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Should the United States Continue to Encourage a United Europe?

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  • 1. SHOULD THE UNITED STATES CONTINUE TOENCOURAGE A UNITED EUROPE?forINTL101INTRODUCTION TO GLOBAL POLITICSbyFaruk Dokumacı0470072008-08-22EMUTRNC
  • 2. Today, the United States of America and the European Union have quite strongrelationships referring historical, political, economic and social affairs including Canada andother European Countries out of the European Union as well. Especially for over fifty years,this transatlantic relationship has been the leading force for a united ,secure andeconomically stronger Europe against Soviet Union which can be considered as today’sRussia. The United States of America and the European Union have a common strategicvision for Europe’s future security to continue the peace within a United Europe which is thecontinent that has experienced the world’s most dramatic wars through the history, and tosustain the security for free market economies and the democracies.In today’s world economics and politics are very closely linked with each other andThe European Union and the United States of America share the largest two way trade andinvestment relationship in the world. They both try efforts towards a more open world systemof trade and investment. Through G-7, they work to stimulate global growth. They both try toexpand trade and investment opportunities and multiply jobs on both sides of the AtlanticOcean. Thus, the economic reasons reagarding why the United States of America shouldsupport a united Europe are quite obvious and understandable.NATO which stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization is the main function forsecurity matters between Europe and the United States of America. It functions for both thesecurity of Europe and a threat for Russia at the same time to surround it. Especially, duringthe Cold War which is geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle, took place afterWorld War Two between the United States of America and the Soviet Socialist Union States,the North Atlantic Treaty Organization played a very critical role for the favor of the UnitedStates of America at first and the Europe as well .After the collapse of the Soviet Union in1991,the Cold War which has started before 50’s has finished and the United States have beenthe only hegomonic power in the world. A decrease in the Russian threat has also made a
  • 3. decrease in the importance of NATO for all the parties. However, it is still the mostsignificant organization for the security in the region of Europe. After the September 11thterrorist attacks ,the vitality of NATO and the United Europe in the same line gained morevalue against terrorism, especailly, for the security of the United States of America as theleading and on target country.Although there are strong partnerships between the European Union and the UnitedStates of America, we should well observe some tendencies in some European Union leadingcountries like France and Germany. As it is known, formerly the United Kingdom which canbe counted as England and France were the leading forces in the world and the United Stateswas out of the world matters. Once, today’s hegemonic superpower started expand to dealwith the world matters out of its boundaries and at the same time both the United Kingdomand France withdrew from the world affairs, power balance has changed. Although , now ,England is always particapating the United States’ decisions and also its actions, it is veryhard to say that France or Germany are always in the same line with all the decions taken bythe United States of America. This wiev distinction comes from both histiorical rivalvryfeelings and from power also authority conflicts. Also ESDP which stands for EuropeanSecurity and Defence Policy may reduce the power of NATO which means at the same timemay reduce the power of the United States in the European Continent for security matters. Itcreates a disadvantegeous situation for the countries that are in the European region,members of NATO but not a member of the European Union like Turkey.A unified Europe will automatically mean a stronger Europe from anyway. And,although both the United States of America and the European Union are in the same sides inmany ways like politically, historically, culturally,ideologically and economically, as Europegets stronger ,Can they be rivals in the future?,or some leading significant countries inEurope, Can they try to direct the Union’s politics in for their own benefits and in acrooss
  • 4. with the favor of the United States of America?. Does stronger Europe mean, relativelyweaker America?, There are also increasing powers like China and still there is an importantRussia. Does a relatively decrease in the power of the United States in world politics create anapolarity? And if does, it is obvious that it would be worse for the United States, would it begood for the rest of the world by building a new balance, or would it create bigger problemsaround the world? These are only some question marks without answers while thinking of amore united and naturally more powerful Europe. Especially, while the European Army,ESPD which stands for European Security and Defence Policy is being considered and whilesome important European countries can be against world politics of the United States ofAmerica as we saw in the Iraq War.Turkey is a stong key element for a more united and economically, culturally,politically richer and defensively more secure Europe. Turkey is a member of NATO whichis for security with Europe , Canada and the United States of America since 50’s, and can becounted as a member of European Union economically since 90’s by custom unionagreements. Alhough Turkey has very close relationships with Europe, it is not a full memberstate of European Union. Some political disputes and challenges in both Europe likeconservative wievs and in also Turkey like democracatization breakdowns also externalfactors like the end of the Cold War and the end of socialist regimes have decreased the speedof Turkey-European Union unification process which has started at the end of 50’s ,in facthistorically has started at the ending periods of Ottoman Empire by certain reforms. Turkey isalso an important country for Europe with its young and educated labor force, as a gate formiddle east and former Soviet Union countries and the most importantly on a global scale asample for concencus of different civilazitons with its predominantly muslim population.Turkey is maybe the most important country that should be encouraged to unify for strongerEurope.
  • 5. Although, the Cold War has ended ,Soviet Union has collapsed, United Europe stillhas been the vital element for the security of Europe, European Union, and also for theUnited States of America especially for terrorism issues targeting Western Countries led bythe United States of America. Contrubition of some former Soviet Socialist Europeancountries, in addition, Turkey ,which is still in very critical roles in the region and in theworld politics will be quite benefical for more united Europe. More united and strongerEurope will help the peace for Europe, peace for the United States of America and peace forthe world. Because, European constutition and values based on democracy,superiority of ruleof law, protection for minorities and respect for human rights within a free market economysystem. This system is in line with the American system for economically and for the securitymatters. Political dimensions in the European Union vision is more peacefully and humanrespected, and this is a vital example for the world peace. It is a union whose members areformerly enemies. And this success can provide a perspective for all the world. So, TheUnited States should continiue to encourage a united Europe.
  • 6. Although, the Cold War has ended ,Soviet Union has collapsed, United Europe stillhas been the vital element for the security of Europe, European Union, and also for theUnited States of America especially for terrorism issues targeting Western Countries led bythe United States of America. Contrubition of some former Soviet Socialist Europeancountries, in addition, Turkey ,which is still in very critical roles in the region and in theworld politics will be quite benefical for more united Europe. More united and strongerEurope will help the peace for Europe, peace for the United States of America and peace forthe world. Because, European constutition and values based on democracy,superiority of ruleof law, protection for minorities and respect for human rights within a free market economysystem. This system is in line with the American system for economically and for the securitymatters. Political dimensions in the European Union vision is more peacefully and humanrespected, and this is a vital example for the world peace. It is a union whose members areformerly enemies. And this success can provide a perspective for all the world. So, TheUnited States should continiue to encourage a united Europe.