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Ligjerata ne morfologji 12.Nentor.2013
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Ligjerata ne morfologji 12.Nentor.2013


Ligjerata ne morfologji 12.Nentor.2013 , ligjerues Arburim Iseni

Ligjerata ne morfologji 12.Nentor.2013 , ligjerues Arburim Iseni

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  • 1. All about words Lecturer: Arburim Iseni
  • 2. Lecture 3 A General Survey of Word Pre-questions: * How to define WORD? * What is the difference between WORD and LEXEME? * What is Saussure’s SIGN composed of? * How does SENSE differ from REFERENCE? * Is MEANING the same as SENSE?
  • 3. Terminologies 1. Vocabulary · Lexicon · Dictionary 2. Lexicology 3. Lexeme · lexical unit · word form
  • 4. Vocabulary It usually refers to a complete inventory of the words in a language. But it may also refer to the words and phrases used in the variants of a language, such as dialect, register, terminology, etc. A unit of vocabulary is generally referred to as a lexical item/ a word. A learner’s vocabulary can be divided into active vocabulary and passive vocabulary: the former refers to lexical items which a learner can use(speak and write); the latter to words which he/she can understand(read and guess).
  • 5. Lexicon[early 17th cent. from Greek lexikon book of words] or lexis [1950s: from Greek léxis speech] is used instead of "dictionary" though generally lexicon is a technical term which refers to the set of all words and idioms of the language in question; sometimes writers use lexicon to refer to the vocabulary of a language as used by an individual speaker, which is best illustrated in the term “mental lexicon”.
  • 6. A dictionary is “a reference book containing words usually alphabetically arranged with information about their forms, pronunciations, functions, etymologies, meanings, and syntactical and idiomatic uses ” (Merriam Webster, 1993). The practice of compiling dictionaries is lexicography; a person who complies dictionaries is seen as a lexicographer.
  • 7. Lexicology [1820s: from Greek lexikós of words, -logia study] is the systematic study of vocabulary/lexical items/lexis. It deals with words and word-forming morphemes, significant units. It follows that these elements must be investigated in their form and in their meaning. Roughly, it is a combination of studies on semantics and morphology, called lexical semantics or pragmatic semantics in wider sense.
  • 8. Lexeme from Greek léxis speech, and -eme ) refers to every entry in the dictionary. It is the minimal unit of language which has a semantic interpretation and embodies a distinct cultural concept. It is made up of one or more form-meaning composites called lexical units/lexical items.
  • 9. • Lexeme can be seen as a term that is used to express the idea that inflected forms, which are words themselves, are still variants of one single word, e.g. “playing”, “played”, “plays” are the inflected variants of the same lexeme “play”. In a sense, each of these variants is itself a word; the term word form is used for them.
  • 10. THANK YOU