Clean, Local Energy   with Community Choice Aggregation                   John Farrell, Director   Energy Self-Reliant Sta...
ILSR’s Unique Perspective  Yesterday                                         Tomorrow Centralized Power                   ...
Centralized Power
CCAs Break Monopoly
CCAs Lower Rates              NOPEC, OH - 4-6%                            REAP, RI -     Fulton, IL - 20%      $18m saved ...
CCAs Green Electricity    MEA, CA         NOPEC, OH - 50% moreup to 590% more          Oak Park, IL - 400% more
Greater CCA Potential
shouldCCAs Localize Electricity                   ^Local Ownership Boosts Impact of Renewables            Absentee        ...
shouldCCAs Localize Electricity                 ^Local Ownership Boosts Jobs from Renewables            Solar            W...
shouldCCAs Localize Electricity           ^Local Ownership Boosts Jobs from Renewables        Solar        Wind        Coa...
should    CCAs Localize Electricity                       ^    Local Ownership Boosts Support for RenewablesNo local owner...
shouldCCAs do Feed-in Tariffs         ^• Long-term, standard contract• Fixed price• Grid connection*
shouldCCAs do Feed-in Tariffs         ^       low risk = low cost                    REC MarketRisk                Auction...
should CCAs do Feed-in Tariffs       ^Avg. Cost of Solar (2011 3Q)                             U.S.                       ...
should             CCAs Support DG                              ^                            •avoided cost10 cents        ...
DG Grid Benefits                                       •avoided cost10 cents                                       •on-site...
DG Social Benefits                                       •avoided cost10 cents                                       •on-si...
How Munis Value DG$0.15                      6 cents per kWh$0.12                            in addition to               ...
CCA Landscape          Active CCAs          No active CCAs
m o us   orEn Clean Energy Potential        31 states could be electricity self-reliant                                   ...
State Renewable Policy 29 states have a clean energy mandate                          Renewable mandate (29)              ...
State Electricity Markets                  Deregulated (13)                  Suspended (7)                  Regulated (30)
State Electricity Markets                 Deregulated + CCA                 Suspended + CCA                 Regulated (30)
CCA Opportunities                       “storm of interest”“going Boulder”            burst of activity
Thank you!       John Farrell         energyselfreliantstates.org         jfarrell@ilsr.org         johnffarrell         6...
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Local Energy Choice with Community Choice Aggregation

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A presentation by ILSR Senior Researcher John Farrell on the status and potential of community choice aggregation to enable local clean energy generation. Given to the LEAN U.S. National Strategy Meeting in San Francisco, CA, in February 2012.

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Local Energy Choice with Community Choice Aggregation

  1. 1. Clean, Local Energy with Community Choice Aggregation John Farrell, Director Energy Self-Reliant States and Communities program jfarrell@ilsr.org 612-808-0888 Presentation on Feb. 10, 2012
  2. 2. ILSR’s Unique Perspective Yesterday Tomorrow Centralized Power Clean, local power Solar PV power plant Storage Storage Transmission network Storage Storage House Local CHP plant Distribution network House with domestic CHP Wind powerFactory Commercial plant building
  3. 3. Centralized Power
  4. 4. CCAs Break Monopoly
  5. 5. CCAs Lower Rates NOPEC, OH - 4-6% REAP, RI - Fulton, IL - 20% $18m saved Oak Park, IL - 2¢/kWh over 10 yrs
  6. 6. CCAs Green Electricity MEA, CA NOPEC, OH - 50% moreup to 590% more Oak Park, IL - 400% more
  7. 7. Greater CCA Potential
  8. 8. shouldCCAs Localize Electricity ^Local Ownership Boosts Impact of Renewables Absentee Local 1.5x (low) Local 3.4x (high) Total Economic ImpactEconomic Development Impacts of Community Wind Projects: A Review and Empirical Evaluation (NREL)
  9. 9. shouldCCAs Localize Electricity ^Local Ownership Boosts Jobs from Renewables Solar Wind Coal Natural Gas 0 2 4 6 8 10 Jobs per Megawatt Construction, manufacturing and installation Ongoing maintenance and fuelPutting Renewables to Work: How Many Jobs Can the Clean Energy Industry Create? (UC Berkeley)
  10. 10. shouldCCAs Localize Electricity ^Local Ownership Boosts Jobs from Renewables Solar Wind Coal Natural Gas 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Jobs per Megawatt Construction, manufacturing and installation Ongoing maintenance and fuel
  11. 11. should CCAs Localize Electricity ^ Local Ownership Boosts Support for RenewablesNo local ownership 60% negative Local ownership 45% positive 0 25 50 75 100 very negative negative neutral positive very positive Attitude towards increased use of local wind energy
  12. 12. shouldCCAs do Feed-in Tariffs ^• Long-term, standard contract• Fixed price• Grid connection*
  13. 13. shouldCCAs do Feed-in Tariffs ^ low risk = low cost REC MarketRisk Auction FIT Return
  14. 14. should CCAs do Feed-in Tariffs ^Avg. Cost of Solar (2011 3Q) U.S. $5.20/W Risk Germany $2.80/W Return
  15. 15. should CCAs Support DG ^ •avoided cost10 cents •on-site/near demand •lower transmission losses 5 cents •reduce dist. system stress 0 cents •hedge against fuel prices •prevent blackouts -5 cents •reduce pollution-10 cents $4/Watt •create jobs-15 cents How the utility values 4 cents-20 cents Cost of solar Energy value distributedSocial benefits Grid benefits generation
  16. 16. DG Grid Benefits •avoided cost10 cents •on-site/near demand •lower transmission losses 5 cents •reduce dist. system stress 0 cents •hedge against fuel prices •prevent blackouts -5 cents •reduce pollution-10 cents $4/Watt •create jobs 8.5 cents But it’s-15 cents 4 cents worth more-20 cents Cost of solar Energy value Grid benefits Social benefits Distributed Solar Power Worth Far More Than Electrons | Energy Self-Reliant States - http://tinyurl.com/3tqmerh
  17. 17. DG Social Benefits •avoided cost10 cents •on-site/near demand •lower transmission losses 5 cents •reduce dist. system stress 0 cents •hedge against fuel prices 12.5 cents •prevent blackouts -5 cents •reduce pollution-10 cents $4/Watt •create jobs-15 cents-20 cents Cost of solar Energy value Grid benefits Social benefits and more Distributed Solar Power Worth Far More Than Electrons | Energy Self-Reliant States - http://tinyurl.com/3tqmerh
  18. 18. How Munis Value DG$0.15 6 cents per kWh$0.12 in addition to electricity$0.09$0.06 Additional local value Avoided transmission access$0.03 Environmental Time-of-delivery Brown energy replacement $0 Palo Alto, CA, municipal utility
  19. 19. CCA Landscape Active CCAs No active CCAs
  20. 20. m o us orEn Clean Energy Potential 31 states could be electricity self-reliant 100% or more 75 to 100% 50 to 75% 25 to 50% 25% or less Energy Self-Reliant States, 2nd Edition | ILSR, 2010
  21. 21. State Renewable Policy 29 states have a clean energy mandate Renewable mandate (29) Renewable goal (8) No RPS policy (13)
  22. 22. State Electricity Markets Deregulated (13) Suspended (7) Regulated (30)
  23. 23. State Electricity Markets Deregulated + CCA Suspended + CCA Regulated (30)
  24. 24. CCA Opportunities “storm of interest”“going Boulder” burst of activity
  25. 25. Thank you! John Farrell energyselfreliantstates.org jfarrell@ilsr.org johnffarrell 612-808-0888
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