Local Power, Local Control

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A case for distributed renewable energy generation, outlining the economics and political issues and the policies needed to make energy local.

A case for distributed renewable energy generation, outlining the economics and political issues and the policies needed to make energy local.

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  • 1. Who  We  Are   Energy Self-Reliant States@  the  Ins)tute  for  Local  Self-­‐Reliance    
  • 2. Overview  •  Why  renewable  energy?  •  Why  distributed  genera7on?  •  What’s  in  the  way?  •  What  breaks  the  roadblocks?  
  • 3. Renewable  Energy  is  Widespread   Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  
  • 4. Renewable  Energy  is  Widespread   Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  
  • 5. Renewable  Energy  is  Widespread   Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  
  • 6. Renewable  Energy  is  Cost-­‐Effec7ve  
  • 7. What  is  distributed  genera7on?  
  • 8. What  is  distributed  genera7on?   Distribu7on     Any  Size   or  Subtransmission   <  80  MW   Transmission  
  • 9. Myth  1  •  Distributed  genera7on  does  not  capture   economies  of  scale  
  • 10. Economies  of  Scale:  Solar  PV   Data  from  70,000  California  solar  PV  installa7ons  Economies  of  Scale  are  Bullshit|  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States-­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/68kaf96  
  • 11. Economies  of  Scale:  Wind  Economies  of  Scale  are  Bullshit|  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States-­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/68kaf96  
  • 12. Myth  2  •  Distributed  genera7on  can’t  scale  up  quickly  
  • 13. Distributed  Genera7on  Scales  Up  
  • 14. Distributed  Genera7on  Scales  Up   2010:   7,400  MW  of   Solar  PV  
  • 15. Distributed  Genera7on  Scales  Up  
  • 16. Distributed  Genera7on  Scales  Up   Total  Capacity:   27,000  MW  
  • 17. Myth  3  •  Variable  distributed  genera7on  is  expensive  to   integrate  into  the  electric  grid  
  • 18. Solving  Solar  Variability  with     More  Solar  Solving  Solars  Variability  with  More  Solar  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/65b5nyh  
  • 19. Solving  Solar  Variability  They  are  seeing  very  li<le  difference  in  the  voltage  levels,  harmonics,  and  overall  power  quality  between  the  different  scenarios.  These  preliminary  results  suggest  that  u)li)es  could  go  to  very  high  levels  of  PV  penetra3on  in  localized  areas  without  causing  problems  for  the  grid.   High  Penetra)on  of  PV  No  Issue  for  Kauian  Grid  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/6a3nnwb  
  • 20. Opportuni7es  •  Cost  reduc7ons  •  Added  value  •  Economic  benefits  
  • 21. Opportuni7es  for  Cost  Reduc7ons   German  solar  market  2006  -­‐>  2010  grew  from  2.7  GW  -­‐>  16  GW  
  • 22. Opportuni7es  for  Cost  Reduc7ons   Solar  PV   <  100  kW   $4.11  per   Wa/!   German  solar  market  2006  -­‐>  2010  grew  from  2.7  GW  -­‐>  16  GW  
  • 23. Opportuni7es  for  Cost  Reduc7ons   Solar  PV   <  100  kW   $3.70  per   Wa/!   h<p://www.solarwirtscha].de/preisindex  
  • 24. Opportuni7es  for  Cost  Reduc7ons  
  • 25. Opportuni7es  for  Cost  Reduc7ons   Solar  PV  Balance  of  System  |  Rocky  Mountain  Ins)tute  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/3dazuo8  
  • 26. The  Value  of  Distributed  Solar   $5   per  Wa[  Distributed  Solar  Power  Worth  Far  More  Than  Electrons  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/3tqmerh  
  • 27. The  Value  of  Distributed  Solar  Distributed  Solar  Power  Worth  Far  More  Than  Electrons  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/3tqmerh  
  • 28. The  Value  of  Distributed  Solar  Distributed  Solar  Power  Worth  Far  More  Than  Electrons  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/3tqmerh  
  • 29. Value  of  DG  Solar  PV  –  Palo  Alto   CLEAN  Coali)on  Calcula)on  
  • 30. Jobs  from  Renewable  Energy  Pudng  Renewables  to  Work:  How  Many  Jobs  Can  the  Clean  Energy  Industry  Create?  (UC  Berkeley)  
  • 31. Absentee  =  lost  opportunity  •  Out  of  two  coun;es   in  Minnesota  we   export  about  $80   million  dollars  a  year   to  France,  Florida,   Italy,  Portugal,  Spain.            -­‐Dan  Juhl,  community   wind  developer  
  • 32. Value  of  Local  Ownership  NREL: Economic Development Impacts of Community Wind Projects: A Review and Empirical Evaluation
  • 33. Value  of  Local  Ownership  NREL: Economic Development Impacts of Community Wind Projects: A Review and Empirical Evaluation
  • 34. Value  of  Local  Ownership  
  • 35. Value  of  Local  Ownership   Economic  Impact  data  taken  from  Shining  Bright:  Growing  Solar  Jobs  in  Iowa
  • 36. Distributed  Genera7on  is  Democra7c  
  • 37. Roadblocks  
  • 38. FERC’s  High-­‐Voltage  Gravy  Train  
  • 39. FERC’s  High-­‐Voltage  Gravy  Train  
  • 40. FERC’s  High-­‐Voltage  Tunnel  Vision   FERCs  High  Voltage  Gravy  Train  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/647brlu  
  • 41. Policy  Ma[ers  
  • 42. Policy  Ma[ers  
  • 43. Policy  Ma[ers  Monthly  cost  of  German  renewable  energy  program  
  • 44. Policy  Ma[ers  Monthly  cost  of  U.S.  renewable  energy  program  
  • 45. Policy  Ma[ers   Germany   2009   Germany   2011  From  page  19  of  the  brilliant  report,    Tracking  the  Sun  III:  The  Installed  Cost  of  Photovoltaics  in  the  U.S.  from  1998-­‐2009  (large  pdf).  
  • 46. Policy  Ma[ers  Ontarios  Buy  Local  Renewable  Energy  Policy:  An  Update  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/3o4th8d  
  • 47. Policy  Ma[ers:  State  Laws   RPS Policies with Solar/DG ProvisionsWA: double credit for DG www.dsireusa.org / April 2011 NH: 0.3% solar- electric x 2014 OR: 20 MW solar PV x 2020; MI: triple credit for solar- double credit for PV MA: 400 MW PV x 2020 electric NY: 0.4788% customer- sited x 2015 OH: 0.5% solar-NV: 1.5% solar x 2025; CO: 3.0% DG x 2020 electric x 2025 NJ: 5,316 GWh solar-2.4 - 2.45 multiplier for PV 1.5% customer-sited x 2020 electric x 2026 IL: 1.5% PV x 2025 WV: various PA: 0.5% PV x 2021 UT: 2.4 multiplier multipliers for solar-electric DC   DE: 3.5% PV x 2026; MO: 0.3% solar- triple credit for PV AZ: 4.5% DG x 2025 electric x 2021 NC: 0.2% solar MD: 2% PV x 2022 x 2018 NM: 4% solar-electric x 2020 DC: 0.4% solar x 2020 0.6% DG x 2020 TX: double credit for non-wind (non-wind goal: 500 MW) 16 states + Renewable portfolio standard with solar / distributed generation (DG) provision DC have an RPS with solar/DG Renewable portfolio goal with solar / distributed generation provision provisions Solar water heating counts toward solar provision
  • 48. Policy  Ma[ers:  State  Laws  
  • 49. A  Small  but  Growing  Market   Photo  credit:  CERTs  
  • 50. Policy  Ma[ers:  Local  Rules   Poor  Solar  Permidng  Rules  Increase  Residen)al  Solar  Prices     by  Up  To  20  Percent  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/5ts5b2k  
  • 51. Policy  Ma[ers:  Local  Rules   Poor  Solar  Permidng  Rules  Increase  Residen)al  Solar  Prices     by  Up  To  20  Percent  |  Energy  Self-­‐Reliant  States  -­‐  h<p://)nyurl.com/5ts5b2k  
  • 52. It’s  Happening  Here   •  80  kilowa[s  PV   •  20  owners   •  Shares:  $3.15  /  Wa[   •  13-­‐year  payback   •  Carbondale,  CO  
  • 53. Thank  you!  John  Farrell  •  energyselfreliantstates.org  •  jfarrell@ilsr.org  •  h[p://twi[er.com/johnffarrell