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Ppt Kat

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    Ppt   Kat Ppt Kat Presentation Transcript

    • LOOKING PAST THE RURAL IDYLL History, TV Fiction and the Representation of the Flemish Countryside Rien Emmery (KULeuven) C-HIM, Brussels, 10 March 2009
    • 1. TV IMAGES AND HISTORY  use of TV images for contemporary history ‘ image-driven society’ ‘ bardic function’  very rarely used ‘ mirror for society’  fiction as a source for history of mentalities  TV images = testimonies about the past (Burke)
      • close reading > production / reception
    • 2. TV IMAGES AND RURAL HISTORY  20th century: consumption countryside
      • - multi-purpose : housing, recreation, tourism, industry
      • hegemonic struggle for the use of rural space
      • importance of popular discourses , i.e. television
       ‘ idealized’ or ‘commodified’ countryside on TV?  rural idyll as a proxy for social history
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973)  children ’s series (Flemish public broadcaster)
      • hero = De Kat , a masked environmentalist vigilante
      • villain = Oskar Dias , an evil industrialist (polluting plastics company) and property developer (speculator)
       set in Flanders, but filmed in idyllic, rural Provence However , the imagery: - not just a distorted or commodified countryside; - part of a consistent narrative on rural Flanders
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’
      • characters of Karin Oste and Bruno Pinter at the ‘Rupsentros’, hamlet of working-class cottages
    • Bruno Pinter and Karin Oste at the ‘Rupsentros’
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’
      • characters of Karin Oste and Bruno Pinter at the ‘Rupsentros’, hamlet of working-class cottages
      • character of Andrea Belmont (niece of Oskar Dias) living at Belmont manor
    • The Belmont estate, ‘a large domain with forests’
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’
      • characters of Karin Oste and Bruno Pinter at the ‘Rupsentros’, hamlet of working-class cottages
      • character of Andrea Belmont (niece of Oskar Dias) living at Belmont manor
       green , healthy environments, especially for children
      • Outdoor activities:
      • gardening
      • relaxing on the patio
      • children’s games
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’
      • characters of Karin Oste and Bruno Pinter at the ‘Rupsentros’, hamlet of working-class cottages
      • character of Andrea Belmont (niece of Oskar Dias) living at Belmont manor
       green , healthy environments, especially for children  threathened by property developer Oskar Dias
    • Land surveyors at Belmont, preparing the parcelling of the estate
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’ Rural idyll crafted by audiovisual techniques:  ‘ rural signifiers’ - panoramic shots of natural environment - small settlements as introductory, background and linkage shots
    •  
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’ Rural idyll crafted by audiovisual techniques:  ‘ rural signifiers’ - panoramic shots of natural environment - small settlements as introductory, background and linkage shots  rural ‘soundscapes’  soundtrack
    • « The Hollebeek used to look like this… »
    • « … then the factory came… »
    • «… now the Hollebeek looks like this.»
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’ Rural idyll matches the actual evolutions in the Flemish countryside, especially following WW II  surge in rural population (Wet De Taeye) renovated farms vs. ‘fermettes’ parcelling of historical estates
      • gardening as a hobby (allotment gardens, NMKL,…)
      • flowers as a means of beautification
    • Beautification through planting of flowers Gardening as a rural pastime
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’ Rural idyll matches the actual evolutions in the Flemish countryside, especially following WW II  naming of houses
    • « Living well », symbolized by a horn of plenty « Open House », symbolized by a beehive
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.1 Country life in ‘De Kat’ References to the struggle over rural Flanders between industry, housing, nature conservation,... - leniency of planning administrations, - loopholes in the zoning laws, - economic ‘regional expansion policy’
    • De Kat confronts illegal dumping Schoolchildren on a visit to a rural landfill site
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.2 Ecological aspects of ‘De Kat’ Narrative of ‘De Kat’ resembles emergence of the Flemish ecological movement: - at first: grassroots initiative against local case of pollution - gradually: global environmental perspective - frequent social commentary on modern ‘greed’ and ‘consumerism’ , i.e. advertising
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.2 Ecological aspects of ‘De Kat’ ‘ De Kat’ and the Flemish ecological movement: - biological gardening - transportation issue and air pollution
    • Transportation in ‘De Kat’: by cart, by bike or on horseback
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.2 Ecological aspects of ‘De Kat’ ‘ De Kat’ and the Flemish ecological movement: - biological gardening - transportation issue and air pollution - symbolic/expressive modes of action
    • De Kat ’s signs warning about poisoned water De Kat sealing off an effluent pipeline
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.2 Ecological aspects of ‘De Kat’ ‘ De Kat’ and the Flemish ecological movement: - biological gardening - transportation issue and air pollution - symbolic/expressive modes of action - individual responsability and structural solutions
    • Vincent Dalkin (outer left) in his laboratory
    • 3. CASE-STUDY: ‘DE KAT’ (1973) 3.2 Ecological aspects of ‘De Kat’ ‘ De Kat’ and the Flemish ecological movement: - biological gardening - transportation issue and air pollution - symbolic/expressive modes of action - individual responsability and structural solutions - importance of environmental education
    • The environmentalist garden gnome Clovis, voiced by Bruno
    • De Kat ’s environmental youth club
    • 4. CONCLUSIONS Rural idyll in ‘De Kat’
      • Flemish countryside as a green, healthy environment
      • and pastoral retreat for urbanites
      • Primarily a critique on the overconsumption of rural
      • amenities
      Fictionalized snapshot of the multi-purpose countryside and the environmental movement - absence of agriculture  industry, tourism, housing - embedded within a global ecological message
    • 4. CONCLUSIONS Historical use of images and rural history?
      • exaggerated depiction of the rural idyll
      • nevertheless clearly not an attempt at commodification when considered within the narrative
      We should not assume that viewers are the ‘cultural dupes’ of a hegemonic rural idyll: the imagery in ‘De Kat’ is merely a hyperreal idealization to underline the ecological message