Israaeli army, core values, doctrine


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Doctrine and core values of Israeli forces

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Israaeli army, core values, doctrine

  1. 1. 2
  2. 2. To acquaint student offrs with mission, doctrine, code of conduct and the value system of the IDF 3
  3. 3. • Intro • Msn • Doctrine • Code of Conduct 4
  4. 4. 5 • The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) are the overall unified armed forces of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force and navy • The IDF is a battle hardened force which has fought all of the country's military operations • The IDF was founded following the establishment of the State of Israel, after Defence Minister and Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion issued an order on May 26, 1948. The order called for the establishment of the Israel Defence Forces, and the abolishment of all other Jewish armed forces and underground forces
  5. 5. 6 The IDF mission is to "defend the existence, territorial integrity and sovereignty of the state of Israel. To protect the inhabitants of Israel and to combat all forms of terrorism which threaten the daily life."
  6. 6. 7 • The main doctrine consists of the following principles: • Israel cannot afford to lose a single war • Defensive on the strategic level, no territorial ambitions • Desire to avoid war by political means and a credible deterrent posture • Preventing escalation • Determine the outcome of war quickly and decisively • Combating terrorism • Very low casualty ratio
  7. 7. 8 • Prepare for Defence : • Since, they cannot afford to lose a single war, so they need to have a pro active strategy • A small standing army with an early warning capability, regular air force and navy • An efficient reserve mobilization and transportation system • Move to Counterattack: • Transferring the battle to enemy territory quickly • Quick attainment of war objectives • Multi-arm coordination
  8. 8. 9 • Low-intensity Warfare. Owing to the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the IDF has adapted tactics for low intensity warfare, primarily directed against Palestinian fighters operating from within densely-populated civilian territory • Targeted Killings. The IDF employs a strategy of "focused foiling" of Palestinian fighters, often referred to as "targeted killing". The strategy aims at preventing future acts of terrorism by killing individuals known to have participated or assisted in acts such as suicide bombings who are planning repeat attacks
  9. 9. 10 • House Demolitions. As part of the 2nd Intifada, the IDF adopted a policy of house demolition in response to a wave of suicide bombings. Israel justified the policy on the basis of deterrence against terrorism, and providing an incentive for families of potential suicide bombers to prevent the bomber from attacking. Demolitions can also occur in the course of fighting. The IDF started employing a tactic of surrounding such houses, calling on the occupants (civilian and militant) to exit, and demolishing the house on top of the militants that do not surrender. This tactic, called "Pressure Pot" and is now used whenever feasible
  10. 10. 11 • In 1992, the IDF drafted a ‘Code of Conduct’ that combines international law, Israeli law, Jewish heritage and the IDF's own traditional ethical code—the IDF Spirit. The document of Code of Conduct defines three core values for all IDF soldiers to follow, as well as ten secondary values
  11. 11. 12 • Defence of the State, its Citizens and its Residents ."The IDF's goal is to defend the existence of the State of Israel, its independence and the security of the citizens and residents of the state." • Love of the Homeland and Loyalty to the Country. "At the core of service in the IDF stand the love of the homeland and the commitment and devotion to the State of Israel-a democratic state that serves as a national home for the Jewish People-its citizens and residents." • Human Dignity. "The IDF and its soldiers are obligated to protect human dignity. Every human being is of value regardless of his or her origin, religion, nationality, gender, status or position."
  12. 12. 13 • They will persevere in their missions resolutely and thoughtfully even to the point of endangering their lives • They will carry out their duties at all times with initiative, involvement and diligence with common sense and within the framework of their authority, while prepared to bear responsibility for their conduct • They will act in such a manner that their peers and commanders can rely upon them in performing their tasks • The soldier shall make use of his weaponry and power only for the fulfilment of the mission and solely to the extent required; he will maintain his humanity even in combat
  13. 13. 14 • The IDF servicemen and women will acquire the professional knowledge and skills required to perform their tasks, and will implement them while striving continuously to perfect their personal and collective achievements • IDF soldiers will be meticulous in giving only lawful orders, and shall refrain from obeying blatantly illegal orders • The IDF servicemen and women will act out of fraternity and devotion to their comrades • The IDF soldiers view their service in the IDF as a mission; they will be ready to give their all in order to defend the state, its citizens and residents