Comparative analysis of
public policies for innovation
in the aerospace industries in
Brazil and Canada
Authors: Dr. Fabia...
Introduction
2
Paper originated from collaborative
research between Escola Politécnica da
USP and École Polytechnique de
M...
Triple helix
• The theory of systems of innovation
(SI) studies the flows of technologies
and information among people,
en...
Innovation policy is a “public action that influences technical change and other kinds
of innovations [which includes] ele...
Brazil (São José dos Campos/SP)
• Aerospace is a strategic segment
• 2 sector funds (CT-ESPACIAL and CT-
AERO) for STI-ent...
Sample characterization
6
Note: all percentages
are in terms of
number of plants, not
in terms of revenues
Funding and public sponsorship
7
R&D Funding
Public policies
Crictical analysis
8
• Companies in Quebec use more government support in comparison to
Brazilian companies:
– Exception t...
Main references
CHESBROUGH, H.W. (2003a) Open innovation: the new imperative for creating and profiting
from technology, H...
Dr. Fabiano Armellini – farmellini@usp.br
Dr. Paulo Carlos Kaminski – pckamins@usp.br
Escola Politécnica da USP
Departamen...
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Comparative analysis of public policies for innovation in the aerospace industries in Brazil and Canada

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Comparative analysis of public policies for innovation in the aerospace industries in Brazil and Canada

  1. 1. Comparative analysis of public policies for innovation in the aerospace industries in Brazil and Canada Authors: Dr. Fabiano Armellini – EPUSP Brazil Dr. Catherine Beaudry – Poly Canada Dr. Paulo Carlos Kaminski – EPUSP Brazil Paper # 1569684247 International Association for Management of Technology IAMOT Congress – 2013 April 15, 2013
  2. 2. Introduction 2 Paper originated from collaborative research between Escola Politécnica da USP and École Polytechnique de Montréal to analyze the impact and applicability of open innovation tools within product development in the aerospace industry 22 Brazilian (São Paulo) and 31 Canadian (Montréal) aerospace companies were interviewed from October/2010 and December/2012
  3. 3. Triple helix • The theory of systems of innovation (SI) studies the flows of technologies and information among people, enterprises and institutions; • This theory influences how policy makers regard the innovation process; • The triple helix model from Sábato and Botana (1968) gives a comprehensive undertanding of SI Theorectical background – Systems of innovation 3
  4. 4. Innovation policy is a “public action that influences technical change and other kinds of innovations [which includes] elements of R&D policy, technology policy, infrastructure policy, regional policy and education policy” (Edquist, 2001: p.220) Theorectical background – Innovation public policies 4 • Tax incentives • Funding • Financing • Non-pecuniary support (NPS) Policy types
  5. 5. Brazil (São José dos Campos/SP) • Aerospace is a strategic segment • 2 sector funds (CT-ESPACIAL and CT- AERO) for STI-enterprise collaborative projects • Special taxation rules for the aeronautic sector (RETAERO) • Aerospace is included in all FINEP “Subvenção econômica” programs (including the currently open one) • Public R&D structure in São José dos Campos (CTA, ITA etc) • Innovation policies in Brazil are relatively new and are still under a process of maturization and consolidation Canada (Montréal/QC) • Aerospace is strategic for the Province government, but not to the Federal • Innovation policies in Canada are mostly market-oriented (i.e., do not privilege specific sectors) • R&D tax credits represents roughly 55% of the total public expenditure to support business R&D • Aerospace agencies (CSA and DRDC, for example) count with own budget to fund R,D&I • SADI financing program is the largest aerospace-specific program • Rich supply of knowledge to residing companies Public policies for aerospace 5
  6. 6. Sample characterization 6 Note: all percentages are in terms of number of plants, not in terms of revenues
  7. 7. Funding and public sponsorship 7 R&D Funding Public policies
  8. 8. Crictical analysis 8 • Companies in Quebec use more government support in comparison to Brazilian companies: – Exception to R&D funding programs, due to the FINEP “Subvenção Econômica” program • Reasons: – (1) the novelty of such programs in Brazil – (2) the restrictions in these programs that prevent companies from being eligible to the benefits, and – (3) the organizational deficiencies in the companies that hinder access to such programs. • In Quebec, where these support programs are more mature and established than in Brazil, they already show some positive influences in the organization of firms, although there is room for improvement.
  9. 9. Main references CHESBROUGH, H.W. (2003a) Open innovation: the new imperative for creating and profiting from technology, Harvard Business School Press. CHESBROUGH, H.W.; VANHAVERBEKE, W.; WEST, J. (eds.) (2006) Open innovation: researching a new paradigm, Oxford University Press. EDQUIST, C. (2001) Innovation policy – a systemic approach, in: ARCHIBUGI, D.; LUNDVALL, B.A. (eds.) (2001) The globalising learning economy: major socio-economic trends and European innovation policy, Ch. 12, pp. 219-238, Oxford University Press. EMERSON, D. (2012) Beyond the horizon: Cadada’s interests and future in aerospace, Aerospace review mandated by the Government of Canada, Vol. 1. FIESP (2009) Manual dos instrumentos da política de desenvolvimento produtivo – PDP, Federação das Indústrias do Estado de São Paulo. GASSMANN, O.; ENKEL, E. (2004) Towards a theory of open innovation: three core process archetypes, Proceedings of the R&D Management Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, July 6–9, 2004. OECD (1997) National innovation systems, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. OECD; EUROSTAT (2005) Oslo manual: guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data, 3rd edition, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. SÁBATO J.A.; BOTANA N. (1968) La ciencia y la tecnología en el desarrollo futuro de América Latina, Revista de la Integración, INTAL, Vol.1, No.3, pp. 15-36. 9
  10. 10. Dr. Fabiano Armellini – farmellini@usp.br Dr. Paulo Carlos Kaminski – pckamins@usp.br Escola Politécnica da USP Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica Dr. Catherine Beaudry – catherine.beaudry@polymtl.ca École Polytechnique de Montréal Département de mathématiques et de génie industriel Obrigado! Thank you! Merci!

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