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Emergency

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  • 1. CHAPTER 4 – EMERGENCY
  • 2. DEFINITIONSudden, unexpected, or impending situation that may cause injury, loss of life, damage to the property, and/or interference with the normal activities of a person or firm and which, therefore, requires immediate attention and remedial action.
  • 3. TYPES OF EMERGENCY1. Fire2. Explosion3. blackout/electrical/power failure4. Accident release of hazardous substance/pollutant5. Natural disaster/event6. Bomb threat7. Hysteria8. Drowning
  • 4. EMERGENCYPREPAREDNESS RESPONSE (ERP)
  • 5. CONTAIN OF ERP1. Planning2. Practicing3. Evaluating4. Adjusting
  • 6. 1.PLANNINGAccess an interactive decision tooldesigned to assist emergencypreparedness and recoveryplanners in determining how togain access to and use healthinformation about persons withdisabilities or others consistent withthe Privacy Rule.
  • 7. 1.PLANNINGPlanning must contains:1. Types of emergency2. Determine emergency response procedure3. Determine the shut down procedure of critical plant operation4. Procedures for after emergency evacuation situation
  • 8. 1.PLANNING5. Identify roles and responsibilities ERP team6. Determine procedure for emergency7. Means of communication
  • 9. 2. PRACTICINGTo ensure the success of this program, the company should:a)require the broad participation of employees;b)maintain ongoing promotion and training;c)carry out simulations and evaluation exercises to test emergency plans;d)disseminate information on other incidents
  • 10. 3.EVALUATINGAn annual evaluation of theeffectiveness of the EmergencyPreparedness Plan undertaken willinclude performance measures,using the previous year’s quarterlyreports; recommendation from thecorporate governance;
  • 11. 3.EVALUATING Thisevaluation will include statistical trends.ensure the success of this program, the company should:a)require the broad participation of employees;b)maintain ongoing promotion and training;c) carry out simulations and evaluation exercises to test emergency plans;d)disseminate information on other incidents
  • 12. 4. ADJUSTINGAfter evaluating performance, theemergency preparedness andrespond can adjust ERP plan basedon weakness show at performancemeasure.
  • 13. EMERGENCY PLANNING STRATERGY
  • 14. 1.EMERGENCY PLANNING POLICYEvery organization should have a policy reflecting its commitment to emergency response planning. The policy is usually signed by the senior most people within the organization.
  • 15. EXAMPLE OF EMERGENCY PLANNING POLICY
  • 16. 2.EMERGENCY PLANNING TEAM The Emergency Planning Team is responsible for the development and administration of the emergency response plan
  • 17. PLANNING TEAM The team:a) Emergency Planning Coordinator - Responsible for overseeing the development and maintenance of the planb) Emergency Planning Committee - ensure that the plan accurately reflects the needs of the organization
  • 18. 3.LEGISLATION & CODE OF PRACTICELEGISLATIONidentify all federal, provincial and municipal regulations which apply to their operation and contact regulatory agencies to identify requirements and obtain advice.
  • 19. 3.LEGISLATION & CODE OF PRACTICECODE OF PRACTICEIn addition, some types of industries are required to follow procedures recommended in codes of practice. These industry associations must be contacted to identify appropriate codes.
  • 20. 4.RISK ASSESSMENTThe risk assessment is the basis for theemergency plan although thisinformation is not physically part of theplan. Keep the results of this process onfile.
  • 21. TIPS
  • 22. ACTION REQUIRE (RISK ASSESMENT) Identify Hazard Evaluate Risk Evaluate consequences
  • 23. 5.PLANNING ANALYSIS The risk assessment has demonstrated which hazards represent the most serious risks and should therefore receive planning priority. The next step is review each hazard (beginning with the highest risk) to assemble the information that will become the emergency response plan.
  • 24. 6.DEVELOP PROCESSThe completed planning analysis provides a complete listing of all the actions necessary for any emergency - essentially a number of hazard-specific emergency plans.
  • 25. STAGE PROCESS1) Developing procedures for each action2) Separating procedures into those that pertain to all emergencies (Generic emergency plan) and those that apply to specific hazards (Contingency plans).
  • 26. EXAMPLE
  • 27. 7. ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE A rapid yet thorough situation assessment is essential to ensure that appropriate and sufficient resources are brought to bear on the emergency.
  • 28. PLANNING TIPS
  • 29. 8. ACTIVATION Regardless of the location of the emergency, the procedure should indicate where to call in an emergency and who is responsible for receiving the information.In most situations this will require access to a 24 hour telephone number or radio location.
  • 30. TIPS
  • 31. 9. EVACUATION PROCEDURE A safe and rapid evacuation is necessary to ensure that casualties are avoided during an emergency.Evacuation routes and procedures should be established in the plan and implemented through signage and training around the workplace.
  • 32. TIPS
  • 33. 10. RESOURCE MOBILIZATIONAfter an initial assessment of the need forpersonnel and equipment has been madeand key personnel have been alerted,resources need to be assembled in acoordinated manner
  • 34. TIPS
  • 35. 11.REPORTINGDuring a typical emergency response,reports will have to be made to bothinternal and external parties to aid in theresponse operation or, as in some cases,are a legislated requirement.