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻘـﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻬـﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔـﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺀﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬.‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒﻨﻅﺭﻴﺎﺘـ‬ ‫ﻌﻠﻡ‬‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻗـﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺒﺄﺨﻼﻗﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﻨﺎﻫﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﺎﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺜﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﻁﺘﻬﺎ‬)‫ﻜﻌﻠﻡ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ )‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬(‫ﺒﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻏﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨﺘﺎﺌﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺜﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﺴﺒﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺫﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬–‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬–‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺼـﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﺼﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻅﻭﺍﻫﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬،‫ﻟﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒـﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘـﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻠﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬‫ﻗـﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻅﻭﺍﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﻗﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺨﻁﻭﺍﺘ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻔﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻔﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺭﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻼﻤﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺯﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻘـﺔ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺘﺴﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﻁﻠﺒـﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻟﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺒﺭﺍﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨﺔ‬"‫ﺒﻁﻠـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬"‫ﻭﻫـﻰ‬ 48
    • ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺘﺎﺌﺠﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺭﺸﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﺴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﻤـﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻌﻜﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭﺍﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬)19(، ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺠـﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺸﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺏ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬: 1–‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻊ‬ ،‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬. 2-‫ﺒﻌﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺴﺎﻉ‬. ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘـﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺨﺼﺎﺌﺼﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺠﺯﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺒﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺠﺯﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺘ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﻪ‬: (- ‫ﺘﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ، ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﺕ‬ ، ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬289)‫ﻭﺘـﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺌﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﻥ‬(‫ﻋﻤﻼ‬. ‫ﻴـﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌـﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬450)‫ﻭﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﻤﺎﺌﺔ‬(‫ﻋﻤﻼ‬. ‫ﻭﻋـﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﺕ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬147)‫ﺴـﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺌـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬(‫ﻋﻤﻼ‬. ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻠﻎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬74)‫ﻭﺴﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬(‫ﻋﻤﻼ‬. ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬)‫ﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺵ‬ ،‫ﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ل‬(‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ‬ ،‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬87)‫ﻭﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻌﺔ‬(‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍ‬)20(. 49
    • ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬:- ‫ﻨﻅـﺭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻹﺴﻬﺎﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺴﻴﻊ‬ ،‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﻼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻤﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻀ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺀﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬‫ﺍﻷﻫ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀـﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺎﻴﺎ‬‫ﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒـﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺼﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺜﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺭﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﺘﺯﺝ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﻨﺯﻟﺔ‬‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬–‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺭﺘﻘﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒـﺎﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﺩ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺤﻭﻅﺔ‬،‫ﻭﻜ‬‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻋـﻡ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺠ‬‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺎﻩ‬‫ﺔ‬–‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬–‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺌﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﺘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻀﺨﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻬﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺘﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻨﺫ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺼل‬ ،‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻅﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬91‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨﺩﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬2/1/1962‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬)‫ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺭﺠﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬(‫ﺘﻌﺩﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻁﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬،‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤـﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨـﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻤﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻨﺎ‬:- 50
    • ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁ‬:‫ﺃﻭﻋﻠـﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻓـﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻠﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬‫ﺃﻭﻋﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁ‬:‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁ‬:،‫ﻤﻭﻀـﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻻﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬. ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻤﺎ‬1987‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻌﺭﻀﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻑ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﻜﺎﻵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﻬﻡ‬‫ﺘﻰ‬:- )1(‫ﺍﻟﺴﺘﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬:- ‫ﺭﻜـﺯﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨـﺩﻭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ،‫ﻨﻘﺎﺸﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺘﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺼﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺅﺴﺴﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺇﻟﻘـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺴﻬﺎﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻅﺭﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﻴﺩ‬‫ﺁﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﻴل‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘـﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜـل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅـﻭﺍﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬـﻡ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻬﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸـﻜﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﺤـﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬. )2(‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻌﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻁﻔﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻌﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻐﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬)‫ﻭﻋﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬(‫ﻭﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻠﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﻅﺎﻫﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤـﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﺤﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ 51
    • ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﺩﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨـﺴﻜﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺜـل‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﻟﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻘـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺫﻜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴﺔ‬. )3(‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬:- ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺩﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺸﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺜﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﻀـﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺒـﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻜﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺜـل‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴـﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻌﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺭﺍﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻔل‬. )4(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬:- ‫ﻤـﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻋـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻴﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻤﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨﺩﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺌـ‬ ‫ﺃﺨـﺫﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺜﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺘﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻬﻤﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻭﺍﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻨـﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻀﻭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺒﺄﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻥ‬. ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﺩﺭ‬9/5/1999‫ﺘﺤـﺕ‬ ‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺎﺕ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻌﻴل‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺠـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤـﺩﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻌﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬. 52
    • )5(‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬2000‫ﺍﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬:- ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺓ‬‫ﺜﻤﺎﻨﻰ‬‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬......‫ﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬ ‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋـﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺼـﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬2008‫ﻋـﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺭ‬1999‫ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ، ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺩﺍﺭﺴـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜـﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺜﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﻁﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﻁـﻁ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒـﺅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻟـﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺒـﺎﻷﺤﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺘـﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﻨﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻷﺴﺭﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺌﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻤﺎﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻭﺩﺍﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺩﺍﻋﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻬﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬)21(. ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺨـﻼل‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺅﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻗﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬–‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬– ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴـﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺴﻡ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺸـﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻤﺜﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌـﺎل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻹﺴـﻬﺎﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯﺍﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. 53
    • ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬:- ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨـﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺘﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻟﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬–‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺠﺎﻻﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬–‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻜﺴﺎﺒﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﻤﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒـﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬‫ﻭﻫﻴﺌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺭﻜﺔ‬ ،‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎﺭﺴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬،‫ﺘﻤﺎﺭﺴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺭﻯ‬632‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1955‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬـﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬)‫ﺏ‬(‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺍﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻴﻌﻨﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴـﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺠـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬)2(‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬221‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1959‫ﺃﻏـﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺤـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﺭﺍﻀﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬–‫ﺒﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬–‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺢ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬. ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺍﺌﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺍﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬104‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1991‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻨﺹ‬36،37‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺼﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻴﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ‬‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬–‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬–‫ﻴﻔـﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﻁﻠﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬‫ﺴﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ 54
    • ‫ﺇﻜﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﺤﺩﺜﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﺎﺒﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺅﻫﻠﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺭﺕ‬:‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﺩﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺭﻓﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﻓـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴﻬﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻋﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺭﺘﻘـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻤﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﺎﺭﻓﻬﻡ‬:‫ﻭﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺼﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻷﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺎﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺼـﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬـﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺤﺩﺜﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﺇ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺨﺒـﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻜـﺴﺎﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﺠﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﻬﻡ‬‫ﺠﻬـ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺏ‬‫ﺔ‬، ‫ﻭﺘ‬‫ﺠﻬ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻴﺨﺎ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬. ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺭﺘﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻗﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺒﻤ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﻤﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨﺯﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺒﺤـﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬـﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻁل‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻜﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﻜﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬:- ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻋﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻠﻘﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺨﺒ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗﺎﻋـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺴـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻤﺸﺘﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺘﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘـﺩﺭﻴﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻜﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬. 55
    • ‫ﺒـﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﺜـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻜﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺌﺏ‬.....‫ﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ، ‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺘﻪ‬. ‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬‫ﺒﺎﻹ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺘﺨﺼـﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻀـﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻷﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬:- ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺨﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺸﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺫﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻜﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺍ‬‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻜﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺍﺕ‬.،‫ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬:‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﻨـﺎﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸـﻔﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒـﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﺘﺤﺭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺘﻔﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻨﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻴﺎﺯﻩ‬. ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩﻫ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤلﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﻟﻜـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀـﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺼـﻴل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻀـﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺯﺍﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻏﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺯﻴ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬.‫ﺒﻌـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻔﺭﻴﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻼﺤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺭﺍﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬.)22( 56
    • ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬:- ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬–‫ﺒﺤﻕ‬–‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻤﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴـﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻐﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ،‫ﺘﺤﺘﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻷﻨﺸ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻁﺘﻪ‬‫ﻭﺯﻨـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻴﻤ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﺍﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺯﺍﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻌﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺎﻨﺎ‬‫ﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﺘـﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻬﺘﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﻴﺠﺭﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨـﻪ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌـﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘـﺩﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻓـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻨﺫﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻴـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻌل‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻁﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﺒﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬،‫ﻨـﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨـﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻁـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺎﺭﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ‬–‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺘﻬﺎ‬–‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠـﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬1979 ‫ﺒﺈﺼﺩ‬‫ﺍﺭ‬‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬)‫ﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬5(‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺨﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬)‫ﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬57(‫ﻴﻘـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻋ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﺒﺴﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﻔﺎﺀ‬–‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬–‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻐﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﺴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻁﺒﺎﻋﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻔﺎﻅ‬ 57
    • ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻡ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ،‫ﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ،‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬. ‫ﺒﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺒﺎﻟﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤـﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﻤـﻀﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺨﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫـﻰ‬ ‫ﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻟﻰ‬)‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬(‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ، ‫ﺭﺤـﺏ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬3/11/1999‫ﻟﺠﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﻜل‬ ، ‫ﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺴﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺴﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤـﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺒـﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺩﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬)23(‫ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘـﻭﻓﺭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﺎﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺹ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻔﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬:- ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺃﻗﺎﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬1960‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬2008‫ﺒـ‬488‫ﺒﺤﺜﺎ‬‫ﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺠﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺼﻴﺩﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻁﻥ‬ ،‫ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺸـﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺌﻼ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟﻌﺒـﺕ‬ ‫ﻗـﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺤﻴﻭ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺒﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻟﺸ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬. 58
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬:- ‫ﻭﻫ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻰ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬. ‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬:- )1(‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴﻴﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩ‬‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬)1958(‫ﻭﺼـﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻥ‬)2008(‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻠﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻭﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬)‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬–‫ﻤﺎﺭﺱ‬–‫ﺴﺒ‬‫ﺘﻤﺒﺭ‬(‫ﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺠﻴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬. ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻭﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺘـﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻤﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﻟﻐﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﻠﻙ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬)‫ﺍﻷﺤـﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻔﻰ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻰ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﺤﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻁﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘـﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻀـﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻘـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻋﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺭﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨـﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤـﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜـل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻤﺎﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻘﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺴﻼﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻷﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺘﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒـﺩﺍﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨـﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ 59
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻀﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻨﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﺽ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬،‫ﺃﻭﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻨـﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟـﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﺭﺠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬. ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻑ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬‫ﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻵ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻗﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺭﺍﺀ‬. ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬)24(:- ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬:-‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬:- ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺴﺎﺩﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺜﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻤﻨﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺘﺎﺴﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻋﺎﺸﺭﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﻯ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬:‫ﺍﻨﺜﺭﻭﺒﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻤﺵ‬:‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. 60
    • ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬:‫ﺍﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻊ‬:‫ﺸﺭﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻤﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬. ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺴﻊ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻭﻥ‬:‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬:-‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬: ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻭﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺘﻭﺜﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﻭﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬1992‫ﻋﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻅﻬـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻏـﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺼﻁﻠﺤﺎﺕ‬. )2(‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺘﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩ‬)1964(‫ﻭﺼﺩﺭ‬‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵ‬‫ﻥ‬)2008(‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻠﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﻠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺠـﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻭﻓـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺒﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﻏﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻰ‬. ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬:- 1-‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻗـﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻴـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻗﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺭﻴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﺭﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺔ‬‫ﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬. 61
    • 2-‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻁﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻰ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺘـﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴـﺘﻌﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬. ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻜﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻠﻌﻠﻡ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬‫ﺠﻬ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺙ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭﺍﻫﺎ‬‫ﺠﻬ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﺤﺜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ،‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺠـﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺄﻟﻑ‬‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ،‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌـﺽ‬ ‫ﻅﻬـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀـﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﻜﺘﺏ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨـﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻭﻟﻪ‬"‫ﺒـﺎﻟﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺭﻯ‬.....‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬." ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬‫ﻓﻭﻗﻔـﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻫﺩﺍ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺒﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﻨﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺅﺭﺥ‬‫ﻤﺨﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺎﻥ‬‫ﻟﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌـﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻗـﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬. ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻑ‬‫ﺨﻤ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺴﺔ‬‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨ‬‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ )25(:- ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﻭﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻔﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬: 62
    • ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺤﺭﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬: ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬. )3(‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬:- ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩ‬‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻥ‬2004‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺼـﺩﺭ‬‫ﻥ‬ )2008(‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﻠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻤـﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬ )‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬–‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻭ‬(‫ﺇﻨﺠ‬ ‫ﺃﺒـﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤـﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺼﺩﺭﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺎﺯﺍﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬2003‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭ‬"‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬" ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﻌـﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺤـﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻤـﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺴـﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻋﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺩ‬. ‫ﻫﺫ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬:- ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤـﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻘﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻼﺠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﺨﻴﺹ‬:- 63
    • ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬،‫ﻓﺤـﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺘﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻅﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤـﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻏﻔﺎل‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬)‫ﺘـﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔـﺭﻭﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤـﻀﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜـﺎﻟﻔﺭﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬.......‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻭﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻌـﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬/،‫ﻁﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺴـﻠﻭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬/‫ﻭﻗﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬/‫ﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬......‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘـﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﻘﺘﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺩﺍﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺨـﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺒﻌﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺼﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﻫﻴﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﺌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺨل‬.)26( ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻁـﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬‫ﻻﺒـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨـﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌـﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻬﺎﺝ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻠﺨﺹ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻭﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺒﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﻤـﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻌـﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬. )7(‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬: ‫ﻴﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴـﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬‫ﺩﻩ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭﺨﺩﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻓـﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻓـﻀل‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺘـﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻰ‬–‫ﺃﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬–‫ﺤـﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻔﻘﺕ‬ 64
    • ‫ﺃﻭﻁﻠـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘـﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻘﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸـﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺤﺩﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺸ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺯﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺎﻁ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﺩ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴـﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻬﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺠ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘـﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺯﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺴﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻭﻋـﺭﺽ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔـﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴـل‬ ‫ﻭﻁـﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺒـﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺨﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤـﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﺎﻋﺎﺘـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻤـﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬)‫ﺭﻴﻑ‬/‫ﺤﻀﺭ‬/‫ﺼﺤﺭﺍﺀ‬(‫ﻭﺨﺒـﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺌﺎﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺭﺍﺌﺤﺔ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬–،‫ﻋﺎﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﺩﺕ‬‫ﺍﻉ‬)‫ﻭﺘﻘـﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠـﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬(‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬(‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻭﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻠﻕ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﺸﻴﺩ‬ ، ‫ﻤﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﺄﺴﻴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺫ‬)‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬1955(‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﻜﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻜﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺎﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﻜﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁﻪ‬‫ﻴﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬"،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻅﻭﺍﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﻴﻨ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺭﺍﺌﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺌﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﺎﻋﺎﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺨﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺩﻓﺎ‬ ،‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼـﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔـﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻫﺎ؛‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺍﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩﻭﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﺔ‬–‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬–‫ﺒﻌـﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ 65
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﺩﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻬﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺌ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،Team Work ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺒﺩﺃ‬Interdisciplinary‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜـﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻔـﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﻰ‬ ، ‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﺅﺴـﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻤـل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻓﺭﺩﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻌﻴل‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺍﻨﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬(‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠـﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔـﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻹﻴﻤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜـﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﺎﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺜـﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺨﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬.)27( ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬–‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬–‫ﻴﻘﺘـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻠـﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺘـﺘﻼﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻁﺎﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﻨﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔـﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴـل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺭﺸﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻋﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻅـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﻴﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻤ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﺒﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌـل‬ ‫ﻷﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺫﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻴﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬–‫ﻟﻴﺠﺴ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬ ،‫ﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻬﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻬﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺭﻀﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬،‫ﺍﻟـﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘـﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻴﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺫﻜﺭﻫﺎ‬: ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ، ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ، ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬. 66
    • ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬–‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬–‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻁـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻌﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﻟﻤﺘﻁﻠﺒﺎﺘﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻁﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﻴـﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺃﻴـﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﻓﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤـﺎل‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺒل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬:،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺭ‬ ،‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬–‫ﻜﻨﺸﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺤﺭﻓﺔ‬‫ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻁ‬–‫ﻭﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﻴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺠﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬.)28(. 67
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺭﺍﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻭﺸـﻌﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗـﺴﺎﻤﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﺸﻁﺘﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﻫـﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺤـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺴﺎﻟﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ،‫ﺭﺸﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻓﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺨﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬. 68
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ )1(‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬. )2(‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺎﺕ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴـﺎﺽ‬:، ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬1996، ‫ﺹ‬34. )3(‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬:، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬1998‫ﺹ‬ ،24. )4(‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬632‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ‬ ،‫ﻴﺔ‬ 99‫ﻤﻜﺭﺭ‬"‫ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬"‫ﻓﻰ‬25‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﺴﻤﺒﺭ‬1955‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،10-11. )5(‫ﻤـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻌـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻁـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺭﻨـﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺎﺕ‬5‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻴﻭ‬1951‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ‬ ، 5‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ،1953‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،2–3. ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬125‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1951‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﻓﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬8‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬1953‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻗﻴﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﻡ‬15‫ﻤـﺎﻴﻭ‬ 1951‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺩﺭ‬ ،125‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1951‫ﻓﻰ‬15‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﺴﻁﺱ‬1951‫ﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﻓﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ،8‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬1953‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻗﻴﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬1951. )6(‫ﻋﻭﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻅﻬﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺦ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﺭ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻬﻼل‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬1987‫ﺹ‬ ، ‫ﺹ‬64-66. 69
    • )7(‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬221‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1959‫ﺘﻨﻅـﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬198‫ﻤﻜﺭﺭ‬"‫ﺃ‬"‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬16‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺘﻤﺒﺭ‬1959‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،1–5. )8(‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻨﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬)‫ﺃ‬‫ﺃﻜﺘـﻭﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭل‬1975–30‫ﺴـﺒﺘﻤﺒﺭ‬ 1958(‫ﻨﻭﻓﻤﺒﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1958‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،1–37. )9(‫ﻋﻭﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻅﻬﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺦ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﺭ‬.‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬71. )10(‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬.‫ﺹ‬73. )11(‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺫﻜﺭﺓ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻹﻴﻀﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬79‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1962‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬـﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ، ، ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬1979‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،22–26. )12(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﺒﻴل‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬2005. )13(‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬104‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1991‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺌﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﺩ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ 12‫ﻓﻰ‬ ،21‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﺱ‬1991‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﻅﻥ‬508–527. )14(‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬11/4/1979،)40‫ﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬(،)‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻴﻘﺔ‬.( )15(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺫﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﺒﻴل‬.‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬22. )16(‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬.‫ﺹ‬32. 70
    • )17(‫ﺤﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺯﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺙ‬:‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬)1955–2005. (-‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬. )18(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺫﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﺒﻴل‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻗـﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬.- ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬2005. )19(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺫﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﺒﻴل‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬2005. )20(‫ﺤﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺯﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺙ‬.‫ﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬. )21(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺫﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﺒﻴل‬:‫ﻭﻨﺩﺍﻭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬2005. )22(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺫﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﺒﻴل‬:‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬2005. )23(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻯ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ 2005. )24(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺫﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﺒﻴل‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬2005. )25(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺫﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﺒﻴل‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬2005. 71
    • )26(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﻤـﺞ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬1، ‫ﻉ‬1.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬2004. )27(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻯ‬.‫ﺴـ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺎﺒﻕ‬ 17. )28(‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬.‫ﺹ‬21. 72
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬
    • ‫ﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩ‬: ‫ﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺤﺒﺕ‬‫ﺨﺼ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺎ‬‫ﺍﻨﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻟـﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﺒﺭﺕ‬ ،‫ﻨﻌﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻥ‬‫ﺕ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﻬـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻭﻴـل‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺩﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻓﺈﻨﻨـﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺘﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺘﻁـ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻤـﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،. ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼـﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺼﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺭﺒﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻴﺭﺘﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻌـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻬـﺩﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﻀﺎﺀ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬"‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫،ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬.)1( -‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻌﺭﻭﻑ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﺜﻠﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻀﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﻠﻌﺎ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻓﻕ‬"‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬:- 1–‫ﻤﺠﻬﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬. 2–‫ﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬. 3–‫ﻤﺩﺭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻯ‬.)2( 73
    • ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬)3(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬـﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺭ‬–‫ﻤﻨـﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬–‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒـﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻘﺘﻴﻥ‬‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺍﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻐﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬15‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺴﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻰ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬16‫ﺤﺠـﺭﺓ‬، ‫ﺨﺼﺼﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬))‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺌل‬1959((‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﻘﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬‫ﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻤﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬1‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴـﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬1960‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻘـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻤﺒﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﻀـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟـﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ، ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬)3(،‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻅل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)24(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬"‫ﻭﺯﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻀﺎﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬"‫ﻓﻰ‬20101984‫ﺒﺈﻨـﺸﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬)4(، ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬627‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1981‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬)5(،‫ﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬‫ﺴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﺒﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬255‫ﻡ‬2‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤـﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬ ،‫ﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤـﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻬﻴـﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻴـل‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ 74
    • ‫ﺒﻤـﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬93‫ﻡ‬2 ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬‫ﻟـﻺﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬70‫ﻡ‬2‫ﺃﻤـﺎﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻤﺎ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬3880‫ﻡ‬2‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬9.3%‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﺨﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻊ‬"‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺒﺎﺕ‬"– ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﻥ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻭﺍﺭ‬.‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻅﺭ‬)4(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬. 75
    • ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬)4(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ 76
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟـﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤـﺎﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺍﻵ‬‫ﺘﻰ‬:- ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬)5(‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ 77
    • )1(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺘل‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻴـﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒـﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻰ‬:- ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬:‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻤﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬:‫ﻟﻺﻁـﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨـﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬. )2(‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺕ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬–‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬10‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﺒﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬:- 1–‫ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬:‫ﻟﻺ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺄﻟﻑ‬‫ﻟﻺﻁـﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺨﻠﻰ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻜﺘﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬:‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﺨﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺄﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬‫ﻴـﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺼل‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﻁ‬. )3(‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬:- ‫ﻤﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻨـﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺼـﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺠـﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺤﺠﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺄﻟﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺭﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎﻜﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬" ‫ﺘﻴﻠﻔﺯﻴﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬–‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﺘﻭﻏﺭﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻻﺕ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨـﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬..... ‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬"‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻁﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺃﻋﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬. 78
    • ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺸـﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺨـﻼل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬)Network( ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬)6(. ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻨـﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺕ‬"‫ﻜﺘـﺏ‬– ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬–‫ﻓﻴﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻐﺭﺍﺕ‬" ‫ﻗﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺼﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺕ‬"‫ﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬"‫ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬:- ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻀﻨﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗـﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤـﺎ‬ ، ‫ﺤﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺼﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺤﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻜـل‬ ‫ﺍﺘـﺼﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻁﻠﺒﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻀـﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﻠﺘﺯﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺩﻯﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺼﻰ‬.‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬. ‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺭﻭﺍﺡ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻓﻘﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺴﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻰ‬20‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬25‫ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬: ،‫ﺒـﺎﻟﺒﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺭﻑ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬....‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬:- ‫ﺃ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ‬. 79
    • ‫ﺏ‬-‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺘ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﺍﻴﺎ‬‫ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﺕ‬–‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺼﻭﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬. ‫ﺙ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺝ‬–‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﻤﺯﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬. ‫ﺡ‬–‫ﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻨﺘﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺥ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬. ‫ﺩ‬–‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬. ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤل‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬:- ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺨﺩ‬2006‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻐل‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬‫ﺨﻁـﻁ‬ ‫ﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﺩﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﺔ‬‫ﺒﺄﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﻤﻠـﻪ‬‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻟـﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺍﻋﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻬﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘـﺩﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻭﺍﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻬﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻨﺎﻀـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺯﻭﻴـﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒـﺄﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨـﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗـﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺭﺍﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﺘﺨـﺼﻴﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻁـﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻤﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬‫ﻟﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ،ﻭﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ 80
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺭﺍﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ،‫ﺓ‬‫ﻨﺘﺭﻨـﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻴﺎ‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺓ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻠﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻐﺎ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻔﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﻅ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻻﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﺤﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻓـﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬـﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻟ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺤﺠﺎﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻠﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺤـﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻼﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻤـل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺘﺎﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬ ‫ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺭﻯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬)7(‫ﻭﺃﺸـﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬)8(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺜﺎﺜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬:- )‫ﺃ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﻅ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺎﺙ‬:- ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨـﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺎﺌﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺼﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺠﻰ‬200 ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎ‬61‫ﺒ‬ ،‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜـﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ 350‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎ‬73‫ﻟﻠﺘـﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬30‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎ‬. 81
    • ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬:- ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﺃﻴـﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﺠـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﻠﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬:- 1–‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺌﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬14‫ﺩﻭﻻﺒ‬‫ﺎ‬. 2–‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬3‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻻﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ،‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻌﺭﺽ‬. 3-‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜـﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺯﺠﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺌﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻻﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺩﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺸﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬. ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻴﺠﺎﺘﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻔﻅ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬3‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬16‫ﺩﺭﺠـ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻭﺠـﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﻋـﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻔﻅ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬ ،‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻥ‬16‫ﺩﺭﺠ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬. 1–‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬40‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬. 2–‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬‫ﻟﻭﺤﺘ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻜـل‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﻗـﻊ‬ ‫ﻥ‬)‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬–‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬.( ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻀﺩ‬:- ‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﺘﻁﻴل‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬15‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻀﺩﺩﺓ‬‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬5‫ﺒﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻀﺩ‬1.20‫ﺴـﻡ‬ X1.20‫ﻭﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻋﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺴﻡ‬29‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻤﻔﺎﺼل‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺘﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺒﻭﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻀﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﻴﺴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺭﻯﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﻁﺢ‬ ،‫ﻗﺎﺭﻯﺀ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻐل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻭﻕ‬. ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬10‫ﻤﻨﺎﻀ‬‫ﺒﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩ‬5‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬5‫ﺒﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻭﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻀﺩ‬60‫ﺴﻡ‬X40،‫ﺴﻡ‬ 82
    • ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻋﻬﺎ‬27‫ﻴﻌـﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ،‫ﺒﻭﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬. ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎ‬‫ﻋﺩ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬـﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺘـﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻘﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬35‫ﻤﻘﻌﺩﺍ‬. ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﺍﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺎﺡ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻩ‬50‫ﺒﻭﺍﻗـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻌﺩﺍ‬ 25‫ﻜﺭﺴ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﺩﻨ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،25‫ﻜﺭﺴ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺨﺸﺒ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬. ‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬:- ‫ﺒﺤ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺴﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻜـل‬ ‫ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘل‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬. ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺼل‬18‫ﻭﺠﻤﻴﻌﻬـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬. )‫ﺏ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺘــﺠﻬــﻴـﺯﺍﺕ‬:- ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﺘﺄﺴـﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺒـﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬،‫ﺠﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬. ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬:- ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬:- ‫ﺍﻵﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻬـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ 83
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﻟﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬13‫ﺠﻬـﺎﺯ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤـﻨﻬﻡ‬ ،10 ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴل‬"‫ﻭ‬3‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴل‬"‫ﺒﻭﺍﻗـﻊ‬ ،3‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬـﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬9‫ﺃﺠﻬـﺯﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬6‫ﻭ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺘﺭﻨـﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺎﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬3‫ﺃﺠﻬـﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺒﻴﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬Dell‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬. ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﻋـﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺼﺎل‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬‫ﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﺯﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬:- ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬4‫ﻤﻘﺎﺱ‬ ،‫ﺘﻠﻴﻔﺯﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ 21‫ﻤﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ،‫ﺃﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺼﺔ‬Sony‫ﻤﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،Toshiba. ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺩﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬:- ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬4‫ﻟﻠﻌـﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬـﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬Sony. ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬:- ‫ﺘﺴ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬـﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻡ‬6‫ﺃﺠﻬـﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺩﺍﺘﺎﺸﻭ‬Data show‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﺠﻬـﺎﺯﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴـﺩﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻼل‬Over Head ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺎﺯﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬Silet Projector‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺌﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬. ‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺘﻭﻏﺭﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬:- ‫ﺇﺠ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬14‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬:- 1–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬3‫ﻓﻴﺩﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬. 2–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬4‫ﻓﻭﺘﻭﻏﺭﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬. 3–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬1‫ﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻴﺭﺍ‬16‫ﻤﻡ‬. 84
    • 4–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬1‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬"‫ﻻﻴﻌﻤل‬" 5–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬2‫ﺍﻷﻓﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬"‫ﻭﺭﻗﻰ‬. " 6-‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬2‫ﻤﻜﺒ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭ‬. 7–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬1‫ﺍﻷﻓﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺠﻔﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬. ‫ﺴﺎﺩﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬Photo copy:- ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﻴﺴ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻬﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﺯﺍﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺼﻭﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﻌﻴﻥ‬Xerox‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬Pass word‫ﺒﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬2‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻜﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﻜﻴﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨـل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻜـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﺭﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜﺜﺎﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺘﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻋﻁﺎل‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬. ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬:- ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺫﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺩ‬30‫ﺸﻤﻌﺔ‬"‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬" ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺫﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺼﻠﺔ‬3‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻁﻔﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬‫ﺤﺭﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻁﻔﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﺒﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻤﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬. ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺍﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻅـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴـﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﺯﻴﻭﻴﻨﺔ‬8‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬3Monitor"‫ﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺸﺎﺕ‬"‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺍﺭﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻠﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺍﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ 85
    • ‫ﻭﺴـﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻤﻨﺎ‬:‫ﻤﻠﺤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬:- 1–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬1‫ﻀﻭﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺴﺢ‬Scanner‫ﻭﺃﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻴﺽ‬B&W. 2–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬2‫ﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻭﻥ‬. 3–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬1‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻗﺭﺍﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻐل‬Optical Drive. 4–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬1)‫ﻗﺎﺭﻯﺀ‬-‫ﻜﺎﺘﺏ‬(‫ﻤﺩﻤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺭﺍﺹ‬CD Writer. 5–‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬1‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬. ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻊ‬. ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬:- ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻗﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬‫ﻤﻤﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘـﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺃﻓـﻀل‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻗﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻜﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻗل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬.)9( ‫ﻭﻴﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺼﻭﻍ‬ ‫ﻌﻤل‬.‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅـﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻬﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬(‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﺍﺨﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻨﻅـﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺘﻪ‬‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬.)10( ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬-:)11( 1-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬. 2-‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬. 86
    • 3-‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬. 4-‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺩﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺍﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬. ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬‫ﺭﻗـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬)6(‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻴﻜـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨـﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬)6(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺜ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬. ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺰﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫واﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوﻓﻴﻠﻢ‬ ‫اﻹد‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫واﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫واﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎت‬ ‫إدارة‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫إدارة‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوﻓﻴﻠﻢ‬ ‫إدارة‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫إدارة‬ 87
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺍﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻴﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻜﻼ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺴﻭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺭﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺎﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠـﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺠـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭﻜـل‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬:- ‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻅـﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻅـﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﺠﻬـﻪ‬ ‫ﺘـﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﺨـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻼﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻹﺤﺘﺫﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺤﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ؛‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﺼﻰ‬ ،‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﺎﺒﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺍﺌﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴـﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ )‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻴل‬(‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺯﺍﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﻓﺭ‬:- 1–‫ﺘﺤ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﺩ‬. 2–‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺍﺠﺒﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬. 4–‫ﺘﺴ‬‫ﻤﻬﺎﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻬﻡ‬. 88
    • 5–‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻠل‬. 6–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺕ‬. ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬:- ‫ﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺭﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺼﻭﺼﺎ‬‫ﺇﺫ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻁـﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻯ‬.)12( ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻓﺸﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻜﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ،‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺸﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻑﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﺫﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺌﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻼﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﻟﻜـل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺒﻨـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻓﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬.......‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬.)13( ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺌﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬:- ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺠﻬﺘ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﺘﻨﺎﻗـﻀﺘ‬‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬" :‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻗل‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬"‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻜﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬" :‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻗل‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺠﻌﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬.‫ﺃﺼـﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴـﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺠﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬. ‫ﻴﺼﺒﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺃﺴﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬....‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬.)14( ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻋﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃﻫﻤﻬﺎ‬:- 89
    • 1–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬. 4–‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬. 5-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﻫﻴﻼ‬. 6-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬.)15( ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬:- 1-‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬. 2-‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬. 3–‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬. 4-‫ﻭﻤﺒﺎﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬. 5-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬. 6-‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬.)16( ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺫﻜﺭ‬.‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴـل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺠﺎﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬.)17( ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺭﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻫﻰ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺠـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻋﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬)‫ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ،‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬.......‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠـﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨـﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬.)18( ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)4(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﻗﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﻨﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻗﺘﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺠﻤ‬‫ﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬9‫ــــ‬9 ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬11112 ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬2‫ـــــ‬2 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬22123 90
    • ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)5(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬62‫ــــ‬8 ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺌﻕ‬84113 ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬‫ــــ‬2‫ـــــ‬2 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬148123 ‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺘـﻀﻤﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺒﻌـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﻔـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒـﺎﻹﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻤﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺘﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬.‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬)1.( ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻡ‬‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬14‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﺎ‬‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﺃﺠـﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺼـﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬9‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)6(‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻤﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ‬1 ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬2 ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬4 ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬7 ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬9 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬23 91
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬23‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬21‫ﻜﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﺎ‬‫ﻟﺤ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﺎﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻀﺎﻫﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬1‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬56)19(‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬200‫ﺇﻟ‬‫ﻰ‬250‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)7(‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫﻼﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫل‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬14.8% ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬1257.1% ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬29.5% ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬523.8% ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬14.8% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬21100% ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬)‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﻰ‬(12‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴـﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﺎ‬2‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺼل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬‫ﻋـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴـﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﻴـﺭﺍ‬ ،‫ﻤـﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺼـﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫﻼﺕ‬62%‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬21‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﺎ‬‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺩﻤﻪ‬. 92
    • ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)8(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺎﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅﻫﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﺒﻜﺎﻟﻭﺭ‬‫ﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺱ‬216.7% ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺎﻨﺱ‬)‫ﻭﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬(1083.3% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬12100% ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﻜﺱ‬)8(‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜـﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫﻼﺕ‬83.3%‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬12‫ﻤﺅﻫﻼ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺎﻟﻭﺭﻴﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻠﻴﻪ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬16.7. % ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺹ‬‫ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻭﻋﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺹ‬"‫ﻤﻬﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻅـﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻜل‬ ،‫ﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬـﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻜﻤـﺎ‬ ، ،‫ﻤﻬﻨﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻫل‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬.‫ﻫـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬2:3 ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻴﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺴﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼـﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬.")20( ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)9(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬1257.2% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬942.3% 93
    • ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)1‫ﻭﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬+9‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺎﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻤ‬‫ﻭﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬+2‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺒﻠﻭﻡ‬(‫ﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬2:4 ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬2:3‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘـﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)10(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﻭﺭ‬29.5% ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺎﺙ‬1990.5% ‫ﺍﻹﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬21100% ‫ﻴﺸﻴ‬‫ﻴﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩﻫﻡ‬-19‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬90.5%‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)11(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ %33.4 7 ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ %57.1 12 ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ %9.5 2 ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ 100% 21 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﺩﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺼل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ‬12‫ﺒﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﺎ‬57.1% ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻗﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺍﻤﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ 94
    • ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻋﻤـل‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬:- ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬.)21( ‫ﻭﻴﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼـﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻁﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻘﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻼﺤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜل‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻭﺘﺯﻭﻴـﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨـﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻹﻤﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺤﺩﺙ‬.)22( ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻘـﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺯﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤل‬‫ﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻀﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬.)23( ‫ﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺘﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻷﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﺘﻌﺘﺭﻀﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬.)24( ‫ﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺫﻜﺭ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬. 2–‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻨﺄﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬. -‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻴﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻀﻭﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻀﻭﺭ‬. 95
    • ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺭﺵ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬،‫ﻤﻬﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺎﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻴﻭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﺍﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬.)25( ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬)‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬1(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻤـﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺅﻻﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺎﻟﻰ‬:- ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺎﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻹﻜﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻫﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻤﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬:- 1–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬. 3-‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬:- ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬)12(‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)12(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺓ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬3121986 ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬3121986 ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﺘﺨﻼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬4121988 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬7121999 96
    • ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬:- ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬)13(‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)13(‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺓ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ Word7‫ﺃﻴﺎﻡ‬51990 Excel7‫ﺃﻴﺎﻡ‬51990 Dos7‫ﺃﻴﺎﻡ‬101993 CDisis7‫ﺃﻴﺎﻡ‬101998 ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬:- ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬)14(‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬـﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)14(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺓ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬1531987 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬1021989 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ 761992 ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﺩﺭ‬‫ﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﻜـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺴﻜﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬‫ﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬)1999(،‫ﺘﺤـﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎ‬ 97
    • ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﻜﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻼﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬. ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﻤﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺼﺼﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬:- 1–‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼـﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﻠﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬. 2–،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻤﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬. 3–‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬1999‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬‫ﻨﻅـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬. 4–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺭ‬. 5–‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬. 6–‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻤـﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻯ‬‫ﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﻜﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺯ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬70%‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻟﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺯﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬30%‫ﻤ‬‫ﻴﻘﻭﻟﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺠـﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻴـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺎﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻠﺨﺹ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺤﻀﺭﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺭﺍﺤﺎﺕ‬:- 1–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻨﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜـﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻭﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ 10‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬:- 98
    • "‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻗﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬. " ‫ﺴﺎﺩﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬:- ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻭﻴـل‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋـﺎﺘﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻡ‬. "‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻐﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻭﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓـﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺭﻭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻫﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻜـﻰ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ،‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺎﺡ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻔﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬")26( ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺭﻑ‬"‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻭﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺭﺍﺩﺍﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﻭﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﻨـﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘـﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﻴﻬﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺸﺎﺩﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺯﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﺭﻗﺎﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴـﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬")27( ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻭﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻔﺭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩ‬.)28( ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀـﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺴﻜﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺸﺘﺭﺍﻜ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬. 99
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘ‬‫ﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﻤﺜﻠ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺎﻕ‬. ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻗﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠـﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺯﻴﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﻼ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺸـﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺸـﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺜﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬30%‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬40%‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. ‫ﺒﺄﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻓﺼﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻤﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﺒﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺯ‬6‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬8‫ﺍﻷﺴﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺨـﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. 100
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴﻭﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺠﻤل‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻟﻤـﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺼﻌﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺒﻌـﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﺒﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﺄﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬. 3–‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻼﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺎﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬،‫ﺒﺩﺍﺨﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬. 4–‫ﻨ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬. 5–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻴﺯﺍ‬. 101
    • 6–‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﻫﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻓﺘﻘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻀـﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤـﺴﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺨﺎل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺼﻭﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﻜﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬‫ﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. 7-‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻹﺸﺘﺭﺍﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻡ‬. 8–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨ‬ ‫ﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺘﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺘﺭﺍﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻗﻰ‬. 102
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ )1(‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬.-،‫ﻤﺎﺠـﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺴـﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺨﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺭﺍﻑ‬.-‫ﺴﻭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ :،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬1999.‫ﺹ‬35. )2(‫ﻗﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﻌﻜﺎﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻟﻠﻤـﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﺨﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻴﻥ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺸﻴﻑ‬2000. )3(‫ﻋﻭﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻅﻬﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺦ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﺭ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻬﻼل‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬1987‫ﺹ‬ ، 71. )4(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﺭﻗـﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺯ‬24‫ﻟـﺴﻨﺔ‬ 1984‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ،. )5(‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬627‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1981‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬. )6(‫ﺃ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬/1. )7(‫ﺨﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒـﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻟﺨـﺩﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻤﺎﻁ‬)‫ﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ‬. (-‫ﻤﺼﻁﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺭﺍﻑ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ :،‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬1997.‫ﺹ‬113. )8(‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬.‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬.-‫ﺘﻭﻨﺱ‬:،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬1996.‫ﺹ‬19. 103
    • )9(‫ﻫﻤﺸﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭﻭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬.-‫ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‬:‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺎﺀ‬2001.‫ﺹ‬25. )10(‫ﺩﻴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻤﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬1994.‫ﺹ‬317. )11(‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬.-‫ﻁ‬2.- ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬1990.‫ﺹ‬165. )12(‫ﻨﻴ‬‫ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻰ‬ ‫ل‬.‫ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬:‫ﺤﺎﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬.-‫ﺭﺴـﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺭﺍﻑ‬ ،‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬:،‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬2001.‫ﺹ‬84. )13(‫ﻓﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻟﻠﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬.-‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ 1989.‫ﺹ‬143. )14(‫ﺸﺎﻫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻑ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔـﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬:،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬1994.‫ﺹ‬181. )15(‫ﻗﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺸﻤﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﻏﺭﻴـﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ‬ 1984.‫ﺹ‬121. )16(‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬.‫ﺴـﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬.‫ﺹ‬ 50. )17(‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺨـﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬1998.‫ﺹ‬51. 104
    • )18(‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬.-،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺞ‬22‫ﻉ‬ ،2‫ﺍﺒﺭﻴل‬ ،1990.‫ﺹ‬7. )19(‫ﻓﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬" .‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬" .-‫ﺱ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬17‫ﻉ‬ ،4.‫ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺒﺭ‬1997.‫ﺹ‬51. )20(‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬.‫ﺹ‬46. )21(‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻬﺎﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ 1984.‫ﺹ‬27. )22(‫ﺨﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬: ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭ‬،‫ﻠﺒﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬1997.‫ﺹ‬40. )23(‫ﺍﻟﺩﺴﻭﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺎﺀ‬.‫ﺒﺎﻟـﺩﻟﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬.-‫ﺭﺴـﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬. (-‫ﺍﻟﻐﻠﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺴﻑ‬ ‫ﺜﺭﻭﺕ‬ ‫؛‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺭﺍﻑ‬.-‫ﻁﻨﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬:‫ﻜﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬2005‫ﺹ‬ ،37. )24(Sheila Greth, Fredric Duda. Personal Administration in Library.- New York ; Schuman, 1981. P. 52. )25(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺴﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬.- ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:،‫ﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭ‬1994.‫ﺹ‬27. )26(‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴـﺎﺽ‬:‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬،‫ﻟﻤـﺭﻴﺦ‬ 1998.‫ﺹ‬161. 105
    • )27(‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬:‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻴﺦ‬1982.‫ﺹ‬225. )28(‫ﺒﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺃﺜﺭﺘﻭﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬:‫ﻭﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬/‫؛‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭﺘـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﻟﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺸﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ‬.-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬:‫ﻏﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬،‫ﺏ‬1979.‫ﺹ‬156. 106
    • ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬
    • ‫ﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩ‬: ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﺒﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺠﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﻼﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨـ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺼﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺤﻅﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻜﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻅﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺭﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻜﺎﻨﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻼﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴـﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﺃ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻴﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺄﻗل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻤـﺎﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﻴﺴﺭ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺘﻬـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻤـﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒـﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴـﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺘﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﺴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬....‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬. ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﻗـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬)23( ‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬1986‫ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺘﺹ‬"‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬.....‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌـﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ، 107
    • ‫ﻭﺜﻼﺜ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤـﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻜﺭﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﻼﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬24‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺒﻴﻥ‬)1986–1989(. ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﻼﻉ‬‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻕ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺘﻔﺎﻭﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻨﻴ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﻭﻋـﺩ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺼﻭﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ )17(‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬)24(‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻜﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬‫ﺤـﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺫﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺘﻭﻗﻔـﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﻐﺎل‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬24‫ﻓﻰ‬31/7/1989‫ﻷ‬‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬. ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬:- ‫ﺃ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬: ‫ﻭﺒﻨـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻁﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬. ‫ﺘﺨـﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﻕ‬: 1-‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬: ‫ﻴﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻜﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺅﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘـﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺼ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭل‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﺭﻯ‬: 108
    • ‫ﺃ‬–‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬: ‫ﻭﺃﺠﻨﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬: ‫ﺃ‬–‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﺭ‬)‫ﻭﺅﺴـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺅﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬(‫ﺘﺨـﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬. ‫ﺏ‬-‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺎ‬-‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬. ‫ﺝ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻹﺒﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬. ‫ﺩ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺫﻜﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤـﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬‫ﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺄﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺏ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻭﺭﺅﺴـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺴل‬ ‫ﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺴﺭﺓ‬. 2-‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ –‫ﺍﻟﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻼﻓﻴﺎ‬‫ﺴﺦ‬-‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺭﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻹﺒﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬. 4–‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺫﻜﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤـﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬‫ﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺄﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ٍ‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺠـ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬: ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬: 109
    • ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺨـﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺸـﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺩﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺩﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻁﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺨﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺠل‬ ،‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻬـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻬﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬. ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺇﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺏ‬–‫ﺍﻻﺸﺘﺭﺍﻜﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺤﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻨﺘﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬. ‫ﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻠﺨﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺏ‬. 2–‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺫﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺴل‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺇ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺘﺭﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺴل‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬. 3–‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺩﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬. 4–‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﺇﺨﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﺃ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺍﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﻠﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬. 110
    • ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻗﺼ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ﻭﺭﺍ‬‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴـﺏ‬ ‫ﺒـﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓـﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺎﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬. ‫ﺠـ‬–‫ﺍﻹﻴﺩﺍﻉ‬: ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌـﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻁـﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﺴﺎﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺨﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻀﺎﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ﻴﻨﺸﺭﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬.)1( ‫ﻭﻴﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺘـﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤـل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺩﺍﻉ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻴﻠﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻴﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻹﺸﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻤﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤـﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒـل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺯﺍﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﻴﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺒﻌﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺒـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺨﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬. ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻴﻌـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺴﻜﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﻴﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺎ‬. ‫ﺩ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬: ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬. 111
    • ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺎﻴﺽ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺩﺍﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻨـﺴﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻨـﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬)2(. ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻰ‬)‫ﺘﻌـﺎﻁﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬.......‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬.( ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻅﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺘﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬. ،‫ﺍﻟﻬﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺭﺴﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﻴـﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺤﺘﻔﻅ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺘﻬﺎ‬: -‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺭﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬. -‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬. -‫ﺒﺘﻭﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. -‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬–‫ﺃﺴﻴﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺌﻭﻥ‬–‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺼﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻊ‬. ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻁﺒﻊ‬‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘـﺼﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻗـﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻠل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻰ‬. 112
    • ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻷﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻟﻘﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤـﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﺃﺴـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻬ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺼﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬. ‫ﻫـ‬–‫ﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬: ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻏﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﻭﺴـﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬)3(‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﺍﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻌـﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻏﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬)4( ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻬﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻴﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺨﺎﺭﺠﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻀـﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺼﺭﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻫﺩﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﺘ‬‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻘﺎﺀ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺘﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻭﺠـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺃﺜﻤﺎﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺤﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺘﻰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤـﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬: 1–‫ﻭﺨﺎﺭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬. 113
    • 2–‫ﻭﺨﺎﺭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬. 3–‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺜﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺼﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬. 4–‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺴـﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴـﺘﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺸﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﻴﺱ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﻴﻥ‬(‫ﻭﻜـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬. ‫ﺏ‬-‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬: "‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻅـﺎﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺭﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ،‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺭﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬ ،‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻅﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻤﺎﺭﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻭﺼـﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﻨﺴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬")5(. ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﻯﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺒـﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﻯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴـﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺩﻯﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬)6(، ‫ﻟـﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺠـﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺘﺭﺍﻜﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻰ‬.)7( ‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺯﻭﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬)8(‫ﺇ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻨﻤﻠـﻙ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻼ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ 114
    • ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬....‫ﻭﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻠﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬. ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨـﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻀﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺭﻭﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ،‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺜﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﺏ‬ ،‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻀﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻗـﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻘﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺴﺎﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﻠﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬)9(. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭل‬‫ﺍﻷﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬:)10( 1–‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺅﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬. 4-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬. 5–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺩ‬. 6–‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﺍﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬. 7–‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬. 8–‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬. 9–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬. ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﺒﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﺼـﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻜـﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﻯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬: 1–‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻼﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻊ‬. 2–‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﺍﻻﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻅـل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗـﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻫﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬. 115
    • 3–‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬.‫ﻭﻴﺠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺘـﺴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴـﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬)11(. ‫ﻟﺨﻁـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻔﻀل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﻭﺘﺭﺍﺠـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠـﺏ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻐﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻗـﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻭﺭ‬)12(. ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺅﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﻨﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺠـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ،‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﻭﻟ‬‫ﺒﻌﻤﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻴـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺴـﺎﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭﻨﺎﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻗﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺅﻫﻼﺕ‬: -‫ﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻁﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻋﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺨل‬. -‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬. -‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻭل‬)13(. ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻗ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻗﺘﻨﺎﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻭﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬. ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺌﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻯ‬‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﺎﻋﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﺠـﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨ‬ ،‫ﻴﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻘﺩﺭﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻁﻼﻋﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻨـﺎ‬‫ﻋـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻌـﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻼﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬ 116
    • ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌـﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓـﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜـﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺠـ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬: ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻔﻕ‬‫ﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻰ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻯ‬‫ﺨﺘﻴـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﺠ‬‫ﻟﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬.)14( ‫ﻷﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻌﻴﺵ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻌ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻐﺕ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻴﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻓﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻁﻼﻋﻪ‬‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻴﻥ‬. ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬: 1-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﺽ‬: ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴـﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﻴﻰﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻰ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻯ‬ ‫ﻷﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺼـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺹ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻓﻜﻠﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺤﺼﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺭﺴﺎل‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬. 117
    • 3–‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬: ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸـﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗـﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ،‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻔﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺅﻟﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭل‬)‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬.( 4–‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﻤﻌـﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺏ‬‫ﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻐﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒـﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﺎﺀ‬)‫ﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬ ،‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬...‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬(‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠـﺭﻭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺘـﺸﺠﻴﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ، ‫ﺘﻌﺒـﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬:- ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬:- 1-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺅﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬. 2-‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬. 3-‫ﻟﻼﺨ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺯﻴﻌﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻘﻭﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬. 118
    • 4-‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺒﻌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬. 5-‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴـﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺀﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻬـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻴـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋـﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﺌﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺍﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺴﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻻﻑ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴـﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎﺴﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺨﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻔﻴﺩ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬:- ‫ﺃ‬–‫ﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺏ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬. 6–‫ﻗـﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺭﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬:- ‫ﺃ‬–‫ﻭﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺯﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﺏ‬–‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺅﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺠـ‬-‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻐﺽ‬. ‫ﺩ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬. ‫ﻫـ‬-‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺘﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﺩ‬-‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺘـﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺍﻓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺘﻠﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬. 119
    • ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋـﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺸـﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺨـﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻤـﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺭﺍﺹ‬‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋـﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺒﺄﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬‫ﺓ‬. ‫ﺠ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭل‬)15(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬2008‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬1873291.3% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬1670.8% ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬2351.1% ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬3431.7% ‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬20.1% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺩ‬6343.1% ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬4072% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬20520100% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬91.3%‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃﺸـﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬0.1.% 120
    • ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)16(‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻭﻯ‬2008 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ 130 - 150 ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬1011233527551151 300‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬6621324775756850 301‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺜﺭﻭﺒﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ 4553139325914775 310‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬70311329116 320‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬22286914259 330‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬4561414824516 340‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬4654222481854866 350‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬102202117142 360،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺎﺕ‬ 432421811467 370‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﻡ‬240115124272 380‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎﻻﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬55618373 390‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬1052332115 640‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺯﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬351------339 658‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬17682534243 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬1873216723534340719884 ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ‬‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫ‬ ‫ﻻﺸﺘﻤﺎل‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒـﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺒﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﺘـﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬. 121
    • )1(‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺯﻟﺕ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺼل‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ 18732‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻨﺎ‬.‫ﻤﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀـﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬،‫ﺨـﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺠـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻬﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﺜﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺤﻤﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺍﻭﻟﻪ‬‫ﻯ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)17(‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻭﻯ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻷﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬2008. ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬714538.1% ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬1158761.9% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬18732100% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬‫ﻋـﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻠـﻎ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‬ )11587(‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬)61.9(%‫ﻭﺠـﺎﺀﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬)7145(‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬)38.1(%‫ﺇﺠﻤـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺘ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﺃﻭﺃﺠﻨﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﺏ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)18(‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻓـﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺴﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻭﻉ‬2008. 122
    • ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)18(‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬2008 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬%‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ 000‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬2093%5 100‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬5658%2 200‫ﺩﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬4145.8%3 300‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬530474.2%1 400‫ﻟﻐﺎﺕ‬400.5%9 500‫ﺒﺤﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬831.2%8 600‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬1201.7%6 700‫ﻓﻨﻭﻥ‬300.4%10 800‫ﺁﺩﺍﺏ‬761.0%7 900‫ﻭﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎ‬3044.2%4 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬7145100%- ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﺎﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬86.3%‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨـﺴﺎﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻼﺤﻅ‬ )5.8(%‫ﻤﺒﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬)19(‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﺢ‬‫ﻓـﺭ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺴﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻭﻉ‬2008. 123
    • ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬‫ﻗﻡ‬)19(‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬2008 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬%‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ 000‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬1291.1%7 100‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬157313.6%2 200‫ﺩﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬1851.6%6 300‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬831771.8%1 400‫ﻟﻐﺎﺕ‬670.6%8 500‫ﺒﺤﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬4233.6%4 600‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬3212.8%5 700‫ﻓﻨﻭﻥ‬560.5%9 800‫ﺁﺩﺍﺏ‬590.5%10 900‫ﻭﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎ‬4573.9%3 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬11587100%- ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ‬)85.3(% ‫ﺘﺨ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬. )2(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬: ‫ﺠﺯﺀﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺁﺨﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻘﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺠﺄ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﺘﺘﺎﺒﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬)15(.‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺼل‬167‫ﺘﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﺨﻠﺼﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﺩﻟﻪ‬ ،‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﻭﺴﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻗﻭﺍﻤﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬: 124
    • ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬‫ﻗﻡ‬)20(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬5533% ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬11267% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬167100% ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬67%‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬33%‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬: ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)21(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺌﺭ‬2313.8% ‫ﺴﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬2112.6% ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻟﺔ‬2515% ‫ﺃﻁﺎﻟﺱ‬95.3% ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻤﻴﺱ‬3722.1% ‫ﺒﺒﻠﻴ‬‫ﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬159% ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺨﻠﺼﺎﺕ‬710.8% ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬187.2% ‫ﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻟﺔ‬124.2% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬167100% 125
    • ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻼﺤﻅ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬‫ﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﻤﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﺢ‬: ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)22(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬6438.3% ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬10361.7% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬167100% )3(‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻠﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻋـﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘـﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒـﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﺎﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬)16(. ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺘﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬)17(. ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺴﻜﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬"‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ )‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬(‫ﻴﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺤﻠﻘﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬)‫ﺃﻭﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ‬(‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻌـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻩ‬")18(. 126
    • ‫ﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬235‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻨﺎ‬‫ﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬–‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻠﺘﻌﺎﻁﻰ‬.( ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)23(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬8636.6% ‫ﻤﺘﻭﻗﻔﺔ‬14963.4% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬235100% ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ 63.4%‫ﻟﺘﺠﺩﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺸﺘﺭﺍﻜﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)24(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬13055.3% ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬10544.7% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬235100% ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ 55.3%‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼـﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺼﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺘﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. 127
    • ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬‫ﻗﻡ‬)25(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬2- ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬14 ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬615 ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬)‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬(322 ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬2155 ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺜﺭﻭﺒﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬136 ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬915 ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬38 ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬24 ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬69 ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬719 ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬23 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬130105 ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻼﺤﻅ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒـﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨـﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘـل‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬. )4(‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﺭﻭﺤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬: ‫ﺍﻷﻁﺭﻭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬)‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬(‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻰ‬343‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺨﺎﺭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬. 128
    • ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)26(‫ﻟﻠﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬11032% ‫ﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬23368% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬343100% ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭل‬)27(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺌﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬% ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬31090.3% ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴ‬‫ﺔ‬339.7% ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬343100% ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬90.3%‫ﺒﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬9.7% ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﻭﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬. )5(‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬‫ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺨﺹ‬ ،‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩ‬،‫ﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻴﺘ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻜﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﺭﺍﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻋـﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺌﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﺍﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗـﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺘﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻤﺩﻤﺞ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻻﻤﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ، ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺭﻨـﺕ‬‫ﺨـﻼل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺘﺭﺍﻜﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬: 129
    • )1(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬: ‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻜﺔ‬)‫ﻻﺩﺱ‬(‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬:- 1-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬"‫ﺼـﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬". 2-‫ﻭﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺓ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬". 3-‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺩﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬)‫ﺭﺘﺴﻙ‬(. 4-‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻜﺔ‬. -‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻡ‬70000‫ﺼﺩﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻤﻴـــﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﺭﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﺕ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬1828‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬)‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬70‫ﺘﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻑ‬(‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀـﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻗ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﻗـﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬. ‫ﺼـﻭﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻐﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬11795‫ﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬100 ‫ﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻑ‬. ‫ﺘﺤﺘ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻱ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺴﺎﺘﻴﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺍﺌﺢ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺅﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻭﺍﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺴﻴﻡ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺴﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻜﺎﻡ‬. 130
    • )2(‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺒﻴﺴﻜﻭ‬Academic Research Premier‫ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬: ‫ﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻀﺨﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠـﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬...‫ﺍﻟﺦ‬.‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬7933‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬3100 ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬3988‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬)Full Text.( ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭﺠـﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺒـﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻌـﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨـﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺭﻜﺯ‬. )6(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬: ‫ﺃ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬: ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﻭﺼـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﻭﺼـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘـﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﺴـﻜﻭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺭﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺭﻴﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﺏ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻌﺒﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬: ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺩﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺍﺌﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺘﻔـﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﺯﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﻼﺕ‬ 131
    • ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻐﻠﺔ‬‫ﺒﻭﺠ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭﺩ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬. )7(‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬: ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺹ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺠـﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻗﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬‫ﻭﻴﻘﺘﻨـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬2008‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻰ‬407‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺩ‬. ‫ﻫـ‬-‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺍﺌﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﺏ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻻﻤﺘﻨﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟـﻭﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨـﻭﻉ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎل‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬.)19( ‫ﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺌﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘـﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻴﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﻁﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻘﻰ‬‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻗـﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.)20( ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻔﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺭﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ،‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺃﻴـﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﻠﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤـﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻔﻅﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬.‫ﻁﺭﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻤﺎﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻅـﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠـﻭﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺘﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻐﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻓﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁﺔ‬. 132
    • ‫ﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨـل‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨـﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻹﺭﺴـﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺤـﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻌﺔ‬. ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺒﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﺠﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬‫ﺒﻌـﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺴﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗـﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻋﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬. ‫ﻭ‬-‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺩ‬: ‫ﻭﺤـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌـﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻘﻭﺩ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﺠﻠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻤﻴﻡ‬.)21( ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻜل‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﻏﺴﻁﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻅﻔﻰ‬‫ﻤﺠﻠـﺱ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻓﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﺭﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨـﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺸـﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺄﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ،‫ﻭﺸﻬﺭﻴﻥ‬1‫ﺘـﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻤﻌـﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺠـﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺸـﻜل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺠـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴﻠـﺴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨـل‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬1991‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﺇ‬،‫ﻟﻼﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺘـﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺎﻟﻜـﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﻭﺍﻤﺵ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬. 133
    • ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻬﺩ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺒﺄ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺭﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻋﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻬ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭﻯ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺎ‬1895‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻐل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻁﻼﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁـﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻌـﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬. ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻠﺨﺹ‬: 1–‫ﻗـﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨـﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬. 2–‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ؛‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺭﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬. ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﻴﺔ‬: 1–‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺯﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﻟﺤﺔ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺎﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬. ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻠﺹ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬:- 1–‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺒﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻓﻘـﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻀﻴﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺄﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻀﻴﺎﻋﻪ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﺜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬:‫ﻤﻘﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘـﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﺃﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬.)22( ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻﺒﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻓﺒـﺩﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬‫ﺒﻠﻐﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬.)23( 134
    • ‫ﺒــ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬:- 1–‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﻴﻥ‬. 2–‫ﻜﻼ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. 3–‫ﻭﺍﻹﻫﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩل‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺒﻌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬. 135
    • ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻟـﺩﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺭﻓﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﻴﻰ‬ ‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻔﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻘﺩ‬‫ﻟـﺩﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴـل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘـﺄﺜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻔﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺨﺼﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻰ‬)24(. ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺅﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻭﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻘﻴﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﻼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻘﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬)25.( ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘـﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻨﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬. ‫ﺃ‬-‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬: ‫ﺘﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ، ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬. ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒـﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬‫ﺀﻫﺎ‬، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬‫ﺘﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬‫ﻋﺒﺜﺎ‬)26.( ‫ﻁﺒﻌﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺠﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬. 136
    • ‫ﻓﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ، ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺩﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻗـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬‫ﺒـﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤـﺙ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺨﻠﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺒﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬CD/ISIS‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻤﺠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻌﻤل‬DOS،‫ﺘﻨﻅـﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘـﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﻟﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬)‫ﺭﻗـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻅﺭ‬13( ‫ﻋﻁﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬‫ﻭﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬DOS‫ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍل‬Windows‫ﺁﺨـ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬‫ﻭﺒﻘـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬‫ﻟﺒﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺩﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺕ‬1998‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺘـﻰ‬‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ،‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅ‬‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨـﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺸـﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﻴﻌﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻭﻋﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬‫ﻷﻏﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺽ‬‫ﻭﻴﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬....‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﺦ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺎﻤـل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻘﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻨـﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺍﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻔـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻴﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬Card Catalog: ‫ﺍﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁـﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬‫ﻫﺠـﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﻓـﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ،‫ﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻋـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬،‫ﻤﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬‫ﻗﺴﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬: 137
    • ‫ﺍﻷﻴﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬:‫ﻭﻴﺸﺘﻤ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ل‬20‫ﺘﻤﻸ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬14‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺠـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻌ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻔﺎﻭﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻜل‬500‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻷﻴﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬:‫ﻭﻴﺸﺘﻤل‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬20‫ﺘﻤﻸ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬18‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺠـﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻔﺎﻭﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻌﺔ‬‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬700‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬. ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺠﻠﻭﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬‫ﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺘـﺴﺠﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺨل‬:‫ﺜﻼﺜ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ )‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺨل‬–‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺨل‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺨل‬(‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬:‫ﺠﻤ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬.‫ﺘﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬. 4–‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻌﺔ‬:‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬،‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬. 5–‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸﺭ‬(‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬـﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. 6–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻴﻼﺤﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬. 138
    • 7–‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻴﻬـﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬. 8–‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬـﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬. ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬)7(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﺤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ 343‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻫـ‬ ‫ﻡ‬.‫ﺡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺎﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬/‫ﺼـﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻨـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬.-‫ﺍ‬‫ﻹﺴﻜﻨﺩﺭﻴﺔ‬: ،‫ﻟﻠﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬2002 6627407، ‫ﺹ‬24‫ﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤــــــــــــﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﻤل‬ 1-‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺏ‬2-‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬)8(‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﺤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ 519 Hinkle, Dennis E. Hi.a Applied statistics for the behavioral sciences/Dennis E. Hinkle, William Wiersma, Stephen G. Jurs 5th Ed N.Y: Houghton Mifflin company. 2003 11461 756 P, 24 cm 1-Statistic 2-Behavioral sciences I-Title 139
    • ‫ﺨﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬‫ﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬)7.5‫ﺴﻡ‬×12.5‫ﺴﻡ‬(‫ﻗﻴـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،)5‫ﺴـﻡ‬×7.5 ‫ﺴﻡ‬(‫ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻵﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬. ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬: 1–‫ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﺭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺒـﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻴـﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻹﺘﺎﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻜﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺄﻗل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬. 2–‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﺎﻗﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬. 3–‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﻨﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺘﺎﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺏ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬: ‫ﻭﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻴﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﻴﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬"‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﻬﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬. 140
    • ‫ﺭﻗـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺨـﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻋـﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺨـﺼﻭﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻨﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺨﺎﻁﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨـﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬:- ‫ﻭﺒﺈﻟﻘـﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻌﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻭﻑ‬:- 1–‫ﻴﻜﺘﻔـﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻗﻡ‬:- -‫ﺍﻷﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬:‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻑ‬658.4‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ‬658.40‫ﺒـﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺓ‬ ، 658 2–‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺸﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬: -‫ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬:310‫ﺃﻭ‬519.5 -‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺤﺔ‬:338.47‫ﺃﻭ‬647.9 3–‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻨﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬: -‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺎﺕ‬330.15 ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬382.71. -‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬301.32 ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬304.6 -‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬658.85 ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬658.7 –‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬336 ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻗﻡ‬:658.15 -‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﻤﺎﺝ‬336 141
    • ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻗﻡ‬:332.16 4–‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺯﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻓﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬. ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻘﻭﺍﻤﻴﺱ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬. ‫ﻤﺴﻠﺴﻼ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻡ‬ ،‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻜﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺼﻕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬. -‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻟﻘﻠﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻅـﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴـﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻓﻅﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻔﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻤﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻁﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬: ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬‫ﺃﺭﻓـﻑ‬ ‫ﻓـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀـﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻤﻁﻠﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺍﺨل‬ ،‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﻠﻕ‬ ،‫ﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﺍﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﺴـﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺼﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬-‫ﺃﻓﻼﻡ‬(‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬‫ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﻓﻴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻭﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭﻥ‬‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺼﻨﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﻨﻭ‬‫ﻴﺎ‬)‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ٍ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺩﻓﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬)‫ﺴﺠل‬(‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺩﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﻷﻓﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﻴﻥ‬ 142
    • ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺩﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺒﺠﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺭﻕ‬)‫ﺴـﻠﻴﺩﺭ‬- ‫ﻨﻴﺠﺎﺘﻴﻑ‬(‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﺒﺠﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺏ‬. ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬‫ﻴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﺒﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻻﻓﺘﻘﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺘﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬:- 1–‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻭﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺹ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺎﺏ‬. 3–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬. 4–‫ﺴﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻡ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬(‫ﻋﻨـﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻭﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩﻩ‬. 5–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻬﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬. ‫ﺠـ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬: ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬"‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼـﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬.")27( ‫ﺘﻜﻠﻔـﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺒﺭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺘﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺫﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﺩﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺃﻭﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﺭﺍﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺭﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺩﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺜﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬.)28( ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬: 1–‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬. 143
    • 2–‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻜ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﺘﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻠﺨـﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻭﺽ‬. ‫ﺜـﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺎﺕ‬:- ‫ﺃ‬–‫ﻴﺤﻅﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻐﻁﻴﺔ‬. ‫ﺏ‬–،‫ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﺸﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻐـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺸﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬. ‫ﺠـ‬-‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺭﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺘﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺘﺞ‬.)29( ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬:- 1–‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻜـﺸﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻴﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻥ‬. 2–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻁﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻁﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤـﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻠﺨﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬. 3–‫ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﻭﻥ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬. 4–‫ﻟﻠﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬: ‫ﺃ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺨل‬: 144
    • ‫ﻋﻨـﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻟـﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ‬.‫ﺃﻜ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺘﻐﻁﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﺭ‬. ‫ﺏ‬–‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺨل‬: ‫ﻭﻜـﺸﺎﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﻟﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴـﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻰ‬. 5–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬: ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻘﺴﻡ‬: ‫ﺃ‬-‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬:‫ﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬‫ﻫﺠ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺎﺌﻰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴـﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟـﻑ‬ ‫ﺴـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬–‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻤﺞ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ )‫ﻉ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺏ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬:‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴـﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻵ‬‫ﺘﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻤﺞ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻉ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬)‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻬﺭ‬- ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬. ‫ﺠـ‬–‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻠﺨﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬)‫ﺩﻜﺘـﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬(‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺒﺕ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻡ‬‫ﺘﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻤﺞ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻉ‬(-‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬–‫ﻋـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬–‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻡ‬. ‫ﺩ‬–‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺒﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬‫ﻴـﻀﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﻴﺔ‬: ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬–‫ﺍﻻﻨﻌﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬–‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻡ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻤﺞ‬( –‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻉ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬–‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬. 145
    • ‫ﻫـ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻴـﻀﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺎﺌﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺒﻠﻴﻭﺠﺭﺍﻓﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻨـﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﻴـﺔ‬: ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬–‫ﻭﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟـﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ )‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺒﻲ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻤﺞ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬)‫ﻉ‬(–‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻐﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ 6–‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﻡ‬:‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺭﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻔﺎﻭﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬1964 ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬1980،‫ﻴﻐﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻨﻴﻥ‬1981‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬2003‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ، ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻡ‬ ‫