Introduction to osha

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Introduction to osha

  1. 1. CHAPTER 1-INTRODUCTION TO OSHA
  2. 2. AN INTRODUCTIONOSH 1994(Act 154) is an act to make further provisions for1.securingthe safety, health and welfare of persons at work2.protecting others against risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work
  3. 3. CONT…Legislationon occupational safety and health was made in the year 1994.
  4. 4. ITS CONSIDERING THAT…The fact that the Factory and Machinery Act 1967 only covers occupational safety and health in the manufacturing, mining, quarrying and construction industries, whereas the other industries are not covered.
  5. 5. DID YOU KNOWWorkers that are covered byFactory and Machinery Act1967 consists only of 24% ofthe nation’s total man power,while Occupational Safety andHealth 1994 would cover 90%of the nation’s total man power
  6. 6. PURPOSE OF OSHATo promote and encourageoccupational safety and healthawareness among workers and tocreate organisation along witheffective safety and healthmeasures.
  7. 7. CONTAIN OF OSH 19941. 15 section- is a measure that supersedes any conflict in existing occupational safety and health laws2. Regulation and Legislation3. The responsibilities of employers, manufacturer, employees, self- employed workers, designers, importers and vendors
  8. 8. LEGISLATION THAT CONNECTED TO OSHA1. Act2. Regulation3. Code of Practice4. Order5. Guideline
  9. 9. OBJECTIVES OF OSHAtosecure the safety, health and welfare of persons at work against risks to safety or health arising out of the activities of persons at work;to protect persons at a place of work other than persons at work against risks to safety or health arising out of the activities of persons at work;
  10. 10. OBJECTIVES OF OSHAto promote an occupational environment for persons at work which is adapted to their physiological and psychological needs; to provide the means whereby the associated occupational safety and health legislations may be progressively replaced by a system of regulations and approved industry codes of practice operating in combination with the provisions of this Act designed to maintain or improve the standards of safety and health.
  11. 11. SAFETY IN WORKPLACE
  12. 12. DUTY OF CAREEmployer has a duty to ensure that workers and others are not exposed to risks to health or safety arising from the conduct of the employers businessSo every employee must have the general statutory duty of care that carry out by employer
  13. 13. PURPOSE OF DUTY CAREidentify hazardsidentify, and assess the seriousness of, risks resulting from the hazardsdetermine appropriate risk management measures (e.g. eliminate, minimize)carry the risk management measures into effect and minimize riskmonitor and review the effectiveness of the measures.
  14. 14. DUTIES IN A WORKPLACEEmployer take practical measure to :a. Workplace (entering and leaving) are safeb. a person who designs, constructs, manufactures, imports, installs or supplies a workplace or any part or component of a workplace.c. An owner or occupier of the workplace
  15. 15. DUTIES TO WORKPLACE EQUIPMENTEmployer take practical measure to ensure :1. workplace infrastructure or equipment are safe2. worker instructed in the use, and warned about risks involved in the use, of workplace infrastructure or equipment,3.worker known about workplace materials are poisonous
  16. 16. GENERAL DUTIES
  17. 17. EMPLOYER TO EMPLOYEE1. Ensure the safety, health and welfare at work of all his employees.2. Ensure the maintenance of plant and systems of work that are safe and without risks to health3. Ensure practicable, safety and absence of risks to health in connection with the use or operation, handling, storage and transport of plant and substances
  18. 18. EMPLOYER TO EMPLOYEE4. Provide training, information and supervision to worker5. maintenance of workplace condition are safe and the means of access to and egress from it that are safe6. Working environment is safe as regards facilities for their welfare at work.
  19. 19. EMPLOYER TO OTHER PERSON1. Ensure that he and other persons, not being his employees, who may be affected thereby are not thereby exposed to risks to their safety or health.
  20. 20. EMPLOYEE1. to take reasonable care for the safety and health of himself and of other persons who may be affected by his acts or omissions at work2. to co-operate with his employer or any other person in the discharge of any duty or requirement imposed on the employer or that other person by OSH Act or any regulation
  21. 21. EMPLOYEE3. to wear or use at all times any protective equipment or clothing provided by the employer for the purpose of preventing risks to his safety and health4. to comply with any instruction or measure on occupational safety and health instituted by his employer or any other person
  22. 22. FACTORY AND MACHINERY ACTAn Act to provide for the control offactories with respect to mattersrelating to the safety, health andwelfare of person therein, theregistration and inspection ofmachinery and for mattersconnected therewith.
  23. 23. SAFETY AND HEALTH ORGANIZATION
  24. 24. DOSH- starting from April 1994 the Department of Factory and Machinery has been renamed as the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) and the Inspectors are called Occupational Safety and Health Officers
  25. 25. FUNCTION OF DOSHTo study and review the policies and legislations of occupational safety and health.To enforce the following legislations : A) Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 and its regulations. B) Factories and Machinery Act 1967 and its regulations. C) Part of Petroleum Act 1984 (Safety Measures) and its regulations.
  26. 26. FUNCTION OF DOSH To conduct research and technical analysis on issues related to occupational safety and health at the workplace.To carry out promotional and publicity programs to employers, workers and the general public to foster and increase the awareness of occupational safety and health.
  27. 27. FUNCTION OF DOSHTo become a secretariat for the NationalCouncil regarding occupational safety andhealth
  28. 28. NIOSHNIOSH (National Institute of OccupationalSafety and Health) was established on 24June 1992 as a Company Limited byGuarantee, under the MalaysianCompanies Act, 1965.
  29. 29. FUNCTION OF NIOSH1. To provide training and education of Safety and Health2. Organize and participate in Safety and Health exhibition3. Organize and participate in Safety and Health seminar and conferences4.Support industries in their safety and health campaign activities
  30. 30. SOCSOSOCSO was established in1971 to implement and administer the social security scheme under the Employee’s Social Security Act 1969 (Act 4)Under the scheme, worker are protected against industrial accident including accident occur while working, occupational diseases, invalidity or death due to any cause.
  31. 31. FUNCTION OF SOCSO1. registration of employer and employee to SOCSO Scheme2. collecting contribution, processing benefit claim and make payment to injured worker and their dependents.3. provide vocational and physical rehabilitation benefits and enhance occupational safety and health awareness of worker.

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