Lab saftey

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Lab Safety, Potential Hazards in Laboratory,Do's and Don'ts in Laboratory, First aid in case of any emergency

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Lab saftey

  1. 1. Life Saving College Of Nursing M. Farooq Marwat RN, Dip. Card, BSN
  2. 2. Objectives:  Define Lab, Safety and Lab Safety.  Become aware of hazards that occurs in laboratory  Become aware of personal protection in Laboratory  What to do and what not to do in Lab  Understand the emergency procedure, while working in lab.  Understand the First aid procedure in case of any accident.
  3. 3. What is Lab (Laboratory) Laboratory is a building or room equipped for conducting scientific research or for teaching practical science It is a workplace for the conduct of scientific research
  4. 4. Safety: Safety is the state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agent under defined conditions. The condition of being safe; freedom from danger, risk, or injury.
  5. 5. So what is lab Safety ?  Lab safety is to make certain that no any adverse effect will be cause by any of potential hazard or agent in the laboratory.  Lab safety procedure make sure that the individuals in laboratory can work safely with freedom from danger, risk or injury
  6. 6. Why does it matter?  Safe working protects:  You  Other lab workers  Cleaners  Visitors  Your work
  7. 7. What Dose Law State…  Health Safety at Work Act 1974  You must work safely  You must not endanger others  You must not misuse equipment  Penalty – up to 2 year in prison &/or an unlimited fine
  8. 8. What to do….. Know safety symbols • They appear in your laboratory activities • They will alert you to possible dangers • They will remind you to work carefully
  9. 9. What to do…..  Read lab instructions ahead of time  Always follow lab procedures exactly  Ensure good general ventilation in Lab  Place all contaminated tubes and plates into Biohazard area  Keep cultures in test tube racks when working at lab bench or walking around the lab.
  10. 10. What to do…..  Clean your workbench with disinfectant at the beginning and at the end of each laboratory exercise  Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 1 min before and after you complete your work.  Be Responsible at All Times
  11. 11. General Hazards in Laboratory  Physical hazards  Chemical hazards  Infectious Hazards  Electrical hazards  Radiation hazards  Breakage of glassware  Sharps Objects  Spillages
  12. 12. Protect Your Self….  Wear safety goggles when working with chemicals, flames, or heating devices or if possibility of flying debris  Keep all long hair tied back  Do not wear loose clothing that could catch on fire  Foot wear that completely covers the foot is required
  13. 13. Protect Your Self…. • Handle glassware, sharp tools and heated containers carefully • Always cut away from fingers and body • Always carry sharp objects with points and tips facing down and away • Never try to catch falling sharp instruments • Grasp sharp instruments only by the handles
  14. 14. Heat/Flame Safety • Tie back hair and loose clothes when working with open flames • Never look into a container while heating it • Never point the end of a test tube being heated at yourself or others • Never heat in a closed container • Never leave a burner or hotplate unattended.
  15. 15. Chemical Safety  Read all labels twice before removing a chemical from the container • Only use the type and amount of chemical instructed to use • Never touch, taste, or even smell a chemical unless instructed by the teacher • Never mix chemicals unless instructed to do so
  16. 16. Chemical Safety….  Never mix chemicals together unless you are told to do so (and then only in the manner specified)  Consider all chemicals dangerous
  17. 17. Spillages  Clear up spillage promptly  Dispose of any hazardous material as toxic waste
  18. 18. You should never…..  Take any chemicals from lab or store room  Touch any equipment, chemicals, or other materials until instructed to do so  Never use any laboratory equipment unless you are trained & have been authorised to do so As well as injuring yourself you may cause very costly damage  Do an unauthorized experiment
  19. 19. You should never…..  Do not bring food or beverages into the laboratory because you are working with microorganisms and you do not want them to contaminate your food or drink  Apply cosmetics  Touch your face, mouth or eyes  Practical jokes  Horse play  Rough house
  20. 20. In case of an emergency….  Know the locations of:  Fire extinguisher  Fire blanket  Body shower  Eyewash station  First aid kit  Know where all the exit doors are located
  21. 21. In case of an emergency….  Know emergency procedure  If you spill a harmful chemical on yourself or in your eyes, start rinsing immediately and send any of your colleague to get teacher’s help  Notify instructor immediately for broken glassware.  If culture gets into your eyes, immediately wash your eyes for 5 minutes
  22. 22. In case of Minor injuries/ailments in Lab
  23. 23. First Aid Injury: Burns What To Do: Immediately flush with cold water until burning sensation is lessened.
  24. 24. First Aid Injury: Cuts, bruises What To Do: Do not touch an open wound without safety gloves. Pressing directly on minor cuts will stop bleeding in a few minutes. Apply cold compress to bruises to reduce swelling.
  25. 25. First Aid Injury: Poisoning What To Do: Find out what substance was responsible for the poisoning and alert the teacher immediately.
  26. 26. First Aid Injury: Fainting What To Do: Provide fresh air and have the person recline so that their head is lower than the rest of their body.
  27. 27. First Aid Injury: Eyes What To Do: Flush eyes immediately with plenty of water for several minutes. If a foreign object is lodged in the eye, do not allow the eye to be rubbed.
  28. 28. First Aid Injury: Electrical shock What To Do: Shut off the current at the source. Remove wire with rubber gloves. Alert the teacher immediately.

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