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Local Climate Solutions

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What can an individual city or town do to fight climate change? A lot! View these slides to see what one small Minnesota town has done, what other steps it can take as part of the state's GreenStep …

What can an individual city or town do to fight climate change? A lot! View these slides to see what one small Minnesota town has done, what other steps it can take as part of the state's GreenStep Cities program, and model local actions from around the United States


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  • 1. L O C A L C L I M AT E S O L U T I O N S F O R A N O R T H F I E L D ( M N ) C L I M A T E S U M M I T John Farrell Director of Democratic Energy January 18, 2014
  • 2. Like many cities, Northfield has already taken several actions to reduce its climate impact
  • 3. G R A D E : C But there are Opportunities Building benchmarking and retrofits
  • 4. Efficient lighting (LEDs) But there are Opportunities
  • 5. Permits* *http://tinyurl.com/kexun7e But there are Opportunities Enabling local renewable energy development
  • 6. F R O M T H E C I T Y ’ S E N E R G Y TA S K F O R C E But there are Opportunities • a city energy commission • policies/ordinances? (carbon free by 2033?) • special energy district? • update GHG inventory? • clean energy charge or franchise fee*? • smart grid pilot? • benchmarking/energy audit requirement?
  • 7. F R O M T H E C I T Y ’ S E N E R G Y TA S K F O R C E But there are Opportunities • a city energy commission • policies/ordinances? (carbon free by 2033?) • special energy district? • update GHG inventory? • clean energy charge or franchise fee*? • smart grid pilot? • benchmarking/energy audit requirement?
  • 8. F R O M T H E C I T Y ’ S E N E R G Y TA S K F O R C E But there are Opportunities • a city energy commission • policies/ordinances, e.g. carbon free by 2033 • special energy district? • update GHG inventory? • clean energy charge or franchise fee*? • smart grid pilot? • benchmarking/energy audit requirement?
  • 9. F R O M T H E C I T Y ’ S E N E R G Y TA S K F O R C E But there are Opportunities • a city energy commission • policies/ordinances, e.g. carbon free by 2033 • a special energy district • an updated GHG inventory • a clean energy charge or franchise fee* • a smart grid pilot
  • 10. F R O M T H E C I T Y ’ S E N E R G Y TA S K F O R C E But there are Opportunities • a city energy commission • policies/ordinances, e.g. carbon free by 2033 • a special energy district • an updated GHG inventory • a clean energy charge or franchise fee* • a smart grid pilot
  • 11. F R O M T H E C I T Y ’ S E N E R G Y TA S K F O R C E But there are Opportunities • a city energy commission • policies/ordinances, e.g. carbon free by 2033 • a special energy district • an updated GHG inventory • a clean energy charge or franchise fee* • a smart grid pilot *http://bit.ly/NorthfieldFranchise
  • 12. F R O M T H E C I T Y ’ S E N E R G Y TA S K F O R C E But there are Opportunities • a city energy commission • policies/ordinances, e.g. carbon free by 2033 • a special energy district • an updated GHG inventory • a clean energy charge or franchise fee* • a smart grid pilot *http://bit.ly/NorthfieldFranchise
  • 13. F R O M T H E C I T Y ’ S E N E R G Y TA S K F O R C E But there are Opportunities • a city energy commission • policies/ordinances, e.g. carbon free by 2033 • a special energy district • an updated GHG inventory • a clean energy charge or franchise fee* • a smart grid pilot http://bit.ly/NorthfieldEnergy R E A D M O R E H E R E
  • 14. L O C A L E N E R G Y F I N A N C I N G ( PA C E ) Other promising models
  • 15. L O C A L E N E R G Y F I N A N C I N G ( PA C E ) Other promising models Sonoma County, CA, program
  • 16. S O L A R M A N D AT E S • Lancaster, CA • Sebastapol, CA Other promising models
  • 17. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Installed Cost per Watt $6.00 $5.00 $4.00 $3.00 $2.00 13% 15% 19% 26% 39% 5% 6% 8% 12% 22% L O C A L P E R M I T T I N G Data from The Impact of City-level Permitting Processes on Residential Photovoltaic Installation Prices and Development Times (LBNL, 2013) ...the savings Approx.year for residential installation* 2013 2017 2023 *From ILSR’s Rooftop Revolution reports: http://www.ilsr.org/rooftop-revolution/ As the cost of solar falls... from permitting rise streamlined Other promising models
  • 18. L O C A L P E R M I T T I N G Leading Cities Other promising models http://projectpermit.org/
  • 19. L O C A L TA X A U T H O R I T Y R AT E P E R K W H R E S I D E N T I A L $ 0 . 0 0 4 9 C O M M E R C I A L $ 0 . 0 0 0 9 I N D U S T R I A L $ 0 . 0 0 0 3 Boulder’s Climate Tax $2 million / year Other promising models
  • 20. L O C A L TA X A U T H O R I T Y saving homeowners $1,000 / year 2% of all homes Other promising models
  • 21. B E N C H M A R K B U I L D I N G E N E R G Y U S E G R A D E : A Other promising models
  • 22. S TAT E P O L I C I E S F O R L O C A L A C T I O N Stretch energy codes Other promising models
  • 23. E N E R G Y C O D E F R E E D O M State preemption No state standard State set min. only Other promising models
  • 24. 0% 50% 100% 150% Efficiency relative to IECC 2006 baseline R E L AT I V E C O D E E F F I C I E N C Y Average Existing Home IECC 2006 IECC 2009 Energy Star v2 IECC 2012 IECC 2015* Energy Star v3 CA IL MA MD RI WA AL CT DC FL GA IA ID IN MI MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OR PA SC TX VA VT WV HI KY LA MN OK TN UT WI IECC 2003 - AR CO No state code - AK AZ KS ME MO MS SD WY *forecast 2013 Adopted State Codes Upgrading from IECC 2006 to IECC 2012 means annual homeowner savings of $150-$1,100* *http://tinyurl.com/mls8pxw
  • 25. S TAT E P O L I C I E S F O R L O C A L A C T I O N • Franchise flexibility – HF 1450 (Minnesota) • Freedom for cities to negotiate with their utility L O C A L E M I S S I O N S Other 33% Energy 67% Other promising models
  • 26. S TAT E P O L I C I E S F O R L O C A L A C T I O N • Kill the municipal utility poison pill – HF 945 (Minnesota) 10 years profits Other promising models
  • 27. L O C A L P O W E R S A N TA F EB O U L D E R 2x Coal Other promising models http://bit.ly/SantaFeLocalPowerhttp://bit.ly/BoulderLocalPower
  • 28. Read more about local climate solutions